CentOS 6.4 available .. + How to configure it :)

On March 9, 2013 the new version of CentOS 6.4 was released. Below is the official announcement plus a tutorial on how to configure CentOS 6.4 on your desktop or laptop system.

The direct download for Spain is available immediately here:
http://ftp.availo.se/centos/6.4/isos/i386/

Other countries can download it from:
http://www.centos.org/modules/tinycontent/index.php?id=30

In a few days the livecd version of CentOS 6.4 will appear.

I leave you some images of my system (Equinox theme and Faenza icons):

The official announcement of CentOS 6.4 in English 🙂:

"On March 9, Karanbir Singh announced the immediate availability for download of CentOS 6.4, for both the 32-bit and 64-bit architecture."

CentOS 6.4 is an Enterprise-class Linux Distribution derived from sources freely provided to the public by the Upstream OS Provider, more precisely Red Hat. It's the forth update in the 6.x branch of the series and comes with lot of bug fixes, updates and new functionalities.

The users can upgrade from CentOS 6.3 or from any other release in the 6.x branch. The process is simple and all it requires is to run the “yum update” command.

Running “yum list updates” before doing the update is recommended, so users can get a list of packages that are going to be updated. To check if you are indeed on CentOS-6.3, run: “rpm -q centos-release” and that should return: “centos-release-6-3.el5.centos.1.”

CentOS-6.4 is based on the upstream release EL 6.4 and includes packages from all variants. All upstream repositories have been combined into one, to make it easier for end users to work with.

Highlights of CentOS 6.4:

• Microsoft Hyper-V drivers have been added to allow CentOS to be more efficient as a Virtual Machine when installed on Microsoft Hyper-V server;
• The samba4 libraries (provided by the samba4-libs package) have been upgraded to the latest upstream version to improve interoperability with Active Directory (AD) domains. If you upgrade from CentOS-6.3 to CentOS-6.4 and you have Samba in use, make sure to uninstall the samba4 package to avoid conflicts during the upgrade. samba4 is still - at least in part - considered a technology preview;
• As announced in the CentOS-6.3 Release Notes, matahari is now deprecated. CentOS-6.4 ships one last update that should remove all remains of matahari. To ensure all remains are erased run yum erase matahari * after updating to 6.4;
• dev86, iasl, and qemu-guest-agent have been added to the i386 architecture.

Release note and full news:

http://lists.centos.org/pipermail/centos-announce/2013-March/019276.html
http://wiki.centos.org/Manuals/ReleaseNotes/CentOS6.4

It should be noted that all the people who have CentOS installed in its version 6.x will update their system without any problem :). CentOS users lower than series 6 do not have any way to upgrade to this.

Now we are going to configure CentOS 6.4 for all users who, like me, use this system on their desktop or laptop:

We add the extra repositories:

Let System »Administration» Add, remove software and once the program opens we will System »Repositories.

There we check the boxes Base, Contrib, Extras, Plus, Updates CentOS-6 only. We leave the rest unmarked and close.

Then we open the terminal and log in as root and update:

yum update

Now we are going to install java:

We install Java by opening the add / remove software program and look for openjdk. We mark for the installation the OpenJDK Runtime Environment packages (the two available 1.6 and 1.7) and we also mark the icedtea package.

We apply the changes.

Now we are going to install flash:

For flash we go to the adobe flash page and choose the YUM version for Linux. We proceed with opening and it will be installed automatically.

Once the repository is added we are going to add / remove programs, look for flash and mark adobe flash.

We apply the changes.

