Cov txiaj ntsig: Dab tsi yog qhov zoo tshaj Linux tis ntawm 2012?

Xyoo 2012, peb tau muaj Linux ntawm txhua yam qab qab thiab qab qab. Peb muaj cov kev hloov pauv tshiab ntawm cov kev faib tawm ib txwm thiab qee qhov kev faib tawm tshiab tau tshwm sim uas tshuav ntau dua ib tus zoo siab.

Hauv tsab xov xwm no, peb txheeb xyuas qhov tseeb hauv qhov tshwm sim ntawm tus pov npav peb pib ib lub lim tiam dhau los.

Tsaug rau 2115 cov neeg uas lawv sab laug pov ntawv tawm suab!

Resultados

  • Ubuntu 28.98% (613 votes)
  • Linux Mint 27.75% (587 votes)
  • Debian 11.16% (236 votes)
  • Arch Linux 10.45% (221 votes)
  • Lwm yam: 9.17% (194 votes)
  • Fedora 7.94% (168 votes)
  • OpenSUSE 3.45% (73 pov npav)
  • Mageia 1.09% (23 votes)

Análisis

Ubuntu thiab Linux Mint swept, noj thawj zaug thiab thib ob qhov chaw, dab tsi yog kev sib ntaus taub-rau-lub taub hau. Nruab nrab ntawm ob qhov no lawv tau ntau tshaj 50% ntawm cov neeg pov npav. Nyob rau qhov chaw deb peb yog Debian, ze taug kev nrog Arch Linux.

Qhov ntxim siab, txhua qhov kev sib faib ntawm Debian uas muaj kev txhawb nqa ntxiv txog ib puag ncig 68%. Rau nws feem, qhov pom meej poob ntawm ib zaug ntxiv cov khoom faib tawm tshiab xws li Fedora lossis OpenSUSE tseem pom muaj teebmeem.

Ntawm cov pej xeem cov lus thov, feem ntau hais cuam tshuam dhau ntawm Lwm pawg, uas siv tsis ntau thiab tsis tsawg tshaj li 194 pov npav, yog: Ubuntu kev hloov pauv (Kubuntu, Xubuntu, Lubuntu), Manjaro, Crunchbang, Trisquel, SolusOS, Chakra Linux, Bodhi Linux , Gentoo, Sabayon, Qib Elementary OS, thiab lwm yam.

Thaum kawg, Kuv xav tsis thoob los ntawm Mageia, vim nws yog qhov ua tiav thiab zoo zoo "beginner" distro. Tej zaum tseem muaj ntau tus neeg uas tseem koom nrog nws Mandriva thiab nws cov teeb meem nyiaj txiag, lossis tej zaum nws tsis muaj kev lag luam ntau dhau ntawm nws. Xijpeem, Kuv tsis paub, tab sis nws lom zem heev.

Kuv xaiv

Qhov tseeb yog daim ntawv ntsuam xyuas tau lo nrog me ntsis. Kuv ntseeg tias tsis muaj qhov "zoo tshaj" Linux faib. Ua tsaug rau "kev ywj pheej" ntawm cov software dawb, nws muaj peev xwm los tsim kev kho kom haum uas tau hloov kho tau zoo dua rau cov kev xav tau thiab lub peev xwm ntawm txhua tus.

Hauv qhov kev nkag siab no, yog tias ib qho twg, muaj "cuam tshuam zoo tshaj" rau:

  • novices lossis cov neeg siv siab heev
  • ib qho kev ua haujlwm tshwj xeeb (desktop, servers, kev kawm, multimedia, kev ruaj ntseg, thiab lwm yam)

Rookie zoo tshaj plaws distro thiab zoo tshaj plaws duab distro: Linux Mint 13

Raws li Ubuntu 12.04 LTS (feem ntau "ruaj khov" version ntawm Ubuntu hauv 2012), Linux Mint 13 muab txhua yam rau cov neeg siv novice xav tau:

  • kev txhawb nqa kho vajtse zoo, 
  • cov video codec thiab cov tsav coj los nrog lub neej ntawd, 
  • kev siv Windows zoo li tus neeg siv interface (as txwv rau Kev sib sau lossis Gnome Plhaub raws li cuam tshuam), thiab lwm yam.
  • muaj ntau qhov programmes (vim nws raws li Ubuntu thiab Debian)

