30 shekaru na aikin GNU

Alamar GNU

A rana mai kamar ta yau, shekaru 30 da suka gabata Richard Stallman fara aikin GNU, sabili da haka, fara motsi na Free Software kuma na kirkiro da 4 yanci.
An ƙirƙiri wannan motsi don ƙirƙirar tsarin aiki kyauta wanda zai dace da shi UNIX (a zahiri GNU yana nufin GNU ba Unix bane) ƙirƙirar kayan aiki daban-daban kamar mai tarawa GCC, edita EMACS (wanda Stallman ya kirkira kansa lokacin shekarunsa na aiki a MIT), da sauransu, amma ya rasa wani muhimmin bangare, the Kernel, wanda zai zo a 1991 da sunan Linux, farawa da Linus Torvalds (Kun riga kun san dalilin da yasa za a kira OS GNU / Linux kuma ba Linux kawai ba, kodayake kowa na iya kiran shi duk abin da yake so).

A wannan shekarun Richard Stallaman yayi gwagwarmayar neman theancin Software, ya kafa Gidauniyar Kyauta ta Kyauta, lasisi GPL, yana goyan bayan lasisi Creative Commons, Da dai sauransu

Kuma wane ne ya fi Stallman kansa bayani game da menene software kyauta:

Shekaru 30, kuma bari ya zama wani 30 ^^


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1.   Tina Toledo m

    Su ne Link dixit:
    "Kun riga kun san dalilin da zai sa a kira OS GNU / Linux ba kawai Linux ba, kodayake kowa na iya kiran shi duk abin da yake so"

    Su ne Link dixit:
    "Hydorah: Sabon Wasan Indie na Linux"
    https://blog.desdelinux.net/hydorah-nuevo-juego-indie-para-linux/

    Long Stallman da GNU. 🙂

    1.    kunun 92 m

      Ahahaha tabawa xD

    2.    lokacin3000 m

      Ran San Ignucio ya daɗe!

      Da gaske, muna farin cikin shekaru talatin na aikin GNU. Ba don shi ba, da ba mu da kwayar Linux ta kowa da kowa, kuma da mun zauna don kwaron Hurd.

      Duk da haka, ina taya ku murna.

      1.    gato m

        Ina ganin akasin haka ne.

      2.    -sakamara m

        Kernel zai iya, kuma wataƙila tare da lasisi wanda al'ummansa ba za su kasance 'yan Taliban gaba ɗaya ba (ba duka ba).

        Kuma ... yana da akasin abin da kuka faɗi ... da kyau.

      3.    diazepam m

        Gyara: Ba za mu sami Hurd ko Linux ba. Kuma da mun zaunar da FreeBSD

        1.    lokacin3000 m

          U BuɗeBBD.

          1.    diazepam m

            OpenBSD ya zo daga baya

  2.   diazepam m

    Yabo da annabinmu kuma mai cetonmu Stallman
    http://tinypic.com/r/2zfu8ab/5

  3.   Felipe m

    Hakan ba yana nufin gnu / linux bane, wannan yana iya kasancewa lokacin da ake da ƙananan shirye-shirye kuma idan ko kuma idan zaku nemi waɗanda gnu ya haɓaka. A zamanin yau, abin da ake amfani da shi daga abin da aka haɓaka ta gnu shine bash, da gnome gimp (kodayake gnome ya riga ya haɓaka ta gnome foundation don haka bai ƙara dacewa ba sai dai sunan) kuma gcc / gdb / glibc don tattara fakitoci da lasisi.

    Nan gaba abin da zai rage na gnu shine lasisi, (idan mafi kyawun lasisi basu fito ba, tabbas sun fito 🙂) Saboda ana maye gurbin bash da mafi kyawu, kuma gcc / gdb / glibc ma.

    1.    ma'aikatan m

      Wannan gardamar karya ce, ya isa a ɗan sani game da injiniyan software da yadda sifofin ayyukan ke aiki.

