TPM: Kadan daga komai game da Module na Amintaccen Platform. Kuma amfani dashi a cikin Linux!

TPM: Kadan daga komai game da Module na Amintaccen Platform. Kuma amfani dashi a cikin Linux!

TPM: Kadan daga komai game da Module na Amintaccen Platform. Kuma amfani dashi a cikin Linux!

Tun, kwanakin nan kwanan nan aka sake shi Windows 11, da mafi ƙarancin bukatun fasaha na kayan aiki wannan dole ne ya kasance Kwamfuta inda za'a girka shi, lokacin sanannun mutane «TPM» fasaha. Kamar yadda yake, fasahar da aka tsara don bayar da tsaro da ayyukan da suka shafi kayan aiki.

Abin da ya sa, za mu bincika kaɗan game da Fasahar «TPM» da amfani da ita akan GNU / Linux. Tunda, ba don keɓantaccen amfani da kowane ba tsarin aiki.

Maɓallin Librem

Har ila yau, yanzu wannan don shigar da Windows 11 ƙananan kwamfutocin zamani (+/- 5 shekaru) ana buƙatar su tare TPM 2.0, CPUs 64 Bit, 4 GB RAM y 64GB ROM, wannan yana buɗewa a fa'ida mai fa'ida fadada amfani da GNU / Linux a kan ƙarin kwamfutocin tebur.

TPM da amfani da shi akan GNU / Linux

Kafin farawa dalla-dalla, abun ciki akan "TPM" da amfani da shi akan GNU / Linux, Za mu bar ƙasa wasu hanyoyin haɗin yanar gizo na abubuwan da suka gabata tare da batun, sab thatda haka, waɗanda suke so su zurfafa batun a kan daban-daban real aikace-aikace na "TPM", a sauƙaƙe zasu iya yin hakan bayan sun gama wannan karatun:

"Maballin Kebul na Keɓaɓɓen Kebul shine Maɓallin keɓaɓɓen maɓalli na OpenPGP kawai don bayar da Shugabannin firmware wanda aka saka tare da takalmin da ba ya da ƙarfi. An tsara shi ne don bawa masu amfani da kwamfutar tafi-da-gidanka na Librem damar ganin ko wani ya taɓar da kayan aikin komputa lokacin da suka fara kwamfutarsu.

Mabudin Librem yana samun goyan bayan TPM (Amintaccen Platform Module) guntu tare da Shugabannin da aka samu a cikin sabbin kwamfyutocin Librem 13 da 15. A cewar Purism, lokacin da aka sanya mabuɗin tsaro sai ya yi haske kore don nunawa masu amfani cewa kwamfutar tafi-da-gidanka ba ta kasance ba gurbata su, don haka za su iya ci gaba daga inda suka tsaya, idan ta yi haske da haske hakan na nufin an yi amfani da kwamfutar tafi-da-gidanka."

Maɓallin Librem
Labari mai dangantaka:
Purism ya ƙaddamar da mabuɗin tsaro na USB na farko wanda ya dace don laptops
sake
Labari mai dangantaka:
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.6 Sanarwar Beta Yanzu
coreboot
Labari mai dangantaka:
X11SSH-TF katakon uwar garke na farko don amfani da CoreBoot

TPM: Amintaccen Tsarin Kayan Fasaha

TPM: Amintaccen Tsarin Kayan Fasaha

Menene TPM?

A cewar Trustungiyar Comididdigar Amintacce (TCG)

A cewar shafin yanar gizo del Edungiyar putididdigar Amintacce, Ko kuma kawai Rukuni na ididdigar Amintacce (TCG) a Turanci, da «TPM» fasaha An bayyana kamar haka:

"TPM (Amintaccen Platform Module) guntu ne na komputa (microcontroller) wanda zai iya amintar da kayan tarihin da aka yi amfani dasu don tabbatar da dandalin (kwamfutarka ko kwamfutar tafi-da-gidanka). Waɗannan kayan tarihi na iya haɗawa da kalmomin shiga, takaddun shaida, ko maɓallan ɓoyewa.

Sabili da haka, ana iya amfani da TPM Chip don adana ma'aunin dandamali don taimakawa tabbatar da cewa dandamalin ya kasance abin dogaro. Tabbatarwa (wanda ke tabbatar da cewa dandalin na iya nuna cewa abin da yake ikirarin shi ne) da kuma tabbatarwa (tsari ne da ke taimakawa wajen nuna cewa dandamali abin dogaro ne kuma ba a sami matsala ba) matakai ne masu mahimmanci don tabbatar da amintaccen ƙididdigar lissafi a duk mahalli. Za'a iya amfani da ingantattun kayayyaki akan na'urorin sarrafa kwamfuta ban da PC, kamar wayoyin hannu ko kayan aikin hanyar sadarwa."

Valuablearin bayani mai ƙima da amintacce akan «TPM» fasaha, a cikin Turanci, kai tsaye zaka iya samun waɗannan haɗin haɗin yanar gizon daga Rukuni na ididdigar Amintacce (TCG): 1 link y 2 link.

