FlightGear: Babba kuma ƙwararren masanin jirgin sama mai buɗe tushen jirgi

FlightGear: Babba kuma ƙwararren masanin jirgin sama mai buɗe tushen jirgi

FlightGear: Babba kuma ƙwararren masanin jirgin sama mai buɗe tushen jirgi

A yau, za mu shiga cikin Duniyar Wasanni amma kwararre. Wato, za mu yi cikakken nazari mai ban sha'awa Open Source Flight Simulator Game, cewa tuni a wata dama ta baya da muka ambata. Kuma ana kiranta "FlightGear".

"FlightGear" Ga waɗanda gaba ɗaya ba su sani ba, yana da jirgin sama na'urar kwaikwayo halitta ta ƙungiyar masu sa kai na ƙasa da ƙasa, wanda kuma an buga shi azaman free software da bude tushe ƙarƙashin lasisin GPL. Kuma iri ɗaya, ana amfani dashi duka don binciken ilimi da kuma ilimi, amma ga nishadi.

3 na asali madadin zuwa Flight Simulator na Linux

3 na asali madadin zuwa Flight Simulator na Linux

Ga masu sha'awar binciken ni'ima bayanan da suka gabata na shekaru da yawa da suka gabata, tare da taken Wasanni game da na'urar kwaikwayo, zaku iya latsa mahaɗin mai zuwa, bayan kammala karanta wannan littafin:

"YaRinKamar Yana da na'urar hawa da yawa da na'urar kwaikwayo ta jirgin sama kyauta. A halin yanzu shine madaidaicin madaidaici ga masu siyar da jirgin sama na kasuwanci. Wataƙila ita ce kawai shirin irinta wanda lambarta kyauta ce kuma ba tare da niyyar ɓoye yadda take aiki a ciki ba, wanda hakan ya sa ta zama mai faɗaɗawa.

X-jirgin saman shine na'urar kwaikwayo ta jirgin farar hula, wanda Austin Meyer ya ƙirƙira, yana ɗaya daga cikin manyan masu kwaikwayon jirgin da ke fafatawa da Microsoft Flight Simulator. A cewar mai haɓaka shi, ingantaccen na'urar kwaikwayo ce, dangane da ƙididdige tasirin iskar iska a saman saman jirgin da aka ƙera.

Tsarin Jirgin Jirgin YS 2000 shine na'urar kwaikwayo na jirgin sama kyauta wanda Soji Yamakawa, memba na Ma'aikatar Injiniya a Jami'ar Carnegie Mellon."

Labari mai dangantaka:
3 na asali madadin zuwa Flight Simulator na Linux

FlightGear: Tushen Jirgin Jirgin Jirgin Sama

FlightGear: Tushen Jirgin Jirgin Jirgin Sama

Menene FlightGear?

A cewar shafin yanar gizo de "FlightGear", a halin yanzu an bayyana wannan aikace -aikacen a taƙaice kamar haka:

"FlightGear shine na'urar kwaikwayo ta jirgin sama mai buɗewa. Wanda kuma yana tallafawa shahararrun dandamali iri -iri (Windows, Mac, Linux, da sauransu) kuma ƙwararrun masu sa kai daga ko'ina cikin duniya suka haɓaka shi. Ana samun lambar tushe don duk aikin kuma yana da lasisi a ƙarƙashin Babban Lauyan Jama'a na GNU.

Daga baya, sun yi cikakken bayani game da wannan ci gaba ta hanyar gabaɗaya, masu zuwa:

"Manufar aikin FlightGear shine ƙirƙirar ingantaccen tsarin buɗe na'urar kwaikwayo don amfani a cikin bincike ko saitin ilimi, horar da matukin jirgi, azaman kayan aikin injiniyan masana'antu, don DIY-ers don bin ra'ayin su. tabbas ba aƙalla azaman abin nishaɗi ba, na gaske kuma mai ƙalubalantar na'urar jirgin saman tebur. Muna haɓaka ingantacciyar tsarin buɗe ido wanda za a iya faɗaɗa da inganta ta duk mai sha'awar bayar da gudummawa."

Ayyukan

Daga cikinsu manyan fasali na yanzu mai zuwa za a iya ambata:

  1. Akwai masu sakawa don Windows, Linux da MacOS. Hakanan don FreeBSD, Solaris, da IRIX.
  2. Akwai shi azaman Software na Kyauta da Buɗe Tushen.
  3. Yana goyan bayan daidaitattun ƙirar ƙirar 3D kuma yawancin sarrafa na'urar ana sarrafawa ta hanyar fayilolin tushen tushen xml.
  4. Yana ba da damar ƙirƙirar da amfani da kari na ɓangare na uku don FlightGear, yana mai da shi zaɓi mai kyau don amfani a cikin masu zaman kansu, kasuwanci, bincike ko ayyukan sha'awa.
  5. Yana haɗawa, tsakanin abubuwa da yawa, masu zuwa: Fiye da filayen jirgin sama na 20.000 na ainihi an haɗa su cikin yanayin yanayin; Gyara alamomin runway da sanyawa, madaidaicin titin jirgin sama da kusantar haske; manyan titin jirgi na filin jirgin sama, hanyoyin sauka da sauka da hasken alkibla.

