Webmail: zabin da kake dashi

Tabbas kun riga kuna da ɗaya ko fiye asusun imel, amma wataƙila ba ku da ɗan gamsuwa da sabis ɗin ko kuna neman sabis tare da takamaiman halaye. Saboda haka, a cikin wannan labarin zaku sami jagora mai kyau don sanin duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da ayyukan gidan yanar gizo.

Har ila yau, za ku koyi wasu abubuwan sirri da bayanan fasaha na duniyar wasiku domin ku iya sanin yadda waɗannan sabis ke aiki ko yadda zaku iya saita abokan ku ko sabar imel don iya aikawa da karɓar imel ɗinku cikin nutsuwa ...

Webmail vs abokin ciniki mail

Abokin ciniki na Thunderbird

Ya kamata ku sani cewa za ku iya aika ko karɓar imel ta hanyoyi daban-daban. Kodayake wani lokacin bambance-bambance tsakanin su biyu suna dushewa ta hanyar iya amfani da duka a cikin sabis ɗin imel da yawa na yanzu. Misali, GMAIL, shahararren sabis ɗin Google ana iya amfani dashi ta wata hanya.

Amma, bari mu ga waɗannan yanayin ta hanyar da ta fi dacewa ...

  • Wasikun yanar gizo: sabis ne na imel bisa tsarin yanar gizo. Wato, zaka iya sarrafa wasikunka daga burauzar gidan yanar gizo da kuma kowace irin na'ura da ke da intanet. A takaice dai, sabis ne na girgije, ba tare da buƙatar shigar da shirye-shirye a cikin gida ba ko aiwatar da kowane irin tsari ba. A wannan yanayin, za a adana saƙonnin a kan sabar nesa mallakin mai ba da sabis. Wannan shine ainihin dalilin da yasa sararin ajiya don saƙonni da haɗe-haɗe ga kowane mai amfani ya iyakance ta mai badawa kuma yana iya bambanta daga sabis ɗaya zuwa wani.
  • Abokin aiki na Mail: Ba kamar na sama ba, a wannan yanayin kuna buƙatar shirin da aka sanya a cikin gida, ko dai akan PC ɗinku ko kan na'urarku ta hannu. Misali, kuna da shirye-shirye kamar su Mozilla Thunderbird ko Microsoft Outlook, ko kuma aikace-aikacen Android kamar na GMAIL (ba kawai masu dacewa da sabis na Google ba, har ma da wasu), Blue Mail, Aqua Mail, da sauransu. Kasance kamar yadda zai iya, a wannan yanayin kuma ya zama dole a saita bayanan samun dama ga abokin harka domin ya sami damar shiga akwatin gidan waya. A zahiri, kuna iya daidaitawa ta yadda za a adana imel ɗin a gida kuma uwar garken da ke nesa ya cika (za ku iya samun damar tsoffin imel ne kawai daga shirin abokin ciniki) ko don su ma an adana su a kan sabar. A yanayi na farko, kana fuskantar haɗarin cewa idan ka rasa na'urar, to ta lalace, ko kuma an share su ta kowane dalili, ba za ka iya samun damar shiga saƙonnin ba.

Yadda ake kafa abokin ciniki

Da kyau, a cikin batun abokin ciniki na imel, dole ne ku shigar da shirin ko aikace-aikacen kuma ku yi daidaitaccen zama dole. Wannan wani abu ne wanda ke haifar da yawan shakku a cikin ƙarancin masu amfani. Abin da ya sa zan ba ku misali na daidaitawar sabis ɗin imel na IONOS (kafin 1 & 1) wanda za a iya amfani da shi don daidaita daidaito a cikin kwastomomi kamar Thunderbird, GMAIL, da sauransu.

