Wasu karin bayanai akan Fluxbox

Ksananan tebura koyaushe sun fi ɗauke hankalina, kuma nakan yi amfani da damar, bayan karanta wasu sakonni ta hanyar Fluxbox y Openbox, yi wasu ƙarin maganganu, haɓaka ilimin tattara wannan rukunin yanar gizon ...

Karatu / bincika yanar gizo, na dan jima ina yin bayanin bayanin abubuwan daidaitawa da sauran dabaru na hannu na farko idan ya kasance ga samun aiki, kyakkyawa da kuma amfani mai amfani da tebur, a tsakanin sauran abubuwan da nake bukata. A yau, Na samar da hatsi na yashi ga masu karatu xD.

An fara

Note: An ba da shawarar karantawa littafin na Fluxbox.

Bayan ka girka Fluxbox, a cikin mu home za a ƙirƙiri babban fayil da aka ɓoye da ake kira akwatin ruwa wanda zamu samu dama daga burauzar fayil PCManFM ko daga tashar, kamar yadda mai amfani ya fi so.

A can za mu ga jerin fayiloli:

  • menu
  • init
  • keys
  • apps
  • jerin kananan abubuwa
  • fbrun-tarihi

Waɗannan su ne fayilolin sanyi, wanda, kamar yawancin fayilolin sanyi akan tsarin GNU / LinuxAn rubuta su cikin bayyanannen rubutu, wanda ke sauƙaƙa sauƙin canza su.

Note: Ina ba da shawarar amfani da, a maimakon sarari, jin daɗin shafin yayin gyaran kowane ɗayan waɗannan fayilolin, don haka ba za ku ɓace ba yayin gyaggyarawa / sabunta kowane tsari na baya kuma kun san wanene ɓangaren iyaye da ɓangaren yaro idan ana buƙata. .

Bari mu fara da keys, ko fayil ɗin da ke sarrafa gajerun hanyoyin keyboard. Lura wani abu kafin ka fara:

Sarrafa: Maballin Ctrl
Mod 1: Alt key
Canji: Maɓallin sauyawa
Mod 4: Maballin Windows

Theara mai zuwa zuwa ƙarshen fayil ɗin:

Mod4 r:ExecCommand fbrun
Mod4 e:ExecCommand pcmanfm
Mod1 Control t:Zartarwar umarni xterm

Me nayi? Mai sauqi ne, Na kirkira gajerun hanyoyi guda uku, wanda biyu daga cikinsu da yawa daga cikinmu suka sani: Gudu mabuɗin Windows + r da mai binciken fayil Windows maballin + e; a wurinmu, fbrun da PCManFM, kuma tare da Control + ALT + t zamu aiwatar da xterm. Ba lallai ba ne a faɗi, za ku iya canza ɗayan waɗannan aikace-aikacen don abin da kuka fi so a cikin kowane aiki.

Shi ke nan a yanzu, muna adana canje-canje. Amma ta yaya za ku gwada cewa daidaitawar ke aiki? Tare da danna dama akan tebur muna aiwatar Sake kunnawa kuma Fluxbox sake sake dukan yanayin ta hanyar karantawa da aiwatar da canje-canje da aka yi wa fayilolin sanyi.

A menu

Yanzu, zamu je menu, wanda ke da tsari kama da wannan:

juzu'i

Inda, tsakanin sashin baka, farkon menu, ƙaramin menu, da ƙarshen duka biyun. A cikin parentheses "()" sunayen aikace-aikacen, a cikin takalmin gyaran kafa "{}" adireshin wanda za'a iya aiwatarwa kuma tsakanin alamun "mafi girma" da "ƙasa da", "<>", sune alamun aikace-aikacen, misali :

[exec] (Opera) {/usr/bin/opera}

Za'a iya daidaita menu ɗin don bukatunku, kuma ku a matsayin mai amfani za ku iya canza shi yadda kuke so, koyaushe kuna girmama tsarin amfani da tsari na sigogi.

A lura da 2: A cikin gumakan zaku iya amfani da hotunan XMP da PNG, kodayake akwai shafukan da ke ba da shawarar amfani da XMP saboda sauƙin sa kuma hakan Fluxbox tana da bayanan XMP na ciki, yayin da PNGs ke cinye ɗan albarkatun, tunda sun dogara da ɗakunan karatu na waje waɗanda dole ne a ɗora su duk lokacin da aka aiwatar da menu.