Now we add the RPMforge repository:

32 bit:
http://pkgs.repoforge.org/rpmforge-release/rpmforge-release-0.5.2-2.el6.rf.i686.rpm

64 bit:
http://pkgs.repoforge.org/rpmforge-release/rpmforge-release-0.5.2-2.el6.rf.x86_64.rpm

Now we add these RPMFusion repositories:

free:

32 bit:
http://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/el/updates/6/i386/rpmfusion-free-release-6-1.noarch.rpm

64 bit:
http://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/el/updates/6/x86_64/rpmfusion-free-release-6-1.noarch.rpm

non-free:

32 bit:
http://download1.rpmfusion.org/nonfree/el/updates/6/i386/rpmfusion-nonfree-release-6-1.noarch.rpm

64 bit:
http://download1.rpmfusion.org/nonfree/el/updates/6/x86_64/rpmfusion-nonfree-release-6-1.noarch.rpm

Now we add the Epel repository:

32 bit:
http://ftp.fi.muni.cz/pub/linux/fedora/epel/6/i386/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm

64 bit:
http://ftp.fi.muni.cz/pub/linux/fedora/epel/6/x86_64/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm

We download the packages that correspond to our architecture and install them with a double click.

Now we are going to install some priority driver from the repositories to ensure the stability of your system. For this purpose there is the package yum-plugin-priorities (they install it from the add / remove programs center).

Once installed, we only have to modify the .repo of /etc/yum.repos.d/ and adjust the priorities, where n is the priority from 1 to 99

priority = N

The recommended configuration is:

base, addons, update, extras… priority = 1

centosplus, contrib and adobe… priority = 2

OtherRepos like rpmforge, rpmfusion and epel… priority = 10

To be able to make this modification we must have root permissions so we open terminal and write:

su
vuestra contraseña de root

sudo nautilus

Nautilus opens for you and you can go to that route and modify to taste 🙂

I leave you an image to make it more understandable.

 Now we can update the system by opening the terminal again and typing:

su
vuestra contraseña de root

yum update

Now we can install our applications without problems keeping our system stable.

Applications that you cannot miss (we install by adding / removing programs):

File-roller, Libreoffice, p7zip, rar, unrar, vlc, Brasero, Gimp, gcalc, gconf-editor, gnome-utils, gnome-system-monitor, gtk-recordmydesktop, filezilla, alacarte, cups and system-config-printer

With this we have our system ready to be used both on desktop or laptop computers and not only on servers as many think.

For those who wish to skype, they can download it at this link:

Skype 2.2:
http://mirror.yandex.ru/fedora/russianfedora/russianfedora/nonfree/el/releases/6/Everything/i386/os/skype-2.2.0.35-3.el6.R.i586.rpm

Skype 4.0:
ftp://mirror.yandex.ru/fedora/russianfedora/russianfedora/nonfree/el/updates/6/i386/skype-4.0.0.8-1.el6.R.i586.rpm

It only remains to install with double click.

And they already have it friends from blog.desdekinux.net 🙂
Greetings, enjoy this version and do not forget to comment 🙂


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  1.   Ivan Barra said

    CentOS, the best operating system for servers, sorry SuSE, but your support is paid and Debian Taliban, I have always preferred RPM-based distros, so don't misjudge me.

    I met you in 2007, since your version 5 and you have always been my comrade in countless projects, for network servers, internal mail, web, now lastly you have helped me with Nagios to earn money during the last couple of years. We have had some problems with some wifi (broadcom for a change), but we have always managed. We have helped companies to emerge, considering the great savings in hardware and proprietary software licenses.

    Everyone looked at you in less to be free, but come on, the cost of support is always charged high so that you are not misjudged.

    CentOS, thanks for existing.

    Although I still stick with 5.8 on some servers, there is no rush to update (plus I don't like the exchange controls).

    Greetings and Excellent news.

    1.    RAW-Basic said

      OT: Hahaha .. ..the personal letter to CentOS .. I loved it .. xD

      Excellent news .. .. I still haven't had the time to try it .. soon it will be ..

    2.    petercheco said

      You're welcome 🙂

    3.    Mr. Linux said

      Very original and classy to describe the virtues of CentOS.

    4.    ldd said

      CentOS is a great distro, although for servers I use Arch, I am a risky guy

    5.    izzy said

      What a good comment.

    6.    Jorda acosta said

      Very good comment, excellent. 🙂

  2.   federico said

    Very good article, CentOS is a very good distribution for servers. For a desktop user with a bit of versionitis like me, it is surely not the best option, but I can't help but recognize its benefits. for those who don't mind having the latest and want a stable distro like steel, they have to try CentOS.