Qhov zoo tshaj plaws distro rau cov neeg siv zog: Arch Linux

Ntawm chav kawm muaj lwm tus, kuj zoo heev, zoo li Gentoo. Txawm li cas los xij, Arch Linux tau loj hlob qeeb tab sis pheej. Nws muaj lub zej zog muaj txiaj ntsig zoo thiab ib daim Wiki uas zoo li Aleph: txhua yam nyob ntawd, muaj siab, tsis muaj ib yam dab tsi khiav dim ntawm nws.

Arch muaj dab tsi rau kuv yog qhov zoo tshaj plaws pob thawj tswj los ntawm deb: tsis muaj ntau tsis tshaj Pacman. Ntxiv rau qhov muaj qee qhov kev tshaj lij ntawm lub chaw pov thawj, nws tso cai rau kev teeb tsa ntawm cov phiaj xwm ntxiv los ntawm AUR (tej yam xws li Ubuntu's PPA chaw cia tab sis ntau ntau zoo dua). Tsim cov pob rau Arch, paradoxically, yooj yim dua li tsim ib qho rau Debian lossis Ubuntu. Vim li no, muaj ntau ntau cov pob khoom muaj nyob rau hauv AUR dua li hauv PPAs. Ntawm qhov tod tes, ib zaug ntxiv AUR, kev tshawb nrhiav thiab teeb tsa cov programmes yog qhov qab zib (tsis zoo li Ubuntu uas koj tsis tuaj yeem tshawb lub hauv paus ntawm muaj PPAs thiab tias rau kev teeb tsa ntawm PPA yuav tsum muaj ob peb cov lus txib).

Tag nrho cov no ua rau Arch breeze. Nws lub tswv yim yog los ntawm Raws Li Khaws Nws Yooj Yim, Stupid (KISS) lub tswv yim. Qhov tseeb yog tias thaum koj tau txais kev paub nrog qee cov ntsiab lus yooj yim, Arch xaus ua qhov yooj yim dua, xis thiab hloov dua li Ubuntu thiab cov zoo li.

Kev Pom Tshwm Sim: Manjaro Linux

Raws li Arch Linux, nws los nrog txhua yam uas ua rau Arch GREAT distro. Tab sis nws muaj qhov sib ntxiv uas ntau ntawm peb txaus siab rau: nws lub installation ntau ntau sai dua, txij li thaum nws los txog, zoo li tus so ntawm qhov cuam tshuam, hauv qhov raug flavors GNOME, KDE, LXDE, thiab lwm yam. Hauv Arch, txawm li cas los xij, koj yuav tsum txhim kho txhua yam los ntawm txhais tes, uas ua rau kev teeb tsa ua ntej heev tso… Qeeb.

Hauv ib lo lus, Manjaro yog qhov sib xyaw ntawm qhov zoo tshaj plaws ntawm ob lub ntiaj teb.

Zoo tshaj plaws distro rau cov khoos phis: Ubuntu 12.04 LTS

Ubuntu 12.04 muaj kev tswj hwm lub zog zoo, yog qhov ruaj khov heev, thiab muaj lub graphical interface uas zoo dua rau cov cuab yeej siv no.

Hauv thaj chaw no, peb tuaj yeem ntxiv Lubuntu thiab yuav luag txhua lwm LXDE-based kev faib khoom. Qhov no yog qhov tseeb tshwj xeeb yog tias lawv qee yam qub lossis tsis yog "siv zog" uas yuav tsum tau "sawv rov los."

Kev Xa Khoom Zoo Tshaj Plaws rau Kev Ua Lag Luam: RHELD 6

Xyoo tsis ntev los no, cov laurels tau ploj mus rau SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop (SLED). Txawm li cas los xij, xyoo no Red Hat Enterprise Linux Desktop 6 (RHELD) tau ua nws txoj haujlwm hauv tsev.

Vim li cas thiaj pauv hloov? Nws hloov tawm tias Red Hat ua rau muaj kev cuam tshuam zoo hauv thaj tsam ntawm virtualization thiab cov thev naus laus zis tshiab cuam tshuam nrog "huab."