Lo Abu na farko da yakamata kayi shine sanin bayanan sabis ɗin wasiku cewa kana da, walau GMAIL, Yahoo!, wanda IONOS ke dashi (ko wani sabis) wanda zai baka imel da yankin sa, da dai sauransu. A cikin wannan misalin, bari muyi tunanin cewa waɗannan sune:

  • Sunan mai amfani: info@micorreo.es
  • Contraseña: kalmar sirri_que_hayas_elegido
  • Mai shigowa sabar: bayanan daidaitawa don imel mai shigowa ga abokin ciniki.
    • Sunan uwar garke: wannan ya bambanta dangane da sabis ɗin, nemi ɗayan don takamaiman lamarinku. Misali, don IONOS zai zama:
      • IMAP: imap.ionos.com
      • POP3Yanar Gizo: pop.ionos.com
    • Kasuwancin: yawanci iri daya suke ga yawancin aiyuka, kodayake wasu na iya canza su ne saboda dalilai na tsaro don kar su zama na al'ada:
      • IMAP: 993
      • POP3: 995
    • Tsaro- yana iya kasancewa a cikin rubutu mai haske, ko ɓoyayyen don ƙarin tsaro kamar SSL / TTL, da dai sauransu. Dole ne ku sanar da kanku shari'arku ta musamman. Dangane da IONOS, STARTTLS ne.
  • Mai fita da uwar garken: bayanan daidaitawa don fitowar imel ɗin abokin ciniki.
    • Sunan uwar garkeYanar Gizo: smtp.ionos.com
    • Puerto: 587
    • Tsaro: FARAWA
  • wasu: wasu abokan cinikin na iya ba ka wasu zaɓuɓɓukan ci gaba waɗanda za ka zaɓa daga, ko su tambaye ka hanyar tabbatarwa ko hanyar ganowa, idan kana so ka shigar da kalmar sirri duk lokacin da ka samu dama, idan kana son na tuna da shi, da sauransu.

Ya zuwa yanzu duk abin da ya kamata ku sani game da sabis ɗin wasiku. Yanzu zan kawo misali na yadda yi sanyi a kan abokin ciniki Thunderbird, amma ana iya amfani da shi zuwa wasu ƙa'idodin kamar GMAIL, da dai sauransu. Ya yi yawa ko lessasa ɗaya, tsari kawai, sunayen wasu zaɓuɓɓuka, ko wurin zaɓin saitunan zai bambanta ... Da kyau, matakan za su kasance:

  1. Bude Thunderbird a kwamfutarka da aka haɗa zuwa cibiyar sadarwa.
  2. A babban shafi zaka gani Kafa asusu da wani karamin sashe da ake kira Account Account. Danna can.
  3. Yanzu taga yana buɗewa yana tambayarku sunanka, adireshin imel da kalmar wucewa. Hakanan akwai wani zaɓi da zaku iya yiwa alama don ya tuna kalmar sirri kuma baya tambayar ku a duk lokacin da kuke son shiga. Wato, a cikin batun IONOS zai zama misali: Pepito, info@micorreo.es da password_que_hayas_elegido bi da bi. Da zarar an shigar, danna maballin don ci gaba.
  4. Sake sabon allon ya bayyana inda yake tambayar ku ƙarin bayani game da sabis ɗin ku. Za ku ga cewa layi biyu ne, kira daya Mai shigowa kuma wani Mai fita. Suna komawa ga bayanan sabar mai shigowa da masu fita wanda na nuna a sama. Dole ne kawai ku cika bayanan da suka dace tare da bayanan da na nuna a baya. Af, akwai wani ɓangare na kalmar sirri wanda zai baka damar zaɓar tsakanin Autodetect, Na al'ada (bayyananne rubutu), ɓoyewa, da sauransu, a ƙa'idar barin shi azaman Auto (idan baya aiki zaɓi ɓoyayyen), sai dai idan sabis naka wani abu ne na musamman kuma amfani da wasu. A cikin mai fita, zaɓin SMTP an riga an zaɓi tsoho kuma baza ku iya canza shi ba, amma a cikin mai shigowa zaku iya zaɓar tsakanin IMAP da POP3. Zaɓi wanda kuka zaɓa zai yi aiki, amma… menene banbanci? Da kyau zan bayyana:
    • IMAP: yarjejeniya ce wacce ke aiki kai tsaye akan sabar. Saboda haka, don bincika imel ɗin, zai haɗa shi da shi kuma ya nuna abin da ke ciki. Amfani shine cewa email zai kasance ga dukkan na'urori ko kwastomomin da kuka saita kuma kowane canji zai kasance ga kowa kuma idan na'urar abokin harka ta sami matsala, imel ba zai ɓace ba. Abin da ya sa ke nan zaɓi mafi kyau. Abinda yakamata ku sani shine idan kun ƙirƙiri manyan fayiloli daga IMAP ba zasu sami damar shiga daga POP3 ba.
    • POP3: yarjejeniya ce da ke haɗuwa da sabar kuma tana sauke duk imel a cikin gida. Da zarar anyi shi, zai cire su daga sabar, sabili da haka, ba za su sami wadatar wasu na'urori ba. Kuna iya samun damar su kawai a cikin gida, ma'ana, idan kuna son bincika tsohuwar imel daga wani abokin ciniki ko na'ura, ba za ku iya ba. Idan wani abu ya faru da na'urar inda aka saukar da su, zaku rasa imel ɗin. Wannan shine dalilin da ya sa ba zaɓi ba ne. Iyakar fa'idar ita ce cewa zata bar sarari akan sabar (amma tana cikin ta a ƙwaƙwalwar ka) kuma zata hana ta cikawa kuma zaka iya samun damar imel ɗinka daga gida ba tare da buƙatar haɗi ba ...
  5. A ƙarshe danna Anyi da voila, yanzu zai nuna muku babban allon tare da akwatin saboxo mai shiga, akwatin sa outo, akwati, da dai sauransu. Idan komai ya tafi daidai zaka iya fara amfani da email naka daga abokin harka.

