According to what was announced by the website neowin and by ExtremeTech, the computers of the International Space Station will migrate from Windows XP to Linux, precisely with the Debian distribution in its version 6 (also known by its code name "Squeeze"). According to statements by the United Space Alliance, have declared the following:
"We have migrated key features from Windows to Linux because we needed an operating system that was stable and reliable."
Beyond reliability and stability, Keith Chuvala said they were looking for an operating system that “could give them complete control. So we needed to patch it, adjust it or adapt it.
Furthermore, there was a previous incident about a Russian cosmonaut who brought a Laptop with the W32.Gammima.AG worm, which spread to all Laptops throughout the station.
Beyond the mere installation, the entire crew will be trained by the Linux Foundation in order to have a Linux management. Without a doubt, this is a great step that the International Space Station has taken to do its chores without having to depend on an operating system of such flimsy instability.