Dab tsi yog software dawb?

El dawb software (ua lus Askiv dawb software, txawm hais tias lub npe no tseem qee zaum tsis meej nrog "dawb" vim qhov tsis meej ntawm lo lus "pub dawb" hauv Askiv, uas yog vim li cas "software dawb" tseem siv) yog lub npe ntawm software uas hwm lub kev ywj pheej ntawm cov neeg siv txog lawv cov khoom yuav khoom thiab, yog li ntawd, ib zaug tau nws tuaj yeem ua tau siv, theej theej, kawm, hloov khoThiab faib tawm dawb do. 


Raws li Free Software Foundation, software dawb yog hais txog kev ywj pheej ntawm cov neeg siv khiav, luam, faib, kawm, hloov software, thiab faib software hloov.

Lub software txiav txim siab pub dawb yog tias nws ua tau raws li cov xwm txheej hauv qab no:

  • Txoj haujlwm no tuaj yeem siv rau txhua lub hom phiaj
  • Nws yog qhov tau los nkag mus rau nws cov lej code
  • Nws tuaj yeem luam tawm ntawm cov program no
  • Kev txhim kho tuaj yeem tshaj tawm

Qee yam tseem ceeb rau ntsiab tseem ceeb ntawd cov software dawb tsim nyob rau cov kev cai tswj hwm cov tswv yim qub thiab muab kev ywj pheej ntau dua, yog tias ib qho ua tau raws qee yam kev mobCov. Hauv lwm lo lus, nws tso cai rau kev hloov kho thiab kev faib tawm software, qee yam uas feem ntau txwv tsis pub ua dab tsi uas yog hu ua "software software", tsuav ib tus twg ua tau raws li cov xwm txheej ntawm kev hloov cov kev hloov kho no mus rau lub ntiaj teb. Nws yog ua raws li qhov tseeb tias yog tias peb txhua tus koom nrog, peb txhua tus yuav zoo dua.

Tsis pub dhau lub software pub dawb muaj ntau hom ntawv tso cai:

  • GPL, ib qho kev tso cai zoo tshaj plaws tau tsim los ntawm GNU project.
  • LGPL, zoo ib yam li GPL, tab sis qhov sib txawv nyob hauv qhov uas nws muaj
  • Cov Tswv Yim Muaj Peev Xwm: nws yog ib lub npe uas ua nrog ntau hom ntawv tso cai uas feem ntau siv rau cov ntsiab lus muaj tswv yim, xws li duab, ntawv nyeem lossis nkauj. Qee qhov ntawv tso cai no suav tias yog pub dawb.

Tseem muaj Qhov Qhib Software, uas nws lub ntsiab ntawm lub sijhawm yog BSD daim ntawv tso cai. Qhib software tso cai kev hloov pauv ntawm cov cai thiab software, yam tsis muaj kev sib cais, tab sis tsis tuaj yeem lav tias cov cai ntawm tib yam ib txwm tuaj yeem nkag mus. Qhov tom kawg yog qhov sib txawv loj nrog software dawb.

Dab tsi thiaj txiav txim siab yog tswv software?

Tswv yim software yog li ntawd hu ua vim hais tias los ntawm kev siv nws ib tug deprives tuag ntawm txoj cai uas ib tug yuav lawm. Cov cuab yeej software yog nrog cov lus pom zoo kawg rau kev siv daim ntawv tso cai, lossis EULA rau nws cov ntawv Askiv. Daim ntawv tso cai no txwv koj txoj kev siv software ntau txoj kev. Qhov tseem ceeb ib qho yog nws feem ntau txwv tsis pub hloov kho txoj haujlwm thiab txwv yam kuv tuaj yeem ua nrog lub program.

Ib qho piv txwv ntawm qhov no yog cov khoom siv tswj hwm kho vajtse, uas nws daim ntawv tso cai tsuas yog siv lawv nrog kho vajtse tshwj xeeb, thiab nrog cov haujlwm ua haujlwm tshwj xeeb.