    1.    petercheco said

      True truth .. CentOS is even more stable than Debian (which is already aiming very high). As for the CentOS software, it chooses the most stable version of the programs and to this they add the functionalities of the higher versions in the form of updates. If I tell you the truth, this distro cured me precisely of versiontitis and makes me happy with its functions, stability, software in the repos described in the tutorial in which I find everything I had in Debian and support of 10 years .. What more can a user ask for? 🙂

  3.   Juan Carlos said

    A fierce. If one does not suffer from versionitis, one has the power of RedHat in the team, and then to wait for the one that comes out after RedHat 7 is released, which will come, God and the developers allow it, with everything that works well in Fedora 18 .

    1.    petercheco said

      Thanks .. Today I can already say that RHEL / CentOS are an incredible magic and look that I have always preferred .deb distros. RHEL 7 and therefore CentOS 7 will be amazing .. They take things down to the smallest detail 🙂

  4.   sn0wt4il said

    I still prefer 6.3

    Then I try and get encouraged by this version ...

    Thanks for the announcement!

    1.    petercheco said

      You're welcome :) .. It's really good 🙂

  5.   elendilnarsil said

    It is one of the big distros that I have not tried yet, perhaps because it is focused on servers and I have the idea (before this post) that it is difficult to configure. But I'm curious to install it on my laptop.

    1.    petercheco said

      Well, to try it has been said :). The configuration of this distro is really simple and it serves the same as Debian for general purposes .. It is like in Debian, you also have to activate the contrib and non-free repos to get all the software from your repos :). In the case of CentOS, these repos are RPMFusion, RPMForge and Epel. With that we have lots of software 🙂

      1.    elendilnarsil said

        Well, we will. I'm going to wait for Easter that I have free, hehe

  6.   Olga said

    Good morning I'm starting on this d elinux and centos I can ask you step by step how I do to create the dvd to install centos on a portable personal. Thank you

    1.    petercheco said

      Hi good afternoon,

      To burn a DVD use any free application Alcohol 120% or Nero. A free application to burn CD or DVD images is CDBurnerXP available from:
      http://cdburnerxp.se/downloadsetup.exe

      Its menu is very easy and you just have to select the image to record and that's it :).

      CentOS images:

      32 bit:
      http://ftp.cica.es/CentOS/6.4/isos/i386/CentOS-6.4-i386-bin-DVD1.iso

      64 bit:
      http://ftp.cica.es/CentOS/6.4/isos/x86_64/CentOS-6.4-x86_64-bin-DVD1.iso

      Once the CentOS image is burned on the dvd, restart your pc and enter the bios (usually the F2 key on the first screen that appears when you press the power button on the laptop or pc). Once you are in the bios go to the tab called "boot" and choose the cd / dvd in the first position and your hard drive in the second position. Then you just save and close bios and the laptop will reboot and boot from the dvd.

      After the installation itself I leave you a video:
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a2MEqfJ25QQ

  7.   Grover said

    Hi, if you want to know how to install CentOS 6.4 in vmware, I recommend you visit this post:
    http://isyskernel.blogspot.com/2013/03/instalar-centos-64-de-64-bits-en-vmware.html

  8.   Yuri said

    Best regards,
    Thanks for guiding us to a very stable distro for the desktop environment.
    Would you be so kind also to guide us step by step to:
    - Installation Equinox Theme and Faenza icons
    - Deadbeef 0.5.6 installation (my favorite player)
    - Change main menu and gnome bar to one like Zorin 6 (looks like win7 - http://www.linuxinsider.com/images/article_images/76180_980x613.jpg)
    - and it is impossible for me to install sudo yum -y install gnome-tweak-tool, I have been several days without success.
    Thank you and I hope not to abuse your kind attention.
    Happy day,

    Yuri Juarez
    yurgt1@gmail.com

    1.    petercheco said

      Hello and I answer very quickly:

      1st - Equinox Theme Installation and Faenza icons:

      Install this repo: http://li.nux.ro/download/nux/dextop/el6/i386/nux-dextop-release-0-2.el6.nux.noarch.rpm

      once installed it modifies its priority thus being: priority = 20

      Now install the gtk-equinox-engine package from terminal or with add / remove application :). Equinox theme and faenza icons are installed.