Yi amfani da mutt

Tabbas kun riga kun sani mutun, shiri ne na layin umarni wanda zai baku damar aika imel daga Linux console. Idan kun girka kunshin daga ajiyar distro ɗin ku, amfaninshi baya da rikitarwa.

Wannan abokin har ila yau yana buƙatar saiti kamar sauran su. Amma a wannan yanayin dole ne ku ƙirƙiri ko gyara fayil ɗin ./muttrc:


set from = "info@micorreo.es"
set realname = "MiNombre"
set imap_user = "info@micorreo.es"
set imap_pass = "contraseña"
set folder = "imaps://imap.micorreo.es:993"
set spoolfile = "+INBOX"
set postponed ="+[Micorreo]/Drafts"
set header_cache =~/.mutt/cache/headers
set message_cachedir =~/.mutt/cache/bodies
set certificate_file =~/.mutt/certificates
set smtp_url = "smtp://smtp.micorreo.es:587/"
set smtp_pass = "contraseña"
set move = no
set imap_keepalive = 900

Sannan kuma dole ne ku ƙirƙiri shugabanci:


mkdir -p /.mutt/cache

Kuma ga aika imel da haɗe-haɗe, zaku iya amfani da wannan umarnin mai sauki:


echo "Aquí escribo el cuerpo del correo" | mutt -s "Titulo correo" nombre@gmail.com -a /home/usuario/imagen.jpg

Kuma zaka iya amfani da wannan a rubutun ...

Wasu shahararrun ayyukan gidan yanar gizo

webmail

Da zarar kun san yadda ake bambanta tsakanin Webmail da abokin ciniki na imel, yanzu za mu ga wasu sanannun ayyukan gidan yanar gizo (dukda cewa kuna iya saita su don samun dama daga email):

