Debian + KDE: Nruab thiab kho kom raug

Raws li kuv tau cog lus, ntawm no yog cov kauj ruam ntawm kauj ruam cov yeeb yam kuv tau ua thaum kuv tau tsim Kov 4.6 ntawm kuv nyob zoo Kev Ntsuas DebianCov. Hnub no kuv tau dhau mus ua haujlwm ntau, yog li thov txim yog tias nws tsis nthuav dav li koj xav.

Hnub no thaum sawv ntxov kuv tau ua ib txoj kev teeb tsa huv (los ntawm kos) ntawm Debian, txhawm rau ua kom zoo dua cov ntawv pov thawj uas kuv xav tau los nruab thiab lwm yam, yog li yog tias koj ua raws li kab lus no ib kauj ruam dhau los, koj yuav tsis muaj laj thawj dab tsi.

Teeb tsa cov Debian.

Hais txog ntawm lub installation muaj ib qho peculiarity. Kuv nquag siv Kev Ntsuas Debian thiab lub laj thawj feem ntau yog tias Kuv tau rub ib qho iso ntawm qhov txuas no thiab nrog uas koj tau ua tiav txoj kev teeb tsa. Qhov teeb meem yog tias vim kuv bandwidth tsis tso cai rau nws, Kuv yuav tsum siv iso ntawm Debian Squeeze.

Cov Lus Pom Zoo # 1: Nws sim rau nruab nrog Debian Xeem iso rau ob qho laj thawj:

  1. Yuav muaj ob peb pob khoom hloov tshiab.
  2. Koj khiav tsawg uas yuav ntsib teeb meem kev vam khom tsis raug lossis yam zoo li ntawd.

Txhim kho, ob leeg nrog iso de Caws o Hawv plab, nws yog tib yam nkaus li qhov kuv piav qhia hauv no pdf, tsuas yog kuv tsis nruab Kev Thaj Tsam Nruab Nrab, tab sis tsuas yog tus Cov qauv siv hluav taws xob zooCov. Rau cov lus qhia no Kuv yuav xav tias qhov kev teeb tsa tau ua tiav los ntawm iso ntawm Kuaj.

Hloov tshiab

Thaum peb ua tiav kev txhim kho yam tsis muaj qhov chaw nraaj, peb nkag mus hauv paus thiab teeb tsa cov chaw cia khoom:

# nano /etc/apt/sources.list

nyob rau hauv cov ntaub ntawv cov ntaub ntawv peb tso:

deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian testing main contrib non-free

thiab hloov kho:

# aptitude update

Thaum ua tiav, peb hloov kho cov pob uas twb tau nruab:

# aptitude safe-upgrade

Thaum cov txheej txheem no tiav lawm, yog tias txhua yam muaj mus zoo, peb rov pib lub PC thiab peb mus txuas rau nruab KDE.

KDE installation

Hauv phau ntawv qhia no peb tsuas yog mus teeb tsa pob khoom tsim nyog thiaj li KDE yog tso tawm kom raug thiab muaj peev xwm siv nws. Peb tseem yuav nruab qee cov pob tsim nyog uas tsis suav nrog lub neej ntawd. Thaum peb nkag mus rau hauv hauv paus, peb yuav tau lub siab ua haujlwm ib puag ncig los ntawm kev txhim kho cov pob hauv qab no:

# aptitude install kde-plasma-desktop kde-l10n-es kde-i18n-es kwalletmanager lightdm

Nrog rau qhov no nws yog qhov txaus yog li ntawd ib zaug nws ua tiav thiab peb rov pib dua, peb tuaj yeem nkag mus hauv peb li brand tshiab. Yog koj saib thaum kawg Kuv hais ntxiv LightDM thiab kuv piav vim li cas. Thaum peb nruab lub pob kde-ntshav-desktop, qhov no nruab rau peb KDM uas rau kuv hnyav heev, yog li kuv hloov nws nrog LightDMCov. Thaum peb muab Sau, tus kws tsim qauv yuav nug peb qhov peb xav siv, koj xaiv qhov koj xav tau.

