What to do after installing Linux Mint 18 "Sarah"

Today i installed Linux Mint 18 "Sarah" with Cinnamon Desktop Environment, which at first glance, behaves very well and without any problem with my hardware, for those who want to try this distro I leave the guide of What to do after installing Linux Mint 18 "Sarah".

The guide is based on my experience with Linux Mint 17 (which I used a long time ago), in addition to the guide on let's use linux and Ultimate Linux Mint 18 de Erik dubois (from which I took several scripts and customized them to my liking). 

After completing the guide, your desktop will probably be this way, as well as updated, stable and with a good amount of essential software, all this quickly and safely.

Linux Mint 18

Linux Mint 18

Some considerations to take into account before starting the guide

  • Unlike Ubuntu, Mint comes by default with most of the multimedia audio and video codecs, so updating them is not a priority.
  • Another important component that is installed by default is Synaptic, the well-known package manager.
  • If you have the Ubuntu-based version, many programs and packages are highly compatible between both distributions.
  • Linux Mint 18 comes with several development environments, most of the steps performed in this guide (if not all) are compatible with each of the desktops.

Steps to take after installing Linux Mint 18 "Sarah"

It is important to note that each of these steps have been tested and their correct result has been verified, in the same way, this is my personal step by step, so probably some things you do not need to do according to your tastes, this guide will save you a lot of time and above all it will help you to have your distro stable and beautiful.

Run the Update Manager

It is possible that new updates have come out since you downloaded the image, so you can check if there are updates available from the update manager (Menu> Administration> Update Manager) or with the following command:

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade

Install the proprietary drivers (video card, wireless, etc.)

In the Preferences Menu> Additional Drivers we can update and change (if we wish) the proprietary driver of the graphics card or other device that is causing problems.

proprietary driver linux mint

Install the language pack

Although by default Linux Mint installs the Spanish language pack (or any other that we have indicated during the installation) it does not do so completely. To reverse this situation we can go to Menu> Preferences> Language support or also by typing the following command in a terminal:

sudo apt-get install language-pack-gnome-en language-pack-en language-pack-kde-en libreoffice-l10n-en thunderbird-locale-en thunderbird-locale-en-en thunderbird-locale-en-ar

Install battery manager

In case you have installed Linux Mint 18 on your laptop, I recommend that you install a battery manager that will allow you to manage the charging and discharging of your battery for them, we must follow the following steps:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:linrunner/tlp
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install tlp tlp-rdw

The default configuration of this application guarantees proper use of your battery, so just install it and that's it.

Install git

Without a doubt, this is a mandatory step, to install git in Linux Mint 18, we must write the following command:

sudo apt-get install git-all

Customize appearance

There are many ways to customize your Linux Mint 18, many of them are free, I particularly don't have much time to install things one by one, go testing and so on, so I take advantage of 3 scripts that will allow us to install various themes, icons and settings for conky.

To access the script to download and install the best themes and icons, we must clone the repository that contains both, in addition to the scripts to install each theme separately. For this we must execute the following command:

git clone https://github.com/erikdubois/themes-icons-pack.git

Script to install the best themes for Linux Mint 18

To run the script all-in-once-installation_deb_themes.sh, found in the repository themes-icons-pack.git that we cloned, we must from the cloned directory, execute the following script in this way:


This script will automatically install the following themes for Linux Mint 18.

Arc breeze


Arc Evopop


Arc Faba


Arc luv


Arc Numix


Arc Paper


Arc Polo


Arc Red


Arc Sun


Arc tomato




















Ambiance Theme and Radiance colors


Arc theme


Arch Frost GTK


Arch Frost GTK Dark


Ceti 2 Theme



Flatabulous theme


Numix Daily theme


Vertex theme (dark and light)


Script to install the best icons for Linux Mint 18

As we did with the themes, to install the icons we must locate ourselves in the directory of themes-icons-pack.git and run the following script like this:


This script will automatically install the following icons for Linux Mint 18.