      Daga windows 95 (kuma ba zan dawo ba don kawai ban tuna masu sa ido na monochrome ba) zuwa windows 8 tabbas babu wata alama ta lambar iri ɗaya, mai yiwuwa mutane ba mutane ne suka rubuta sabon lambar ba, kuma wannan ba shine dalilin da yasa ya daina kasancewa windows ba. .

      Kada mu bata labari.

      1.    kunun 92 m

        Kayan software ne na kasuwanci, kwatancen ku ba za'a misaltu ba. Ba zai daina kasancewa windows ba, kodayake zasuyi amfani da duk kayan aikin gnu kuma babu microsoft.

        1.    ma'aikatan m

          "Yana da kasuwanci software"

          Kuma? Tsarin GNU / Linux kuma na iya zama na kasuwanci, ban da haka, menene amfanin software ɗin da za a yi da shi yayin da muke magana game da aikin injiniya na software da ire-irensa? Kada mu hada pears da apples.

          "Kwatancen ku bai kamace ku ba."

          Zai zama da kyau a goyi bayan waɗannan iƙirarin.

          "Ba zai daina kasancewa windows ba, kodayake za su yi amfani da duk kayan aikin gnu kuma babu microsoft."

          Kodayake wannan misalin ma ƙarya ne, yana taimaka min idan kun sanya shi, saboda kawai abin da nake faɗi ne, ba matsala idan lambobin ba na asali bane, ba zai daina kasancewa daidai aikin ba.
          Bayanin dalla-dalla shi ne cewa ba a ganin cewa daidai yake da GNU kamar yadda yake a kan Windows, wannan ba batun lasisi ba ne, a ce karya ne, kuma yin hakan a cikin yanayin jama'a ba daidai ba ne.

          1.    ma'aikatan m

            Errata.
            Inda na sanya lasisi, ya kamata in yi amfani da "manufar software."

          2.    kunun 92 m

            Saboda GNU ba suna ne da kamfani ya bayar ba, suna ne aka bayar saboda a wancan lokacin tsarin ya dogara da hakan, lokaci.
            Duk lokacin da kuka daina dogaro da shi, ya zama ba shi da mahimmanci a sa masa suna, sai dai ga nostalgic. Wanne a hanyar, ɗayan farkon distros, ba'a kira shi gnu / Linux ba, amma gnu / x11 / linux.
            A gefe guda kuma, windows suna ne na gama gari wanda microsoft ya sanya don bayyana kayan aikin sa na mallaka, kuma bashi da wata alaƙa da kayan aiki ko ƙwayayen da yake amfani da su, don haka sunan ba shi da dalilin canzawa.

          3.    DanielC m

            Daidai.
            Ya yi kama da yanzu Coca-Cola, ba ta da komai daga Coca ko Cola, cakuda sunadarai ne da sukari, ruwa da maganin kafeyin wanda ke haifar da wannan samfurin: COCA-COLA.
            A gefe guda kuma, za a sami wasu da za a iya ci gaba da kiransu REFRESCO DE COLA, tunda har yanzu suna amfani da wannan goro don samar da abin sha.

          4.    ma'aikatan m

            @ Yasmin92

            "Saboda GNU ba suna ne da kamfani ke bayarwa ba,"

            Me ya hada shi da cewa ba kamfani bane? Wataƙila an ba da suna ga tsarin aiki.

            "Sunan da aka bayar saboda a wancan lokacin tsarin ya dogara da hakan, lokaci."

            Karya, ba a sanya sunan saboda ya dogara da shi, a zahiri sunan ya kasance kafin tsarin aiki.

            "An fara aikin GNU a shekarar 1984 don haɓaka tsarin GNU" daga GNU.org

            Duk lokacin da kuka daina dogaro da shi, ya zama ba shi da mahimmanci a sa masa suna, sai dai ga nostalgic.

            Karya, Na riga nayi bayanin yadda ake canza sigar wata manhaja ta kasance, duk da cewa asalin abubuwan da aka hada sun tsufa da sababbi.

            "Wanne a hanyar, ɗayan farkon distros, ba'a kira shi gnu / Linux ba, amma gnu / x11 / linux."

            Har ila yau karya ne, shafin GNU FAQ yana bayanin wannan da kyau.

