Umarni don sanin tsarin (gano kayan aiki da wasu ƙayyadaddun software)

Kwanakin baya munga yadda ake girkawa Debian 6. Yanzu tunda mun girka tsarin mu, zamu san shi kadan sosai, muna bayanin wasu umarni na asali wadanda, a zahiri, ana amfani dasu don kowane rarraba.

D4ny R3y yana ɗaya daga cikin masu nasara daga gasarmu ta mako: «Raba abin da ka sani game da Linux«. Taya murna Dany!

Gabatarwar

Kayan aikin kwamfuta sun kunshi naurorin jiki wadanda ake kira da kayan aiki a duniya, da kuma kayan aiki masu ma’ana da ake kira software. Akwai kayan aikin da ke ba da izinin gano sassan biyu, ko dai don sanin halayen kayan aikin da kuma auna aikinsa da / ko bincikar yiwuwar gazawar.

Lokacin da ake buƙatar buƙatar tallafi don warware matsaloli, yana da mahimmanci a sami damar samar da duk bayanan da zai yiwu kuma ya zama dole game da kayan aiki da software da suka haɗa kayan aikin. A wannan ma'anar, ana iya ganin wannan labarin a matsayin faɗaɗa wanda ya tsufa wanda muka yi bayani a kansa inda fayilolin log system suke.

Tabbatarwa

Lokacin neman amsoshin matsalolin da zaku iya fuskanta yayin amfani da Linux, ya zama dole a samar da duk bayanan da suka wajaba game da matsalar da ake magana a kanta, kamar: nau'in kwamfutar da kuke da ita, Debian version, kernel version, desktop system , da dai sauransu Wannan zai taimaka wajen bayyana matakan da kuka bi don haifar ko gyara matsalar.

Ubuntu 14.04.6 LTS
Labari mai dangantaka:
Enable tushen mai amfani a cikin Ubuntu

Abu ne mai sauƙin nema da samun tallafi lokacin da kuka san yadda ake samar da waɗannan bayanan, kuma wannan labarin an tsara shi ne don samar da jerin umarni don cimma wannan burin. Yawancin masu amfani da sababbi zuwa Debian GNU / Linux ba su san yadda za su ba da cikakken bayani yadda ya kamata ba kuma ba za su iya samun taimakon da ya dace ba, kawai saboda ba su san yadda za a ba da bayanin da ya dace ba.

Taron gunduma

A cikin wasu umarni sakamakon da aka samu ya wuce tsayin allon, don sauƙaƙe karanta wannan bayanin, ana amfani da ƙaramin pager kuma ta wannan hanyar yana yiwuwa a gungura ƙasa da sama, ana nuna duk bayanan. Don fita daga pager, kawai danna maɓallin Q (sallama). Anan akwai misalai 2 na yadda za'a yi amfani da wannan pager:

dmesg | Kadan

y

/asa /etc/apt/sources.list

Maƙerin kaya da bayanin samfura

Kayan kayan aiki:

sudo dmidecode -s tsarin-masana'anta

Kayyade samfurin:

sudo dmidecode -s tsarin-samfurin-suna

Samfurin samfurin:

sudo dmidecode -s tsarin-sigar

Kayan lambar serial:

sudo dmidecode -s tsarin-serial-number

SKU (Keepungiyar Adana Stockididdiga) ko P / N (Sashin Lamba) na samfurin:

sudo dmidecode | grep -i ku

Detailedarin cikakken bayani:

sudo dmidecode




Labari mai dangantaka:
Izini da haƙƙoƙi a cikin Linux

Bayanin sarrafawa

Nuna sunan masana'anta, samfuri, da sauri:

grep 'vendor_id' / proc / cpuinfo; grep 'sunan samfurin' / proc / cpuinfo; shafa 'cpu MHz' / proc / cpuinfo

Nuna gine-gine (32 ko 64 kaɗan):

sudo lshw -C CPU | Girman man shafawa
Lura: Ba a shigar da kunshin lshw ta tsohuwa ba, don haka ana buƙatar shigarwa kafin amfani da shi.