Peb pom tus plahaum tsis tu ncua ntawm cov program. Qhov no tsis yog qhov kev txiav txim kiag, tab sis cov kauj ruam yuav ntau dua los yog tsawg dua li hauv qab no:

  • Ib qho khiav ntawm lub installer (feem ntau los ntawm ob npaug nias ntawm .exe ntawv)
  • Cov lus zoo siab tau pom
  • Thov kom koj pom zoo kom ua daim ntawv tso cai
  • Koj raug nug kom xaiv daim nplaub tshev uas koj yuav mus nruab nws
  • Koj nug kom paub meej tias
  • Cov ntaub ntawv sib raug teeb tsa
  • Kev teeb tsa tiav lawm

Lub ntsiab lus ntawm qhov sib txawv ntawm cov software dawb thiab cov tswv lag luam muaj nyob hauv daim ntawv tso cai uas ib tus lees txais thaum taw tes cCov. Cov ntawv cog lus ntawm ib qho program yog ib qho uas qhia tau tias nws yog qhov kev pub dawb lossis siv tswv cuab. Ib yam li ntawd, hauv cov kev pabcuam tswj hwm muaj ntau yam:

  • Them Nyiaj: software uas tus neeg siv yuav tsum tau them ib qho nyiaj kom lawv thiaj li tau thiab siv tau raws cai. Muaj qee kis, txoj cai siv raug txwv nyob rau lub sijhawm thiab yuav tsum them nyiaj ntxiv kom thiaj siv txuas ntxiv.
  • Demos / Shareware: Piv txwv ntawm hom kev pabcuam no yog Winzip lossis Winrar. Hauv cov phiaj xwm no, lawv lub luag haujlwm yog txwv rau qee hnub.
  • Pub dawb: Cov no tuaj yeem rub tawm dawb los ntawm is taws nem thiab tuaj yeem siv tsis muaj kev txwv, txawm hais tias feem ntau them nqi ntawm nws uas muaj ntau yam ntxwv. Ib qhov piv txwv ntawm cov no yog Winamp.

Feem ntau, Cov Lag Luam Cov Lag Luam Muaj Txiaj Ntsig tseem paub nyob hauv lub npe hu ua Closed Software lossis Proprietary Software. Kev ntiag tug yog lub npe tsim nyog dua vim tias, raws li peb tau pom, nws rhuav tshem peb txoj cai.

Cov txiaj ntsig tseem ceeb ntawm Dawb Software hla Software ntiag tug

Los ua piv txwv cov txiaj ntsig zoo, cia peb ua ib qho piv txwv txog qee yam uas peb txhua tus siv niaj hnub no, cov xov tooj ntawm tes. Feem ntau, ib tug yuav lub xov tooj ntawm tes los ntawm yuav nws los ntawm lub tuam txhab uas tsis yog cov chaw tsim khoom ntawm lub xov tooj ntawm tes, tab sis yog tus muab cov kev pabcuam xov tooj.

Lub tuam txhab muag koj lub xov tooj ntawm tes nrog "ntawv tso cai siv kawg", uas tso qee yam rau koj, xws li lub sijhawm tsawg kawg nkaus uas koj yuav tsum tswj kev pabcuam hauv lub xov tooj thiab cov haujlwm uas koj tuaj yeem siv nrog lub xov tooj ntawm tes. Nws yog thaiv los ntawm kev ua tej yam uas lub tuam txhab tsis xav kom koj ua nrog koj lub xov tooj ntawm tes, lossis rau qhov uas nws xav ua nqi rau koj ntxiv.