Sardi icon theme








Numix circle icons


Evopop icons


Flattr icons


Superflat remix icons


Ultra flat icons



Flatwoken icons



Moka and Faba











Papirus icons



Papirus Dark Gtk


La Captaine






Selecting the Theme and Icons

Once you have installed the icon and theme pack, we proceed to select the most appropriate one, to do this from the menu we access «Topics», we choose the combination of Window Borders, Icons, Controls, Mouse Pointer and Desktop.

If you want your desktop to be like mine, you must choose the following configuration:

linux mint themes 18

linux mint themes 18

It is worth noting that if you want to uninstall the icons and themes in the future, you can do so by executing the following script found in the cloned repository:


Script to install the best conky configuration for Linux Mint 18

Conky, is a system monitor that displays information on various components, such as RAM memory, CPU usage, system time, etc. The great advantage is that there are many "skins" of this application.

In this case I use Aura a collection of excellent conky configurations, which we will access by cloning the official repository:

 git clone https://github.com/erikdubois/Aureola

Open the folder and run the following script


This script will download a series of configurations from github and create the .aura folder (hidden folder). Where later each conky configuration can be selected, we go to the created folder

 cd ~/.aureola

Once in this directory we execute:


which will update conky to the latest version. If we access the .aureola directory we will be able to view various folders which correspond to various conky configuration, to choose the one we want, we enter the corresponding folder and execute the following command: ./install-conky.sh which will make all the necessary settings automatically.

The conky configurations available in halo are as follows:

Halo - Poku


Halo - Gambodekdue


Halo - Gambodekuno


Halo - NetsenseScreenshotsHalo - Asura


Halo - AcrosScreenshots
Halo - Salis


Halo - LazuliScreenshots
Halo - SparkScreenshots
Halo - AlvaScreenshots

Install restrictive fonts

If it is necessary to install them, we must write the following commands in a terminal:

sudo apt-get install ttf-mscorefonts-installer

We accept the license terms by managing with TAB and ENTER.

It is important to do it from a terminal and not from any of the managers, since we will not be able to accept the terms of use in them.

Install essential programs automatically

These for me are indispensable programs that I always install, so I took the script from Erik dubois and I modified it to my liking, with it you can install the following applications:

Sublime Text
Google Chromea

If you want to download it automatically, you must execute the following command (which downloads the script from our paste, gives it execution permission and executes the script)

 wget http://paste.desdelinux.net/?dl=5254 && chmod + x install-all-soft.sh && ./install-all-soft.sh

Install software to play

For me this is not essential, but for those who like games, in addition to the large library of games that the repositories have, we also have http://www.playdeb.net/welcome/, another page that specializes in collecting games for Linux systems in .deb packages. If we also want to enjoy our Windows games, not to despair, since we have some alternatives:

1. Wine (http://www.winehq.org/) provides us with the compatibility layer to run not only games, but also all kinds of compiled software for Windows systems

2. PlayOnLinux (http://www.playonlinux.com/en/) another resource that provides us with a library capable of installing and using software designed for Windows

3. Lutris (http://lutris.net/) a gaming platform developed for GNU / Linux, a great resource despite being in development stages.

4. Winetricks (http://wiki.winehq.org/winetricks) works as a script that helps to download libraries needed to run games on Linux, such as .NET Frameworks, DirectX, etc.

For all these programs, we can consult in their respective official pages, the Linux Mint Programs manager or the terminal. Likewise, we highly recommend reading this mini-tutor which explains how to install and configure each of them.

Steam for Linux (http://store.steampowered.com/search/?os=linux)

For some time now, the Steam gaming platform can be used natively. This means that there are a growing number of games available on Steam that are natively developed to run on Linux.

To install Steam, just download the .deb file from the Steam page.