LightDM nws tseem yuav nruab cov pob khoom rau cov graphical server. Vim kuv siv intel, Kuv tsuas ntxiv: xserver-xorg-video-intel, ua txoj kev no:

# aptitude install kde-plasma-desktop kde-l10n-es kde-i18n-es kwalletmanager lightdm xserver-xorg-video-intel

Qhov no yog txaus, tab sis yog tias peb xav tau peb tuaj yeem nruab ib zaug nws ua tiav, lossis ua ke nrog cov no, cov pob hauv qab no:

# aptitude install kde-icons-oxygen kde-config-gtk-style kde-style-qtcurve kwalletmanager kde-icons-mono system-config-gtk-kde gtk2-engines-oxygen gtk-qt-engine

Lawv yog cov pob nrog uas peb yuav txhim kho cov ntawv thov Gtk uas peb siv thiab qee cov cim cim uas peb ntxiv. Yog tias koj tsis siv lub hnab nyiaj KDE los tswj cov lus zais, koj tuaj yeem tshem tawm kwalletmanager.

Cov pob khoom ntxiv.

Ua ntej rov pib dua, nws yuav zoo rau nruab lwm pob khoom uas peb xav tau, piv txwv li:

Suab / Yees Duab Hais Txog Pob Khoom
# aptitude install clementine kmplayer vlc (instalado por defecto) gstreamer0.10-esd gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg gstreamer0.10-fluendo-mp3 gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad lame pulseaudio -y

Cov nqi hluav taws xob ntsig txog pob khoom:
# aptitude install ark rar unrar htop mc wicd wicd-kde dbus gdebi-kde rcconf ksnapshot -y

TSIS / Kuv siv daim ntawv thov I siv:
# aptitude install iceweasel icedove libreoffice-writer libreoffice-l10n-es libreoffice-kde libreoffice-impress libreoffice-calc gimp inkscape diffuse -y

Yam uas kuv tshem tawm:
# aptitude purge exim4 exim4-base exim4-config exim4-daemon-light -y

Tau kawg koj yuav tsum ntxiv lossis tshem tawm qhov koj xav tau

Txheeb xyuas KDE

Yog tias peb dhau los ntawm cov kauj ruam dhau los uas tsis muaj teeb meem, peb tuaj rau feem nyiam ntawm tag nrho cov khoom no: kev ua kom haum KDE kom cawm tau peb ob peb Mb ntawm kev noj. Ua ntej peb yuav ua nws manually (ntawm console) rau tom qab txav mus rau ntawm cov duab graphical.

Txiav Txim Siab Akonadi + Nepomuk:

Kuv yuav tsis mus rau hauv cov ntsiab lus hais txog nws yog dab tsi Akonadi o Nepomuk, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog txij li muaj ib tsab xov xwm zoo heev uas piav qhia zoo heev qhov haujlwm ua rau lawv txhua yam. Koj tuaj yeem nyeem nws nyob ntawm no. Txhawm rau kom Akonadi ua tiav, peb ua cov hauv qab no:

$ nano ~/.config/akonadi/akonadiserverrc

Peb saib rau kab uas hais tias:

StartServer=true

thiab peb teeb nws kom muaj tseeb:

StartServer=false

Nco ntsoov tias daim ntawv thov xws li Kmail lawv siv Akonadi, yog li peb yuav tsis tuaj yeem siv lawv. Yuav kom tsis ua hauj lwm Nepomuk kho kom raug cov ntaub ntawv:

$ nano ~/.kde/share/config/nepomukserverrc

thiab tias:

[Basic Settings]
Start Nepomuk=true

[Kev pabcuam-nepomukstrigiservice]
autostart = muaj tseeb

Peb tso nws zoo li no:

[Basic Settings]
Start Nepomuk=false

[Kev pabcuam-nepomukstrigiservice]
autostart = cuav

Hauv kev tshawb xav txhua qhov no tuaj yeem ua tiav los ntawm Cov Nyiam Ntawm Cov Zog, tab sis tsis muaj dab tsi, nyob ib ncig ntawm no nrawm dua 😀

Tshem tawm cov teebmeem.

