Arvind krishna (IBM CEO) made it known recently that the company has created a quantum processor capable of processing such complex information that work cannot be performed or simulated on a traditional computer.
Nicknamed as «Eagle», the new quantum processor can handle 127 qubits, and IBM says it has taken a big step toward practical quantum computing. He added that he has taken a step forward that allows quantum computing to surpass the power of a traditional computer.
IBM claims this is the first processor of its kind that cannot be simulated by a conventional supercomputer. To understand what this means, the company claims that to simulate Eagle, it would take more classical bits than atoms in every human on the planet (there are roughly 7 x 10 27 atoms in the average human body).
“It is impossible to simulate it in anything else. It is impossible to do the work that this computer can do on a traditional machine. It would take a conventional computer bigger than this planet to be able to do this, "Krishna told" Axios on HBO. "
IBM attributes this advance to a new design that places processor control components on multiple physical levels, while the qubits are located in a single layer and that according to the company, this design allows a significant increase in computing power.
One aspect of Eagle that the company is not talking about at the moment is quantum volume, as this is a metric created by IBM that attempts to measure the performance of a quantum computer by taking a holistic view of its various parts and taking into account not just qubits, but also how they interact with each other.
The larger the quantum volume, the more capable a quantum computer is of solving difficult problems.
"Our first 127 qubit Eagle processor is available as an exploratory system on the IBM Cloud for selected members of the IBM Quantum Network," said Jerry Chow, director of the quantum hardware systems development unit at 'IBM. "Exploratory systems are early access to our latest technologies and therefore we do not guarantee uptime or any particular level of repeatable performance, measured by quantum volume," he added.
IBM believes that its processor is more powerful than it already exists, But according to experts, without knowing the quantum volume of the Eagle processor, it is difficult to say exactly how it compares to what already exists. Last October, Honeywell claimed that its H1 system model had a quantum volume of 128 with only 10 qubits connected. For reference, earlier this year IBM announced a 27 qubit system with a quantum volume of 64, which was the highest in the industry at the time. It's clear that the company's new processor is powerful, but qubits don't tell the whole story here.
IBM CEO has been optimistic that quantum computing may occupy a significant place in the computing world in a few years, while others believe it could take a decade to win. In all cases, however, the advent of quantum computing poses a unique problem. In fact, much of modern cryptography relies on hiding data in a way that would take too long for conventional computers to decrypt. But quantum computers will be able to break many current encryption systems.
In addition, what is also remarkable about Eagle is that IBM does not claim quantum supremacy. According to the company, this is a step towards that milestone, but the processor is not yet at the point where it can solve problems that traditional computers cannot. In 2019, Google sparked controversy by claiming (briefly) to have accomplished the feat with its Sycamore system. At the time, IBM called the company's claims "unsustainable" on the grounds that Google built the computer to solve a specific equation.