Nagios Core: Menene Nagios da yadda ake girka shi akan Debian GNU / Linux?

Nagios Core: Menene Nagios da yadda ake girka shi akan Debian GNU / Linux?

Nagios Core: Menene Nagios da yadda ake girka shi akan Debian GNU / Linux?

A cikin filin Hanyoyin sadarwa da Sabis akwai manyan aikace -aikace masu inganci don Tsarin / Masu Gudanarwar Sabis (SysAdmins). Saboda haka, a yau za mu yi magana game da sanannen kira Nagios Core.

Nagios Core yana da m version of Yaren Nagios. Wanne bi da bi ne m kayan aiki / ayyuka / shirin sa ido na cibiyar sadarwa a cikin tsari na bude hanya.

Webmin: gudanarwa daga burauzar yanar gizo

Webmin: Gudanarwa daga mai binciken gidan yanar gizo

Kuma tunda ba kasafai muke magance batutuwan da suka shafi aikace -aikace, shirye -shirye da tsarin daga filin Hanyoyin sadarwa da Sabis ko amfani na musamman don Tsarin / Masu Gudanarwar Sabis (SysAdmins), nan da nan za mu bar a ƙasa wasu hanyoyin haɗi zuwa wasu wallafe -wallafen da suka gabata da suka shafi wannan filin IT:

"Yanar gizo shine kayan aikin daidaita tsarin yanar gizo don OpenSolaris, GNU / Linux da sauran tsarin Unix. Tare da shi, zaku iya saita bangarorin ciki na tsarin aiki da yawa, kamar masu amfani, ƙididdigar sararin samaniya, ayyuka, fayilolin sanyi, kashe kwamfutar, da dai sauransu, kazalika gyara da sarrafa aikace -aikace da yawa na kyauta, kamar sabar yanar gizo na Apache, PHP, MySQL, DNS, Samba, DHCP, da sauransu." Webmin: Gudanarwa daga mai binciken gidan yanar gizo

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TurnKey Linux 14.1
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Nagios Core: sigar Nagios kyauta da kyauta

Nagios Core: sigar Nagios kyauta da kyauta

Menene Nagios Core?

A cewar shafin yanar gizon hukuma na Nagios, Nagios Core An bayyana kamar haka:

"Nagios® Core ™ cibiyar sadarwa ce mai buɗewa da aikace -aikacen sa ido na tsarin. Yana lura da runduna (kwamfutoci) da aiyukan da kuka ayyana, yana faɗakar da ku lokacin da abubuwa suka ɓarke ​​da lokacin da suka inganta. Nagios Core an tsara shi ne don yin aiki a ƙarƙashin Linux, kodayake yakamata yayi aiki a ƙarƙashin yawancin sauran Tsarin Aiki na tushen Unix shima. Hakanan, sigar kyauta ce ta kayan aikin mu na yanzu da ake kira Nagios XI."

Ayyukan

Daga cikin mutane da yawa fasali na Nagios Core za a iya ambata 10 masu zuwa:

  1. Kula da ayyukan cibiyar sadarwa (SMTP, POP3, HTTP, NNTP, PING, da sauransu.)
  2. Kula da albarkatun runduna daban -daban da aka sa ido (nauyin mai sarrafawa, amfani da faifai, da sauransu.)
  3. Tsarin zane mai sauƙi wanda ke ba masu amfani damar sauƙaƙe duba ayyukan sabis nasu.
  4. Daidaitaccen sabis yana duba.
  5. Ikon ayyana matsayin mahaɗan cibiyar sadarwa ta amfani da rundunonin "iyaye", yana ba ku damar ganowa da rarrabe tsakanin rundunonin da ke ƙasa da waɗanda ba za a iya kaiwa gare su ba.
  6. Sanarwar tuntuɓar lokacin da mai masaukin baki ko matsalolin sabis suka faru kuma an warware su (ta imel, pager, ko hanyar da aka ayyana ta mai amfani).
  7. Ikon ayyana masu gudanar da taron don gudana yayin mai masaukin baki ko ayyukan sabis don gyara matsala.
  8. Juyawa ta atomatik na fayilolin log.
  9. Taimako don aiwatar da runduna masu sa ido.
  10. Zaɓin gidan yanar gizo na zaɓi don duba matsayin cibiyar sadarwa na yanzu, tarihin sanarwar da matsaloli, fayil ɗin log, da ƙari.