      2nd installation deadbeef:

      32 bits
      http://mirror.yandex.ru/fedora/russianfedora/russianfedora/free/el/updates/6/i386/deadbeef-0.5.6-4.el6.R.i686.rpm

      64 bits
      http://mirror.yandex.ru/fedora/russianfedora/russianfedora/free/el/updates/6/x86_64/deadbeef-0.5.6-4.el6.R.x86_64.rpm

      3rd change the type of menu (Gnomedo):
      Download the source code from: https://launchpad.net/gnomenu/trunk/2.9.1/+download/gnomenu-2.9.1.tar.gz

      Unzip the file and copy the entire folder (that is, gnomenu) to the / tmp folder
      Open terminal and type:

      su
      (enter your password)
      cd / tmp / gnomenu
      make install

      Now you have the menu between the components that you can add to the panel :). In this link you find different topics: http://gnome-look.org/index.php?xsortmode=high&page=0&xcontentmode=189

      4th Gnome-tweak-tool:

      This package is not available since CentOS 6 uses Gnome 2 and not Gnome 3 with its shell to which gnome-tweak-tool is intended.

      a greeting

  9.   jony127 said

    Hi, I have not tried this distro and as always I have heard that it is focused more on the use of servers because I have not been encouraged to install it on my pc.

    Just a curiosity, what is that about Epel repos? because i see they point to fedora.

    Greetings.

    1.    petercheco said

      They are recent ported applications of the Fedora repos to RHEL and CentOS .. Basically it is the same as the Debian Backports :).
      Further information: https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL/es

  10.   Adrian said

    How about, what version of nautilus do you have in the screenshots ?, I just installed CentOS 6.4 and my nautilus looks very different. Cheers!.

    1.    petercheco said

      Hi, look at the version of nautilus and the whole gnome is the same as yours 2.28. The only thing is that I use the Faenza icon theme and the Gnome theme called Equinox (both can be found in the NUX repo:

      http://li.nux.ro/download/nux/dextop/el6/i386/nux-dextop-release-0-2.el6.nux.noarch.rpm

      a greeting

      1.    petercheco said

        Besides, I also activate the complete nautilus by going to Edit -> Properties and in the Behavior tab I activate the second option Always open in window mode .. 🙂

  11.   Ivan Barra said

    I have this capture for a while:

    http://tinypic.com/view.php?pic=20h4rvk&s=6

    Greetings.

    1.    petercheco said

      Very good 😀

  12.   pabloX said

    Very good!!! Could someone tell me what services do you need to have active to run webmin? (apart from the webmin itself)

  13.   Ian said

    good, with the Nautilus theme, is there any possibility to update it to have the 2 panels?

  14.   Garbage_Killer said

    petercheco, I was seeing that the russianfedora repo for the 6bit centos 64 is a bit outdated compared to the 32bit: / and something else as added.

      1.    Garbage_Killer said

        thanks with this I can complete my missing libraries.

  15.   eliotime3000 said

    It is noted that this distro is on par with Debian in terms of stability (always versions "0" tend to have the same stability as Ubuntu LTS, but versions 1, 2 and higher smooth rough edges and strengthen the distro more in the case of Debian), but at least it has fewer fanboys than Debian usually has and in most Hosting services they don't dare to change the kernel version that comes by default (which they do with Debian Stable) and less you can do what you would commonly do with Fedora | Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

    Both Debian and CentOS are community distros that do not focus so much on the KISS philosophy, but on making their distros the most versatile so that their users can adapt them to their tastes and needs without having to complicate their lives with so much terminal (although I must admit that the GNU / Linux console is much friendlier to me than Windows itself).