            "Maimakon haka windows windows suna ne na asali wanda microsoft yayi amfani dashi don bayyana kayan masarufin sa."

            Falarya, Windows ba sunaye ne na gama gari ba, don Allah, kowane nau'in bambance-bambancen sa yana zuwa haƙƙin mallaka kuma an ƙayyade shi daidai da abin da zai iya da wanda ba za a iya amfani da shi ba.

            "Kuma ba shi da wata alaƙa da kayan aiki ko ƙwayayen da yake amfani da su, don haka sunansa ba shi da dalilin canzawa."

            Hakanan yana faruwa da tsarin GNU, sunansa baya da alaƙa da kayan aikin da yake amfani dasu, ana kiransa GNU saboda aikin GNU ne ya ƙirƙire shi (kafin a sami wasu kayan aikin da suka ƙunsa yanzu), a cikin wannan hanyar cewa Linux an sa masa suna haka saboda yana kama da sunan duk wanda yayi shi.

          5.    lokacin3000 m

            @bbchausa:

            Kuna tunatar da ni game da mai sharhin FayerWayer mai suna @Win.

      2.    mario m

        Kalmar "windows" kawai sunan kasuwanci ne, ba wani abu mafi dacewa da fasaha kamar GNU / Linux ba. Windows a halin yanzu ciki shine NT don tebur da RT don wayar hannu amma kafin lokacin CE, Win32, DOS da dai sauransu. Ya dogara da waɗanne ƙa'idodi muke bi don sanya musu suna: Na kasuwanci ne ko na fasaha? A ƙarshe za mu ƙarasa kamar Linus, "Ina kiran sa kawai kamar saurayin mai hula." Ina da shakku idan zan kira distro tare da DRM GNU, zai zama sabani (kyauta - ba kyauta ba).

        1.    ma'aikatan m

          Ina tsammanin mun riga mun kauce daga batun anan.
          Kuma yanzu akwai ko da graapean itacen inabi inda ake da pear da tuffa kawai a gauraye a ciki.

          Zan fayyace kurakurai a cikin sharhinku, amma da fatan za a koma batun.

          Windows shine sunan aikin, sunan kasuwanci zai zama misali, Windows Millenium, Windows Vista, Windows XP.
          (A cikin duniyar GNU / Linux zai kasance: Ubuntu, RedHat *, da sauransu)

          NT tana nufin sigar. Win XP shine NT 5.1, Vista NT 6, Win 7 shine NT 6.1 ...

          Windows Mobile da Windows Phone da ire-iren su na CE ayyukan daban-daban ne, ban ga dalilin da yasa muka ambace su anan ba.

          Win32 Da gaske?

          BIYU, anan idan ka taba wani abu wanda zai taimake ni in kara goyan bayan hujjata.
          DOS tsarin aiki ne kafin Windows, lokacin da aka haifi aikin Windows, ya dogara ne akan DOS, to ya zama kayan aiki, don haka, amfani da software kafin da bayan haihuwarsa, Windows ta samo asali bayan sigar, ba tare da daina kasancewa ba Windows aiki.

          * Red Hat (sunan kasuwanci) tsarin GNU / Linux ne na Kasuwanci (har ma a matsayin kamfani na kasuwa!) Ban ga dalilin da yasa DRM ya zama dole ya zama kasuwanci ba.

          1.    mario m

            Ba na so in zama mai kwalliya, amma pears da apples? NT, Win9x / Win32 / DOS, CE sune ƙananan gine-ginen kernel na Windows da nau'ikan (alamar kasuwanci ce kawai). 98, XP, 7, 8, Ni nau'ikan kasuwanci ne kawai don jama'a. A zamanin da, an bambanta shirye-shirye don duk 3, ɗayan dalilai da yawa waɗanda suka samo asali. Misali, tsoffin shirye-shirye kamar Norton Ghost ba zasu iya gudana akan NT4.0, 2k, XP, amma 9x (tsarin NT bashi da command.com wanda yake sarrafa kayan masarufi, amma alama ce ta tsarin da ke amfani da HAL). An yi amfani da DOS azaman tsarin tushe don 3.11 kuma ya ɓoye a ɓoye har zuwa Ni.

