Ubuntu minimal CD

This article was published in Taringa by a user who calls himself petercheco and he asked me to put it on our blog. In it, this user shows us how to install Ubuntu to the method Debian (by netinstall).

Configure Ubuntu 12.04 / 12.10 Faster and more stable!

Today I'm going to show you the best way to get a Ubuntu LTS 12.04, or its version 12.10, really stable but at the same time, updated to the latest versions of Ubuntu without suffering from all the evils of this distro and take advantage of only the good of it.

Why do it? Well, a lot of people complain about how unstable, slow and spam it is Ubuntu, but few know that Ubuntu can be really a good option. You just have to know how to configure it properly. How do we do it? Let's see it..

First

We downloaded the images of Ubuntu (minimal CD or netinstall).

32 bit:

12.04 version
12.10 version

64 bit:

12.04 version
12.10 version

We burn the preferred image on a CD or make it bootable on a pendrive and make sure that our pc is connected by cable to the Internet. We restart the PC and begin to install.

Second:

Once we get to the package choice screen like this:

We leave all the options unchecked and just press Enter. The system will complete the installation without a graphical environment.

Third

Once our Ubuntu This installed without graphical environment you log in. To do this, first write the username and then your password. Once logged in we continue with

sudo -s

enter your root password and then put:

# apt-get -y install ubuntu-desktop --no-install-recommends

# apt-get -y install gnome-panel synaptic network-manager

Once installed they restart, in the user manager choose the desktop «gnome classic» and you are locked.

Fourth

Once they enter your system they open the Synaptic package manager (or via terminal) and you install these basic packages to obtain a system completely prepared to work:

$ sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras file-roller rar unrar system-config-printer cups vlc brasero kde-l10n-es okular p7zip devede libreoffice libreoffice-gtk libreoffice-l10n-es gimp gdebi gcalctool firefox firefox-locale-es thunderbird thunderbird-locale-en gconf-editor

I also recommend installing devede, transmageddon y edge.

An almost vital application to install proprietary drivers used by Ubuntu: jockey-gtk.

AND READY. Your spectacular and brand new Ubuntu 12.04 or 12.10 henceforth it is ready and terribly stable without having junk packages installed on a Ubuntu default.


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  1.   xxmlud said

    Great post, and to install KDE what should be put? The next installation I will encourage you to install it like this and we will see if it is more stable!

    Regards!

    1.    petercheco said

      To do an installation with KDE you install the base system .. Then continue with:

      sudo -s

      enter your root password and then put:

      apt-get -y install kubuntu-desktop –no-install-recommends

      apt-get -y install synaptic network-manager

      apt-get -y install kubuntu-restricted-extras rar unrar system-config-printer-kde cups vlc brasero p7zip devede libreoffice libreoffice-kde libreoffice-l10n-es gimp gdebi firefox firefox-locale-es thunderbird thunderbird-locale-es

      Greetings,
      Petercheco

      1.    petercheco said

        apt-get -y install kubuntu-desktop –no-install-recommends

      2.    Juan said

        Hello, good post,… what do you mean by base system, do you mean download kubuntu minimal or just download from the links you have placed here?

        1.    Petercheco said

          I mean install from the links posted in the tutorial. 🙂

      3.    archdeb said

        A couple of nuances. Instead of gdebi (GTK version) there is the gdebi-kde package, and for network manager the same, the package is called network-manager-kde. Brasero is a Gnome application, it would be more suitable to use K3b instead. With this we will have a cleaner and more integrated system.

      4.    Away said

        Isn't it better to use muon for kde?

        1.    petercheco said

          gdebi-kde is much better without a doubt and no stability issues 🙂

  2.   Hunter said

    Hello, I used this method, with the difference that I did not boot from the hard disk and installed xubuntu. That is, I did not do steps three and four (should I do them?).
    I was left with a clean, stable xubuntu 12.10.

    =D

  3.   William_uy said

    According to the tutorial, "# apt-get -y install ubuntu-desktop" must be executed, does this leave us only with the “gnome classic” environment (gnome 2) or does it also allow us to select Unity? if not, how should the command to include Unity be?
    Thank you very much and greetings.