Yadda ake girka shi akan Debian GNU / Linux 10?

Kafin fara wannan ɓangaren, yana da kyau a lura kamar yadda aka saba cewa don wannan shari'ar mai amfani za mu yi amfani da abin da aka saba Tsarin Linux da ake kira Ayyukan al'ajibai GNU / Linux, wanda ya dogara ne akan MX Linux 19 (Debian 10). Wanda aka gina yana bin namu «Jagora zuwa Snapshot MX Linux».

Duk da haka, wani GNU / Linux Distro me tallafi Tsarin. Saboda haka, za mu yi amfani da wannan MX Linux Respin farawa daga Tsarin taya na GRUB ta zabin ku da "Fara da Systemd". Maimakon zabin tsoho, wanda ba tare da shi ba Tsarin ko kuma da Tsarin-shim. Hakanan, zamu aiwatar da duk umarnin umarni daga Mai amfani da Sysadmin, maimakon Tushen mai amfani, daga Respin Linux ya ce.

Kuma yanzu don ku zazzagewa, girkawa da amfani, za mu yi amfani da «Jagorar Shigar da Saurin Farawa don Debian« kuma waɗannan za su kasance umarni umarni don aiwatarwa a cikin m (console) na Operating System ɗin ku:

1.- Matakan shirya Operating System

Reaukaka Rumbun ajiya kuma shigar da mahimman kunshe -kunshe masu mahimmanci don yin aiki tare Nagios Core.

sudo apt update
sudo apt install autoconf gcc libc6 make wget unzip apache2 apache2-utils php libgd-dev

2.- Zazzage software na yanzu

cd /tmp
wget -O nagioscore.tar.gz https://github.com/NagiosEnterprises/nagioscore/archive/nagios-4.4.6.tar.gz
tar xzf nagioscore.tar.gz

3.- Tattara software na yanzu

cd /tmp/nagioscore-nagios-4.4.6/
sudo ./configure --with-httpd-conf=/etc/apache2/sites-enabled
sudo make all

4.- Ƙirƙiri Masu Amfani da Ƙungiyoyi

sudo make install-groups-users
sudo usermod -a -G nagios www-data

5.- Sanya fakitoci daban-daban masu mahimmanci

sudo make install
sudo make install-daemoninit
sudo make install-commandmode
sudo make install-config

6.- Shigar da fayilolin sanyi na Apache

sudo make install-webconf
sudo a2enmod rewrite
sudo a2enmod cgi

7.- Shigar da saita Firewall ta IPTables

sudo apt install iptables
sudo iptables -I INPUT -p tcp --destination-port 80 -j ACCEPT
sudo apt install -y iptables-persistent

8.- Ƙirƙiri asusun mai amfani a cikin Apache don farawa a cikin Nagios Core

sudo htpasswd -c /usr/local/nagios/etc/htpasswd.users nagiosadmin

9.- Sake kunnawa / Fara Sabis na Dole

systemctl restart apache2.service
systemctl start nagios.service

Note: Sake kunna tsarin aiki idan akwai matsaloli tare da waɗannan umarnin umarni.

10.- Shiga zuwa Nagios Core

Gudanar da Mai Binciken Yanar Gizo akan injin gida idan kuna da muhallin mai amfani da hoto (GUI) ko akan wata kwamfutar akan hanyar sadarwa. Kuma a cikin sandar adireshin rubuta kowane ɗayan umarnin umarni kamar yadda kuka ga ya dace:

http://127.0.0.1/nagios
http://localhost/nagios
http://nombreservidor.dominio/nagios

Note: Idan ba ku ga taga "Nagios Core Login" ba, duba cewa Tsarin aikin ku dangane da Debian GNU/Linux 8/9/10 yana da madaidaicin saiti. "Document tushe" del Sabar uwar garke cikin fayil ɗin sanyi mai zuwa: /etc/apache2/apache2.conf. Sauya hanya /var/www ta masu zuwa: /var/www/html. Sannan sake kunna Sabis ɗin Apache ko Kwamfuta, kuma sake gwadawa akan kwamfutar.