Yanzu, tip da na samu mai ban sha'awa shine gaskiyar cewa Fluxbox kuna iya gudanar da karamin menu tare da aikace-aikacen da kuka fi so kawai da hannun farko, yaya kuke yi? Bari mu gani:

A cikin babban fayil dinka Fluxbox ƙirƙiri fayil ɗin rubutu da ake kira fawapps (~/.fluxbox/favapps), kuma a ciki sanya aikace-aikacen da kuka fi so kamar wasan bidiyo, Firefox, Pidgin, GIMP, PCManFM y Thunderbird, da sauransu. Dangane da ma'anar abin da aka bayyana a sama a cikin ƙirƙirar menu muna rubuta masu biyowa a ciki fawapps:

[begin] (Favoritos)

-> [exec] (Xterm) {xterm}

-> [exec] (WallpprChange) {nitrogen /home/usuario/.wallpapers}

-> [exec] (PCManFM) & 123; pcmanfm}

-> [exec] & 40; Firefox) {Firefox}

-> [exec] (Gimp) {gimp-2.4}

-> [exec] (Thunderbird)
& 123; tsawa

-> [exec] (gFTP) {gftp}

[karshen]

Mun adana kuma mun shirya, yanzu mun tafi fayil keys kuma mun ƙara gajerar hanya don sabon menu:

Mod4 mouse2 :CustomMenu ~/.fluxbox/favapps

Ya rage kawai don sake farawa Fluxbox sab thatda haka, za a yi amfani da sanyi da kuma voila, za mu sami menu a yayin aiwatar da maɓallin Windows + danna maɓallin na biyu.

Fuskar bangon waya

Amfani da nitrogen (apt-get install nitrogen[), duka a ciki Fluxboxkamar yadda a cikin Openbox Zamu iya saita babban fayil don zaban bayanan tebur, daga baya kuma a cikin fayil ɗin farawa (~/fluxbox/startup); ko autostart.sh (~/.config/openbox/autostart.sh); daidai da haka, za mu rubuta kira zuwa nitrogen don ya tuna da fuskar bangon waya da muka zaɓa a cikin hanyar shiga (nitrogen --restore &).

Tabbed taken ko Appungiyar App

Kamar yadda epigraph ya ce, Fluxbox ba ka damar tara aikace-aikace da yawa zuwa daya, ba ka damar zabi tsakanin su da dannawa daya a kan sandar take.

Lura 3: Yi kokarin amfani da aikace-aikace masu kamanceceniya saboda Fluxbox zai sake girman girman aikace-aikace na 2 da muke gudu zuwa girman taga da muka riga mun bude.

Yaya za ayi? Mai sauki. Akwai hanyoyi 2, daya doguwa ɗayan kuma gajere, amma kar ku damu, zan yi bayanin duka kuma ku, ƙaunataccen mai karatu na, zaɓi zaɓi mafi kyau kuma mafi dacewa da ƙaunarku: D

Doguwar hanya:

Kuna buƙatar shigar da kayan aikin xprop wanda ya zo a cikin kunshin x11-utils. Wanne zai gaya mana kadarorin [siga WM_CLASS (STRING)] na aikace-aikacen da muke buƙatar haɗawa.

Misali, Ina bukatan rukuni PCManFM, mai binciken fayil da GPicView, mai kallon hoto, domin alokacin dana bude hoto, GPicView tare da hoton a cikin taga iri daya da PCManFM kuma ta kawai danna maɓallin taken za mu dawo zuwa PCManFM.

Yanzu dole ne mu gudu PCManFM, saboda wannan zamu bude tashar kuma aiwatar da umarnin: xprop, Muna iya ganin cewa siginan linzamin kwamfuta zai canza fasali kuma yanzu zai zama giciye, da zarar an ga canjin, danna kan tagar PCManFM. Muna iya ganin cewa tashar za ta nuna mana wasu bayanai, bari mu ce wani abu makamancin 'log', na duk abin da aka nuna abin da yake da mahimmanci shi ne abin da aka nuna da karfi, kuma a bayyane ...: na bayanan da aka nuna a cikin taga na tashar, koyaushe dole ne mu kiyaye ƙimar da ke cikin ƙarfin hali.

ET_WM_SYNC_REQUEST
WM_CLASS (STRING) = «pcmanfm«,« Pcmanfm »
WM_ICON_NAME (STRING) = "a_gina"

Muna buɗe editan rubutu kuma ƙara abin da yake a sarari. Sai mu gudu GPicView kuma tare da xprop muna aiwatar da tsari iri ɗaya tare da gicciye saman kan taga na GPicViewDaga bayanan da aka nuna an bar mu tare da abin da yake a sarari.