Peb tuaj yeem txuag me ntsis nyiaj los ntawm kev cuam tshuam cov teebmeem (Transparencies, zaus) uas los hauv KDE los vim. Rau qhov no peb qhib lub Lub Nras Uas Tus Tswj Xyuas Haujlwm » Cov yam ntxwv thiab cov cwj pwm ntawm cov chaw ntshiv »Duab Ntxoo thiab uncheck » Pab kom cov teebmeem ntawm lub desktop.

Peb kuj tseem tuaj yeem tshem tawm lwm cov kev cuam tshuam los ntawm kev teeb tsa cov pa oxygen. Rau qhov no peb nias Alt + F2 thiab peb sau cov pa ua haujlwm. Peb yuav tsum tau txais qee yam zoo li no:

Nyob ntawd peb tuaj yeem lom zem peb tus kheej tshem tawm cov teebmeem ntawm ntau hom. Kuv tsuas yog uncheck: Ua kom cov animations.

Tshaj tawm cov ntaub ntawv siv Gtk

Thawj yam peb ua yog tsim ntawm lub cev muaj zog Gtk tsim nyog:

$ sudo aptitude install gtk2-engines-oxygen gtk2-engines-qtcurve

Tom qab peb qhib lub davhlau ya nyob twg thiab muab tso rau:

$ echo 'include "/usr/share/themes/QtCurve/gtk-2.0/gtkrc"' >> $HOME/.gtkrc-2.0
$ echo 'include "/usr/share/themes/QtCurve/gtk-2.0/gtkrc"' >> $HOME/.gtkrc.mine

Tam sim no peb tsuas yog yuav tsum xaiv hauv qhov KDE nyiam dua li rau cov ntawv thov Gtk siv QtCurveCov. Qhov tshwm sim tuaj yeem pom hauv kuv Firefox:

Kev tshem tawm cov txheej txheem thaum pib.

Peb qhib qhov Lub Nras Uas Tus Tswj Xyuas Haujlwm »Kev Tswj Xyuas Chaw Haujlwm» Kev Pib thiab Kaw »Thawj Coj Pabcuam thiab uncheck qhov uas peb tsis xav tau pib. Piv txwv ntawm ib qho uas kuv ib txwm xiam: Nepomuk nrhiav modules.

Kev tshem tawm ntawm tus nplaig zoo.

Txawm hais tias nws yuav tsis zoo li nws, lub dhia me me ntawm lub icon uas tshwm sim ntawm tus cursor thaum peb qhib daim ntawv thov siv cov khoom siv. Txhawm rau tshem tawm nws peb qhib lub Lub Nras Uas Tus Tswj Xyuas Haujlwm »Kev tshwm sim pom thiab coj tus cwj pwm» Daim ntawv thov thiab cov kab ke system »Tshaj tawm kev tshaj tawm thiab hais nyob rau qhov twg Elastic cursor peb muab tso: Tsis muaj tus cursor tsis khoom.

Classic rooj.

Kuv ib txwm nyiam muaj lub rooj noj mov ib txwm muaj, ib yam li nyob hauv gnome o KDE 3. Txhawm rau ua qhov no peb mus rau lub desktop thiab nyem rau ntawm lub icon nyob rau sab sauv sab xis thiab xaiv Folder saib kev xaiv:

Thiab nyob rau hauv lub qhov rai uas tawm dhau los peb hloov cov disposition rau Sis saib.

RCConf

Peb nruab rcconf los lov tes taw li qub qee cov daemons uas pib thaum lub kaw lus khau raj. Hauv kuv tsev neeg yog ib tus uas kuv rho tawm yog KDM vim kuv siv LightDMCov. Koj yuav tsum tau xyuam xim tshwj xeeb nrog qhov no, thiab tsis txhob tshem tawm dbus ib.

Thiab kom deb li deb cov lus qhia no. Kuv vam tias kuv tuaj yeem ntxiv ntau yam ntxiv raws li sijhawm ua ke.


Cov ntsiab lus ntawm tsab xov xwm ua raws li peb cov ntsiab cai ntawm kev tswj hwm kev ncaj nceesCov. Tshaj tawm ib qho yuam kev nyem no.