Nuna nau'in inji:

sunan -m

Nuna idan mai sarrafawa ya goyi bayan "tuarfafa Virarfafawa" (Intel-VT ko AMD-V), waɗanda aka kunna daga tsarin BIOS na kwamfuta:

Idan mai sarrafawa Intel ne, kuna buƙatar sanin idan ƙimar "vmx" ta bayyana:

grep -i vmx / proc / cpuinfo

Idan mai sarrafawar AMD ne, kuna buƙatar sanin idan ƙimar "svm" ta bayyana:

grep -i svm / proc / cpuinfo

Bayanin batir

aci -bi

ó

aiki -B
Lura: ba a shigar da umarnin acpitool ta tsohuwa ba.

Memorywaƙwalwar RAM da kuma SWAP bangare

Nuna duka RAM da swap sashi (canza sashin karshe zuwa: -b = Baiti, -k = Kilobytes, -m = Megabytes, -g = Gigabytes, kamar yadda ya dace):

kyauta -o -m

kuma wata hanyar yin hakan kamar haka:

grep 'MemTotal' / proc / meminfo; grep 'SwapTotal' / proc / meminfo

Don nuna abin da sashi (da girman) swap ke kan:

sudo swapon -s

Kernel

Nuna sunan kwaya da sigar:

sunan -sr

Shell

Nuna harsashi a cikin amfani:

amsa kuwwa $ SHELL

Rarraba

Nuna sunan, sigar da sunan maɓallin rarrabawa:

lsb_saki -idc

Yanayin mai amfani

Sunan mai amfani na yanzu:

amsa kuwwa $ AMFANI

Sunan ƙungiyar:

amsa kuwwa $ HOSTNAME

Littafin tushe na mai amfani na yanzu:

amsa kuwwa $ GIDA

Littafin aiki na yanzu:

amsa kuwwa $ PWD

o

pwd

Hardware

Jera na'urorin PCI / PCIe

lspci

Lissafa duk na'urorin PCMCIA

/ sbin / lspcmcia

Rubuta duk na'urorin USB:

lsusb

Rubuta duk na'urorin da aka gano azaman SCSI:

lsscsi
Lura: Ba a shigar da kunshin da ke sama ta tsohuwa ba, don haka ya zama dole a girka shi kafin amfani da shi.

Kayan da aka umurce su da kwaya don ɗorawa yayin taya:

cat / sauransu / kayayyaki

Rubuta duk matakan da tsarin ya ɗora:

lsmod | Kadan

Rubuta kayan aiki (bayanan taƙaitaccen bayani):

sudo lshw -ananan

Rubuta kayan aiki (cikakken bayani):

sudo lshw | Kadan
Lura: Ba a shigar da kunshin lshw ta tsohuwa ba, don haka ana buƙatar shigarwa kafin amfani da shi.

Ma'ajin ajiya da taya

Lissafa rabe-raben kan kafofin yada labarai:

sudo fdisk -l

San sararin da aka yi amfani da shi da kuma wadatar sa a cikin bangarorin:

df -h

San abin da sashi (da girma) ke canzawa akan:

sudo swapon -s

Nuna shigarwar da aka shiga don GRUB "Legacy" bootloader (har zuwa sigar 0.97):

sudo grep -i take /boot/grub/menu.lst | shafa "#" -v

Nuna abubuwan da aka shigar da su don GRUB 2 bootloader:

sudo grep -i menu na keɓewa / sakewa / grub/grub.cfg | shafa "#" -v

Nuna teburin bangare (TABle na Fayil ɗin Fayil) wanda tsarin ke hawa ta atomatik yayin farawa:

/asa / sauransu / fstab

Nuna darajar UUID (Ganowa ta Musamman ta Musamman) na dukkan sassan:

sudo blkid

Cibiyoyin sadarwa

Rubuta na'urorin haɗin cibiyar sadarwa ta PCI mai waya

lspci | grep -n ethernet

Rubuta na'urorin sadarwar mara waya ta PCI:

lspci | cibiyar sadarwar grep -i

Rubuta na'urorin cibiyar sadarwar USB:

lsusb | grep -i ethernet; lsusb | cibiyar sadarwar grep -i

Nuna matakan da tsarin ya ɗora, don sarrafa katunan cibiyar sadarwa mara waya:

lsmod | grep ku

Nuna bayanai game da direban da wani keɓaɓɓen na'urar hanyar sadarwa ke amfani da shi (maye gurbin lafazin kalma tare da ma'ana mai ma'ana na katin sadarwar, misali eth0, wlan0, ath0, da sauransu):

sudo ethtool -i dubawa
Lura: Ba a shigar da kunshin da ke sama ta tsohuwa ba, don haka ya zama dole a girka shi kafin amfani da shi.