Kev faib khoom zoo tshaj plaws rau cov lag luam servers: RHEL & SLES

SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 6 thiab Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 yog cov yeej muaj tseeb. Ob leeg muaj kev txhawb nqa kho vajtse uas peb twb tau swm los lawm, uas ua rau lub kaw lus tseem ceeb. Ib qho ntxiv, nyob rau hauv ob qho tib si kev pabcuam kev pabcuam kev pabcuam oiled yog nws lub cim kev lag luam.

Cov ntaub ntawv Red Hat ua teeb pom kev zoo: xyoo no lub tuam txhab dhau lub cim $ XNUMX nphom cim ntawm cov khw tshav puam. Nws zoo nkaus li software pub dawb tuaj yeem ua lag luam tau zoo.

Tshaj LiveCD: KNOPPIX & Menyuam dev Linux

Niaj hnub no yuav luag txhua qhov faib tawm tuaj yeem siv daim cd. Hauv qhov kev txiav txim siab, pawg no poob qee qhov siv tau. Txawm li cas los xij, muaj qee qhov kev faib tawm uas tshwj xeeb tsim los siv xws li thiab uas muaj ntau yam cuab yeej siv dav dav hauv "Swiss Army riam" style thiab uas tseem cia cov ntaub ntawv rov qab lossis lwm cov chaw, thaub qab, thiab lwm yam.

Ob lub Knoppix, uas siv LXDE, thiab Puppy Linux, uas siv JWM ultra-lub teeb JWM, suav tag nrho cov cuab yeej no. Ob qho kev faib tawm heev tau pom zoo rau tus poj niam tus cd thiab tus neeg sawv cev ntawm tus pendrive.

Kev faib khoom zoo tshaj plaws rau kev txheeb xyuas kev nyab xeeb: BackTrack Linux 5

Tsis muaj lus nug, BackTrack txuas ntxiv mus muab qhov zoo tshaj plaws koob dawb lub kaus mom kev ruaj ntseg cov cuab yeej los soj ntsuam ib qho system lossis tshawb xyuas cov teeb meem hauv lub network.

Nws suav nrog cov npe ntev ntawm cov thawv kev ruaj ntseg, suav nrog ntau cov chaw nres nkoj thiab cov tsis zoo, tshawb nrhiav cov ntaub ntawv, siv sniffers, cov cuab yeej kev txheeb xyuas, thiab cov cuab yeej wireless tshawb xyuas.

Kev faib khoom zoo tshaj plaws rau cov kho duab multimedia: Ubuntu Studio 12.04

Ubuntu Studio 12.04, raws li qhov sib thooj Ubuntu version, yog qhov kev yeej rau cov khoom siv audio, video thiab graphic, vim nws muaj cov cuab yeej ua tiav, nrog rau cov kev txhawb tseem ceeb rau cov qauv thiab codecs ntawm ntau hom ntawv multimedia.

Hais txog kev kho suab, Musix tsim nyog hais tshwj xeeb, ib qho kev faib tawm ntawm Argentine keeb kwm, uas tau ua rau kuv xav tsis thoob nrog nws cov txiaj ntsig zoo kawg. Nws los nrog tus raug lub ntsej muag qis-latency kom tiv thaiv "hla" hauv kev sau cia thiab suav nrog txhua yam kev tawm suab tshaj tawm thiab kho cov cuab yeej. Lwm qhov ntsiab lus tseem ceeb yog tias nws yog ib qho ntawm ob peb cuam tshuam 100% pub dawb los ntawm FSF.

Kev faib khoom zoo tshaj plaws: Edubuntu 12.04

Edubuntu tau tsim kho hauv kev koom tes nrog cov neeg txawj ntse thiab cov kws txawj thev naus laus zis los ntawm ntau lub teb chaws. Edubuntu tau tsim rau hauv Ubuntu thiab koom nrog LTSP cov neeg siv kev tsim vaj tsev, nrog rau kev qhia tshwj xeeb rau kev siv, hom phiaj rau cov neeg muaj hnub nyoog 6 thiab 18 xyoo.

