Bari mu haɗu da Synaptic a cikin LMDE <° Linux

Ofaya daga cikin tambayoyin da ake yawan yi tsakanin masu amfani waɗanda suka fara GNU / Linux, shine yadda ake girka ko cirewa na shirye-shirye kuma wane irin kunshi za'a saka. Za mu nuna muku ɗayan mafi sauƙi hanyoyin yin wannan aikin, ta amfani da Synaptic, kuma, a taƙaice za mu gaya muku abin da yake da yadda za mu iya amfani da shi.

Kullum a cikin Windows, don shigar da shirin fayil tare da tsawo .exe kuma dole kawai muyi amfani da Gaba »Na gaba tare da ɗaya ko wata lambar lamba kuma don tsarin baya (cirewa), za mu je Panelungiyar Kulawa »Addara / Cire Shirye-shiryen.

A cikin hali na GNU / Linux, akwai kuma abin da zamu iya kiran namu .exe amma tabbas, suna da wani suna da tsari. Yawancin lokaci, yawancin fakiti a ciki GNU / Linux Ana ajiye su a wuraren ajiya, kuma ana amfani da kayan aiki daban-daban don sarrafa su. Zai yiwu mafi mashahuri ko sananne shine .deb da kuma .rm kuma duka ana iya sarrafa su ta hanyar Synaptic, wanda da farko aka fara amfani dashi APT.

Synaptic: Matsayi don APT

Yi aiki tare da Synaptic abu ne mai sauqi. Interfaceayarwar ba ta da rikitarwa kuma da wuya sabon mai amfani ya yi amfani da shi ko gyaggyara duk zaɓukansa. Gabaɗaya, kamar yadda ya zo ta tsoho, ana iya yin ayyukan da suka fi kowa.

Synaptic ya kasance kamarsa /Ara / Cire Shirye-shiryen de Windows. Don aikinta, dole ne mu saita (a cikin yanayin Debian da abubuwanda suka samo shi) hanyoyin zuwa wuraren ajiye wuraren da fakitin shigarwa suke, a cikin fayil ɗin /etc/apt/sources.list. Daga wannan fayil ɗin, Synaptic samun hanyar da ake buƙata don samun damar fakitin.

Sanin dubawa.

Yana da kyau a kara cewa dubawa na Synaptic en linuxmint, ya banbanta da Debian. Don wani dalili a linuxmintmaballin da ba a haɗa su ba Duba duk abubuwan sabuntawa. Amma bari mu koma zuwa dubawa.

A saman muna da Mashayan menu wanda daga baya zamu ga wasu zabuka. An ƙasa kaɗan, maɓallan masu zuwa:

  • Saukewa: Sabunta jerin kunshin.
  • Aiwatar: Lokacin da muka yiwa alama kunshin sanyawa ko cirewa, muna amfani da wannan maɓallin don amfani da canjin.
  • Kayan: Yana nuna halayen kunshin, kwatancensa da dogaro.
  • Bincika: Yana nuna maganganu tare da zaɓuɓɓuka da yawa don bincika fakitoci bisa ga wasu sigogi.

Mabudin isowa cikin sauri

A ƙasa muna da keɓaɓɓiyar kewaya zuwa ginshiƙai biyu. A gefen hagu akwai zaɓuɓɓuka bisa ga ɓangaren da muka zaɓa. Kira maballin sashe: Sassan, Matsayi, Asali, Matatun da Sakamakon Nemo.

  • Sassan: Nuna fakitin da aka tsara ta rukuni-rukuni. Idan muna so mu bincika kunshin da ke da alaƙa da Gnome Desktop Yanayi, misali, kawai zamu tafi zuwa sashin GNOME.
  • Jihar: A wannan ɓangaren za mu ga waɗanne ne abubuwan haɓakawa, tsofaffi, girke-girke ko ragowar fakiti.
  • Asali: Ya nuna asalin (wuraren ajiya) na fakitin. Watau, daga ina suka fito.
  • Tace A wannan ɓangaren zaku iya amfani da wasu matatun don samun nau'ikan bayanai daban-daban. Yana da mahimmanci a san cewa ɓatattun fakitin sun bayyana a nan.
  • Sakamakon bincike: Daidai abin da yake yi kamar yadda sunansa ya nuna, yana nuna sakamakon bincike a ciki Synaptic.

