Netherlands: Europeanasar Turai ta farko don zartar da tsaka-tsakin Intanet

da Netherlands sun zama ƙasa ta farko a cikin Turai da suka ɗauki tsaka-tsaki saboda dokar da majalisar su ta zartar kwanan nan. Wannan yana nufin cewa daga yanzu, duk kamfanonin sadarwa da ISP za a tilasta su garantin samun damar abun ciki, aiyuka da aikace-aikace na sadarwar yanar gizo Wace ƙasa ce ta farko a duniya da ta karɓi wannan ta hanyar doka? Tsammani menene? Chile


Gwamnatin Dutch ta ba da shawara kawar da canon dijital a cikin watan Afrilu kuma a yanzu an kammala dokar da za ta hana masu aiki hana ayyukan da aikace-aikacen su, kamar ta Skype, a cewar kamfanin da kansa. Netherlands ta riga ta zama ƙasar Turai ta farko da ta ba da tabbacin tsaka tsaki da Intanet. Skype ya ci gaba da cewa wasu masu aiki, yayin da suke ɗaukarsa a matsayin gasa, suna yanke hukuncin sabis ɗin kiran ta Intanet (VoIP). Kamfanin, wanda kamfanin Microsoft ya karba kwanan nan, yayi imanin cewa yakamata a fadada shirin zuwa ga dukkan EU domin zai kaucewa matakin da wasu masu aiki da Turai ke shirin dauka don toshe ko cajin masu amfani da shi ƙarin farashin amfani da sabis ɗin kiran bidiyo na VoIP kamar Skype.

A cikin 2010, Chile ta zama ƙasa ta farko a duniya da ta ƙaddamar da inganta yanar gizo ba tare da nuna bambanci ba. A Amurka, Hukumar Sadarwa ta Tarayya ta hukunta Comcast saboda toshe abubuwan da aka saukar da bayanai, kodayake daga baya kotu ta musanta hakan. A watan Disamba, ta yanke shawarar ba da damar amfani da Intanet iri biyu: daya don kira daga layukan waya dayan kuma ta wayar salula.

La Dokar Chile ya tabbatar da cewa duk wani mai amfani da Intanet zai iya amfani da shi, aikawa, karba ko bayar da kowane abun ciki, aikace-aikace ko ayyukan shari'a ta hanyar Intanet, ba tare da toshewa ko nuna bambanci ba. Ka'idar rashin daidaiton yanar gizo, wanda tattaunawar tasa ta fara a Amurka, ana tattaunawa a Turai sakamakon ƙarfin da injunan bincike na Intanet kamar Google suka samu da kuma buƙatar masu kamfanonin sadarwa don gasa a wannan kasuwa.

Dokar da aka aiwatar a cikin Chile ta dogara ne mabukaci a matsayin cibiyar muhawara ta yadda zaka iya zaɓar mafi kyawun sabis kuma kayi yawo da Intanet ba tare da wata tsangwama ko ƙuntatawa ba. Doka ta tabbatar da cewa kamfanonin sadarwa ko wadanda ke ba da sabis na haɗin Intanet na kasuwanci ba za su iya “toshewa, yin katsalandan, nuna wariya, toshewa ko taƙaita haƙƙin kowane mai amfani da Intanet na amfani da shi, aikawa, karɓar ko bayar da kowane abu, aikace-aikace ko sabis na shari'a ta hanyar Intanet, da kowane irin aiki ko amfani da doka da aka yi ta hanyar sadarwa.

Tana bayanin cewa dole ne masu ba da sabis su ba da sabis "wanda ba ya rarrabe abubuwan da ke ciki, aikace-aikace ko sabis, bisa tushen asalinsu ko mallakar su." Yana ba da izini ga masu aiki da masu samarwa su ɗauki matakan da suka wajaba don gudanar da zirga-zirgar zirga-zirgar ababen hawa da gudanarwa, amma koyaushe "cewa ba a nufin aiwatar da ayyukan da zai iya shafar ko kuma zai iya shafar gasa kyauta."

Dole ne su kuma kiyaye sirri na masu amfani, kariya da ƙwayoyin cuta da seguridad zuwa cibiyar sadarwar, kuma kulle takamaiman abun ciki » kawai a karɓaɓɓen buƙatar mai amfani, kuma a kan kudi. "

Source: El País & La Vanguardia


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