Txog thaum nyuam qhuav, lawv txawm tau them ib qho nqi ntxiv los muab koj cov cai uas tso cai rau koj los hloov cov tuam txhab, txawm tias lub sijhawm qis kawg tau twb tas sij hawm lawm.
Hauv lwm lo lus, lawv tsis pub koj ua tej yam nrog koj lub xov tooj ntawm tes, uas lub cuab yeej tuaj yeem ua tau, tab sis cov tuam txhab tso cov kev txwv khoom cuav los them koj cov kev pabcuam ntxiv, lossis muag koj cov cuab yeej kim dua. Thiab lawv txawm yuam koj hloov koj lub xov tooj ntawm tes lossis muab pov tseg thiab yuav lwm tus thaum lawv tsis xav tswj hwm cov kev pabcuam rau hom xov tooj ntawm tes uas cov tuam txhab xav tias tsis siv lawm, raws li tau muaj nrog cib.
Thiab tom qab ntawd koj muaj cov xov tooj lag luam, uas them koj rau software kom txuas rau lub xov tooj ntawm tes, lossis rau cov khoom siv me me, ib yam li cov xov tooj ntawm tes nrov heev niaj hnub no. Thiab qhov kev lav ntawv tas sijhawm thaum koj kov lub ntsia hlau, lossis lawv sim them koj rau kev hloov lub roj teeb.

Ntawm qhov tod tes, koj muaj tus xov tooj dawb. Cov phiaj xwm xov tooj ntawm tes yog pub dawb, yog li muaj cov neeg tuaj yeem pab daws teeb meem uas tshwm sim tshwj xeeb, xws li siv lub xov tooj ntawm tes hauv nruab nrab ntawm cov hav zoov hauv Patagonia, qee yam uas cov chaw tsim khoom ib txwm tsis them ntau rau txij li txij koj niche.

Thiab koj tuaj yeem nruab cov programs thiab games uas koj xav tau los ntawm kev txuas rau koj lub khoos phis tawm nrog software uas ib tug neeg tsim kho tus kheej tus neeg ua haujlwm thiab lwm tus neeg hloov kho kom nws tseem tuaj yeem taug kev nrog lub xov tooj ntawm tes no. Koj tseem tuaj yeem siv nws rau qee yam uas cov chaw tsim khoom lossis lub tuam txhab xav txog lub sijhawm, xws li lub xov tooj ntawm tes nrog lub koob yees duab uas xa cov duab txhua txhua x vib nas this thiab tso cai rau koj los tuav pseudo teleconference hauv lub network li qub, tsis tau them nyiaj ntxiv rau cov kev pabcuam. Los yog hloov kho cov software tag nrho rau tib qho uas koj siv hauv koj lub khoos phis tawm thiab kho kom haum rau koj nyiam, tsis nrog cov kev xaiv uas lub portal ntawm no lossis lub tuam txhab xov tooj muab rau koj. Thiab yog tias koj tsis nyiam lub tuam txhab xov tooj, koj tuaj yeem hloov pauv thaum twg koj xav tau los ntawm ib tus neeg mus rau lwm tus, thiab tseem siv ob peb zaug tib lub sijhawm, raws li hom hu, cov lus lossis yam koj xav ua. Hauv lwm lo lus, lub xov tooj ntawm tes ua yam koj xav tau thiab tsis yog lwm txoj hauv ib puag ncig.

Dawb software nws muab rau koj rov qab cov cai uas yuav tsum tsis txhob tau coj los ntawm koj, thiab koj tau siv tsis tas yuav tsum muaj. Dawb software ntseeg hais tias yog peb txhua tus sib koom, peb txhua tus yuav ua tau zoo dua. Nws zoo li utopia, tab sis nws yog ib yam dab tsi ua kom pom tseeb; Nws tshwm sim ib ncig ntawm koj yam tsis muaj koj tsis paub txog.