"Edungiyar Amintattun putididdiga (TCG) ƙungiya ce ta ƙayyadaddun ƙasashe wacce ta ƙunshi kusan kamfanoni 120 waɗanda aka keɓe don ƙirƙirar ƙayyadaddun abubuwan da ke bayyana "TPMs" don PCs, matakan haɗin gwiwa ga wasu na'urori, amincewa da bukatun kayayyakin more rayuwa, APIs da ladabi masu mahimmanci don aiki na amintaccen yanayi. Da zarar an kammala bayanai dalla-dalla, suna ba da su ga al'ummar fasahar don saukarwa daga gidan yanar gizon su."

A cewar Microsoft

A cewar wata kasida a cikin Sashin takaddar hukuma na Microsoftda ake kira «Bayanin Filayen Amintaccen Kayan Fasaha«, da «TPM» fasaha An bayyana kamar haka:

"Amintaccen Kayan Fasahar Kayan Fasaha (TPM) an tsara shi don samar da kayan aiki da alaƙa da tsaro. Guntu TPM mai amintaccen mai sarrafa kayan aiki ne wanda aka tsara don aiwatar da ayyukan ɓoye. Chip ɗin ya haɗa da hanyoyin tsaro na jiki da yawa waɗanda ke sa shi taɓarɓarewa da sifofin tsaro suna hana muguwar software ɓarna."

Microsoft in ji cewa wasu daga cikin babban amfani yi amfani da «TPM» fasaha Su ne masu biyowa:

  • Haɗa, adanawa da iyakance amfani da maɓallan kera abubuwa.
  • Yi amfani da fasahar TPM don tabbatar da na'urar dandamali ta amfani da maɓallin RSA na TPM na musamman, wanda za a rubuta wa kansa.
  • Tabbatar da mutuncin dandalin ɗauke da adana matakan tsaro.

A ƙarshe, Microsoft tabbatar game da «TPM» fasaha cewa:

"Ana amfani da ayyukan TPM mafi mahimmanci don ma'aunin mutuncin tsarin da ƙirƙirar da amfani da maɓallan. A yayin aiwatar da boot na tsarin, lambar taya da aka loda (gami da firmware da kayan aikin aiki) ana iya auna su kuma shiga cikin TPM. Za'a iya amfani da ma'aunin mutunci a matsayin hujja akan yadda aka fara tsarin kuma don tabbatar da cewa anyi amfani da maɓallin tushen TPM ne kawai lokacin da aka yi amfani da software mai dacewa don ɗora tsarin."

Girkawa da amfani na asali akan GNU / Linux

Yanzu haka, mun riga mun bayyana a sarari cewa shine «TPM» fasaha, sai mun sani kawai menene kunshin da za a girka da yadda ake amfani da su. Kuma ba shakka, dole ne ya kasance a baya kunna a cikin BIOS / UEFI daga kwamfutarka, kamar yadda yawanci ta kashe.

Shigarwa

Abu mafi mahimmanci don shigarwa cikin kowane GNU / Linux Distro akan kwamfuta, dangane da Fasahar TPM, sune wadannan fakitin masu amfani da wadannan umarnin umarni:

apt-get install tpm-tools trousers

A wasu lokuta, ana iya buƙatar wasu fakiti masu alaƙa kamar ɗakunan karatu, tallafi na tattara abubuwa, ko kuma kawai ana iya buƙatar wasu sabbin abubuwa, kamar, tpm2-tools. Wanda a bayyane yake an tsara shi don tallafawa TPM 2.0. Don ganin cikakken bayani game da waɗannan fakitin 3 da sauran masu alaƙa, zaku iya samun damar masu zuwa mahada a tsakanin Yanar gizo Debian official.

Amfani

Don ƙarin bayani mai amfani akan amfani da TPM Technology akan GNU / Linux, zaku iya samun damar hanyoyin masu zuwa

  1. TPM - Arki Linux Wiki
  2. TPM.Dev jama'a
  3. TPM2-Community Community
  4. MatsarSerS
  5. Manhajan TPM-Kayan Aiki

Takaitawa: Litattafai daban-daban

Tsaya

Muna fatan wannan "amfani kadan post" game da fasaha «TPM (Trusted Platform Module)»ko Amintaccen dandamalin Module a cikin Sifen, wanda aka tsara don bayar da tsaro da kayan aikin da ke da alaƙa da kayan aiki; yana da matukar amfani da amfani, ga duka «Comunidad de Software Libre y Código Abierto» kuma yana da babbar gudummawa wajan yada kyawawan al'adu, manyan halittu da girma na aikace-aikacen «GNU/Linux».

A yanzu, idan kuna son wannan publicación, Kar ka tsaya raba shi tare da wasu, akan rukunin yanar gizon da kuka fi so, tashoshi, ƙungiyoyi ko al'ummomin hanyoyin sadarwar jama'a ko tsarin aika saƙon, zai fi dacewa kyauta, buɗewa da / ko amintacce kamar yadda sakon wayaSignalMastodon ko wani na Mai rarrabewa, zai fi dacewa.

Kuma ku tuna ziyarci gidanmu na farko a «DagaLinux» don bincika ƙarin labarai, da shiga tashar tashar mu ta hukuma Sakon waya daga FromLinuxDuk da yake, don ƙarin bayani, zaku iya ziyarci kowane Laburaren kan layi kamar yadda OpenLibra y JITIT, don samun dama da karanta littattafan dijital (PDFs) akan wannan batun ko wasu.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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