Kanfigareshan katunan yanar gizo da adiresoshin IP ɗin da aka sanya su:

cat / sauransu / cibiyar sadarwa / musaya

Resolution Sunan Yanki:

cat /etc/resolv.conf

Nuna abin cikin fayil na HOSTS:

cat / sauransu / runduna

Sunan kwamfuta, kamar yadda za'a gani akan cibiyar sadarwar gida:

cat / sauransu / sunan mai masauki

ó

grep 127.0.1.1 / sauransu / runduna

ó

amsa kuwwa $ HOSTNAME

Adireshin IP na gida na katunan cibiyar sadarwar da aka haɗa (taƙaitawa):

/ sbin / ifconfig | grep -i direc | grep -i bcast

idan tsarin yana cikin Turanci, yi amfani da:

/ sbin / ifconfig | grep -i addr | grep -i bcast

Adireshin IP na gida na katunan hanyar sadarwar da aka haɗa (daki-daki):

/ sbin / ifconfig

Adireshin IP na gida na katunan cibiyar sadarwa mara waya (taƙaitawa):

/ sbin / iwconfig | grep -i direc | grep -i bcast

idan tsarin yana cikin Turanci, yi amfani da:

/ sbin / iwconfig | grep -i addr | grep -i bcast

Adireshin IP na gida na katunan cibiyar sadarwa mara waya (daki-daki):

/ sbin / iwconfig

Nuna tebur mai kwatance:

hanyar sudo -n

Don bincika adireshin IP na jama'a (na waje):

kullin ip.appspot.com

Maimaitawa / sabunta tsarin

Duba abin da ke cikin fayil na Source.list, wanda ya ƙunshi adiresoshin wuraren ajiya:

/asa /etc/apt/sources.list

Video

Rubuta katunan bidiyo (PCI / PCIe):

lspci | ba grep -i vga

Don ƙayyade idan kwamfutar tana tallafawa haɓakar zane-zane, dole ne a shigar da kunshin kayan aikin mesa-utils. Wannan kunshin ya ƙunshi umarnin glxinfo:

glxinfo | grep - na bada

Don ƙididdige FPS (firam a dakika ɗaya), aiwatar da umarnin mai zuwa:

kashe lokaci 60 glxgears

Wanne zai nuna na dakika 60 (tare da taimakon umarnin lokaci-lokaci) karamin taga mai motsi na giya 3, yayin kuma a lokaci guda a cikin tagar taga za'a nuna matsakaitan darajojin kowane dakika (FPS, firam a dakika). ):

Misali na zane-zane na tsarin:

Fim 338 a cikin dakika 5.4 = 62.225 FPS
Fim 280 a cikin dakika 5.1 = 55.343 FPS
Fim 280 a cikin dakika 5.2 = 54.179 FPS
Fim 280 a cikin dakika 5.2 = 53.830 FPS
Fim 280 a cikin dakika 5.3 = 53.211 FPS
Fim 338 a cikin dakika 5.4 = 62.225 FPS
Fim 280 a cikin dakika 5.1 = 55.343 FPS
Fim 280 a cikin dakika 5.2 = 54.179 FPS
Fim 280 a cikin dakika 5.2 = 53.830 FPS
Fim 280 a cikin dakika 5.3 = 53.211 FPS

Misali na mafi kyawun zane akan wani tsarin:

Fim 2340 a cikin dakika 5.0 = 467.986 FPS
Fim 2400 a cikin dakika 5.0 = 479.886 FPS
Fim 2080 a cikin dakika 5.0 = 415.981 FPS
Fim 2142 a cikin dakika 5.0 = 428.346 FPS
Fim 2442 a cikin dakika 5.0 = 488.181 FPS
Fim 2295 a cikin dakika 5.0 = 458.847 FPS
Fim 2298 a cikin dakika 5.0 = 459.481 FPS
Fim 2416 a cikin dakika 5.0 = 483.141 FPS
Fim 2209 a cikin dakika 5.0 = 441.624 FPS
Fim 2437 a cikin dakika 5.0 = 487.332 FPS

Don nuna daidaitaccen sabar X (X Window System):

kasa /etc/X11/xorg.conf

Don nemo ƙuduri na yanzu (nisa x tsawo) da kuma share mita (MHz):

xrandr | gaisa '*'