19 lus, tawm koj li

Tso koj saib

Koj email chaw nyob yuav tsis tsum luam tawm. Yuav tsum tau teb cov cim nrog *

*

*

  1. Lub luag haujlwm rau cov ntaub ntawv: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Lub hom phiaj ntawm cov ntaub ntawv: Tswj SPAM, kev tswj xyuas tawm tswv yim.
  3. Sau raws cai: Koj kev tso cai
  4. Kev sib txuas lus ntawm cov ntaub ntawv: Cov ntaub ntawv yuav tsis raug xa mus rau lwm tus neeg thib peb tsuas yog los ntawm kev txiav txim siab raug cai.
  5. Cov ntaub ntawv khaws cia: Cov Ntaub Ntawv khaws tseg los ntawm Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Txoj Cai: Txhua lub sijhawm koj tuaj yeem txwv, rov qab thiab tshem tawm koj cov ntaub ntawv.

  1.   Oscar said

    Ua tsaug elav uas ua raws koj cov lus +1

    1.    elav <° Linux said

      Kuv vam tias nws yeej yuav pab koj ...

  2.   mac_live said

    Ua tsaug, Kuv twb ua qhov kev hloov kho, peb tab tom rov qab pib dua kom pom tias peb taug kev nrawm dua, thiab kuv yuav ua li cas cov kev pabcuam cuam tshuam thaum lub sijhawm pib?

    1.    elav <° Linux said

      Zoo uas nyob ntawm seb koj tau ntsia. Yog tias koj tso duab qhia kuv, tej zaum kuv tuaj yeem pab koj .. 😉

  3.   hypersayan_x said

    Qhov uas nws hais tias akonadi tshaj plaws, koj tso nws rov qab, kom deactivate akonadi qhov sib txawv yuav tsum muaj qhov tsis tseeb, zoo li no:

    StartServer = cuav

    1.    elav <° Linux said

      Yog lawm, nws tshwm sim rau kuv thaum kuv tau sau kab lus, ua tsaug ntau ntau 😀

  4.   Oscar said

    elav Kuv xav tias qhov kev ua haujlwm akonadi yog qhov thim rov qab ntawm qhov koj muab tso rau hauv kab ntawv.

  5.   Oscar said

    Los ntawm kev tshem tawm cov ntawv sau, thiab ua rau Akonadi thiab Nepomuk, Kuv txo qis kev noj los ntawm 200Mb, Kuv txaus siab.

    1.    elav <° Linux said

      200Mb? 0_o

      Tab sis koj muaj RAM ntau npaum li cas? Koj puas txo kev noj ntau? Wow .. Zoo heev 😀

      1.    Oscar said

        Kuv muaj 1.5Gb thiab 1.3Gb muaj nrog AMD64 dual core processor, uas kuv xav, raws li kuv nyeem hauv web, noj ntau RAM tshaj ib qho i386. Kuv npaj mus sim kom tau mus rau 4Gb.

        1.    elav <° Linux said

          OK HLOOV.

      2.    qis 1n said

        Qhov tseeb yog.
        Kuv tus kde yeej tsis tau ntaus kuv vim yog kev noj Ram siab siab.
        Kuv hlub nws tab sis kuv nyob hauv Gnome Ja

        1.    Oscar said

          Nrog Gnome2 Kuv pom zoo nrog koj tab sis kuv tau sim Fedora 15 nrog Gnome3 thiab nws muaj lub siab siv ntawm RAM yuav luag sib npaug nrog KDE, Kuv vam tias nrog txoj kev txhim kho nws txhim kho kev noj.

  6.   Roman77 said

    Zoo heev tuto… .ja, yuav luag tib yam li Debian installation Kuv muaj… qhov sib txawv yog tias lub sijhawm kuv ntsia nws nrog Zawm thiab cov txheej txheem yog loooong.

    regards

    1.    elav <° Linux said

      Ua tsaug Roman77, peb zoo siab koj nyiam nws 😀

  7.   Carlos-Xfce said

    Nyob Zoo Elav. Txawm hais tias kuv ib txwm tsis tau ua neeg siv los ntawm KDE, kuv pom qhov kev nyeem ntawv no txaus nyiam heev. Kuv nyiam kev kawm. Ua tsaug ntau thiab kuv vam tias koj tseem yuav tshaj tawm ntxiv.