Sassan Synaptic

A ɗaya gefen kuma muna da jerin fakitin da zamu iya girkawa ta hanyar Synaptic. Idan muka zaɓi ɗayansu kuma muka danna dama, za mu iya zaɓar wasu zaɓuɓɓuka kamar:

  • Dubawa: Cire alamar kunshin idan muka zaba a baya.
  • Duba don shigar: Duba kunshin don shigarwa.
  • Yi alama don sake sakawa: Da kyau cewa, zaɓi kuma sake shigar da kunshin.
  • Yi alama don ɗaukakawa: Idan kunshin yana da ɗaukakawa, zamu zaɓi shi tare da wannan zaɓi.
  • Yi alama don sharewa: Share abubuwan da aka zaɓa kawai.
  • Duba a cire gaba daya: Cire zaɓin da aka zaɓa tare da masu dogaro da shawarar sa. Abubuwan da aka ba da shawarar dogaro zuwa daidaitaccen saura.
  • Propiedades: Yayi daidai da maɓallin sama.
  • Alamar da aka ba da shawarar don shigarwa: Zaɓi masu dogaro da kunshin don shigarwa.
  • Alamar da aka Ba da Shawara don Girkawa: Zaɓi masu dogaro da kunshin don shigarwa.

Jerin wadatattun kayan aiki

Sauran zaɓuɓɓuka.

Sanin wannan zamu iya aiki da shi Synaptic, amma zamu iya yin wasu abubuwa, kamar misali canza tushen wuraren adana bayanai. Wani abu mai amfani idan madubin da muke amfani da su suna ragu ko ƙasa. A saboda wannan za mu Kanfigareshan »Ma'aji.

A cikin taga zaɓuɓɓukan da muke samu, kawai muna buƙatar sanin shafuka 3 don samun ikon sarrafa wuraren ajiyar mu. A farkon, muna samun rassan da muke amfani dasu linuxmint (Babban, Sama, Shigo da kaya, Bayanin baya da Romeo). Kawai dubawa / cirewa bincika fayil ɗin /etc/apt/sources.list.

Tushen Software

A cikin shafin na biyu mun haɗa da wuraren ajiya waɗanda ba haka bane Mint, wato, da Packungiyoyin Thirdangare Na Uku kamar yadda Debianda PPA de Ubuntu ko wani tushe da ya dace da shi LMDE.

Na Uku Software

Kuma a cikin shafi na uku, zamu iya kunna ɗaukaka abubuwan ta atomatik kuma duk lokacin da muke son su gudana.

Sabuntawar atomatik

Ko da ƙari?

Idan kana bukatar shi, Synaptic shima ya saita Wakilin hanyar sadarwa da kuma Rarraba cewa muna son amfani da tsoho. A saboda wannan za mu Saituna »Zabi.

Don bayyana kadan game da Rarraba, idan muka kalli fayil din /etc/apt/sources.list, muna da shimfidu guda biyu don amfani (lura da rubutu mai launi):

deb http://packages.linuxmint.com/ debian main shigo da shigo da kaya
deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian gwaji Babban gudummawa ba kyauta
bashi http://security.debian.org/ gwaji/ sabuntawa ba da gudummawa ba kyauta
deb http://www.debian-multimedia.org gwaji babban ba kyauta

Tsohuwa, Synaptic koyaushe yana ɗaukar mafi girman rarraba, wanda ke nufin cewa idan fakiti ya shiga Pidgin 2.8 a cikin ajiya na Mint (debian) da sigar 2.9 a cikin Yaren Debian (gwaji), shirin zai ba da shawarar shigar da sigar 2.9.

Tabbas, ana iya canza wannan idan da hannunmu muka zaɓi rarraba da muke son amfani da shi ta amfani da zaɓi: Fi son iri na:

Zaɓi rarraba
Kuma da kyau, idan muka yi amfani da wakili don haɗawa ta hanyar http, muna da zaɓi don saita shi da hannu:

Wakilin hanyar sadarwa

Akwai wasu kayan aikin don sarrafa abubuwanda muke, sabuntawa da girka su. Ubuntu misali yanzu ya hada da naka Cibiyar Softwareda kuma LMDE yana da kamanceceniya daya, amma ta wata hanya Synaptic Ya fi cikakke.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

2 comments, bar naka

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  1. Mai alhakin bayanan: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Dalilin bayanan: Gudanar da SPAM, gudanar da sharhi.
  3. Halacci: Yarda da yarda
  4. Sadarwar bayanan: Ba za a sanar da wasu bayanan ga wasu kamfanoni ba sai ta hanyar wajibcin doka.
  5. Ajiye bayanai: Bayanin yanar gizo wanda Occentus Networks (EU) suka dauki nauyi
  6. Hakkoki: A kowane lokaci zaka iyakance, dawo da share bayanan ka.