Don sanin duk shawarwarin da tsarin yanzu yake tallafawa:

xrandr

Don nuna kyamaran yanar gizo (USB):

lsusb | kyamarar grep -i

Misali mai zuwa yana nuna sakamakon kyamaran gidan yanar gizo guda biyu da aka haɗa da wannan kwamfutar:

Bus 001 Na'ura 003: ID 0c45: 62c0 Microdia Sonix USB 2.0 Kamara
Bus 002 Na'ura 004: ID 0ac8: 3420 Z-Star Microelectronics Corp. Venus USB2.0 Kamara
An saka kyamaran yanar gizo a jere a jere akan / dev / hanyar:

Bus 001 -> / dev / bidiyo0
Bus 002 -> / dev / bidiyo1
Bus 003 -> / dev / bidiyo2
[…] Don bincika cewa an ɗora kamfunan yanar gizon a hanyar da ta dace:

ls / dev / bidiyo * -lh

audio

Rubuta kayan aikin sauti:

lspci | grep -i sauti

ó

sudo lshw | grep -i audio | samfurin mai
Lura: Ba a shigar da kunshin da ke sama ta tsohuwa ba, don haka ya zama dole a girka shi kafin amfani da shi.

Jera na'urorin sake kunnawa na sauti:

aplay -l | grep -i kati

idan tsarin yana cikin Turanci to ana amfani dashi:

aplay -l | grep -i kati

Rubuta dukkan matakan da tsarin ya ɗora, waɗanda na'urorin sauti zasu yi amfani da su:

lsmod | grep - i snd

Wadannan su ne gwaje-gwaje don tabbatarwa idan masu magana suna da alaƙa da kyau kuma an rarraba su. Ya kamata a kunna lasifikan kuma yayin gwajin ana iya daidaita ƙarar, igiyoyi, da shimfidawa. Kowane gwaji yana fitar da sauti a cikin sake zagayowar, kuma ana maimaita shi sau 2:

Idan tsarin sauti tashar 1 ce (monaural):

mai magana-gwajin -l 3 -t ba -c 1

Idan tsarin sauti 2-channel (sitiriyo):

mai magana-gwajin -l 3 -t ba -c 2

Idan tsarin sauti yana tashar 5.1 (kewaye):

mai magana-gwajin -l 3 -t ba -c 6

Rikodi (rajista)

Nuna layin 30 na ƙarshe na ajiyar kernel:

dmesg | wutsiya -30

Duba duk abin da ake ajiye kernel:

dmesg | Kadan

Rajistan ayyukan saba na X suna ba da bayanai mai amfani game da tsarin sabar yanzu, da kuma game da katin bidiyo:

cd / var / log / ls Xorg * -hl

wannan zai nuna duk fayilolin log daga uwar garken X, tare da fayil Xorg.0.log kasancewa mafi kwanan nan.

Don duba saƙonnin kuskure (kurakurai) da saƙonnin gargaɗi (gargaɗi):

grep -E "(WW) | (EE)" Xorg.0.log | grep -v ba a sani ba

Idan kana son ganin duk bayanan rajista:

ƙasa da Xorg.0.log

Idan kana son ganin abubuwan rikodin kafin na yanzu, kawai maye gurbin sunan fayil din Xorg.0.log da sunan fayil din da kake son dubawa.

Don duba rikodin taya, ya zama dole a kunna ta da farko. Bude fayil din / sauransu / tsoho / bootlogd kuma maye gurbin ƙimar a'a tare da ee, kamar haka:

# Gudun bootlogd a farawa? BOOTLOGD_ENABLE = eh

A lokacin farawa na gaba za'a samar da fayil / var / log / boot, wanda za'a iya yin bita a yanzu:

sudo kasa / var / log / boot

Ana iya kallon bayanan taya na baya tare da:

sudo ls / var / log / boot * -hl

kuma a nemi shawara kamar yadda aka nuna.