ET_WM_SYNC_REQUEST
WM_CLASS (STRING) = «picview«,« Gpicview »
WM_ICON_NAME (STRING) = "Mai kallon hoto"

Sannan muna ƙirƙirar fayil ɗin rubutu tare da ƙimomin duka:

pcmanfm gpicview

Kuma mun adana shi da suna kungiyoyin a cikin kundin bayanan mu na sirri: ~ / .fluxbox, kuma zamu ci gaba don bincika cewa akwai nuni a cikin fayil ~ / .fluxbox / init ... kuma, idan babu shi, za mu ƙirƙira shi da layi mai zuwa:

session.groupFile: ~/.fluxbox/groups

Yanzu kafin mu ci gaba, bari mu sake yi Fluxbox daga menu kuma muna bincika cewa rukunin atomatik yana aiki kamar yadda yakamata, don wannan zamu fara ƙaddamarwa PCManFM kuma idan muka ninka hoto sau biyu (Note: Dole ne mu saita GPicView azaman tsoho mai kallon hoto), na karshen zai fara nuna mana wannan hoton a daidai PCManFM cewa muna da a gabanmu. Zamu iya canzawa tsakanin aikace-aikace daya zuwa wani ta danna taken tagar kowane daya.

Idan kanaso ka kara wasu aikace-aikace a wannan kungiyar ko kuma ka kirkiro wasu rukuni, haka kuma idan kawai kana son tagogin aikace-aikace daya bude a taga daya, zaka iya yin hakan ta hanyar bin wannan hanyar. Kowane layi na fayil ɗin ~ / .fluxbox / ƙungiyoyi ya haɗa rukuni na atomatik na windows, koyaushe yana tuna cewa aikace-aikace sun rabu da wurare. Shirya! xD.

Short hanya:

Abinda ya rage a wannan hanyar shine lokacin da kuka sake farawa zaman sai ku rasa rukunin taga, don haka ku mutane kun san xD.

Muna buɗe aikace-aikace da yawa, muna ci gaba a cikin misalin da ya gabata. Mun bude PCManFM y GPicView, to, ta hanyar latsawa tare da maɓallin linzamin kwamfuta da kuma riƙe shi a matse kan sandar take na PCManFM, mun ja tagar GPicView har zuwa taken taken na GPicView kuma saki danna tare da dabaran, ta atomatik aikata wannan za'a ƙara PCManFM zuwa taga na GPicView, kawai an rarrabasu da gumakan su da taken su.

Wannan hanyar tana aiki ne duka don hada windows da kuma hada wadanda kuka riga kun hada ...

Don haka tare da detailsan bayanai kaɗan kuma ba tare da rubutu kamar yadda mutumin yake a ƙasa ba ...

Buga daga ƙasa xD

Suna iya samun amfani mai amfani, wanda aka keɓance, mai sauƙi da ƙaramin tsarin ...

Kuma gama

Ina ba da shawara ga kayan masarufi / jigogi / takaddun da za su iya zama masu amfani yayin daidaita tebur ɗinku Fluxbox.

Masu amfani

Takardun

Jigogi

Saboda korafi mun gyara wani ɓangare na wannan labarin, kuma mun cire haɗin haɗin biyu a ƙarshen. Ga duk wani korafi ko shawara, tuntuɓi KZKG ^ Gaara

Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1.   martin m

    Ina kuma son kananan tebur na tebur duk da cewa ta wannan hanyar na fi son yin abu kamar Awesome ko dwm, abin da ba na so kwata-kwata game da * kwalaye shi ne cewa suna yin amfani da linzamin kwamfuta, danna dama da menu na gida ... ya yi kyau Na yi amfani da wani abu mai kama da madadin harsashi a cikin Windows 3.1 amma gaskiyar ita ce suna da matukar damuwa ...
    A gefe guda, ya danganta da yadda muke saita su, GNOME Shell da KDE SC na iya zama mai ɗan mamaki… a zahiri Cinnamon kanta ƙaramar tebur ne.

    Akwai wasu dubban hanyoyi don amfani da Openbox + Tint2 (alal misali), ko mashaya wanda shima yana da wani ɓangaren allon (kamar Fluxbox) saboda waɗannan ba su da yawa ist

  2.   koratsuki m

    Abubuwan da nake bi na kaina, INA SON Fluxbox da Openbox, kuma tare da sabuwar tsawa ta gnome, Unity, gnome-shell da mummunan rago, ina tsammanin zan kasance cikin ƙarni na merlin, can yafi kyau, LOL.

    A'a, da gaske, Ina son teburi masu tsabta kuma ba tare da gumaka [gumaka] a kan tebur ba, hakan yana ba ni jin daɗin tsabta, kwanciyar hankali, 'yanci a kan teburin da ba ya faruwa da ni a cikin kowane manajan tebur 😀

    1.    Adoniz (@ Zarzazza1) m

      Ee, koda kuwa gidan cike yake da XD.

  3.   koratsuki m

    @Adoniz: Hahahaha mana ...

  4.   Sandman 86 m

    Labari mai kyau, Na kara zuwa bangaren Openbox, amma yana da kyau koyaushe a kara sani game da sauran WMs. Na raba tare da ku cewa kun fi son tebur mai tsabta ba tare da gumaka ba, don ku sami damar jin daɗin bangon waya :).
    Na gode!