    1.    elav <° Linux said

      Ua tsaug Carlos-Xfce, Kuv tseem vam tias yuav txuas ntxiv tshaj tawm lwm tus, kuv txhais tau tias, yog Gnome tsis hu kuv, Kuv twb pom tias ntau pob Gnome3 nkag rau Kev Tshuaj Ntsuam

  8.   arturo molina said

    Kuv pom tias nws nthuav. Cia peb pom tias lub asthiv Kuv txhawb kuv tus kheej kom nruab nws. Vaj Pov.

  9.   Rojas said

    Zoo heev ncej, txoj cai tam sim no kuv pib ua raws nws ... Kuv kuj xav kom suav qhov kernel rau kuv lub pc tab sis kuv tsis paub dab tsi modules nruab, Kuv muaj Toshiba uas siv AMD Thurion Dual core nrog 4 gb ntawm RAM thiab qhov no yog qhov tsim tawm ntawm lspci:
    00: 00.0 Tus Tswv Tsev Choj: Ua Ntej Micro Devices [AMD] RS880 Tus Choj Choj
    00: 01.0 PCI choj: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] RS780 / RS880 PCI rau PCI choj (int gfx)
    00: 04.0 PCI choj: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] RS780 PCI rau PCI choj (PCIE chaw nres nkoj 0)
    00: 05.0 PCI choj: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] RS780 PCI rau PCI choj (PCIE chaw nres nkoj 1)
    00: 06.0 PCI choj: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] RS780 PCI rau PCI choj (PCIE chaw nres nkoj 2)
    00: 11.0 SATA maub los: ATI Technologies Inc SB7x0 / SB8x0 / SB9x0 SATA Maub los [AHCI hom]
    00: 12.0 USB Controller: ATI Technologies Inc SB7x0 / SB8x0 / SB9x0 USB OHCI0 Controller
    00: 12.1 USB Controller: ATI Technologies Inc SB7x0 USB OHCI1 Maub Los
    00: 12.2 USB Controller: ATI Technologies Inc SB7x0 / SB8x0 / SB9x0 USB EHCI Controller
    00: 13.0 USB Controller: ATI Technologies Inc SB7x0 / SB8x0 / SB9x0 USB OHCI0 Controller
    00: 13.1 USB Controller: ATI Technologies Inc SB7x0 USB OHCI1 Maub Los
    00: 13.2 USB Controller: ATI Technologies Inc SB7x0 / SB8x0 / SB9x0 USB EHCI Controller
    00: 14.0 SMBus: ATI Technologies Inc SBx00 SMBus Controller (rev 3c)
    00: 14.2 Suab ntaus ntawv: ATI Technologies Inc SBx00 Azalia (Intel HDA)
    00: 14.3 ISA choj: ATI Technologies Inc SB7x0 / SB8x0 / SB9x0 LPC cov maub los
    00: 14.4 PCI choj: ATI Technologies Inc SBx00 PCI rau PCI Choj
    00: 18.0 Tus tswv tsev choj: Ua Ntej Micro Devices [AMD] Tsev Neeg 10h Processor HyperTransport Kho Kom Zoo Nkauj
    00: 18.1 Tus tswv tsev choj: Ua Ntej Micro Devices [AMD] Tsev Neeg 10h Txheej Txheem Chaw Nyob Daim Ntawv Qhia
    00: 18.2 Tus Tswv Tsev Choj: Ua Ntej Micro Devices [AMD] Tsev Neeg 10h Processor DRAM Xws Li
    00: 18.3 Tus Tswv Tsev Choj: Ua Ntej Micro Devices [AMD] Tsev Neeg 10h Lub Hauv Paus Tseeb rau Kev Tshawb Fawb
    00: 18.4 Tus Tswv Tsev Choj: Ua Ntej Micro Devices [AMD] Tsev Neeg 10h Txheej Txheeb Txuas Txuas
    01: 05.0 VGA tswj hwm tau tshaj: ATI Technologies Inc M880G [Mobility Radeon HD 4200]
    02: 00.0 Network maub los: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL8191SEvB Wireless LAN Xws (Rev 10)
    03: 00.0 Ethernet maub los: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL8101E / RTL8102E PCI Express Ceev Ethernet maub los (Rev 02)