Don ganin wasu rajistan ayyukan: Mafi yawan rajistan ayyukan ana samun su a cikin / var / log / directory, da kuma a cikin ƙananan ƙananan hukumomi, saboda haka, kawai shigar da wannan kundin adireshin kuma yi jerin don sanin su:

cd / var / log / ls -hl

Sauran hanyoyin sanin tsarin

Kodayake akwai kayan aikin zane wanda ke ba mu damar sanin tsarin, yana yiwuwa yanayin zayyanan baya aiki, saboda haka amfani da tashar yana da mahimmanci. Wasu daga cikin shahararrun kayan aikin zane-zane sune hardinfo da sysinfo, kuma don girka su daga tashar, kawai gudu:

sudo basira shigar Hardinfo sysinfo
Lura: Hardinfo ya bayyana kamar Profiler System da Benchmark, kuma sysinfo ya bayyana kamar Sysinfo.

Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

61 comments, bar naka

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  1. Mai alhakin bayanan: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Dalilin bayanan: Gudanar da SPAM, gudanar da sharhi.
  3. Halacci: Yarda da yarda
  4. Sadarwar bayanan: Ba za a sanar da wasu bayanan ga wasu kamfanoni ba sai ta hanyar wajibcin doka.
  5. Ajiye bayanai: Bayanin yanar gizo wanda Occentus Networks (EU) suka dauki nauyi
  6. Hakkoki: A kowane lokaci zaka iyakance, dawo da share bayanan ka.

  1.   Daniyel mairo m

    kyakkyawan ra'ayi !!!
    Ina tsammanin zan ma sanya damuwa, zai zama kamar aikina don koyon yadda ake ci gaba don kayan aiki! 🙂

  2.   cuauhtemoc m

    da kyau kwarai, na asali ne amma suna da kyau

  3.   Rodrigo Quiroz m

    Masoyi, kyakkyawan labari, na gode sosai da kuka fadakar da ilimin ku !!!!!!!!

  4.   yayi hakuri m

    Ya daɗe sosai tun lokacin da na sami rubutu haka cikakke kuma an bayyana shi da irin wannan babban batun, kun sadaukar da lokacin shi. Madalla

  5.   Lito Baki m

    Eeiiiii. Na dade ina son abu kamar haka.

    Gode.

    1.    KZKG ^ Gaara m

      Na daɗe ina so in rubuta duk abin da na yi a kan sabobin DesdeLinux, amma abin takaici lokacin hutu na ba shi da yawa.
      Godiya ga sharhi 🙂

  6.   Nicolas Cerda ne adam wata m

    Kyakkyawan jagora, ya fitar da ni daga matsala.

  7.   Angel m

    Ba ni da sauti a cikin Ubuntu 12.04, Na sabunta abin da na sani kuma yanzu na sami allon da ke tambayata don sunan mai amfani da kalmar wucewa (ya zuwa yanzu yana da kyau) Amma sai ci gaba da wannan tambayar: sunan samfurin tsarin: ~ $
    kuma a nan ban san abin da zan saka ba, tare da abin da wannan rubutun ya ce zan yi ƙoƙarin ci gaba, godiya

    1.    jostin m

      Idan sauti ba ya aiki a gare ku, gwada wannan umarnin:
      systemctl –user yana kunna pulseaudio && systemctl –user farawa pulseaudio
      Da wannan matsalarku ya kamata ta ɓace. Lokacin da na girka kali linux abu daya ya same ni kuma da wannan umarnin tuni na sami sauti.

  8.   Marko m

    kyakkyawan shafin yanar gizo ¡¡¡¡¡ tabbas linuxx yayi kyau …………… ..

  9.   Marko m

    ............ ..

  10.   Alfonso m

    Godiya mai yawa! Ina farin ciki da cewa akwai mutane irinku wadanda suke shirye su taimaki wasu da kuma kin son kai, tsarin mulki da kuma tsarin jari hujja, don kawai amfani da Linux. Mu al'umma ne, kuma kamar kowa muna neman yanci. Wannan shine dalilin da yasa muke amfani da Linux. 🙂 Uaunar Unix!

    1.    bari muyi amfani da Linux m

      Marabanku! Rungume! Bulus.

  11.   Buddha Siddhartha m

    An bar yin sharhi cewa asalin wannan labarin an buga shi akan kubuntu-es.org a cikin Mayu 2009:

    http://siddharta.kubuntu-es.org/5214/como-conocer-sistema-comandos-obtener-informacion-que-permita-diagnosticar-pr

    http://www.kubuntu-es.org/wiki/comenzando/howto-conociendo-sistema-o-como-cumplir-punto-6-normas-foro

    kuma daga baya aka sake buga shi a esdebian.org a watan Nuwamba 2010:

    http://www.esdebian.org/wiki/comandos-conocer-sistema-identificar-hardware-algunas-configuraciones-software

    Tabbas, kawai ta hanyar buga wani abu a Intanet ana fahimtar cewa don amfanin ka ne; Ina kawai cewa ya zama dole don nuna asalin asalin wannan littafin.