    1.    petercheco said

      This method gives you the option of unity but with nothing .. no applet or lens. To have unity you must do:

      sudo -s

      enter your root password and then put:

      apt-get -y install ubuntu-desktop –no-install-recommends

      apt-get -y install gnome-panel synaptic network-manager

      apt-get -y install unity *

      1.    William_uy said

        Many thanks. Very good tutorial

        1.    petercheco said

          Thank you very much, I'm happy to help 🙂

  4.   Alf said

    What is the difference between installing:

    kubuntu-desktop –no-install-recommends

    o

    kde-plasma-desktop

    ¿??

    In the various posts on the network it is not specified, I install kde-plasma-desktop and there is a minimum kde left.

    regards

    1.    petercheco said

      With the installation of kde-plasma-desktop you install a basic kde for desktop made by the kde developers. With kubuntu-desktop –no-install-recommends you install both kde desktop and netbook with minimal useful applications.

      a greeting

  5.   Andrés said

    i installed lubuntu instead of xubuntu.

  6.   Alf said

    @petercheco, thank you very much.

    1.    petercheco said

      You're welcome 🙂

  7.   aldo said

    And to install mate? Thanks a lot

    1.    petercheco said

      Well you install the base system and then continue with:

      Add Mate repos:

      For Ubuntu 12.04:

      sudo add-apt-repository «deb http://packages.mate-desktop.org/repo/ubuntu specify main »

      For Ubuntu 12.10:

      sudo add-apt-repository «deb http://packages.mate-desktop.org/repo/ubuntu quantal main »

      And we continue with:

      sudo apt-get update

      sudo apt-get install mate-archive-keyring

      sudo apt-get update

      sudo apt-get install mate-core

      sudo apt-get install mate-desktop-environment

      And voila 🙂

      1.    kennatj said

        to use the ppa you have to install sudo apt-get install python-software-properties 🙂

  8.   Javier said

    Can you show us catches? Especially to see that "empty" unity. And what ram do you use in this way?
    a greeting

      1.    He passed through here said

        Petercheco, how much space do you use with all the desks you have installed? The question is just for reference, I only use one, the unity for a couple of months –http: //i.imgur.com/2lLBV52.png–
        regards

        1.    petercheco said

          It takes me around 3gb on the hard drive .. 🙂

  9.   aldo said

    Thank you!!

  10.   DanielC said

    It is not necessary to install the ubuntu desktop, you can directly install the gnome or gnome-panel (it would only enter the fallback session).

    When you already know how to move it a bit, I think this is the best way to install not only this but any linux distro. You take the same time manually installing the programs you want as deleting the ones you don't want if you do a default installation, plus the difference is notable.

  11.   Irvandoval said

    Some time ago I installed Debian with this method now I will try with ubuntu 12.10 32 bits but with vbox to see how it goes 😀

  12.   Rainbow_fly said

    Petercheco pass your link to taringa, I can't find you!

  13.   Ghermain said

    I want to comment on the following and they will tell me if it is true or not, at least I have already tested it on several machines and this gives me the reference to place it here.

    There is a distribution totally thought for netbook, with a true experience in small screens that no other gives; it's about: Kubuntu.

    Actually any distribution with KDE has the option to switch from desktop to Netbook-plasma. (It is changed in settings)

    Many people will say that KDE consumes a lot of resources and it was, but with the latest versions, especially 4.10, it has been reduced a lot, what few know is this that I share:

    Kubuntu is an excellent distribution. You install it and adapt the desktop to "Kubuntu-netbook-plasma" (Google images of this and you will see what I tell you). Then, once installed, open Muon Packages and install "kubuntu-fat-low-settings" and restart.

    What this file does is turn off many services that few use and that consume many resources, making KDE an excellent option for machines with few resources and with the Netbook-Plasma desktop you have the most perfect GNU / Linux for netbooks. It is also convenient to turn off all the effects. Still some basic effects in the menu are by default and look great and don't slow down your machine.

    I have Kubuntu 12.10 x86 installed on an Acer Aspire ONE D255E that I use for conferences, and I connect it to an external projector; with Impress I pass my slides; with Gwenview I go through all the images (with names of numbers or letters so that they are in order) and I even play video with VLC. And if your machine has Bluetooth, you can easily share files or connect to your phone, your headphones, keyboard or mouse. I have also done video-conferences on Skype.

    The KDE Netbook-plasma is the best desktop ever thought and adapted for these miniscreens. There can be no better. Windows never comes close to what we have on GNU / Linux.

    Luck. A Magic Hug.

    1.    mother-in-law84 said

      that low fat settings is for those who do not want to do the net install.