Ntawm qhov tod tes, Kuv nyiam tias nws tsis cuam tshuam nrog ib qhov kev kawm tshwj xeeb. Kuv hais txog cov kev faib tawm uas tau tsim los ntawm lub Xeev lossis NGO kom ua tiav txoj kev kawm tshwj xeeb (Plan Conectar Igualdad lossis Ib Leeg Ib Lub Tshuab Laptop), piv txwv).

Kawg, tab sis tsis tsawg, nws yog kev faib khoom faib uas muaj cov zej zog loj tshaj plaws.

Kev faib tawm zoo tshaj plaws: DSL 4.4.10 & Slitaz 4

Damn Me Linux yog qhov ua haujlwm thiab ua tiav Linux LiveCD faib, raws li Knoppix, tsim los ua haujlwm rau cov khoos phis tawj uas muaj tsawg heev lossis qub cov khoom siv, xws li cov Intel 80486 cov khoom siv. Nws qhov tsawg dua (50MB) tswj kom qhov essence of Knoppix hauv kev ua tiav ib puag ncig ntawm rooj. Ua tsaug rau nws qhov loj me me, nws tuaj yeem tso rau hauv USB Lub Cim Nco Ntsoov thiab nrog nws nyob hauv txhua lub computer.

SliTaz GNU / Linux yog minidistribution thiab LiveCD ntawm LinuxGNU / Linux operating system tsim los khiav ntawm kho vajtse nrog 128 Mb ntawm RAM nco, thiab yog li ua qhov tsawg tshaj plaws ntawm GNU / Linux minidistribution, muaj 30 Mb ntawm CD thiab 80 Mb ntawm lub hard drive ib zaug ntsia. Los ntawm 16 Mb ntawm RAM nws muaj JWM qhov rai tus thawj coj (hauv cov ua noj ua haus nws yog LXDE).

Saib daim ntawv teev tag nrho ntawm Linux mini-faib.


Cov ntsiab lus ntawm tsab xov xwm ua raws li peb cov ntsiab cai ntawm kev tswj hwm kev ncaj nceesCov. Tshaj tawm ib qho yuam kev nyem no.

19 lus, tawm koj li

Tso koj saib

Koj email chaw nyob yuav tsis tsum luam tawm. Yuav tsum tau teb cov cim nrog *

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  1. Lub luag haujlwm rau cov ntaub ntawv: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Lub hom phiaj ntawm cov ntaub ntawv: Tswj SPAM, kev tswj xyuas tawm tswv yim.
  3. Sau raws cai: Koj kev tso cai
  4. Kev sib txuas lus ntawm cov ntaub ntawv: Cov ntaub ntawv yuav tsis raug xa mus rau lwm tus neeg thib peb tsuas yog los ntawm kev txiav txim siab raug cai.
  5. Cov ntaub ntawv khaws cia: Cov Ntaub Ntawv khaws tseg los ntawm Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Txoj Cai: Txhua lub sijhawm koj tuaj yeem txwv, rov qab thiab tshem tawm koj cov ntaub ntawv.

  1.   Lub Pacheco said

    koj tau hais nws, Debian ua tag nrho lub hauv paus, tab sis rau kuv ntawm Arch thiab Mint, lawv tau zoo heev.

  2.   Cesar said

    Raws li kev faib khoom rau cov tshiab, linux mint?, Classic, los hais tias siv ubuntu thiab mint yog rau kev pib tshiab, tsis muaj ib yam dab tsi rau nws. koj yog ib tus linux fanboys kom paub meej

  3.   David solis hernandez said

    Tshooj lus zoo, rau qhov uas kuv nyiam Kuv nyiam Mint tshaj Ubuntu, Kuv tau siv ob qhov no ntau los ntsuas lawv tab sis thaum kawg kuv ib txwm lo nrog mint, kev txais tos.

  4.   Joan said

    Raws li rau cov qab qab, xim, tom qab tau sim yuav luag txhua yam, los ntawm ms-dos 3.1 txog rau lub qhov rais 8, dhau los ntawm kubuntu, ubuntu, fedora, thiab lwm yam ... Kuv twv yuav raug hu nyiam opensuse

  5.   rhuks said

    Kuv xav tias nws tau ploj lawm suav nrog CrunchBang 11, tias txawm hais tias qee cov ntsiab lus xav tau txhuam, nws tseem ntseeg tau zoo li hauv av koj nqis rau ...