    Na gode,
    Sidd

    1.    kari m

      Sannu Siddharta, Na tuna da kai daga esDebian 😉

      An buga wannan labarin sama da shekara guda da ta gabata akan UsemosLinux lokacin da aka shirya shi akan BlogSpot. Pablo ba ma mawallafinsa ba ne, amma haɗin gwiwar wani ne. Koyaya, kuna da gaskiya, kuma za mu sanya tushen a cikin labarin DagaLinux.

      Godiya da tsayawa ta

      1.    rolo m

        «… D4ny R3y na ɗaya daga cikin waɗanda suka yi nasara a gasarmu ta mako-mako:" Raba abin da kuka sani game da Linux ". Barka da Dany!… »
        hahaha mutumin ya sami lamba don yin popy & manna haha
        ambatar asalin shine lokacin da mutum ya ɗauki wani abu daga labarin amma wannan kwafin magana ne. Na tuna wata fasaha. na huayra wanda suka share saboda kasancewa kwafi, ba da dadewa ba

    2.    bari muyi amfani da Linux m

      Yi haƙuri game da hakan ... an riga an gyara shi. Kamar yadda elav ya fada, mai karatu wanda ya raba labarai bai fadi asalinsa ba, don haka muka zaci asalinta ne.
      Rungume! Bulus.

    3.    Robert m

      Kuma ya kamata a lura cewa ya fito ne daga littafin Linux wanda marubucin Linux ya kirkira lokacin da ya kwafe shi daga unix.

  12.   Buddha Siddhartha m

    @elav: hey, har yaushe! Ina farin cikin ganinku a waɗannan ɓangarorin. Zan yi ƙoƙari in kama sabbin hanyoyinku, kuma na tabbata zan sami abubuwa masu ban sha'awa da amfani anan 🙂

    @Pablo: Ina neman afuwa, saboda duk irin tsananin binciken da nayi, ban samu wani abin nuni ga marubucin ba sai ambaton ku, kuma a dalilin haka ne na yi tsokaci a esdebian.org cewa tabbas rashin kuskure ne. Runguma mai amfani 🙂

    Sidd

  13.   Javier m

    Labari cikakke.

  14.   Pablo m

    Kyakkyawan bayani gaba ɗaya ...
    Kyakkyawan matsayi.
    Ina kuma son guda ɗaya don masu gudanarwa na cibiyar sadarwa, duba tsarin tsarin, ga injina tare da ƙwayoyin cuta na cibiyar sadarwa, yiwuwar kai hari, da dai sauransu

  15.   Angel m

    Lokacin fara kubuntu 13.04 bayan shigar da kalmar wucewa, allon yana duhu. Amma idan na shiga zaman bako, a'a. Ban san abin da zan yi ba.
    Gaisuwa. Mala'ika

    1.    bari muyi amfani da Linux m

      Sannu Mala'ika! Gaskiyar ita ce ban san abin da zai iya faruwa ba. Na tuba.

  16.   Diego Olivares mai sanya hoto m

    Godiya sosai! ya yi amfani sosai.

  17.   Pablo Ivan Correa ne adam wata m

    Mahimmanci, ga duk wani mai amfani da yake son sanin yadda # Linux da #Pc ɗin sa suke aiki

  18.   Fabio Isa m

    Waɗannan koyarwar don ƙwarewa kamar ni suna da kyau. cikakken bayani kuma mai fahimta sosai. na gode

  19.   Fabiola m

    Hello.
    Ina da Squid kuma ina bukatar in sanya shi ya turo min jadawalin SARG a kowace awa, yana bincike na gano cewa mai yiwuwa ne tare da umarnin "crontab", amma gaskiya ban fahimta sosai ba.

    gaisuwa

  20.   daxwert m

    Godiya ga wannan bayanin, an gama shi sosai.

  21.   nahu m

    Kyakkyawan matsayi! Godiya mai yawa!