Tswvyim hais ua dab tsi thiab qhov tseeb ntawm Cov Software Dawb vs. Kaw lossis Cov Software Ntiag Tug

  • Dawb Software yog tsim los ntawm amateurs, yog li ntawd nws yog qhov qis dua li Ntiag Tug Software
    DAG: raws li nyob rau txhua thaj chaw, kev ua tau zoo sib txawv, tab sis software pub dawb pub rau ntau tus neeg los saib xyuas cov cai thiab tshaj tawm kev txhim kho. Qhov kev kuaj xyuas zoo no thiab tshuaj xyuas, qee qhov xwm txheej los ntawm ntau txhiab tus neeg, ua rau cov khoom siv zoo sib xws los yog zoo dua cov ua lag luam software. Txawm tias ntau ntawm cov neeg no ua haujlwm hauv software tuam txhab ntawm lub hauv paus ruaj khov.
  • Dawb software yog Dawb
    DAG: Free Software - Dawb software nyob rau hauv lus Askiv, los ntawm "Dawb xws li hauv kev hais lus pub dawb, tsis yog zoo li hauv npias dawb", uas nws cov lus txhais yog: "Dawb xws li hauv kev ywj pheej ntawm kev nthuav tawm, tsis zoo li hauv npias dawb." Qhov no yog qhov tsis txaus siab uas tej zaum yuav ua rau muaj kev txiav txim zoo dua rau cov neeg uas hais lus Askiv, tshwj xeeb yog vim tsis meej xwm ntawm lo lus "pub dawb." Txawm li cas los xij, feem ntau software pub dawb. Txawm tias thaum nws tau them, thaum lub software tau tau yuav lawm, nws tuaj yeem theej dawb, yog tias cov ntawv tso cai tau ua tiav.
  • Hauv Free Software tsis muaj leej twg ua tau nyiaj
    DAG: Txwv tsis pub, yuav ua li cas kev yuav khoom ntawm qee lub tuam txhab Free Software tau txais kev ncaj ncees, xws li MySql, piv txwv li, nyuam qhuav tau los ntawm Sun Microsystems? Tseem muaj cov tuam txhab uas tsim cov Software Dawb hauv peb lub teb chaws thiab tsim cov nyiaj tau los txij li thaum kev ua lag luam tsis yog qhov kev pab cuam nws tus kheej, tab sis txhawb kev pabcuam thiab kev tsim kho kev cai.

Lais xees

Daim ntawv tso cai yog qhov kev pom zoo uas tus tsim software tso cai rau tus neeg siv ua "txoj cai ntawm kev ua phem". Ntawm cov ntawv tso cai dawb, cov paub zoo tshaj plaws yog:

  • GPL lais xees
  • Ntawv tso cai BSD
  • MPL thiab cov ntawv tso cai sib thooj

Nrog GPL (GNU General Public License) daim ntawv tso cai, tus sau khaws txoj cai ntawm cov tswv cuab thiab tso cai rov faib tawm thiab kev hloov kho nyob rau hauv cov ntsiab lus tsim los xyuas kom meej tias txhua qhov hloov kho ntawm cov software nyob hauv qab kev txwv ntau ntawm GNU GPL nws tus kheej.

Kwv yees li 60% ntawm cov software uas tau ntawv tso cai raws li Free Software siv daim ntawv tso cai GPL. Ib qho kev txwv ntawm daim ntawv tso cai no: rov faib cov kev hloov kho uas nws cov qauv qub yog nyob hauv GPL daim ntawv tso cai, tseem yuav tsum muaj ntawv tso cai raws li GPL. Hauv lwm lo lus, tus lej keeb kwm yuav tsum raug qhib kom muaj leej twg xav nyeem thiab / lossis hloov nws, nws yuav tsum tsis txhob kaw. Yog tias tom kawg, daim ntawv tso cai yuav raug ua txhaum.

Daim ntawv tso cai BSD yog cov ntawv tso cai software tso cai feem rau BSD (Berkeley Software Distribution) cov kab ke. Nws zwm rau hauv Open Software daim ntawv tso cai pab pawg thiab qhov sib txawv tseem ceeb ntawm GPL yog tias nws muaj qee qhov kev txwv qis dua. Ib qho kev ua haujlwm ntawm daim ntawv tso cai BSD yog tias nws tso cai siv kev siv lub hauv paus hauv Closed Software, rov qab tiv thaiv GPL.

