|This time we will face two great distros of the GNU / Linux world: Arch Linux y Debian. We will see some of the pros and cons of each distro and we will make a brief comparison.
And you, Which one do you prefer?
Arch Linux is a distro originally inspired by the distro Crux although it currently has no basis. The distro slogan says A simple lightweight distribution, which translated means a simple and light distribution.
Arch Linux seeks to keep a system as less loaded as possible by following the KISS principle (Keep It Ssimple, Sbushy, in Spanish keep it simple stupid) avoiding having pre-installed applications and other parts that we do not use to achieve higher performance.
It is rolling release, this means that it exempts us from reinstalling the system since versions of it are not released; updating the system we will have the latest stable.
But it is not all gold that glitters, installation can become somewhat complicated thus intimidating inexperienced users and prolonging installation time.
What are the pros of Arch Linux?
- KISS principle: We assemble the system as we want, installing only what we need.
- Rolling release character: We avoid reinstalling the distribution as new versions are not frozen.
- Pacman package manager: The Pacman package manager is a fairly fast manager.
- Yogurt: This tool allows us to use the AUR repository, sometimes avoiding having to install .tar.gz files.
- ABS: ABS allows us to package and build programs from their source code.
- Wiki: The Arch Linux Wiki is quite extensive, but it is not translated into all languages.
What are the cons of Arch Linux?
- Installation: The installation can scare people new to Linux.
- Rolling release character: Being a rolling release can cause problems with some packages, although Arch Linux is one of the more stable distros.
- Peripherals: Installing peripherals like printers can be tedious in some cases.
Debian is a well known distro for its stability, it does not use any bases and also uses .deb packages. It is a distro that uses 100% free packages serial, thus avoiding the use of applications like Firefox, which are not 100% free. It has 3 branches: Stable, Unstable (Sid) and Testing.
As I was saying Debian seeks stability, which is why its versions take time to release and we do not have the latest.
Contrary to what many people think, Debian is quite a friendly distro, comparable to Fedora in this sense, but without being a Mageia-style distro (for example) as soon as it is installed.
Debian is cycling release, this means that versions are frozen.
Without being KISS, Debian is a less loaded system than, say, Linux Mint.
What are the pros of Debian?
- Stability: This makes it an excellent alternative in places where we need high security conditions.
- Parcel .deb: It allows us to install applications with a double click.
- Synaptic: Allows us to install applications without using the terminal.
- Friendly: The installation does not cause any fear to anyone, it is a typical next-next-next installation.
- Little charged: This translates into better performance compared to other distros.
What are the cons of Debian?
- 100% Free: Those who are not very purists will surely find some extra problems when installing certain applications since they are not activated as standard. non-free y contrib.
- Cycling Release: It forces us to suddenly update or reinstall the system with each release.
- Update: We do not have the newest.
Which is better? Bass mi point of view the following:
- Servers: debian
- Households: ArchLinux.
- Business: Either one could work and it all also depends on the data to be stored and in which positions in the company the computers will be.