            RedHat ya haɗa da lasisi (a maimakon haka, damar tallafi) ta adireshin da ba DRM mac ba, yana fitar da lambar tushe da gyare-gyarensa. Yayi daidai da dabarun GNU. Ta hanyar tsarin DRM ina nufin Android (a bayyane yake cewa ba GNU bane), kuma galibi SteamOS (Valve yana goyan bayan DRM a bayyane)… Ina matukar shakkar cewa suna da 'yanci na teburin GNU / Linux na al'ada. Babu shakka SteamOS zaiyi amfani da wasu kayan aikin GNU, amma zai kasance cikin ƙwanƙwasa.

          2.    ma'aikatan m

            @Bbchausa

            Da kyau, idan magana ce mai mahimmanci, Ina fatan baza su kira hankalinmu ba.

            «NT, Win9x / Win32 / DOS, CE sune gine-ginen kernel na Windows da nau'ikan (alamar kasuwanci ce kawai). »

            Karya

            NT da win9x dangi ne na samfura, win32 da win16 sune APIs, DOS ya kasance OS sannan kayan aikin OS, CE (Windows CE) wani OS ne wanda bamu magana akansa.

            Kuna iya bincika wikipedia ga kowane ɗayan sharuɗɗan don tabbatarwa.

            Cewa alamar kasuwanci ce kawai tana buƙatar zanga-zanga.

            Ni a wikipedia sami wannan:

            "Microsoft Windows jerin tsarukan kewayawa ne wanda aka kirkira, aka sayar dasu, kuma aka sayar dasu ta hanyar Microsoft."

            «98, XP, 7, 8, Ni nau'ikan kasuwanci ne kawai don jama'a. »

            Ina tsammanin na sami matsala anan, kuna amfani da kalmar "sigar" a cikin wani mahallin. (sabili da haka, hada pears da apples).

            Sigar injiniyan software (wanda shine yankin da wannan muhawarar ta shiga) ita ce lamba ko lambobi da muke amfani dasu don kiyaye ci gaban aikin.

            Misali Gimp VERSION 2.8.

            Don haka, aikin windows yana cikin dangin NT, sigar 6.2.9200 kayayyakin da take rarrabawa ƙarƙashin sunan kasuwanci na Windows 8 da Windows Server 2012.

            Don ƙarin bayani, bincika "samfurin software" don rarrabe tsakanin iyali, sigar da sunan kasuwanci.

            Sauran tarihin game da windows, norton, android (go off topic) da kuma labarai daga Valve, waɗanda basu da alaƙa dashi, na gwammace banyi tsokaci akan su ba.

          3.    mario m

            Na sanya slashes (/) kuma ba wakafi (,) ya zama daidai (architecture / api / kernel) 9x ba yayi kama ba ya dogara da umarni da api, a dai dai hanyar kernel na Linux tare da gnu (kuna so. Bari mu kira shi haka, dama?) Ce kuma wani tsarin gine-gine ne wanda akan wayansa kuma daga baya aka gina shi. Steam yana amfani da dr da gnu, redhat yana amfani da gnu, ba drm ba kuma ban ga wani abu da yake damun sa ba (duk da cewa ban kawo shi don tattaunawa ba) me yasa ba zasu danganta da gnu ba?
            Kamar yadda na fada a tsokacina na farko drm da gnu sabani ne (a don haka yake sarrafa abin da za a yi kuma har suna sanya masa suna gnu?) Ba ku amsa komai ba wanda ya saba masa har yanzu. Kamar yadda zaku gani a wannan yanayin yana iya zama rashin jin daɗin saka gnu. Oh kuma wanda ya ambaci windows yana ƙoƙari ya sami kamanceceniya da gnu + Linux (pears da apples) ba nine ba, maimakon haka nayi akasin haka. Gaisuwa.
            ps: da na sawa suna kde idan gaske ne aikin da aka sake rubuta shi sau da yawa kuma ba alamar kasuwanci ba ce ga software-tsarin dandamali da ba a haɗa su ba.