  16.   cractoh said

    hello @ petercheco, greetings, I returned to centos 6.4, after walking, through the ubuntu family, definitely everything that ends in, buntu, does not go well with my laptop, all that family me, ubuntu, kubuntu, and the last lubuntu, they didn't want to work, I always had to turn off or restart, because it stayed, the screen frozen, and in the end I had to remove the power cable, install linux mint, but I couldn't activate the wifi, opensuse won't install, it says that it cannot install the repository, yast, and debian. gave me an error, I followed his centos tutorial, I only need a manager, download to be complete, in debian I had qbittorrent, in centos I don't know how to search for it, I think I'm staying in centos for a while, I would have liked to try opensue, but again it will be thanks for the help and greetings, from Colombia

  17.   petercheco said

    Hello,

    I'm glad you've returned to CentOS since it doesn't disappoint: D. As for Debian, try the new Wheezy version: http://www.debian.org/CD/http-ftp/#stable

    For the qbittorrent package download and install this repo:

    http://mirror.yandex.ru/fedora/russianfedora/russianfedora/free/el/releases/6/Everything/i386/os/russianfedora-free-release-6-3.R.noarch.rpm

    Then just a simple:

    yum install qbittorrent

    a greeting

  18.   Daniel said

    I want to download the iso, but there are 2 images, which one do I download? DVD1.iso or DVD2.iso

    1.    petercheco said

      The dvd1 🙂

  19.   frank said

    Hello, I like Linux because of its versatility ... well, if you have ideas and want to make them come true, but if you can't, even if you want to screw, you learn. What I don't like is the instability (I say this because of several versions of the distros) .But they should change the centos Kde desktop, I don't like a lot of rolls for that. gnome 2.8 cre is already very old. Centos is the most stable one that provides so far change desktop for fabor.

    1.    petercheco said

      Don't worry, the new RHEL 7 / CentOS 7 is coming out soon .. It will be between the second half of this year or January, February 2014

      1.    Garbage_Killer said

        I mean, it's still missing; ___;

        on the other hand you know how I can lower the brightness, I've been looking to edit the grub and I can't find anything.

        1.    petercheco said
  20.   Daniel said

    64bit rpm gives me problems. I had to install the 32 ones. Do you know why this happens? and / or how to fix it to be able to use the applications in 64bits instead of 32bits. Thanks a lot.

    1.    pandev92 said

      sure you didn't install 32 bit cent os? ...

      1.    Daniel said

        😮 Sorry, I thought I installed the 64-bit version, I was confused by the version number (6.4) when downloading the iso that you left, which was actually 32-bit.

        1.    petercheco said

          Indeed, the 64-bit isos are here:
          http://ftp.availo.se/centos/6.4/isos/x86_64/

  21.   Carlos said

    One question, I am not very knowledgeable about linux systems as soon as I started working with ubuntu but I would like to know if the CentOS 6.3 system allows to install version 1.6.3 of CUPS?

    1.    petercheco said

      Hello,
      if you need this version of cups you can compile it. Download from:
      http://www.cups.org/software/1.6.3/cups-1.6.3-source.tar.bz2

      1.    Carlos said

        Petercheco, Thank you very much for answering,

        I already have it downloaded but they tell me that CentOS may not accept it because by giving it a yum -y intall cups it installs a version of 1.4.2 I'm not sure about it.

        I thank you in advance for your help

  22.   David said

    hello insale centos, but I want a normal user for a desktop user, but the user always bothers with that the graphic mode does not come out, I already put everything but always that the machine is restarted it comes out in the console I have to always use the startx and that It annoys my client, tell me that this always happens, because it does not only enter graphical mode, what do I need to do?

    1.    Ivan Barra said

      Very simple, edit the following file:

      [root @ CentOS ~] # vim / etc / inittab

      and then where it says:

      id: 3: initdefault:

      Change the 3 to 5

      Then [ESC]: wq! and [ENTER]

      then you reboot and it automagically loads the graphics mode.

      Greetings.