Then they will use the following command:

sudo dpkg -i steam_latest.deb

Possibly some dependency errors. If so, just enter the following command to repair them:

sudo apt-get install -f

Then when you open Steam, it will update. Here You will find a complete list of Linux games available on Steam.

Steam on Linux Mint

Install audio plugins and an equalizer

Some of them, like Gstreamer or Timidity, will help us to expand our catalog of supported formats; both are found in the Programs manager or can be installed using the command sudo apt-get install. It is also recommended to install pulseaudio-equalizer, capable of providing advanced Pulse Audio configuration and improving sound quality. To install it we will use 3 commands:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa: nilarimogard / webupd8 sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install pulseaudio-equalizer

Install other programs

The rest is to get the software you want for each need. There are many ways to do it:

1. In the Program Manager, which we enter from Menu> Administration, we have a very generous number of programs for any function that occurs to us. The manager is arranged by categories, which facilitates the search for what we want. Once the program we need is located, it is only a matter of pressing the install button and typing the Administrator password; We can even create an installation queue that the same manager will execute sequentially.

2. With the Package Manager we do know exactly which packages we want to install. Not recommended to install programs from scratch if we do not know all the packages we will need.

3. Through a terminal (Menu> Accessories) and typing usually sudo apt-get install + program name. Sometimes we will have to previously add the repository with the commands sudo apt-get ppa: + repository name; to search for a program with the console we can type apt search.

4. On page http://www.getdeb.net/welcome/ (Playdeb's sister) we also have a good catalog of software compiled in .deb packages

5. From the official page of the project if you have any other installation steps.

Some software recommendations:

  • Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, Opera: Internet browsers
  • Mozilla Thunderbird: email and calendar manager
  • Libre Office, Open Office, K-Office: office suites
  • Mcomix: comics reader
  • Okular: multiple file reader (including pdf)
  • Inkscape: vector graphics editor
  • Blender: 3D Modeler
  • Gimp: creating and editing images
  • VLC, Mplayer: sound and video players
  • Rythmbox, Audacious, Songbird, Amarok - Audio Players
  • Boxee: multimedia center
  • Caliber: e-book management
  • Picasa - Image Management
  • Audacity, LMMS: audio editing platforms
  • Pidgin, Emesené, Empathy: multiprotocol chat clients
  • Google Earth: Google's well-known virtual globe
  • Transmission, Vuze: P2P clients
  • Bluefish: HTML editor
  • Geany, Eclipse, Emacs, Gambas: development environments for different languages
  • Gwibber, Tweetdeck: clients for social networks
  • K3B, Brasero: disc recorders
  • Furious ISO Mount: to mount ISO images on our system
  • Unetbootin: allows you to “mount” operating systems on a pendrive
  • ManDVD, Devede: DVD Authoring and Creation
  • Bleachbit: remove unnecessary files from the system
  • VirtualBox, Wine, Dosemu, Vmware, Bochs, PearPC, ARPS, Win4Linux: emulation of operating systems and software
  • Games there are thousands and for all tastes !!

To see a more extensive list, you can visit the Programs section of this blog.

Read the official documentation

La Official User Guide Linux Mint is not only translated into Spanish but is a highly recommended reference for the installation and daily use of the system.

Explore our new system

We already have a complete operating system ready for our daily use. As always, it is recommended to explore the managers, options, configurations and other tools of the system to familiarize ourselves with all the virtues of our system.

It is also advisable to have your system constantly updated, start enjoying your favorite distribution, also share with the world what you have learned.

Finally, we await your comments on the guide: What to do after installing Linux Mint 18 "Sarah"

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  1.   Marti said

    Buah, I have wanted to uninstall my Ubuntu and put this distro. It is very good aesthetically.

    Congratulations on the article, and the forum in general. Very good work

    1.    Luigys toro said

      It is based on Ubuntu, for new users (or those who are used to windows) it is without a doubt the best choice.

      1.    manuel said

        or for people like me, who have been in the world of linux exclusively since 2005 and I choose it because it is the one that mooola me the most.

