Multimedia Server: Ƙirƙiri mai sauƙi a cikin GNU / Linux ta amfani da MiniDLNA

Multimedia Server: Ƙirƙiri mai sauƙi a cikin GNU / Linux ta amfani da MiniDLNA

Multimedia Server: Ƙirƙiri mai sauƙi a cikin GNU / Linux ta amfani da MiniDLNA

A yau, za mu bincika yadda ake ƙirƙirar ƙarami "Multimedia Server" home ta amfani da fasaha mai sauƙi kuma sananne da ake kira DLNA. Acronyms wanda yayi daidai da "Digital Living Network Alliance", wanda aka fassara zuwa yaren Spanish "Haɗin kai don Rayuwar Dijital ta Sadarwar Sadarwa".

Kuma don wannan za mu yi amfani da ƙaramin kuma sanannen aikace -aikacen tashar da ake kira MiniDLNA. Wanne yana samuwa a kusan duk wuraren ajiyar kayan GNU / Linux Distros mafi sani da amfani. Kuma don duba abun ciki daga wasu na'urorin cibiyar sadarwa, tebur ko wayoyin tafi-da-gidanka, za mu yi amfani da sanannen aikace-aikacen multimedia da ake amfani da shi da ake kira VLC.

Yawo akan Linux ta amfani da DLNA

Yawo akan Linux ta amfani da DLNA

Kuma kamar yadda aka saba, kafin mu shiga cikin maudu'in yau za mu bar wa masu sha'awar bincika wasu sabbin abubuwan da suka gabata posts masu alaƙa tare da taken Sabis na Multimedia y DLNA, hanyoyin masu zuwa zuwa gare su. Don su iya danna sauri idan ya cancanta, bayan kammala karatun wannan littafin:

"DLNA (Digital Living Network Alliance) ƙungiya ce ta na'urorin lantarki da masana'antun kwamfuta waɗanda suka amince da ƙirƙirar nau'in daidaitaccen daidaitacce don duk tsarin su. DLNA tana ba da damar na'urori daban -daban waɗanda ke iya kasancewa a cikin cibiyar sadarwa ɗaya don haɗawa da juna don raba abun ciki daban -daban. Fa'idar da zata iya bayarwa ita ce daidaitawa mai sauƙi da fa'idarsa. Wannan tsarin na iya aiki akan cibiyoyin sadarwar Wi-fi da Ethernet." Yawo akan Linux ta amfani da DLNA

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Sabis na Multimedia: MiniDLNA + VLC

Sabis na Multimedia: MiniDLNA + VLC

Menene Media Server?

Un "Multimedia Server" ba komai bane illa na'urar cibiyar sadarwa inda ake adana fayilolin multimedia. Wannan na’urar na iya kasancewa daga Ƙarfi Mai ƙarfi ko tebur mai sauƙi ko kwamfutar tafi -da -gidanka. Hakanan yana iya zama tuƙin NAS (Drives Storage Drives) ko wani na'urar ajiya mai jituwa.

Yana da mahimmanci a tuna cewa don a Na'urar sake kunnawa iya sadarwa tare da a "Multimedia Server", a al'ada dole ne ya dace da ɗayan ƙa'idodi biyu na yanzu.

Daya shine DLNA, wanda ke tabbatar da cewa na'urorin sadarwar gida za su iya sadarwa da raba abun cikin multimedia. Kuma ɗayan shine UPnP (Toshe na Duniya da Kunna), wanda shine madaidaicin hanyar raba madaidaiciya tsakanin sabar watsa labarai da na'urar sake kunnawa mai jituwa. Hakanan, DLNA ya haɓaka UPnP kuma ya fi dacewa da sauƙin amfani.

Menene MiniDLNA?

A cewar Yanar gizon MiniDLNA, ya bayyana aikace -aikacen kamar haka:

"MiniDLNA (wanda a yanzu ake kira ReadyMedia) software ce mai sauƙin watsa labaru mai sauƙi, wacce ke da niyyar zama cikakkiyar jituwa tare da abokan cinikin DLNA / UPnP-AV na yanzu. Wani ma'aikacin NETGEAR ne ya haɓaka shi don layin samfurin ReadyNAS.

Yadda za a shigar da daidaita MiniDLNA?

Kunshin dauke da MiniDLNA da ake kira a kusan duk wuraren ajiya "Minidlna", saboda haka, kawai zaɓi kuma amfani da Manajan kunshin GUI / CLI fi son shigar da kunna shi kamar yadda aka saba. Misali:

sudo apt install minidlna
sudo service minidlna start
sudo service minidlna status

Da zarar an shigar, kawai abin da ya kamata a yi umarni umarni da ƙananan canje -canje a cikin ku fayil din daidaitawa da gudu daga baya domin kowane Kwamfuta tare da GNU / Linux zama karami da sauki "Multimedia Server":

  • Gudu
sudo nano /etc/minidlna.conf
  • Yi waɗannan canje -canje. A halin da nake ciki na yi waɗannan:

Sanya hanyoyin abun ciki na kafofin watsa labarai / manyan fayiloli

media_dir=A,/home/sysadmin/fileserverdlna/music
media_dir=P,/home/sysadmin/fileserverdlna/pictures
media_dir=V,/home/sysadmin/fileserverdlna/videos
media_dir=PV,/home/sysadmin/fileserverdlna/camera

Kunna hanyar Adana Bayanan DLNA

db_dir=/var/cache/minidlna

Kunna hanyar rajistan ayyukan rajistan ayyukan (rikodin)

log_dir=/var/log/minidlna

Tabbatar / Ba da damar tashar jiragen ruwa da aka sanya don yarjejeniyar DLNA

port=8200

Saita sunan Server Media Media

friendly_name=MediaServerMilagrOS

Kunna gano atomatik na sabbin fayiloli a cikin hanyoyin abun ciki na kafofin watsa labarai / manyan fayiloli

inotify=yes

Saita tazarar sanarwar SSDP, cikin daƙiƙa

notify_interval=30

Ajiye canje -canje kuma sake kunna MiniDLNA Media Server

sudo service minidlna restart

Sabis na Multimedia: MiniDLNA

A cikin gida yana inganta aikin Multimedia Server tare da mai binciken gidan yanar gizo ta amfani da URL

http://localhost:8200/

Yanzu ya rage kawai, kwafe fayilolin multimedia a cikin hanyoyin da aka saita / manyan fayiloli. Kuma idan komai ya tafi daidai, za a gan su a cikin gida ta hanyar masarrafar gidan yanar sadarwar da aka yi amfani da ita.

Sarrafa abun ciki DLNA / UPnP-AV tare da VLC daga Android

Sarrafa abun ciki DLNA / UPnP-AV tare da VLC daga Android

Daga yanzu, misali, a kan a Wayar hannu ta Android da gudanar da VLC app, zai nuna bayan fewan daƙiƙa kaɗan a ɓangaren da ake kira "Cibiyar sadarwa ta gida" sunan namu "Multimedia Server". Kuma zamu iya bincika hanyoyin da aka saita / manyan fayiloli kuma kunna abun cikin multimedia da aka shirya.

Takaitawa: Litattafai daban-daban

Tsaya

A takaice, yi amfani da DLNA / UPnP-AV fasaha ta hanyar app MiniDLNA don gina sauki da amfani "Multimedia Server" gida shine madaidaicin madadin don samun sauƙin shiga da more rayuwa gwargwadon iko labarai da yawa cewa mun mallaka. Wato zuwa ga rumbun ajiyar mu na sauti / sauti, bidiyo / fina -finai da hotuna / hotuna da za mu iya samu a cikin gida mai sauƙi ko kwamfutar ofis don rabawa tare da wasu da yardar kaina kuma ba tare da babban ma'auni ko rikitarwa ba.

Muna fatan wannan littafin zai zama mai matukar amfani ga baki daya «Comunidad de Software Libre y Código Abierto» da kuma babbar gudummawa ga haɓakawa, haɓakawa da yaduwar yanayin ƙasa na aikace-aikacen da ake dasu don «GNU/Linux». Kuma kada ku daina raba shi da wasu, a kan rukunin yanar gizon da kuka fi so, tashoshi, ƙungiyoyi ko al'ummomin hanyoyin sadarwar jama'a ko tsarin aika saƙon. A ƙarshe, ziyarci gidan mu na farko a «DagaLinux» don bincika ƙarin labarai, da shiga tashar tashar mu ta hukuma Sakon waya daga FromLinux.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1.   Hernan m

    Sannu, Ina bukatan yin tambaya. Na fara uwar garken, amma ba zan iya saita hanyoyin da nake da fayilolin multimedia ba.
    Canja hanyoyin kamar yadda aka bayyana a sama, amma yana bani kuskure kamar "directory not accessible". Me zan iya yi ba daidai ba? Na yaba da amsar.
    A ƙasa na kwafi abin da yake bani azaman fitarwa lokacin da na duba matsayin uwar garken:

    Nov 17 20:58:49 friendly_name systemd [1]: Fara LSB: uwar garken minidlna…
    Nov 17 20:58:49 friendly_name systemd minidlna [6081]: [2021/11/17 20:58:49] minidlna.c: 631: kuskure: Media directory "A, / media / **** / Music /" ba za a iya samu ba [An hana izini]
    Nov 17 20:58:49 friendly_name systemd minidlna [6081]: [2021/11/17 20:58:49] minidlna.c: 631: kuskure: Media directory "P, / media / **** / Images /" ba za a iya samu ba [An hana izini]
    Nov 17 20:58:49 friendly_name systemd minidlna [6081]: [2021/11/17 20:58:49] minidlna.c: 631: kuskure: Media directory "A, / media / **** / Videos /" ba za a iya samu ba [An hana izini]
    Nov 17 20:58:49 herchez-Inspiron-1440 tsarin [1]: Fara LSB: uwar garken minidlna.

    1.    Linux Post Shigar m

      Gaisuwa, Hernan. Da ɗauka cewa kun yi komai daidai daidai, kuna iya ba da umarni "chmod 777 -R / paths / folders" zuwa manyan fayilolin da kuka nufa don ganin ko hakan yana gyara matsalar rashin shiga.