  22.   gabandyle m

    Godiya ga duk wadannan bayanan.Abinda yake da wuya shine ya kasance duka a cikin kai, akwai umarni da yawa, amma menene babban jagora.GNU / Linux suna bamu sosai… ..

  23.   germain m

    Na gode sosai, ya taimaka min don ƙarin koyo game da injina da abin da na girka.

  24.   Larry diaz m

    Ba na rubuta tsokaci ba, amma wannan bayanin ya dace da shi. Na gode, ya taimaka min kar na kwance CPU dina, wani tsohon inji ne da PCChips p21 board wanda ke gudanar da xubuntu.

    1.    bari muyi amfani da Linux m

      Sannu da zuwa, mutum! Na aiko muku da runguma kuma na gode da barin bayaninku.
      Bulus.

  25.   Sonia m

    Shin wannan daidai ne :::

    Yadda ake bincika / tmp ga duk fayiloli dauke da sunan
    JOSUE a duk ƙananan ƙananan hukumomi kuma faɗi waɗanda suka ƙunshi
    Kirtani Mafi Girma

    nemo /tmp.* –sunawa JOSUE –L

  26.   Sonia m

    4.- Kashe duk matakan Nano, ko wanda ke dauke da kalmar nano,
    Hakanan kawai ganin hanyoyin aiwatar da ericssondb webservice kamar wannan
    kuna iya tabbatar da cewa tsarin sabis ɗin yanar gizo ko kowane tsari shine
    yana gudana, a cikin fitarwa zaku ga lokaci, da ƙarin cikakkun bayanai

    killoall Nano
    ps | gaisuwa mai girma
    ps | gaishe nano
    shin daidai ne ??????

  27.   ku 20u m

    kyau sosai

  28.   Erwin Giraldo m

    Kyakkyawan kwatancen, godiya don raba iliminku.

    Ci gaba da rabawa, a ina kuma kuke da rubutu? A YouTube?

    Ina so in kafa sabar Zentyal, kun san wani abu?

    Gaisuwa, Colombia-Bogota

  29.   Juan Cuevas-Moreno m

    Godiya ga bayanin, a gare ni cewa ina so in koya game da wannan babban tsarin aiki kuma ina bayyana kaina jahilai ta fuskoki da yawa babban taimako ne.

  30.   Jaime m

    Madalla, koyawa irin wannan sune waɗanda suke taimaka mana fahimtar da sanin abin da muke da shi a gabanmu.
    Kun yi aiki da shi sosai.
    Na gode kwarai da gaske, kun sami mabiya.

    1.    bari muyi amfani da Linux m

      Godiya, Jaime! runguma! Bulus.

  31.   Malam Zomo m

    Wannan tambaya ce daga cikakken mai farawa:
    Da wane umurni ake farawa?

    1.    bari muyi amfani da Linux m

      Yadda ake shiga cikin tashar tare da gatan mai gudanarwa? Da sauki.
      Kuna iya gudu

      su -

      Ko, idan kun daidaita sudo, kuna iya aiwatar da kowane umarni kai tsaye tare da gatan mai gudanarwa ta amfani da "sudo" a gaba. Misali:

      sudo Firefox

  32.   Miguel m

    Za a iya haɗa wasu umarni don sanin abin da manajan taga muke da shi? akwatin buɗe akwatin lxde da duk wancan ɓangaren. godiya.

  33.   Tomas Ramirez ne adam wata m

    Kyakkyawan gudummawa ɗan'uwa

    1.    bari muyi amfani da Linux m

      Marabanku! Rungume!
      Pablo

  34.   Hoover Greenfield m

    Ina matukar godiya ga abokina don lodawa da raba wannan babban aiki.

    Ni sabo ne ga Ubuntu, kuma ina so in koya game da wannan tsarin aiki mai ƙarfi.

    Ina son yin aiki a kan na'ura mai kwakwalwa.

  35.   Marcelo KAZANDJIAN m

    Kyakkyawan taƙaitaccen taƙaitaccen umarni masu fa'ida kuma koyaushe muna barin su asara cikin fayiloli dubu da yawa kuma cewa lokacin da muke buƙatar su dole ne mu google don tuna su.
    Madalla da A ++

  36.   tsarin m

    Ina matukar son wannan mai sauki amma cikakke post.

  37.   Diego m

    Kyakkyawan bayani, na gode. Ara zuwa masu so!