MPL daim ntawv tso cai (Mozilla Daim Ntawv Tso Cai Siv Lus Mev los yog Mozilla Daim Ntawv Tso Cai Siv Lus Askiv) yog qhov qhib thiab muaj Daim Ntawv Tso Cai Dawb software. Nws tau tsim los ntawm Netscape Communications Corporation, kom tso Netscape Communicator 4.0, uas tom qab ntawd dhau los ua qhov project muaj npe thiab nrov Mozilla. MPL daim ntawv tso cai yeej ua tiav raws li lub ntsiab txhais ntawm qhib software software thiab nrog rau plaub qhov kev ywj pheej ntawm Free Software. Txawm li cas los xij, MPL tawm qhib txoj hauv kev rau qhov tsis tuaj yeem rov qab siv lub software tsis muaj kev txwv tsis pub rov qab siv dua qhov kev siv tus lej lossis rov tso cai nyob hauv tib daim ntawv tso cai.

Tam sim no muaj lub hauv paus, tus Dawb Software Foundation (FSF), uas yog qhov chaw uas qhia tias daim ntawv tso cai yog dawb lossis tsis. Txhawm rau saib txhua daim ntawv tso cai pub dawb, saib: https://www.gnu.org/licenses/license-list.html


Cov ntsiab lus ntawm tsab xov xwm ua raws li peb cov ntsiab cai ntawm kev tswj hwm kev ncaj nceesCov. Tshaj tawm ib qho yuam kev nyem no.

11 lus, tawm koj li

Tso koj saib

Koj email chaw nyob yuav tsis tsum luam tawm. Yuav tsum tau teb cov cim nrog *

*

*

  1. Lub luag haujlwm rau cov ntaub ntawv: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Lub hom phiaj ntawm cov ntaub ntawv: Tswj SPAM, kev tswj xyuas tawm tswv yim.
  3. Sau raws cai: Koj kev tso cai
  4. Kev sib txuas lus ntawm cov ntaub ntawv: Cov ntaub ntawv yuav tsis raug xa mus rau lwm tus neeg thib peb tsuas yog los ntawm kev txiav txim siab raug cai.
  5. Cov ntaub ntawv khaws cia: Cov Ntaub Ntawv khaws tseg los ntawm Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Txoj Cai: Txhua lub sijhawm koj tuaj yeem txwv, rov qab thiab tshem tawm koj cov ntaub ntawv.

  1.   Suso said

    Qhov peev xwm:
    * Cov lus txhais ntawm "Dawb xws li hauv kev hais lus pub dawb, tsis zoo li nyob hauv npias dawb" yog "Dawb xws li hauv kev ywj pheej ntawm kev hais tawm, tsis zoo li hauv dej npias dawb", qhov tseeb hauv Spanish tsis muaj qhov yuam kev uas tshwm sim hauv lus Askiv, qhov twg «dawb "tuaj yeem txhais tau ob qho tib si" pub dawb "thiab" dawb ".

  2.   Cia siv Linux said

    Ua tsaug rau koj! Kho thiab ntxiv cov lus hais txog lub «tsis meej xwm» ntawm lo lus «dawb» ua lus Askiv. Nws yog muaj tseeb tiag. Txaus siab!

  3.   Suso said

    Koj nyob nraum txais tos! Nws yog qhov zoo los pab txhawb qee yam ntawm lub sijhawm. Txuas ntxiv nrog lub ntsiab lus, Kuv xav tias "dawb" yog qhov xav tau ntau dua li "pub dawb." Txhawm rau muab tso rau counterexample: Internet Explorer lossis Windows Live Messenger yog pub dawb, tab sis lawv tsis tas.

