What to do after installing Linux Mint 13 Maya

Every time are more that users of this distribution you knew break off de Ubuntu and take a slightly different path. The remake It comes with some news, the most important being its long-term support or LTS. 


Some considerations to take into account before starting the guide are the following:

  • Unlike Ubuntu, Mint comes by default with most of the multimedia audio and video codecs, so updating them is not a priority.
  • Another important component that is installed by default is Synaptic, the well-known package manager.
  • If you have the Ubuntu-based version, many programs and packages are highly compatible between both distributions.

Having clarified these points, we continue to list some things that can make life easier after installing the new Maya version:

1. Run the Update Manager

It is possible that new updates have come out since you downloaded the image, so you can check if there are updates available from the update manager (Menu> Administration> Update Manager) or with the following command:

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade

2. Install the graphics card drivers

In Menu- Preferences> Additional drivers we can update and change (if we wish) the driver of the graphics card that we have.

3. Install the language pack

Although by default Linux Mint installs the Spanish language pack (or any other that we have indicated during the installation) it does not do so completely. To reverse this situation we can go to Menu> Preferences> Language support or also by typing the following command in a terminal:

sudo apt-get install laguage-pack-gnome-en language-pack-en language-pack-kde-en libreoffice-l10n-en thunderbird-locale-en thunderbird-locale-en-en thunderbird-locale-en-ar

4. Customize the appearance

There are many ways to do it, and they are all free! In http://gnome-look.org/ we have a large database of wallpapers, themes, tools and other elements that will help us to "looke" our desktop. We can also make use of 3 well-known tools:

1. docky, a shortcut bar and applications for our desktop. Official website: http://wiki.go-docky.com/index.php?title=Welcome_to_the_Docky_wiki. Installation: in a terminal we write: sudo apt-get install docky

2. AWN, another navigation bar, almost a competitor to docky! Official website: https://launchpad.net/awn Installation: from the Program manager.

3. Conky, a system monitor that displays information on various components, such as RAM, CPU usage, system time, etc. The great advantage is that there are many "skins" of this application. Official website: http://conky.sourceforge.net/ Installation: sudo apt-get install conky

5. Install restrictive fonts

If it is necessary to install them, we must write the following commands in a terminal:

sudo apt-get install ttf-mscorefonts-installer

We accept the license terms by managing with TAB and ENTER.

It is important to do it from the terminal and not from any of the managers, since we will not be able to accept the terms of use in them.

6. Install programs to play

In addition to the large library of games that the repositories have, we also have http://www.playdeb.net/welcome/, another page that specializes in collecting games for Linux systems in .deb packages. If we also want to enjoy our Windows games, don't despair, since we have some alternatives:

1. Wine (http://www.winehq.org/) provides us with the compatibility layer to run not only games, but also all kinds of compiled software for Windows systems

2. PlayOnLinux (http://www.playonlinux.com/en/) another resource that provides us with a library capable of installing and using software designed for Windows

3. lutris (http://lutris.net/) a gaming platform developed for GNU / Linux, a great resource despite being in development stages.

4. Winetricks (http://wiki.winehq.org/winetricks) works as a script that helps to download libraries needed to run games on Linux, such as .NET Frameworks, DirectX, etc.

For all these programs, we can consult their respective official pages, either in the Linux Mint Programs manager or the terminal. Likewise, we especially recommend reading this mini-tutor which explains how to install and configure each of them.

7. Install audio plugins

Some of them, like Gstreamer or Timidity, will help us expand our catalog of supported formats; both can be found in the Programs manager or can be installed using the command sudo apt-get install. We also mention the pulseaudio-equalizer software, capable of giving us a Pulse Audio configuration and improving the sound quality; to install it we will use 3 commands:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa: nilarimogard / webupd8
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install pulseaudio-equalizer

8. Install Gparted

It is possible that in some installations this component is missing as useful as it is when managing the partitions of our disks. Having it in our distribution is as easy as typing sudo apt-get install gparted or from the Programs manager.

9. Install other programs

The rest is to get the software you want for each need. There are many ways to do it:

1. In Program Manager, which we enter from Menu> Administration, we have a very generous number of programs for any function that occurs to us. The manager is arranged by categories, which facilitates the search for what we want. Once the program we need is located, it is only a matter of pressing the install button and typing the Administrator password; We can even create an installation queue that the same manager will execute sequentially.