  6.   Pepe said

    Ubuntu rau tsis muaj dab tsi, hnyav hnyav thiab nrog kev sib sau nws yog lub sijhawm qeeb

  7.   Anton Varyheavy said

    Kuv tau xaus lus tias tam sim no ib puag ncig uas kuv tau tswj hwm lub hwj chim zoo tshaj plaws ntawm kuv lub laptop yog KDE, thiab tshwj xeeb yog ib qho uas tau muab rau kuv qhov txiaj ntsig zoo tshaj plaws hauv qhov no tau hais txog OpenSUSE, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog txij li cov ntawv kawg.

  8.   Eduardo Campos: koj puas xav tau ntau tus thwjtim? said

    Tom qab kuv tau pom qee yam txaus nyiam ntawm kuv lub tshuab (Kuv muaj ob lub khau raj), thiab nws yog tias kuv Linux mint 13 KDE distro (nrog cov tsav tsheb nraaj, Kuv xav tias nws yog qhov tseem ceeb kom qhia meej nws), uas yog raws li Ubuntu 12.04, noj. tsawg dua roj teeb tshaj li Windows 8.
    Yog li kuv pom zoo tias Ubuntu 12.04 yog qhov zoo tshaj plaws distro rau laptops.

  9.   Manuel Perez said

    uff Ubuntu 12.04 zoo dua rau cov khoos phis tawm. Qhov twg kuv tau nws ntsia, laptop uas tsis tua zoo

  10.   Rodolfo A. González M. said

    Kuv muaj kev thaj yeeb nrog baroraic, txawm tias siv qhov beta 18 nws yog qhov zoo rau kuv.

  11.   Cia siv Linux said

    Kuv yuav sau ib yam dab tsi txog Fedora 18 tsocai, nyob twj ywm saib. 🙂

  12.   Sergio Maximiliano Pavón said

    thiab KUBUNTU? 🙁

  13.   Cia siv Linux said

    Nws yog encompassed li Ubuntu. Yog tias peb yuav tsum pib xav txog qhov "tsw qab" ntawm txhua qhov distro cais, peb yuav mus ua cov txiv ntoo. 🙂

  14.   Lucas matias gomez said

    Ubuntu / Mint / Elementary OS / Chakra / Fedora / Mandriva / OpensSuse / Kubuntu / Xubuntu / Sabayon. Cov no yog qhov cuam tshuam uas kuv tau siv, lawv tshwm sim hauv cov npe no thiab lawv tau tso qhov kev xav zoo rau kuv. Qhov tseeb yog qhov zoo tshaj plaws txog GNU / Linux ntiaj teb yog nws cov kev sib txawv. Tam sim no yog tias nws los xaiv lub xyoo, Kuv ntseeg tias tau ntau xyoo tam sim no Ubuntu thiab Mint yog cov uas tau txhawb nqa ntau tshaj plaws thiab cov uas tau nqa cov neeg siv ntau tshaj plaws rau cov no thiab muaj lawv ntau tshaj qhov chaw tsim nyog hauv kev xaiv tsa.

  15.   Cia siv Linux said

    Nws yog qhov tseeb tiag. Arch kuj tseem tab tom loj hlob me ntsis.

  16.   Cia siv Linux said

    Yog lawm ... Kuv xav tias lawv yog lub neej yav tom ntej.

  17.   mus nres said

    Ubuntu qhov zoo tshaj plaws !!!

  18.   Pako said

    Kuv raug ntxias kom siv Fedora, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog rau nws qhov kev nyab xeeb ... tab sis txij li Ubuntu yog thawj zaug thiab tsuas cuam tshuam uas kuv mastered zoo dua, Kuv txuas ntxiv nrog Ubuntu, ib hnub no kuv yuav ua ib qho kev faib tawm los sim fedora uas kuv xav tau tiag tiag.

    1.    Carlos Ferra said

      Kuv sim nws thiab zoo li kuv tau siv rau Linux mint. Kuv tsis tuaj yeem siv tau nws, Kuv rov qab mus rau linux mint. (LMDE).