      3.    Felipe m

        Amma gnulinux BA shine sunan da aka saita don zama suna gama gari na dukkan tsarin aiki masu amfani da kernel na Linux (stallman ne kawai ke amfani da shi). Koyaya, Windows SI suna ne na kasuwanci wanda ake amfani dashi don komawa ga dangin tsarin aiki wanda Microsoft ya kirkira, muna da Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, da dai sauransu. Lura cewa ɓangaren ƙarshe na sunan tsarin aiki kuma ya bambanta don nuna cewa ba duk iri ɗaya bane. Ban san wani daskararren Linux da ake kira gnulinux ba, wannan Ubuntu ne, archlinux, fedora, debian, da sauransu. Amma waccan darikar wacce ba a kafa wani amfani a ko'ina ba, al'ada ce kawai. Kuma tsohuwar al'ada ... kamar yadda na fada ina sake tabbatar da maganata

        1.    ma'aikatan m

          "Amma gnulinux BA shine sunan da aka saita don zama suna gama gari ga duk tsarin aiki wanda ke amfani da kernel na Linux ba"

          A halin da ake ciki kuna kirga android, da sauran tsarin da suke amfani da Linux Kernel, zakuyi daidai, amma sharhin ba zai dace ba.

          A yayin da kuka koma zuwa ga ɓarnar, kuna faɗawa cikin wani kuskuren, distros ɗin ba wasu tsarukan aiki bane, an canza su ne BAYANAN HANYAR GUDA.

          Don haka, GNU / Linux idan sunan da aka kafa ne, ba don SUNA ba amma don KYAUTATA duk tsarin da ke amfani da tsarin GNU tare da kernel na Linux.

          "(Stallman ne kawai yake amfani da shi)".

          Karya, bana tsammanin sai na karyata wannan, ko ya zan yi?

          Game da sauran abin da kuka sanya, ina tsammanin saboda ba ku karanta tsokacina na baya ba (Bambanci 1 kawai tsakanin nawa da naku).
          Amma zan bayyana muku shi ta wata hanya, ta amfani da wasu "sunayen sunaye" waɗanda kuka yi amfani da su.

          Akwai aikin siyasa na GNU, wanda aka bayyana kuma aka sa masa suna a gaban ofisoshin da suka dace (mai yiwuwa tare da kwafin rubutu)
          Akwai aikin GNU SOFTWARE wanda ke haifar da GNU OS (kamar na sama)
          Akwai wani aikin software da ake kira Linux wanda sakamakonsa ya kasance Kernel (daidai yake da waɗanda ke sama amma wannan har ma da haƙƙin mallaka, don haka tabbas idan rudanin bai amfane su ba da sun riga sun yi korafi game da rashin fahimta)

          Duk tare da shafin su a cikin wikipedia wanda ke tabbatar dashi.

          Akwai aikin Debian, wanda shine AL'UMMA, wanda ke kula da tsarin GNU kuma sakamakon sa shine:

          Debian GNU / Linux
          Debian GNU / Hurd
          Debian GNU / NetBSD
          Debian GNU / kFreeBSD

          IDO, waɗannan sunaye ne na hukuma, BA KASUWAN KASUWANCI bane.

          http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Debian

          Haka yake ga Arch a cikin sifofinsa tare da Linux da HURD.

          Akwai hujjoji na kuma sama da duk SOURCES dina, Ina matukar sha'awar sanin naku.

          1.    kunun 92 m

            Ma'anar tsarin aiki ba abu bane tabbatacce kuma 100% daidai ne, saboda misali:
            1- Wadanda suka ce tsarin aiki shine kwaya, da kuma kayan masarufi
            2- Waɗanda suka ce tsarin aiki shine ainihin, abubuwan amfani, sabar uwar garken hoto da yanayin tebur (wannan ka'idar tana tallafawa da Microsoft kanta)

            Don haka, don ubuntu na, archlinux da dai sauransu, bisa ga duka biyun, suna aiki ne da tsarin aiki, wanda ke amfani da kernel na Linux, wasu abubuwan amfani na gnu, da kuma cigaban ɓangare na uku wanda zai basu damar amfani dasu software ga ɗan adam.