  4.   adriannaly said

    ntawv ua hauv tsev yog qhov txawv txav tam sim no Kuv yuav tsum tshawb xyuas

    1.    Norelkys said

      Koj hais yog lawm Hahahahahaha

  5.   christian elihu mendez nuñez said

    Cov ntawv yog qhov nthuav heev, tab sis dab tsi yuav yog ib daim ntawv teev cov software zoo tshaj plaws?
    Uas paub zoo tshaj?
    Nws puas cuam tshuam rau qhov tseeb tias tus neeg siv hloov cov cai ntawm lub sijhawm, txhua lub sijhawm?
    Yuav ua li cas yog tias lwm tus siv tsis nyiam nws, nws puas tuaj yeem tsis pom qee qhov kev tsis sib haum los hloov pauv cov cai hauv txhua lub sijhawm uas nws tuaj yeem?
    Dab tsi yog qhov txawv ntawm qhib thiab dawb software?
    Kuv txhais tau tias, dab tsi yog qhov siv muaj qhib software yog tias koj tsis tuaj yeem nkag mus rau hauv qhov chaws yog tias qhov twg yog qhov ua tswv yog rau

  6.   Ernesto said

    COV NTAUB NTAWV SIV COV LUS HAIS. Lawv sau / sau: "Los ntawm lub neej ntawd" Nws yuav tsum tau hais tias: "NTAWM YUAV TSUM".

  7.   nkoj marin said

    cov ntaub ntawv zoo heev hais txog software dawb.

  8.   Adrii cov Castilla said

    ua tsaug rau linux ib txoj haujlwm tseem ceeb heev

  9.   Andrea Elizabeth Carvajal Basto said

    Cov ntaub ntawv zoo heev! Ib qho kev ua xyem xyav, pom qhov teeb meem uas tshwm sim los ntawm kev siv software dawb ntau dua los ntawm cov tuam txhab. Dab tsi yuav yog qhov zoo ntawm SMEs (Cov tuam txhab me thiab nruab nrab) siv software dawb es tsis txhob qhib thiab kaw software? Thiab tseem, koj puas tuaj yeem muab qee yam qauv pub dawb rau kuv uas muaj thiab siv tau los ua kev pabcuam hauv cov chaw sib txawv lossis txoj hauv kev dav dav los ntawm SMEs.

  10.   Andrea Elizabeth Carvajal Basto said

    Yuav kom ua tiav cov ntaub ntawv ntawm nplooj ntawv me ntsis thiab qee qhov kev ua xyem xyav uas tseem nyob ntawm kuv. Kuv txiav txim siab los ua qee qhov kev tshawb fawb thiab pom ntawm Geekno nplooj ntawv, tias qhov sib txawv ntawm qhov qhib thiab pub dawb yog tias nyob dawb software, tsis tsuas yog tuaj yeem siv tau qhov chaws, tab sis nws kuj tseem tuaj yeem hloov kho nws, faib nws thiab tseem ua lag luam rau kev hloov kho, tsuav yog peb muab cov haujlwm qub nrog nws daim ntawv tso cai pub dawb. Ntawm qhov tod tes, qhib qhov software yuav tsis tso cai kev ua lag luam ntawm kev hloov kho txawm ntawm cov cai, lossis tsuas yog faib cov kev hloov pauv ntawm qhov kev hloov kho ntawd. (M Blanco, 2019).

    Nws kuj tau tshwm sim rau kuv los saib rau piv txwv pub dawb thiab qhib software.
    Raws li nplooj ntawv gidahatari, qee qhov kev pabcuam dawb software zoo yog hauv qab no:
    1. Linux Ubuntu
    2. LibreOffice
    3. GIMP
    4. Inkscape
    5. Mozilla FireFox

    Thiab raws li lub ComputerHoy nplooj ntawv, qee qhov qhib cov kev pab yog:
    1. VLC
    2. Cov Keeb Kwm Chromium
    3. Mozilla Thunderbird
    4. Filezilla
    5. ClamAV
    6. XWB
    7. PDFCreator
    8. PeaZip