2. The aim of the Package manager if we know exactly what packages we want to install. Not recommended to install programs from scratch if we do not know all the packages we will need.

3. Through a terminal (Menu> Accessories) and typing usually sudo apt-get install + program name. Sometimes we will have to previously add the repository with the commands sudo apt-get ppa: + repository name; to search for a program with the console we can type apt search.

4. On page http://www.getdeb.net/welcome/ (Playdeb's sister) we also have a good catalog of software compiled in .deb packages

5. The official project page if you have any other installation steps.

Some software recommendations:

  • Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, Opera: Internet browsers
  • Mozilla Thunderbird: email and calendar manager
  • Libre Office, Open Office, K-Office: office suites
  • Comix: comics reader
  • Okular: multiple file reader (including pdf)
  • Inkscape: vector graphics editor
  • Blender: 3D Modeler
  • Gimp: creating and editing images
  • VLC, Mplayer: sound and video players
  • Rythmbox, Audacious, Songbird, Amarok - Audio Players
  • Boxee: multimedia center
  • Caliber: e-book management
  • Picasa - Image Management
  • Audacity, LMMS: audio editing platforms
  • Pidgin, Emesené, Empathy: multiprotocol chat clients
  • Google Earth: Google's well-known virtual globe
  • Transmission, Vuze: P2P clients
  • Bluefish: HTML editor
  • Geany, Eclipse, Emacs, Gambas: development environments for different languages
  • Gwibber, Tweetdeck: clients for social networks
  • K3B, Brasero: disc recorders
  • Furious ISO Mount: to mount ISO images on our system
  • Unetbootin: allows you to “mount” operating systems on a pendrive
  • ManDVD, Devede: DVD Authoring and Creation
  • Bleachbit: remove unnecessary files from the system
  • VirtualBox, Wine, Dosemu, Vmware, Bochs, PearPC, ARPS, Win4Linux: emulation of operating systems and software
  • Games there are thousands and for all tastes !!

To see a more extensive list, you can visit the Programs section of this blog.

Clear cache

It is not necessary, but if at some point we want to clean the memory of the processes we open a terminal and write the following: su - (to be root) and then echo 3> / proc / sys / vm / drop_caches. This process is not destructive, but it is still recommended to read other references on the internet, for example: http://linux-mm.org/Drop_Caches

Explore our new system

We already have a complete operating system ready for our daily use. As always, it is recommended to explore the managers, options, configurations and other tools of the system to familiarize ourselves with all the virtues of our system.

In short, relax and enjoy the benefits of free software. Learn at once what it feels like to be free of viruses, blue screens and restrictions of all kinds.

Thanks Juan Carlos Ortiz for the contribution!
Interested in make a contribution?

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  2.   Ruben said

    I can't explain how we continue to swim against the current with windows, its instability and its blue screens, I just installed linux mint and I can do everything I did before without having to download, (pending advertising), run and wait for errors. Very good for linux mint, thanks

  3.   river said

    someone knows how to connect to a wifi network linux mint, or download the
    drivers from windows since in linux I don't have internet?

  4.   Esteban Ramos said

    It is assumed that it automatically detects your network and you just put the password, there is no need to install anything as it is in windows. Chek out

    1.    Maria del Carmen said

      You can tell me which password because the truth is I don't know if it's the one I have in my email or I have to make a new one. Thank you in advance and sorry for my ignorance

  5.   Daniel✠lǝıuɐD ツ ▲ said

    screenshots in xp, view, seven ... we go in all ... if it will be by pages and test that proves it

  6.   Víctor Gómez said

    At point 7 the first command is wrong. The correct is:

    sudo add-apt-repository ppa: nilarimogard / webupd8

  7.   gorgons said

    I have found out that you use Mint 13 as the main system on your PC, and by the way I really like this page, but recently I have had some problems with this edition of said distribution which is not usually talked about much except in the distribution forum ; The problem apparently consists of a cinnamon error that freezes completely when using libreOficce, although it happened to me in particular without using it and the only thing that remains working is the mouse pointer and almost no command can get you out of this mess having to press the restart button of the PC or in my case use a combination of keys: alt + inprPant and write REISUB, as you are a user of this distro I would like to ask you if this has happened to you or have you heard of this problem , or maybe dedicate an article to the solution of this error because at least I had to go back to the previous version because I can't find the solution, Thank you.