  • gmail: shine sabis na Google kyauta, sananne kuma ana amfani dashi ko'ina. Yana da fa'idar baka damar samun tarin tarin ayyuka daga wannan kamfani, kamar su GDrive, kasancewar suna iya aiki tare da bayanan Android, Kalanda, Google Docs, da ƙari. Har ila yau yana da zaɓuɓɓukan biyan kuɗi don samun damar ƙarin sabis na G Suite, manufa ga waɗanda suke buƙatar ƙarin abu, kamfanoni, da dai sauransu. Yana da har zuwa 15 GB na sararin ajiya kyauta wanda aka raba tare da wasu sabis (faɗaɗa tare da zaɓuɓɓukan biyan kuɗi), kuma tare da damar haɗin 25GB haɗe (ko 50MB don shigowa daga wasu sabis). Kuna iya aika manyan girma ta amfani da hanyar haɗin GDrive ko ta raba abubuwan tare da wasu asusun. Tabbas, yana goyan bayan daidaitawa tare da abokin ciniki ko amfani da shi daga gidan yanar gizo (gidan yanar gizo).
  • Yahoo!: wannan shine mafi kyawun sanannun sabis. Kamar na baya, hakanan yana ba da damar daidaitawa daga abokin ciniki ko amfani dashi azaman gidan yanar gizo. Yana bada 1GB na sarari kyauta, ko ƙari idan ka biya. Amma ga haše-haše, za ka iya isa ga haše-haše ne kuma 25MB.
  • Zimbra: Yana da irin wannan sabis ɗin na waɗanda suka gabata, inda suma suka yi amfani da AJAX (JavaScript da XML) don ƙirƙirar haɗin gidan yanar gizo mai sauri, kodayake kuma zaku iya saita shi azaman abokin cinikin PC da na'urorin hannu. Yana ɗaya daga cikin mafi kyawun sabis, ban da kasancewa tushen buɗewa da kyauta, tare da binaries don wasu Linux distros, da kuma tarin takardu, kayan aikin ƙaura (misali don Exchange), tare da kyakkyawan anti-spam da kuma riga-kafi tace kamar waɗanda suka gabata. , da dai sauransu Kamfanonin da suka yi ƙaura zuwa Zimbra suma suna ba da haske cewa za su iya adana har zuwa 50% idan aka kwatanta da sauran ayyuka daga IBM, Microsoft, da sauransu.
  • SquirrelMail: sabis ne na kyauta mai matukar ban sha'awa (a ƙarƙashin lasisin GNU GPL) wanda aka rubuta a cikin PHP. Ya kasance ga Linux, FreeBSD, macOS, da Windows. Wannan sabis ɗin imel ɗin yanar gizo an tsara shi ta hanyar Nathan da Luka Ehresmantam, waɗanda suka bi ƙa'idar HTML 4.0 don haɓaka haɓaka tare da sabar yanar gizo. Ana iya daidaita shi tare da abokin harka, yana tallafawa plugins don faɗaɗa iyawarsa da ƙara sabbin ayyuka zuwa asalin app ɗin, kuma ana samun sa a cikin harsuna sama da 40.
  • Outlook.com: sanannen sabis ne na Microsoft, tare da yiwuwar amfani da duka a cikin yanayin gidan yanar gizo da kuma daidaita abokin harka. Hakanan ana haɗa wannan sabis ɗin tare da wasu daga kamfanin, kamar Office, Kalanda, OneDrive, da sauransu. Ba mabuɗin buɗewa bane, kodayake yana da yanayin kyauta (da sauran biyan kuɗi). A cikin sabis ɗin kyauta kana da sarari 15GB na asusunka kuma don iyakar haɗe-haɗen kana da 20MB ko 10MB don Musayar.
  • BuɗeMailBox: Ya kasance wani sabis ne wanda a yanzu ana ɗauke da shi saboda rashin aiki kamar squirrel, ƙari, akwai wasu matsaloli a cikin 2020 waɗanda tuni sun ba da alamun abin da zai faru. Wannan sabis ɗin gidan yanar gizon yana kama da wasu, yana amfani da software kyauta kuma yana ba da damar daidaitawa tare da abokin harka idan kuka fi so. Ya ba da izinin haɗe-haɗe har zuwa 500MB a kowane saƙo, kuma yana da sarari mai faɗi na 1GB kawai. An fassara hanyar sadarwa ta yanar gizo zuwa Spanish, Faransanci, Ingilishi, Italiyanci, Irish da Yaren mutanen Poland.
  • Zoho: wannan wani sabis ɗin kuma sananne ne. A cikin sigar kyauta, tana tallafawa har zuwa masu amfani daban daban 25, tana da wasu ayyuka waɗanda ake biyan su koyaushe a cikin wasu ayyuka, kuma yana da ban sha'awa na haɗin kai da kayan aikin ofis. Kuna da iyaka akan haɗe-haɗe na 25MB don sabis ɗin kyauta ko 30MB don sabis ɗin da aka biya, da 5GB don asusun kyauta.
  • ProtonMail: yana ɗayan mafi kyawun sabis ɗin gidan yanar gizo (wanda za'a iya daidaita shi tare da abokin harka), ɗayan kamfanoni da yawa suka zaɓi waɗanda suka fi son ɗan ƙara tsaro da sirri. A zahiri, yana da kyawawan halaye na sirri, da ɓoye saƙon ƙarshe zuwa ƙarshe. Game da sararin samaniya a cikin yanayinshi na kyauta, ya kai 500MB kuma tare da iyakokin yau da kullun na imel 150. Amma iyakokin haɗe-haɗe, yana ba da damar matsakaicin 25MB kuma har zuwa 100 haɗe haɗe da imel.
  • Horde Webmail- Zai iya zama kyakkyawan zaɓi ga masu amfani marayu bayan SquirrelMail da OpenMailBox. Wannan manajan imel don wasikun yanar gizo (yana yiwuwa a yi amfani da abokin harka) an rubuta shi a cikin PHP, kuma masu haɓakawa sun ƙirƙiri babban tsari tare da ɗimbin kayan aiki a yatsanku, daga wasikun da kanta, ta hanyar tsarin tuntuɓar, bayanin kula, ta hanyar dokoki tace, da dai sauransu. Duk suna ƙarƙashin lasisin LGPL. Yana cikin Spanish kuma yana iya daidaitawa sosai.
  • Roundcube: wannan manajan imel ɗin yana ba ku damar gudanar da littafin tuntuɓarku da kalanda. Sabis mai sauki wanda aka rubuta a cikin PHP / JavaScript kuma aka sake shi a ƙarƙashin lasisin GPL. Akwai shi a cikin harsuna da yawa kuma yana da dandamali.