Samfuran kuzarin jirgi (FDM)

"FlightGear" Hakanan yana ba ku damar ƙara samfuran ƙira ko ma dubawa tare da samfuran ƙaƙƙarfan jirgin sama na “mallakar”. Koyaya, yana zuwa ta hanyar tsoho kuma yana samuwa, amfani da nau'ikan 3 daban -daban na Dynamics Models. Kuma wadannan sune:

  • JSBIM: Tsarin juzu'in jirgin sama na gaba ɗaya (FDM) wanda ke ba da damar daidaita motsi na abubuwan hawa. An rubuta shi a cikin C ++ kuma yana ba da damar gudanar da wasan a cikin yanayin da bai dace ba don aiwatar da kisa. Ko ba da izinin direba ya kasance cikin babban shirin kwaikwayo wanda ya haɗa da tsarin abubuwan gani (kamar FlightGear.) A cikin waɗannan lokuta, ana ƙera jirgin sama a cikin fayil ɗin sanyi na XML, inda aka ƙayyade taro, jirgin sama na iska da sarrafa kadarorin.
  • YASIM: Wannan FDM wani bangare ne na FlightGear kuma yana amfani da wata hanya ta daban fiye da JSBSim ta hanyar kwaikwayon tasirin iska a sassa daban -daban na jirgin sama. Fa'idar wannan hanyar ita ce cewa yana yiwuwa a yi kwaikwaiyo bisa geometry da bayanan taro haɗe da mafi yawan lambobin wasan kwaikwayon don jirgin sama.
  • UIUC: Wannan FDM ya samo asali ne daga LaRCsim, NASA ce ta fara rubuta ta. Kuma yana ƙara lambar ta ƙyale fayilolin sanyi na jirgin sama a wuri da ƙara lamba don daidaita jirgin a cikin yanayin kankara. UIUC (kamar JSBSim) tana amfani da teburin bincike don dawo da maƙasudin ƙarfi da lokacin iska na abubuwan haɗin jirgi, sannan yana amfani da waɗannan ƙididdigar don ƙididdige jimlar sojojin da lokacin da ke aiki akan jirgin.

Karin bayani

Don naka saukewa, shigarwa da amfani akan GNU / Linux kawai kuna buƙatar zazzage abin da ake so aiwatarwa daga "FlightGear" kusa da fayil ɗin data matsa mai dacewa. Dukansu za a iya kasancewa a cikin babban fayil ɗin su sannan a buɗe fayil ɗin da aka matsa a can.

Da zarar fayil ɗin aiwatarwa (a cikin tsarin AppImage) dole ne mu nuna masa hanyar da aka kirkira don fayil ɗin da aka matsa. Bayan haka, ya rage kawai a jira mai sakawa ya ɗauki bayanan kuma shi ke nan, don gwadawa da wasa.

FlightGear: Hoton allo 1

FlightGear: Hoton allo 2

FlightGear: Hoton allo 3

Note: A halin yanzu "FlightGear" ke zuwa na karshe barga version 2020.3.11 a cewar shafin yanar gizon ta a SourceForge.

Takaitawa: Litattafai daban-daban

Tsaya

A takaice, "FlightGear" yanzu yana ɗaya daga cikin 'yan kaɗan simulators jirgin sama mai buɗewa, wanda ba kawai zai zama abin nishaɗi da yawa ba, amma yana iya zama mai haɓakawa / ilimi sosai. Kuma godiya ga wannan, your lambar tushe yana samuwa kuma yana da lasisi ƙarƙashin Lasisin Jama'a na GNU yana ci gaba da bunƙasa ta manyan alumma.

Muna fatan wannan littafin zai zama mai matukar amfani ga baki daya «Comunidad de Software Libre y Código Abierto» da kuma babbar gudummawa ga haɓakawa, haɓakawa da yaduwar yanayin ƙasa na aikace-aikacen da ake dasu don «GNU/Linux». Kuma kada ku daina raba shi da wasu, a kan rukunin yanar gizon da kuka fi so, tashoshi, ƙungiyoyi ko al'ummomin hanyoyin sadarwar jama'a ko tsarin aika saƙon. A ƙarshe, ziyarci gidan mu na farko a «DagaLinux» don bincika ƙarin labarai, da shiga tashar tashar mu ta hukuma Sakon waya daga FromLinux.


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