  1.   Jonathan m

    Na gode kwarai, gaskiyar magana ita ce, ina farawa ne da kayan aiki na Linux kuma wannan kayan aikin yana da mahimmanci. Yana da kyau a san ta da kyau

  2.   Claro m

    Ina buƙatar sanin yadda zan hana Linux mint 17 Quiana daga ƙoƙarin sabunta repo daga shafin aikinta
    Kuma an haɗa su a cikin majiyata. lissafa sabon adireshin sabuntawa wanda an riga an gwada shi a cikin Ubuntu 14.04 kuma ya dace da Mint amma lokacin da (dace-samun sabuntawa) an nuna mai zuwa:

    Err http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu Amintaccen-samarwa InRelease

    Err http://packages.linuxmint.com qiana In Saki

    Err http://archive.ubuntu.com amintaccen InRelease

    Err http://archive.ubuntu.com amintattun-sabunta InRelease

    Err http://security.ubuntu.com amintaccen-tsaro InRelease

    Err http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu amintaccen-tsaro InRelease

    Err http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu amintattun-sabunta InRelease

    Err http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu amintaccen InRelease

    Err http://archive.ubuntu.com Amintaccen Saki.gpg
    An kasa warware "archive.ubuntu.com"
    Err http://security.ubuntu.com Amintaccen-tsaro Saki.gpg
    An kasa warware "security.ubuntu.com"
    Err http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu Amincewa da samarwa Saki.gpg
    An kasa warware "ubuntu.mes.edu.cu"
    Err http://packages.linuxmint.com Qiana Saki.gpg
    An kasa warware "packages.linuxmint.com"
    Err http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu Amintaccen-tsaro Saki.gpg
    An kasa warware "ubuntu.mes.edu.cu"
    Err http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu amintaccen-sabuntawa Saki.gpg
    An kasa warware "ubuntu.mes.edu.cu"
    Err http://archive.ubuntu.com amintaccen-sabuntawa Saki.gpg
    An kasa warware "archive.ubuntu.com"
    Err http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu Amintaccen Saki.gpg
    An kasa warware "ubuntu.mes.edu.cu"
    Err http://extra.linuxmint.com qiana In Saki

    Err http://extra.linuxmint.com Qiana Saki.gpg
    An kasa warware "extra.linuxmint.com"
    Err http://archive.canonical.com amintaccen InRelease

    Err http://archive.canonical.com Amintaccen Saki.gpg
    An kasa warware "archive.canonical.com"
    W: Ba a samu ba http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu/UBUNTU/ubuntu/dists/trusty-proposed/InRelease

    W: Ba a samu ba http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu/UBUNTU/ubuntu/dists/trusty-security/InRelease

    W: Ba a samu ba http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu/UBUNTU/ubuntu/dists/trusty-updates/InRelease

    W: Ba a samu ba http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu/UBUNTU/ubuntu/dists/trusty/InRelease

    W: Ba a samu ba http://packages.linuxmint.com/dists/qiana/InRelease

    W: Ba a samu ba http://extra.linuxmint.com/dists/qiana/InRelease

    W: Ba a samu ba http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/trusty/InRelease

    W: Ba a samu ba http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/trusty-updates/InRelease

    W: Ba a samu ba http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/trusty-security/InRelease

    W: Ba a samu ba http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu/dists/trusty/InRelease

    W: Ba a samu ba http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu/UBUNTU/ubuntu/dists/trusty-proposed/Release.gpg An kasa warware "ubuntu.mes.edu.cu"

    W: Ba a samu ba http://packages.linuxmint.com/dists/qiana/Release.gpg An kasa warware "packages.linuxmint.com"

    W: Ba a samu ba http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/trusty/Release.gpg An kasa warware "archive.ubuntu.com"

    W: Ba a samu ba http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/trusty-updates/Release.gpg An kasa warware "archive.ubuntu.com"

    W: Ba a samu ba http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/trusty-security/Release.gpg An kasa warware "security.ubuntu.com"

    W: Ba a samu ba http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu/UBUNTU/ubuntu/dists/trusty-security/Release.gpg An kasa warware "ubuntu.mes.edu.cu"

    W: Ba a samu ba http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu/UBUNTU/ubuntu/dists/trusty-updates/Release.gpg An kasa warware "ubuntu.mes.edu.cu"

    W: Ba a samu ba http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu/UBUNTU/ubuntu/dists/trusty/Release.gpg An kasa warware "ubuntu.mes.edu.cu"

    W: Ba a samu ba http://extra.linuxmint.com/dists/qiana/Release.gpg An kasa warware "extra.linuxmint.com"

    W: Ba a samu ba http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu/dists/trusty/Release.gpg An kasa warware "archive.canonical.com"

    W: Wasu fayilolin fihirisa sun kasa zazzagewa. An yi watsi da su, ko tsoffin da aka yi amfani da su a maimakon haka.
    E: An kasa kullewa / var / lib / dpkg / kulle - buɗe (11: Babu wadatar ɗan lokaci)
    E: Ba za a iya kulle kundin adireshin ba (/ var / lib / dpkg /), wataƙila akwai wasu hanyoyin amfani da shi?

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