  14.   Ex-troll said

    Try, I think that with this it will be the 4 chance that I give Ubuntu 12.04, I just hope it works

  15.   Makubex Uchiha said

    hehe interesting contribution: 3 with this it will be very good an installation well according to the needs of each one xD the best thing would also be to create bash scripts to automate the installation for each environment hehe I am thinking of doing an experiment with this jajaj testing it with the ubuntu builder: 3

  16.   Cristian said

    Good evening, I tried to install it this way but it does not detect any network, it tells me that the network modules are not found. I cannot continue with the installation connected by cable, but if I do this with Debian there is no problem… It catches my attention…

  17.   Cristian said

    Good morning, I thought that yesterday I had published my comment, maybe I will have turned off the pc without having sent it. Anyway, I have a problem with the installation when I get to the part where it detects the network hardware, there I get a message warning me that no network interface was detected (it should be clarified that I am connected to a cable and it works well, I had already done the verification previously).
    The message says something like this:
    “No network interface detected. This means that the installation system could not find a network device.

    You may need to load a specific module for the network card, if you have one. To do this, go back to the network device discovery step. "

    When I installed Debian from a minimal install, I had previously downloaded the firmware for my wifi board and it had worked instantly, although the installation had been completed with the wired network. I'm surprised that he doesn't even find the cable. If you can help me, I will be very grateful. Thanks for all the usual info.

    1.    petercheco said

      Hello Cristian,
      for these cases I have published one more entry in taringa.net. The solution to your driver problem is the Ubuntu server images. The base system is installed but in the same image you find drivers and the minimum necessary ..

      32 bits
      http://releases.ubuntu.com/precise/ubuntu-12.04.2-server-i386.iso

      64 bits
      http://releases.ubuntu.com/precise/ubuntu-12.04.2-server-amd64.iso

      To download the Ubuntu 12.10 isos:

      32 bits
      http://releases.ubuntu.com/quantal/ubuntu-12.10-server-i386.iso

      64 bits
      http://releases.ubuntu.com/quantal/ubuntu-12.10-server-amd64.iso

      Greetings,
      Petercheco

  18.   kennatj said

    Does anyone know how to do something like that but with they should testin and that the default desktop is Razor-Qt?

    1.    petercheco said

      The fastest is:
      Install your Debian base system. Once you complete the installation and log into your Debian without a graphical environment for the first time, proceed with:

      Open terminal and login as root. Then follow with:

      add-apt-repository ppa: razor-qt

      Now go to your sources.list

      nano /etc/apt/sources.list

      In the lines corresponding to the razor repo, change the repo's distro, looking like this:

      deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/razor-qt/ppa/ubuntu precise main
      deb-src http://ppa.launchpad.net/razor-qt/ppa/ubuntu precise main

      Save with the key combination CTRL + O and close with CTRL + X
      Now write:

      apt-get update
      apt-get -y dist-upgrade
      apt-get install razorqt

      And voila 🙂

      1.    petercheco said

        Sorry you do not open any terminal since you are already in it 😀

  19.   Lorenzo said

    Can someone tell me what you mean by junk packages?

    "... terribly stable without having junk packages installed on Ubuntu by default."

    Do you mean that installing Ubuntu in this way installs the packages that your PC really needs and discards the superfluous?

  20.   gerno said

    Hi, I have followed this tutorial until the moment of logging in and I have a very curious problem.

    I can't log in with my lightdm account, I enter my username and password and it returns to the lightdm screen. with both unity and gnome classic.

    If instead I use the guest account I can enter the graphical environment without problems, both in unity and in gnome classic.

    the password is correct and from terminal I log in without problems.

    Any suggestion?

  21.   gerno said

    as additional information add that the only "weird" thing I've done is install / home on a separate partition.

  22.   gerno said

    Nothing, don't worry, I can't be without a computer any longer. I'm going to switch distro or something.

    regards

  23.   Bitcero said

    Very very good tutorial, congratulations.
    I wanted to know two things, the first:
    I like Kde, and I have already seen how to install it, but I also really like the "look an feel" of Gnome-Shell, to install gnome-shell as it would be:

    sudo -s

    enter your root password and then put:

    apt-get -y install gnome-shell –no-install-recommends

    apt-get -y install synaptic network-manager

    Correct me if I'm wrong.