  23.   chechog1984 said

    Hi, I'm new to LINUX / CENTOS. I have managed to get XRDP to work to enable remote desktop, but how difficult to find a way to achieve it in CENTOS 6.4. It all started when I wanted to install teamviewer but I could only connect remotely when a session was open (because when not the team did mark this team online but stayed connecting ...), I could never connect or see the centos login screen, Is it possible to use the teamviewer to access the centos login screen? Or some other software that allows me to connect and log into centos through the WAN? I also tried according to GDm but was unsuccessful. I need something similar to teamviewer since I am working on a cluster and an HA proxy for MariaDB, and since the nodes are located in distant physical places with independent dedicated internet in each physical place. So I need to connect remotely / maybe if it is necessary to restart the computer, give maintenance etc without the intervention of someone on the remote computer. Greetings thank you

    1.    petercheco said

      Hello,
      I recommend using Remmina available in the Russian Fedora repository.
      You can download it from:

      http://mirror.yandex.ru/fedora/russianfedora/russianfedora/free/el/releases/6/Everything/i386/os/russianfedora-free-release-6-3.R.noarch.rpm

      Once installed, just install the Remmina package from the add / remove programs center and that's it.

      Works great 😀

  24.   izzyvp said

    Well testing, to see if it works as my main OS.

    1.    petercheco said

      Surely you will not have a problem

  25.   Kidney said

    Hello friends, I would like to ask you a question, since I am new to these matters, I recently installed Centos 6, since I went from Edubuntu, the issue is that I do not know how to make it recognize my hard drives I get the following message: Error mounting : mount: unknown filesystem type 'ntfs', thanks for your attention.

    1.    petercheco said

      Hello,
      open a terminal and type:

      su
      (enter your root password)

      wget http://packages.sw.be/rpmforge-release/rpmforge-release-0.5.2-2.el6.rf.x86_64.rpm

      yum install rpmforge-release-0.5.2-2.el6.rf.x86_64.rpm

      yum update

      yum install -y fuse fuse-ntfs-3g

      Now you can mount your NTFS hard drive with:

      mount / dev / sdb1 / mnt /
      (It serves as an example .. instead of sdb1 you should put what corresponds to your unit .. You can check this with gparted available in the epel repository for example).

      To install the repo epel follow these steps:

      Open terminal and enter

      su
      (your root password)

      wget http://ftp.linux.cz/pub/linux/fedora/epel/6/i386/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm

      yum install epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm

      yum update

      yum install gparted

      regards

  26.   Kibernao said

    Hello, I make a query.
    Have you ever installed the "Amber 12" program on CentOS 6.4? It is a chemistry soft
    If you know how I will thank you.
    regards

    1.    petercheco said

      This repo could help you but personally never use this program:
      http://repos.jethrocarr.com/pub/amberdms/linux/centos/6/

  27.   andres daza said

    Thanksssss ... I'll install it ... I must download the iso liveCd or LiveDVD ????? thanks

  28.   andres daza said

    Hello…. good night .. what difference is there between CentOS-6.4-x86_64-LiveDVD.iso and CentOS-6.4-x86_64-bin-DVD1.iso, the first weighs 1.8 GB and the other more than 4 GB. I want to test this distro for home use. Which of the two iso suits me better and what about the LiveCD (738 MB) I thank you ..

    1.    petercheco said

      Hello you should download only the livecd which composes what is necessary. Use the links below:

      32 bit:
      http://mirrors.ucr.ac.cr/centos/6.4/isos/i386/CentOS-6.4-i386-LiveCD.iso

      64 bit:
      http://mirrors.ucr.ac.cr/centos/6.4/isos/x86_64/CentOS-6.4-x86_64-LiveCD.iso

  29.   jean carlos acevedo gavidia said

    Hello friends from desdelinux I want to ask you a question, can centos be translated into Spanish? And if you can, how I do it, the truth is I search and search and I can't find anywhere how to pass it into Spanish. Please help I like to sit down because of how simple and fast it is.

    1.    petercheco said

      Hello,
      open terminal and type:

      su
      enter your root password

      yum install system-config-language

      system-config-language

      Now choose your language, install it and restart your system 😀

  30.   jean carlos acevedo gavidia said

    Hello friends from desdelinux I want to ask you a question, can centos be translated into Spanish? And if you can, how I do it, the truth is I search and search and I can't find anywhere how to pass it into Spanish. Please help I like to sit down because of how simple and fast it is ...