Firmware, npau suav phem ntu 3: Yuav ua li cas rau nruab Linux rau hauv lub tshuab nrog lub Windows khau raj muab faib tau nruab

Errata: Ib xyoos tau dhau mus thiab kuv yuav tsum kho kuv tus kheej. Kuv tshuab kuv tsis muaj UEFI. Kuv muaj dab tsi yog kev faib khau raj. Cov kev daws teeb meem zoo li qub.

Ntau tshaj li qhov kev xav sau nws yog kev qhia, tab sis cia peb mus rau tom qab.

Hauv kev sib tham kuv tau hais tias Kuv tau yuav lub computer tshiab, thiab xwb kuv tau yuav nws kawg Saturday. Kuv Lub tswv yim z570 Nws muaj Intel core i7 processor, 4G ntawm RAM (Kuv yuav ntxiv 4G ntau dua), Intel HD 3000 graphics (nrog 64M nplooj siab, thiab zoo li Kuv tsis yog mus ua si Kuv tsis quav ntsej), intel n-1000 wireless controller (yog tias koj tsis siv lub kernel dawb, koj yuav muaj ib qho) thiab 500G ntawm hard disk, uas yog qhov peb tab tom tsom mus rau. Cov disk muaj 4 ntu (3 qhov tseem ceeb thiab ib qho pov thawj), 2 partitions yog Hoobkas (koj paub, rau kev rov qab los), ib qho yog Windows muab faib (7 lub tsev hwm) thiab tus tod (ib qho uas tuaj thaum pib ntawm daim disk) tau 200Mb.

Txoj kev sib tw: Nruab Nruab Debian Wheezy (Beta 4) ntawm lub tshuab ntawd (thiab yog tias tsim nyog, muaj khau raj dual).

Dab tsi tshwm sim? Kuv tuaj yeem siv CD daim ntawv pov thawj (rau cov ntaub ntawv no kuv siv Xubuntu) thiab pib zoo li yog. Tab sis txawm hais tias koj nruab qhov kev faib tawm, nws tsuas yog booted qhov raisCov. Hauv liveCD kuv pom tawm tias 200Mb faib no muaj tus chij khau rajCov. Thiab raws li kuv tuaj yeem pom thaum pib lub liveCD, ua ntej grub tshwm sim nws pom ib qho cim uas tau hais "Kev ruaj ntseg khau raj tsis qhib". Uas yog, Qhov no disk muaj EFI tab sis tsis muaj Ruaj Ntseg Kom Ruaj Ntseg Siv (bah, Kuv tsis pom nyob txhua qhov chaw uas tuaj yeem qhib tau …………… ..hehehehehe)Cov. Cov lus ntawd zoo li yog nyob ntawm kev faib tawm thiab yog qhov qhia tau tias nws tau txhawb EFI. Txhim kho Linux tsis mus yuav tsis yooj yim sua, tab sis nws yuav txawv (thiab tsis tshua xis nyob).

Ua ntej Kuv pib googling txog yuav ua li cas rau nruab Debian nrog EFI thiab lawv tau hais tias koj yuav tsum tau lees paub dab tsi ntawm kev faib hluav taws xob yuav yog. Nws tsis tau pab kuv, nws tseem zoo li qub.

Tom qab ntawd nws tau tshwm sim rau kuv kom paub yuav ua li cas txhawm rau txhim kho linux (txhua linux), ntawm lub tshuab zoo li kuv. Kuv tuaj hla lenovo kev txhawb nqa lub rooj sab laj thiab lawv qhia kuv tias nws nyob ntawm qhov yuav ua li cas lub disk faib, yog tias nws muaj EFI, lub disk muaj dua li muaj rooj faib GPT.

Kwv yees …………………………………… Yog, kuv daim disk muaj lub rooj faib rooj MBRCov. Kuv kos nws hauv Windows.

Kuv khaws googling efi thiab mbr thiab kuv pom cov ntaub ntawv zoo no nyob qhov twg cov sib txawv ntawm cov rooj faib ua ke yog piv. GPT tau tsim txhawm rau txhim kho cov kev txwv uas muaj MBR:

1)
MBR tsuas txhawb txog 4 ntu kev faib tawm, lossis mus txog 3 thawj qhov chaw thiab txuas ntxiv, uas tuaj yeem muaj txog 128 ntu kev faib ua ke.
GPT txhawb txog 128 ntu lub tsev hauv paus.

2)
MBR txhawb nqa tag nrho 32 thiab 64 ntsis tshuab
GPT txhawb nqa nyob ib leeg 64-ntsis sawv daws yuav

3)
MBR txhawb txog 2T ib ntu
GPT txhawb nqa mus txog 256T ib faib ua

(Kuv twv vim kuv daim disk yog 500G, lawv tsim nws li MBR)

4) tshem tawm discs nyob ib leeg lawv tuaj yeem yog MBR.

5) Thiab qhov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws
MBR siv qhov qub BIOS (nws tau tsim 20 xyoo dhau los)
GPT ua haujlwm nrog EFI (tau tsim ob peb xyoos dhau los)

Hauv zaj ntsiab lus: EFI + MBR = CACA

Mej xaav tas kuv saamswm yuav moog tshuab tawg ntawm lub qhov rais, tawm tsam kom tag nrho cov disk, tsim GPT thiab pib dua …………………… ..LAWV YUAV LOS !!!! Tsis tsuas yog kuv tau Debian rau khau raj nruab, tab sis kuv khaws cia kuv qhov khau raj ob.