Yadda zaka ƙirƙiri sabar wasiku a cikin Linux

Akwai da yawa wakilan gidan waya ko MTAskamar Postfix, SendMail, da sauransu. Tare da su zaka iya saita sabar wasikunka don kar ta dogara da ayyukan da suka gabata. Misali, don saita shi a cikin Ubuntu ta amfani da SendMail, zaku iya bin waɗannan matakan:


#Instalar el paquete
sudo apt install sendmail


#Para configurarlo ejecuta esta orden y pulsa Y para todas las opciones:
sudo sendmailconfig


#El servidor está listo. Ahora ve a editar /etc/mail/sendmail.mc con tu editor favorito y pon dnl en estas líneas:
dnl DAEMON_OPTIONS(`Family=inet, Name=MTA-v4, Port=smtp, Addr=127.0.0.1')dnl
dnl DAEMON_OPTIONS(`Family=inet, Name=MSP-v4, Port=submission, M=Ea, Addr=127.0.0.1')dnl


#Ahora agrega la información de tu nombre de dominio del servidor (que deberías tener configurado previamente) en /etc/mail/local-host-names:
tuservidor.es
mail.tuservidor.es
localhost
localhost.localdomain


#Usa m4 para compilar la configuración para Sendmail
sudo m4 /etc/mail/sendmail.mc > /etc/mail/sendmail.cf


#Reinicia el servicio para que el sistema esté ya listo para enviar y recibir mails
sudo systemctl restart sendmail


#Haz una prueba de envío para ver que está OK con:
echo "Esto es una prueba" | /usr/sbin/sendmail info@tucorreo.es


#También puedes configurar el routing de mensajes si lo prefieres...


#Para más información
https://www.proofpoint.com/us/products/email-protection/open-source-email-solution


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

Bar tsokaci

Your email address ba za a buga.

*

*

  1. Mai alhakin bayanan: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Dalilin bayanan: Gudanar da SPAM, gudanar da sharhi.
  3. Halacci: Yarda da yarda
  4. Sadarwar bayanan: Ba za a sanar da wasu bayanan ga wasu kamfanoni ba sai ta hanyar wajibcin doka.
  5. Ajiye bayanai: Bayanin yanar gizo wanda Occentus Networks (EU) suka dauki nauyi
  6. Hakkoki: A kowane lokaci zaka iyakance, dawo da share bayanan ka.

bool (gaskiya)