  2.   Joanlequi said

    Thank you!

  3.   HO2gi said

    Very complete brutal for a desktop pc. Excellent post.

  4.   Patrick said

    And to uninstall a conky?

    1.    Luigys toro said

      If you mean to remove a configuration, just choose the other, the script automatically removes the one and places the new one

      1.    Patrick said

        I mean if it is as simple as deleting the folders, hiding and not hiding, or if you have to do something else

  5.   karl said

    Very good and complete article for linux mint, although at the moment I do not use it, the icon packages, fonts, conky configurations, etc. are good for me to use in other linux distributions.

  6.   Gregory ros said

    Very good and complete the guide. For me Linuxmint is my favorite desktop, a little over a month ago I installed Ubuntu Unity due to driver compatibility problems and I really want to go back to Mint Cinnamon.

  7.   OrMain said

    Total thanks for the article, I already have to install themes Icons to decorate my Sarah .. XD

  8.   Edertano said

    I have this version installed but killed it. The truth is that it is going very well, I had Ubuntu, but it is very heavy, this one is much better. Although even so, it is noticeable that there is a better optimization for windows than for linux, to see if the software manufacturers work a little more.

  9.   Alfonso said

    Thank you for this. Good guide to customize.

  10.   manuel said

    I try to install the themes and I get this ./all-in-once-installation_deb_themes.sh
    bash: ./all-in-once-installation_deb_themes.sh: The file or directory does not exist
    that I can do?

    1.    Juanjo said

      the same happens to me

      1.    Luigys toro said

        After cloning the git clone repository https://github.com/erikdubois/themes-icons-pack.git
        you should do cd themes-icons-pack to be inside the directory with the scripts and at that moment execute ./all-in-once-installation_deb_themes.sh

        1.    Anonymous said

          Brother, then where can I choose which theme I want?

  11.   Juanjo said

    Thanks Luigys!

  12.   Kimbaru said

    I am trying to download the script to install the programs, but it is giving me an error: "chmod: Can't access 'install-all-soft.sh': File or directory does not exist." It can help me see where the problem is. Thanks a lot.

  13.   nathanVader said

    Thanks a lot. A very useful guide.

    One question, I see that you have a WhatsApp client… Could you tell us what it is?

    Thank you

    1.    Luigys toro said

      I create it myself with this tutorial I did before: https://blog.desdelinux.net/aplicaciones-de-escritorio-pagina-web/

  14.   nathanVader said

    Hello, thank you very much for the tutorial, It is very useful.

    One question, I see that you have a WhatsApp client… could you tell us what it is?

  15.   lmartinezh said

    Hello, thanks for the information; I have a couple of queries to see if you can please guide me:
    1.- What is the configuration that must be made so that the conky runs automatically when the computer is turned on?
    2.- What doky do you recommend?
    Thank you very much in advance, greetings!

    1.    Luigys toro said

      1.From the Linux Mint menu go to aplicaciones al inicio, then add and create one with the name conky and the command conky

      Conky Home

      2 Well, it is for everyone's taste, I am now using the Aureola - Poku but it does not mean that this is the best

  16.   Esteban said

    Hello, can you tell me from where I can download these backgrounds that you see in the tutorial and if the icon themes are compatible for linux mint 17. Greetings Thank you

    1.    Luigys toro said

      On the internet you can get many funds, those of the tutorial are not in a specific repository. They do work for Linux Mint 17

  17.   Moses RO said

    Hi. It is a very good guide, thank you very much for sharing and for your great work.
    I tell you I got to the part of downloading the icons and themes, but in the section "Selecting the theme and icons" you indicate that you have to go to the -menu- and select -themes-, however, there is no such option in my system. The obvious question is, how do I install this program?
    And I looked for it in the "Software Manager" and also directly with -apt install themes- and nothing.
    My system:
    OS: Mint 18 sarah
    Kernel: x86_64 Linux 4.4.0-45-generic
    Shell: bash 4.3.42
    WM: Xfwm4
    Theme: Mint-X
    GTK Theme: Mint-X [GTK2]
    Icon Theme: Mint-X
    Font: Noto Sans 9
    CPU: Intel Core i5 CPU M 520 @ 2.394GHz
    GPU: Gallium 0.4 on llvmpipe (LLVM 3.8, 128-bit)
    RAM: 676MiB / 2000MiB
    Thanks for your help in advance.