  8.   Mark said

    Hi, I use Linux Mint 13 with 64-bit Mate… no problem 15 days ago. Yesterday I installed the proprietary drivers for an ati hd 6750, excellent. All good. I like cinnamon better, didn't try it, but I like it better. I installed mate just because I read that cinnamon was a little bit immature. That must be why, I think you have to look around until it is better, or go to mate or another desk. Whatever the same linux mint was excellent, I would not use an ubuntu, or debian, or arch ... of course, I speak from my experience, with all due respect to those who like these distros, without fanaticism. I embrace the free community. Marcos M.

  9.   Louis escobar said

    I think the contribution is excellent =) Thank you ... continue like this, don't stop using Linux, it's the best =)

  10.   Miguel said

    hello Gorgon .. look I'm using cinnamon in Mint 13, and the only problem I have is with the desktop background (I had to install Wallch to control it) that does not work for me in automatic mode - it changes throughout of the day- as well as no configuration menu appears, which if it happens in the Mate.
    Now, I had the 13-bit Mint 32 installed and had some problems and from so much reading out there -google- it is not recommended to install a 32 on a 64-bit machine, One has its advantages over the other and logically it should not nothing happens, otherwise it becomes lighter, but it generates some inconveniences. Then I installed the 64 clean and the problems were corrected, also with this I take advantage and exploit the resources of the machine to the maximum (something that does not happen with the 32 within a 64) and the problem is that there is not much support for 64 But as I told you, I solved all the problems I had previously, and the same were with Mate or with Cinnamom (Cinnamon).
    This is for you to do a review what type of machine you have and what type of processor you are using, perhaps the problem is happening there.
    Greetings.

  11.   Juank said

    I don't know if Pablo has better advice than me, but in my particular case I use the version with MATE as the environment, since it is more robust and less prone to errors than Cinnamon (not because it criticizes the environment you use). One piece of advice would be to switch to MATE to see if your problem is solved, because for now it is the first time I have heard of such a problem

  12.   Juank said

    Exactly

  13.   Juan Pablo Mayoral said

    This is the same for Cinnamon, right ???

  14.   KarlisleHatter said

    Hey, I made an error in the »raise SystemExit» I don't know why? if you can help me with that ..

  15.   lucasmatias said

    Thank you, very complete 😉

  16.   Let's use Linux said

    Good contribution!

  17.   Let's use Linux said

    Readyooo… 🙂

  18.   Luiso said

    Look closely, I corrected three words, not only the one of libreoffice 😉 A «laguage» and a «language»… Greetings.

  19.   Luiso said

    By the way, the post is very useful, thank you very much!

  20.   Let's use Linux said

    Corrected. Thank you!
    Cheers! Paul.

  21.   Juniors Calderon said

    I still see several of the errors if you can correct them please!

    Like this look: sudo apt-get install laguage-pack-gnome-es

    It's language

  22.   Pepe Wasquez said

    Hello, if someone wants to install the dnie in this distribution, just follow the steps on this page, http://bitplanet.es/manuales/3-linux/324-instalar-lector-dnie-en-ubuntu-1210.html, I have tried it and it has worked for me without problems.

  23.   Let's use Linux said

    How good it is to read your lines. 🙂 We all go through the same thing. Welcome to the Linux community.

  24.   Adrian said

    Blue Screenshots of Death? Well, you were using Windows 98 for sure! Since Windows XP these things practically no longer exist, unless you are a long-suffering Windows Vista user, but that has a solution: Windows 7 🙂

    1.    Ace of spades said

      And in Windows 8 they came back ... 😉

  25.   Ghermain Blue said

    Very good page, thanks for helping those of us who migrated from Windows ... I got fed up with the blue screens of death ... I tried several distros for 5 months to familiarize myself and find the one that best suited my style and demands and I ended up leaving LinuxMint 13 permanently 64-bit KDE and it's great… I've already found everything that can be done and stop depending on those from Redmond, just to tell them that installing Wine hasn't even caught my attention… with Linux there is everything for most.

  26.   King Leonidas said

    I'm really liking Cinnamon, I've only had a minor problem with the screenshots utility that after an update stops showing the dialog box and saves the screenshot in / Pictures.