            http://windowsespanol.about.com/od/ConoceEInstalaWindows/f/Que-Es-Un-Sistema-Operativo.htm

          2.    Felipe m

            Debian Project ƙungiya ce ta mutanen da suka yi sanadiyyar ƙirƙirar tsarin aiki kyauta (OS). Wannan tsarin aikin da muka kirkira ana kiran shi Debian.

            shirye ba abin da za a ce

          3.    Felipe m

            game da debian. haha. Sharhin ku bashi da ma'ana. Gaskiyar ita ce, amsar da aka ba ku ta farko an amsa cikin tausayi. haha Ban san yadda kuka yarda da software ba, ban da ɓatar da haha. Ya Allah. Wannan shine dalilin da ya sa ban hadu da masana kimiyyar kwamfuta ba, galibinsu ba za a iya gabatar da su ba

          4.    ma'aikatan m

            @Bbchausa
            Kuna buƙatar ci gaba da karatu.
            «Babban ɓangare na kayan aikin asali waɗanda suka kammala tsarin aiki sun fito ne daga aikin GNU; saboda haka sunayen: GNU / Linux, GNU / kFreeBSD da GNU / Hurd. Wadannan kayan aikin ma kyauta ne. "

            Wannan ya faɗi shi a kan wannan shafin na http://www.debian.org/intro/about Daga abin da nake tsammanin kun samo bayananku, kuma bai saɓa wa abin da na faɗa ba.

        2.    ma'aikatan m

          @ Yasmin92
          Abin da daraja!
          Na sata daga gare ku kuma na amsa ta a bayanin da nake rubutawa.

    2.    wilson m

      Emm… misali…. TCP / IP ???

  4.   gato m

    Da kyau, ina taya ku murna da fatan wannan babban aikin na masana kimiyyar kwamfuta mai da'a ya cika da yawa.

  5.   Seba m

    Ina fatan zaku ci gaba da rayuwa da inganta GNU na wasu shekaru masu yawa, ina taya ku murna dukkanmu da muke amfani da wannan gudummawar.

  6.   duhu m

    Barka da shekaru 30

  7.   Bristol m

    taya murna shekaru 30 kenan….

  8.   Matalauta taku m

    Godiya ga mr. Stallman don ƙaddamar da motsi a gare mu duka don cimma tsarin kyauta da ɗabi'a-stallmanic inda a yau zan iya koyon shirye-shirye ba tare da wani ƙuntatawa ba kuma ba tare da karɓar sharuɗɗan da kawai zai bar mu cikin rahamar buƙatun ƙananan masarautun software ba ( Wata rana shi zan saka debian hurd akan ipod (Har yanzu ina jahilci yanci huɗu lokacin da na same shi). GNU ga kowa hyey!

  9.   rock da nadi m

    Bayan gaskiyar cewa babu sauran abubuwan GNU masu mahimmanci a cikin rarraba GNU / Linux na yanzu, Stallman da ƙungiyar da ta goyi bayan sa suna da hangen nesa da shawarar yanke kafa tushen Free Software (wanda ya fadada zuwa wasu yankuna kamar lasisi masu kirkirar kirkira), wanda adadi ya cancanci yabo sosai; Ba tare da tabbacin su ba, tarihin aikin kwamfuta zai zama daban.
    Taya murna akan waɗannan shekaru 30 na aikin GNU da kuma yabawa ga duk waɗanda suka sami damar hakan.

    1.    lokacin3000 m

      Hakanan haka ne. Idan ba tare da RMS ba, tunanin software kyauta ba zai wanzu haka ba.

  10.   rizhu m

    Zapatistas sun shirya cikin 1984 da gnu aikin kusan lokaci guda. Shekaruna nawa ne. Shekaru 30 na gwagwarmaya da tsayin daka. Madalla da wannan aikin wanda babu shakka ya ba da gudummawa ga fatan samun kyakkyawar duniya, duniyar da yawancin duniya suka dace. Barka da warhaka.

  11.   Asali kuma Kyauta Malagueños m

    Barka da GNU kuma mun gode sosai.