    1.    Luigys toro said

      In the menu from preferences you can make Themes, if your installation is in English it could be themes

  18.   aalexis20p said

    To install the icons, correct
    Error: all-in-once-installation_deb_icons.sh
    Fix ./all-in-once-installation_deb_icons.sh
    (I was wrong and did not know why, here is the ./ haha)

    1.    Luigys toro said

      If indeed that you must do

    2.    Walter said

      Sorry I keep getting an error "The file or directory does not exist" even with the correction you indicate.

  19.   Fernando Gonzalez said

    Hello, I really appreciate the guide since it helped me a lot to configure my LinuxMint, I only have one problem
    When I play videos and when I move the windows I get some nice horizontals that decompose the image and I have not found the solution, perhaps not knowing the name of the problem, the solution does not appear. I hope you can help me.

  20.   Fanon said

    not working for me: wget http://paste.desdelinux.net/?dl=5254 && chmod + x install-all-soft.sh && ./install-all-soft.sh output this: wget http://paste.desdelinux.net/?dl=5254 && chmod + x install-all-soft.sh && ./install-all-soft.sh
    –2016-11-15 21:38:25– http://paste.desdelinux.net/?dl=5254
    Resolving paste.desdelinux.net (paste.desdelinux.net)…,, 2400: cb00: 2048: 1 :: 6812: 2968,…
    Connecting to paste.desdelinux.net (paste.desdelinux.net) | |: 80… connected.
    HTTP request sent, awaiting response… 200 OK
    Length: unspecified [text / plain]
    Saving to: 'index.html? Dl = 5254.1'

    index.html? dl = 5254. [<=>] 4.51K –.- KB / s in 0s

    2016-11-15 21:38:27 (12.7 MB / s) - 'index.html? Dl = 5254.1' saved [4619]

    chmod: cannot access 'install-all-soft.sh': No such file or directory

  21.   dark_code said

    Hello, I am new and I have a question and it is how to create the small menu that you have below where the floating programs appear I want to know how to do it xD,

    1.    Luigys toro said

      It is achieved by installing plank: sudo apt-get install plank

  22.   Keimer said

    I just started in the linux world and installed this distro because I liked its visual appearance, added to your initiation steps, it was perfect for me, thanks for everything.

  23.   Javier said

    As a result of some little problems with my Ubuntu, I decided to try other distributions; I found Mint and it made me "ojiplático." It is stable, intuitive (especially for those of us who are just started and do not dare with the terminal), complete ... I love it.
    And more I love the Linux community, always with answers to our problems.
    Thank you x1000

  24.   Ivan Martinez said

    This article is great, I barely have a month with Linux Mint 18 and today I got the maximum potential out of it… it's very easy to customize… 🙂 I can only add… great contribution, Thank you…

  25.   jean said

    Hello, the guide is very good, but it does not give me to visualize the conky, and when I install a theme of a conky I get an error and I get this:
    ***** Imlib2 Developer Warning *****:
    This program is calling the Imlib call:


    With the parameter:


    being NULL. Please fix your program.

    ################################################## ##############
    ################### THEEND ######################
    ################################################## ##############

  26.   Mr. Normal said

    An excellent guide without a doubt, I just wanted to thank you for your time and dedication. I was thinking of giving Xubuntu another chance, but after reading you I think I'll try Sarah (who is much more suggestive for the name alone 😉)

    I said thanks from a prodigal son who returned to Linux after a few years of absenteeism.