    Another problem solved is to change the GDM ... if you download a GDM theme it does not recognize it, the way to do it is to change the name of everything that GDM puts into MDM and voila it works ... I leave you a script that does it automatically (not mine but it works),

    #! / usr / bin / env python

    # Convert GDM theme to MDM by esteban1uy
    import pygtk
    import tarfile
    import os
    import sys
    import tempfile
    import gtk

    pygtk.require ('2.0')

    if gtk.pygtk_version <(2,3,90):
    raise SystemExit
    def look_in_directory (directory):
    for f in os.listdir (directory):
    if os.path.isfile (os.path.join (directory, f)):
    if f == "GdmGreeterTheme.desktop":
    return os.path.join (directory, f)
    if os.path.isdir (os.path.join (directory, f)):
    if look_in_directory (os.path.join (directory, f))! = "":
    return os.path.join (directory, f)

    dialog = gtk.FileChooserDialog ("Select theme file",
    None,
    gtk.FILE_CHOOSER_ACTION_OPEN,
    (gtk.STOCK_CANCEL, gtk.RESPONSE_CANCEL,
    gtk.STOCK_OPEN, gtk.RESPONSE_OK))
    dialog.set_default_response (gtk.RESPONSE_OK)

    filter = gtk.FileFilter ()
    filter.set_name ("All files")
    filter.add_pattern ("*. tar.gz")
    dialog.add_filter (filter)

    response = dialog.run ()
    if response == gtk.RESPONSE_OK:
    fullpathToTar = dialog.get_filename ()
    fullpath = os.path.dirname (fullpathToTar)
    tar = tarfile.open (fullpathToTar, "r: gz")
    destinationPath = tempfile.mkdtemp () + "/"
    tar.extractall (destinationPath)
    GdmFile = look_in_directory (destinationPath)
    if GdmFile! = "":
    o = open (GdmFile + »/ MdmGreeterTheme.desktop», »a»)
    for line in open (GdmFile + »/ GdmGreeterTheme.desktop»):
    line = line.replace ("GdmGreeterTheme", "MdmGreeterTheme")
    o.write (line)
    o.close ()
    innerfolder = os.path.split (os.path.dirname (GdmFile + »/»)) [1]
    newtar = tarfile.open (fullpath + "/ +innerfolder+_for_MDM.tar.gz", "w: gz")
    newtar.add (GdmFile + »/», innerfolder + »/»)
    newtar.close ()
    elif response == gtk.RESPONSE_CANCEL:
    exit ()
    dialog.destroy ()

  27.   horse said

    Thanks Juan Carlos for the contribution. xD

  28.   Luiso said

    In point 3, about installing language packs, there are syntax errors that lead to errors: The correct way would be

    sudo apt-get install language-pack-gnome-en language-pack-en language-pack-kde-en
    libreoffice-l10n-en thunderbird-locale-en thunderbird-locale-en-en thunderbird-locale-en-ar

    A greeting.

  29.   Esteban said

    Linux mint 13 is the mere versh! This laptop had winbugs 8 and every so often the browser would freeze and without forgetting that I had to pay licenses !. But the Maya fell silent from the sky ...
    LONG LIVE LINUX!

  30.   Crow said

    Simply in linux you forget about serials, cracks, antivirus, licenses, looking for programs, dd defragmentation, reboots every time you update, errors, install drivers, etc etc ... and much more.

  31.   Roberto Pombo said

    For me it was a pleasant surprise to find LinuxMint Maya had several years using UBUNTU although it is good if not excellent but this is super excellent, I have it installed together with Windows7 and it does not give any problem. I installed it with Wiinmit4.exe and the only thing that when it is already installed I do not update and upgrade to update we must delete the or mediubuntu package with synaptic and I do the update and upgrade again and it works perfectly. it is fast beautiful and easy to use. I do that because I verified that it did not update me correctly when I used the update% upgrade.

  32.   Carlos said

    After installing linux mint on the hard disk and finishing correctly, when I try to boot from the hard disk the system cannot find the OS. What I can do?

    1.    let's use linux said

      Hi Carlos!

      For a few days we have made available a new question and answer service called Ask FromLinux. We suggest that you transfer this type of consultation there so that the entire community can help you with your problem.

      A hug, Pablo.

      1.    Gerard said

        so far I'm doing fine, with this operating system

  33.   arucarl said

    why i can't install theme in linux mit 13 it tells me gtk + not installed auyda plis