  38.   Oscar Ramirez m

    Ya ku abokai Openuse:
    Ina buƙatar taimakon ku, ina gaya muku cewa ni sabon abu ne ga wannan tsarin aikin kuma na sami matsaloli biyu don samun kwamfutar zuwa iyakar, halayen kayan aikin sune masu zuwa:
    Alamar: Toshiba
    Mai sarrafawa: Ingantaccen Intel (R) CPU T1350 @ 1.86GHz
    Gine-gine: 32 kaɗan
    Rarraba:
    ID mai rarrabawa: budeSUSE aikin
    Bayani: budeSUSE 13.2 (Harlequin) (i586)
    Codename: Harlequin

    Ina da yanar gizo ta wayar hannu ta Huawei, matsalar ita ce ta gano ni a matsayin USB ba kamar intanet na hannu ba kuma har zuwa yanzu ban samu damar girke ta ba, zan ji dadin taimakon ku, ta yadda USB din na da wasu fayiloli da za su girka amma ban iya tafiyar da su ba kuma ya bani sakon: «An sami matsala wajen gudanar da wannan shirin. Ba za a iya samun shirin ba », kuma ba zan iya gaya musu wane samfurin USB nake da shi ba saboda ban san yadda ake yin sa ba.
    Na gode a gaba

    1.    bari muyi amfani da Linux m

      Barka dai! Da farko dai, kuyi hakuri da jinkirin amsawa.
      Ina ba ku shawarar ku yi amfani da sabis ɗinmu na Tambaya Daga Linux (http://ask.desdelinux.net) don aiwatar da irin wannan shawara. Ta hakan zaka iya samun taimakon dukkan al'umma.
      Rungumewa! Bulus

  39.   raul m

    Godiya ga bayanin, yana da matukar amfani a gare ni in san lambar serial ɗin tun lokacin da wani shirin exe wanda ke gudana a cikin ruwan inabi ya tambaye ni kuma branchan reshen blog ɗin ya ɗaure ni. Salu2 daga Ajantina

    1.    bari muyi amfani da Linux m

      Marabanku!
      Runguma, Pablo.

  40.   Danny m

    Da fatan za a ƙara umarni mai zuwa zuwa ga Memory Mem na RAM saboda yana nuna nau'in memorin DDR shi ne, mitocinsa da wadatar bankuna (ramummuka), waɗanda ake amfani da su yayin canzawa ko ƙara katin ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya:
    dmidecode - lamba 17
    Gaisuwa da kyakkyawan matsayi. Ya kasance da amfani a gare ni.
    Gracias!

  41.   Tsakar gida0 m

    Ban taɓa yin sharhi ba a cikin shekaru uku da na san su ba, amma a wannan lokacin na yi shi don in gode wa waɗannan abubuwan da aka shigar, sun kasance daga 2012 da 2016 sun yi mini hidimomi da yawa.
    Gode.

  42.   rafael m

    Na gode kwarai da gaske, kwarai da gaske, wadannan umarni ne wadanda ba a amfani dasu a kullun, wannan yana da amfani a kiyaye shi sosai saboda suna da saukin mantawa

  43.   Ignacio m

    Na gode da yawa da kyau bayanai

  44.   babban banki m

    Na gode sosai don raba ilimin

  45.   me ya faru da Lupita m

    Kuna iya canza bayanin masana'antun, lambar serial da samfurin
    kamar don ɓoye bayanin, lokacin da kuka haɗu da mai jujjuyawar fiber optic don yin gwaje-gwaje kai tsaye zuwa mahaɗin ku, thep isp ya san wane iri da wane samfurin da aka haɗa kuma yana da duk bayanan kayan aikin
    Kuma ni mahaukacin tsaro ne (mabuɗin maballin bios na grub disk ɓoyayye tare da maɓallin keɓaɓɓen sa. 28 gyara da aka yi, kuma an sake gyara sakan 70 kuma mafi maɓallin gida) Ina cikin damuwa cewa wani ya san yadda ake gyara gaisuwa ta bayanin masu sana'anta godiya

  46.   Carlos Zarzalejo Escobar m

    Ina so a sanar da ni.

  47.   Martin m

    MAI KYAUTA, na gode sosai, hakika ya taimaka min sosai, Ina so in sami ilimin na’ura mai kwakwalwa don taimakawa mutane ta wannan hanyar.