  27.   Gerardo Ramirez said

    Good morning
    THANK YOU - Your contribution is very complete
    I wanted to emphasize that I have followed all your steps regarding the installation of GIT, it has not given me any errors, but nevertheless they do not appear loaded, when entering preference - themes.
    I am missing a step apart from the ones you detailed
    I'm newbie to linux
    On the other hand, I need to take the opportunity for you to advise me (sorry for the abuse) but I am a programmer and I manage systems in Visual FoxPro for windows. Which is the best virtualizer to mount windows and to continue giving support to my systems…. Or there is another way that is not virtualize ...
    Thanks for your collation…!

  28.   Germani said

    Checking connectivity ... done.
    ################################################## ##############
    ################### THEEND ######################
    ################################################## ##############
    Clone in «/ tmp / papirus-icon-theme-kde» ...
    Username for 'https://github.com':
    Password for 'https://github.com':

    remote: Repository not found.
    fatal: Authentication failed for 'https://github.com/PapirusDevelopmentTeam/papirus-icon-theme-kde/'
    find: "/ tmp / papirus-icon-theme-kde": The file or directory does not exist
    cp: can't stat 'on' / tmp / papirus-icon-theme-kde / * ': File or directory doesn't exist
    Clone in «/ tmp / papirus-icon-theme-gtk» ...

    1.    Anonymous said

      The same thing happens to me, I don't know what to enter in the github username and password, how did you solve it?

      1.    Anonymous said

        enter enter and continued, although I think the so called papirus pack was not downloaded ..

  29.   Felipe Zuniga said

    Hello, this post helped me a lot.

    I just have a problem with the Conky configuration. Specifically with the gambodekuno theme, I follow all the steps, but when I run the conky, I can only see that the screen darkens a little, and I only see the text that says "Aureola Gamnodeku v1.7.7" and nothing else.

    Attached image in link: http://oi66.tinypic.com/acwdid.jpg

    I had already installed it before, and everything was working fine, but I reinstalled my system. What is wrong?
    Hopefully you can help me solve it.

  30.   JOSE ALBERTO said

    wget http://paste.desdelinux.net/?dl=5254 && chmod + x install-all-soft.sh && ./install-all-soft.sh
    –2017-11-07 16:46:32– http://paste.desdelinux.net/?dl=5254
    Solving paste.desdelinux.net (paste.desdelinux.net)…,, 2400: cb00: 2048: 1 :: 6812: 2968,…
    Connecting with paste.desdelinux.net (paste.desdelinux.net) []: 80… connected.
    HTTP request sent, waiting for response ... 200 OK
    Length: unspecified [text / plain]
    Recording to: "index.html? Dl = 5254.2"

    index.html? dl = 5254.2 [<=>] 4.51K –.- KB / s in 0.003s

    2017-11-07 16:46:33 (1.39 MB / s) - "index.html? Dl = 5254.2" saved [4619]

    chmod: 'install-all-soft.sh' cannot be accessed: File or directory does not exist

  31.   Juan said

    Hello .... I can install the desktop and icon themes by command, but when trying to apply them it doesn't work ...

  32.   andres said

    Hi, I just installed linux mint 18 and I find this operating system very curious with respect to win10, the first
    Printing is very positive for me, I am going to continue investigating it but I have a small problem with this of the scripts, let me explain: where I write the command that you put above ./all-in-once-installation_deb_themes.sh
    in the end? thanks greetings

  33.   pedro said


    very good and interesting guide.
    There is only one problem, when I try to download the script for the essential programs, it tells me the following: wget: the address of the host “paste.fromlinux.net” could not be resolved

    how can i solve it.

    thank you very much.

  34.   mandi said

    and installed the scripts in linux mint 19 and it has no themes but appearance, is it not working or do you have to install a tool like gnome tweak tools or similar?

  35.   priest said

    I love the background Aureola - Poku, could you tell me what the theme is?