First part of a guide on how to install, configure and customize LMDE. In this case we will see the installation and update process step by step.
Table of Contents
Knowledge Level: Beginner / Installation knowledge
Since last year, to the mint family was joined by a variant called LMDE (Linux Mint Debian Edition) with the aim of offering an elegant system but at the same time, faster, more stable and that simulates a kind of rolling release.
To this day, it is being used by a large part of The LinuxMint Community and important improvements have been added, which we will explain in later articles.
Why use LMDE?
Speed, stability, security, are adjectives that are generally associated with Debian GNU / Linux, however, ease and functionality do not. All user of Debian You know that once we install the system, we have to spend some time afterwards trying to get it ready, installing packages, configuring a little here and a little there.
If you are already an experienced user that should not represent a very big problem, but in the case of beginners, things change. With LMDE we save a lot of work. We just have to install and everything works the first time. Sure, we can also make some adjustments, but they are just tweaks nothing more.
So, let's see how to install it.
To install LMDE we can go to download site and lower the . Iso which weighs around 900mb, so it is in format DVD. We can burn it to a DVD or we can create with UNetbootin the bootable image from a flash memory. It is worth clarifying that, on the download site it is also available LMDE Xfce.
Once we have everything ready, we start the PC with the option of lifting by the CD-ROM or by USB and we should load the desktop of LMDE in a few seconds.
We execute the installed one by double clicking on the icon Install Linux Mint and we wait for the installation wizard to come out.
The first option will be to choose the language. It should be clarified that this version, although we choose the Spanish-Castilian, the wizard will run entirely in English.
We continue with the second step, which will be to choose the Time Zone. In this case, we must select the country or region in which we live.
Now we select the variant of the keyboard that we use. In general, this configuration must be generic depending on the language we select, but we can set changes manually, as is logical.
This step is extremely important. Disk partitioning is a bit of a delicate process. We will dedicate an entire article to explain how to partition in GNU / Linux, but for now I will briefly describe the process.
Like in Windows, where the partition exists C: for system files, and D: for user data, in GNU / Linux we can separate a partition for the binaries and another for our files. Basically the partition will be made as follows:
1- First partition of the primary type, it is assigned to the root "/".
2- Second partition that will be of the Extended type that will contain:
- A partition of type Logic for the SWAP with double the RAM.
- A partition of the Logic type for our home "/home" with the rest of the disk space.
Yes, I know this may sound a bit difficult, but it really isn't. Anyway, as we prepare the detailed manual on partitions in GNU / Linux, they can learn more about the subject in this link o this other.
In the case of this post, we assume that you already know how to partition and that this step has passed it without any problem.
After partitioning we have to put our data. First our full name which is optional. Then our username, which is the user that we are going to use to access our session. Then our password and finally, the name of our team.
Unless you know what you do, step 6 which is to install the GRUB you should leave it as it comes by default, especially if you have more than one system on your computer. After this part, the wizard will show us a summary of the actions that the system will do and the installation will begin.
Once this process is finished, which lasts around 5 to 10 minutes depending on the hardware of our equipment, LMDE It will notify us that it has finished installing.
And here the installation process ends. Simple right?
In the next installment we will see how to update our system and how install uninstall certain packages that we may or may not use. We will also show you some tips to optimize our system a little more.