    The second thing I would like to know, I don't know, is if all different versions of Ubuntu (Xubuntu, Kubuntu, Ubuntu, etc) carry spam. I know that Ubuntu (Unity) brings Amazon which will carry spam chins and know what other things.

    a greeting

    1.    petercheco said

      Hello,
      well in your case to get a minimal gnome installation I would do a:

      apt-get -y install gnome-core

      To install absolutely everything from the gnome team use:

      apt-get -y install gnome

      As for your second question on Xubuntu, just uninstall the Ubuntu Software Center and use Synaptic for example. If I remember correctly, the Ubuntu Software Center is installed only on Ubuntu and Xubuntu since Kubuntu uses Muon and Lubuntu a Lubuntu software center. Only Ubuntu with Unity has the problem of spam.

      You can also go for a variant of UBuntu with Gnome-shell installed by default called Ubuntu Gnome remix:

      https://wiki.ubuntu.com/UbuntuGNOME/ReleaseNotes/12.10

      Greetings,
      Petercheco

      1.    bitcero said

        Thank you for answering me. I am Ubuntero, I have learned how little I know with this distribution, in its beginnings with gnome 2, then I went to KDE (spectacular every day) Kubuntu, I continue with both (two partitions). Currently I have Ubuntu gnome remix installed as you have said (I don't know what this gnome-shell has but I like it, despite the criticism).
        My teeth have come out with the .deb packages.
        I did not know how to install an ubuntu from almost scratch.

        Thank you.

  24.   fernando said

    What a good tuto, I have already tried ubuntu 12.04 and it is faster and more stable than version 12.10 but the truth is I am not liking ubuntu with unity, it is too heavy, it is more I would think it is just as heavy as windows 7, it hangs on me not for now on my personal pc I have Xubuntu that is good, and I really like Kubuntu a lot.
    PS: (I'm on a university computer) hehehehe I don't normally use windows

  25.   Revo said

    How would it be to install Cinnamon ?? ... would it be something like that?

    #sudo add-apt-repository ppa: gwendal-lebihan-dev / cinnamon-stable
    #sudo apt-get update
    #sudo apt-get install cinnamon

    Or is there a minimal version for Cinnamon ??

    Greetings.

  26.   Leodan said

    Hi, install ubuntu-12.04.2-desktop-i386, on windows with a dual-boot….
    ok but when I select to start with ubuntu I enter in console mode… ..because ???
    It does not show me the graphical environment, the desktop and other applications… ..
    How do I install all these applications ... I know that through the command line, what is it that they help me and guide me if they already have the graphical environment and other modules, what are the steps to follow ... Thank you very much ... Greetings ... .

    1.    Juan said

      If you have downloaded the iso from the links shown in this post, it is because these versions do not have a graphical environment, there it shows how to add the graphical environment of ubuntu, and in the comments you can see how to add other graphical environments

  27.   deviltroll said

    I still don't understand what okular looks like in the middle of a minimal gnome-based system.

  28.   Juan said

    Hello, well I installed with KDE… and it worked fine, but when updating I was left without a graphical environment again, it is as if I had no graphical environment. I really have no idea how to solve this, I have an ATI video card

  29.   Leo said

    Good people… .install ubuntu 12.04.2 lts, ​​on windows xp sp3, through dual-boot
    I installed ubuntu with wubi.exe… ..at 32 bits… ..but when I start the ubuntu… .and I check what kind of system I have …… using command line uname -a… .sale that I have ubuntu 12.04.2tls x86_64… .. it says that I have a 64-bit system… .because if I install it for 32-bit… ..It can damage my computer by having it in 64-bit …… since I have always installed 32-bit systems like windwos xp, but I don't know why I install in 64bits… ..my question is that if it can damage my PC, I have an intel P4 processor, it says that it supports 64bits, ms-7211 motherboard, a 1GB RAM…. 128 MB VIDEO ... THANK YOU ... FOR YOUR ANSWERS ..... GREETINGS ...

  30.   Leo said

    people too, I need you to provide me with the great favor of Oracle 11g and oracle forms …… for Ubuntu 12.04.2 lts ……. Thank you very much…

    1.    petercheco said
  31.   Jorge Andrés Devia Mosquéra said

    If I stick to step two and work only from the console, what would I actually have installed? Ubuntu? Kernel? Nothing?

    1.    petercheco said

      Ubuntu base without X or graphical environment 🙂

  32.   Osca G said

    It is used to install a minimal xfce base, I say it because I want to install ubuntu minimal with xubuntu minimal
    but the problem is that it does not support uefi