I haven't done Debian tutorials for a long time, apart from doing a mea culpa about the stones I threw in this post dating from my beginnings as a writer (especially in the fourth paragraph), in which I criticized Mozilla for not making a repo for Debian, Ubuntu and / or derivatives to launch Firefox on the stable branch.
6 days ago, when browsing my Diaspora * profile, I came across the news that Firefox 31 had already anticipated the official launch.
Well, many have seen the methods that had to be done to install Firefox to Debian, either manually o at the point of script, or pulling from the Linux Mint repo. However, like the backport of Debian-Mozilla which has the Debian project for the current stable branch (to date Wheezy), the Mozilla Foundation has done an official backport found on Launchpad, for which, if you use Ubuntu, you can use PPAs to keep you up to date. However, here I show you how to install Firefox on Debian without dying in the attempt.
Table of Contents
Install Firefox on Debian from Launchpad
1.- Uninstalling Iceweasel
The first thing we have to do is uninstall Iceweasel, as, as the warning says, it can cause conflicts with Firefox. To carry out this action, we write this command prepending sudo (if it is configured, of course), or as superuser:
# apt-get remove iceweasel*
After taking this action, we go to the next step.
2.- Adding the Mozilla Security backport (Launchpad)
Now, what we have to do is add the official Mozilla Security repo, which contains the Firefox browser from the file / Etc / apt / sources.list (editing with GNU Nano or a graphical text editor):
deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/ubuntu-mozilla-security/ppa/ubuntu precise main
Next, we add the authentication key, which approves the connection of the security repo:
apt-key adv –keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com –recv-keys 7EBC211F
With a apt-get update && apt-get upgrade just confirm the changes in adding this repo.
3.- Install Firefox
Now, what you have to do is simply run this command line to be able to confirm the switch from Iceweasel to Firefox:
# apt-get install firefox
And so we have a stable Firefox installed in an "official" way, since the Firefox edition that is in Launchpad, is mainly aimed at Ubuntu, Mint and / or derivatives, but thanks to Launchpad, this repo also benefits those who do not like it. like the weasel as a browser (although, in personal opinion, I like the cousin-brother of the fox born from the Debian lap).
PS: With this repo you can also install Thunderbird as a replacement for Icedove, if you want.