Shigar da Nagios Core Plugins

Reaukaka Rumbun ajiya kuma shigar da mahimman kunshe -kunshe masu mahimmanci don yin aiki tare Plugins na Nagios.

sudo apt update
sudo apt install autoconf gcc libc6 libmcrypt-dev make libssl-dev wget bc gawk dc build-essential snmp libnet-snmp-perl gettext

Zazzagewa kuma buɗe kunshin na yanzu tare da "Nagios Plugins"

cd /tmp
wget --no-check-certificate -O nagios-plugins.tar.gz https://github.com/nagios-plugins/nagios-plugins/archive/release-2.2.1.tar.gz
tar zxf nagios-plugins.tar.gz

Tattara da shigar da "Nagios Plugins"

cd /tmp/nagios-plugins-release-2.2.1/
./tools/setup
sudo ./configure
sudo make
sudo make install

Siffar allo

Nagios Core: Hoton allo 1

Nagios Core: Hoton allo 2

Nagios Core: Hoton allo 3

Nagios Core: Hoton allo 4

Nagios Core: Hoton allo 5

Nagios Core: Hoton allo 6

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Nagios Core: Hoton allo 8

Nagios Core: Hoton allo 9

Nagios Core: Hoton allo 10

Nagios Core: Hoton allo 11

Nagios Core: Hoton allo 12

Nagios Core: Hoton allo 13

Nagios Core: Hoton allo 14

Nagios Core: Hoton allo 15

Nagios Core: Hoton allo 16

Nagios Core: Hoton allo 17

Nagios Core: Hoton allo 1

Nagios Core: Hoton allo 19

Nagios Core: Hoton allo 20

Nagios Core: Hoton allo 21

Nagios Core: Hoton allo 22

Nagios Core: Hoton allo 23

Nagios Core: Hoton allo 24

Nagios Core: Hoton allo 25

Don ƙarin bayani akan Nagios Core zaku iya bincika hanyoyin haɗin yanar gizo masu zuwa:

Zaɓuɓɓuka 10 kyauta da buɗewa

  1. Cacti
  2. Kabot
  3. Aikin Cockpit
  4. Icinga
  5. FreeMNS
  6. Munin
  7. netdata
  8. Farashin FMS
  9. PHP ServerMonitor
  10. Zabbix

Don ƙarin koyo game da waɗannan hanyoyi da ƙari, danna kan mahaɗin da ke tafe: Kayan aiki da Software na Kula da Yanar Sadarwa a ƙarƙashin Maɓallin Buɗewa.

Takaitawa: Litattafai daban-daban

Tsaya

A takaice, kamar yadda aka gani Nagios Core cikakkiyar kayan aikin software ne don filin Hanyoyin sadarwa / Servers da kuma Tsarin / Masu Gudanarwar Sabis (SysAdmins). Kuma ba kawai mai ƙarfi bane amma mai sassauƙa da daidaitawa, godiya ga amfani da yawa plugins. Kuma ga waɗanda ba za su yi amfani da shi ba, koyaushe akwai manyan zaɓuɓɓuka kamar Zabbix, Icinga da Cockpit Project, a tsakanin wasu da yawa.

Muna fatan wannan littafin zai zama mai matukar amfani ga baki daya «Comunidad de Software Libre y Código Abierto» da kuma babbar gudummawa ga haɓakawa, haɓakawa da yaduwar yanayin ƙasa na aikace-aikacen da ake dasu don «GNU/Linux». Kuma kada ku daina raba shi da wasu, a kan rukunin yanar gizon da kuka fi so, tashoshi, ƙungiyoyi ko al'ummomin hanyoyin sadarwar jama'a ko tsarin aika saƙon. A ƙarshe, ziyarci gidan mu na farko a «DagaLinux» don bincika ƙarin labarai, da shiga tashar tashar mu ta hukuma Sakon waya daga FromLinux.


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