Nws hloov tawm tias dab tsi tshwm sim yog tias qhov zaws tsis tau ntsia ntawm tias 200 mb muab faib. Yuav ua li cas yuav ua rau nws? Ua ntej kuv pib lub LiveCD thiab nyob ntawd Kuv qhib lub davhlau ya nyob twg thiab ua cov kauj ruam no: Kuv tau ua qhov no nrog Xubuntu 12.10 thiab kwv yees tias hauv / dev / sda1 muaj efi muab faib thiab hauv / dev / sda6 lub hauv paus kev faib tawm ntawm cov khoom faib twb tau nruab.

sudo -i
mount / dev / sda6 / mnt
mount / dev / sda1 / mnt / khau raj
grub-nruab –root-directory = / mnt / / dev / sda
mount –bind / proc / mnt / proc
mount –bind / dev / mnt / dev
mount –bind / sys / mnt / sys
chroot / mnt hloov tshiab-grub
umount / mnt / sys
umount / mnt / dev
umount / mnt / proc
tawm

Tseem tsis muaj reboot. Nrog cov grub no tau muab nruab rau hauv cov efi muab faib, tab sis nws yuav tsuas qhia qhov rais rau ntawd. Yuav tsum suav nrog Linux nkag:

sudo -i
mkdir / media / linux
mkdir / media / winBoot
mount / dev / sda6 / media / linux
mount / dev / sda1 / media / winBoot
cp /media/linux/boot/grub/grub.cfg/media/winBoot/grub/grub.cfg
tawm

Tam sim no kuv tuaj yeem pib rov qab thiab kuv pom Windows thiab Debian. YUPI !!!!!!!!

Tam sim no kuv kawm tiav chav kawm qib siab, Kuv nruab qhov kuv xav tau (lub sijhawm no kuv xaiv tau siv KDE, thiab nws ua haujlwm zoo) thiab tsiv kuv cov khoom.

Qhov chaw:http://jacobfogg.blogspot.com/2012/01/installing-ubuntu-1110-on-lenovo-z570.html (Qhov no yog qhov kev qhia uas pab kuv, Kuv xav kom koj nyeem nws vim tias nws muaj cov lus qhia rau rooj plaub uas lub wifi tsis ua haujlwm)


Cov ntsiab lus ntawm tsab xov xwm ua raws li peb cov ntsiab cai ntawm kev tswj hwm kev ncaj nceesCov. Tshaj tawm ib qho yuam kev nyem no.

42 lus, tawm koj li

Tso koj saib

Koj email chaw nyob yuav tsis tsum luam tawm. Yuav tsum tau teb cov cim nrog *

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  1. Lub luag haujlwm rau cov ntaub ntawv: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Lub hom phiaj ntawm cov ntaub ntawv: Tswj SPAM, kev tswj xyuas tawm tswv yim.
  3. Sau raws cai: Koj kev tso cai
  4. Kev sib txuas lus ntawm cov ntaub ntawv: Cov ntaub ntawv yuav tsis raug xa mus rau lwm tus neeg thib peb tsuas yog los ntawm kev txiav txim siab raug cai.
  5. Cov ntaub ntawv khaws cia: Cov Ntaub Ntawv khaws tseg los ntawm Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Txoj Cai: Txhua lub sijhawm koj tuaj yeem txwv, rov qab thiab tshem tawm koj cov ntaub ntawv.

  1.   Antonio Rosales qhov chaw duab said

    Kuv tseem nyob hauv kev tawm tsam nyuaj ntawm kev tuaj yeem nruab Debian, txij li kuv lub computer tuaj nrog Windows 8, Y_Y

  2.   eVeR said

    Qee lub ntsiab lus yog ib nrab nrab, Kuv xav tias. Kiag li yuav luag tag nrho cov disks siv MBR cov lus, GPT yog siv nyob rau hauv xwm txheej tshwj xeeb (los, leej twg siv ntau dua 4 ntu ...)
    Kuv tsim PCs, thiab xyoo no lawv txhua tus tuaj nrog EFI, thiab kuv ib txwm siv MBR yam tsis muaj teeb meem, muaj ob OS. GPT tseem tsis tau dav heev thiab hauv rooj plaub uas kuv zam rau nws.
    Koj qhov teeb meem tau muaj los ntawm lwm sab.
    regards

    1.    diazpan said

      Tom qab ntawd qhia kuv seb koj tau nruab Linux thaum khaws Windows.

      Nws puas tuaj yeem yog tias tus grub no tsis txuas ntxiv lawm?

  3.   Rama said

    Kuv xav tias tam sim no lawv debian ntxiv rau grub, nws nqa grub-efi, koj puas tuaj yeem nruab nws? Kuv yuav nkag siab hais tias nrog tias yuav tsum tsis muaj teeb meem dab tsi
    Koj puas tau sim "lov tes taw" uefi los ntawm cov bios ua ntej txhim kho debian ???

    1.    diazpan said

      Tsis muaj ib yam dab tsi hauv cov bios los ua kom lub cev uefi

      1.    Rama said

        Yog hais tias lub uefi tsis tau txiav tawm tab sis nws yog qhov ruaj ntseg khau raj uefi lossis qee yam zoo li ntawd (lawv yuav kho kuv).

        peb yuav tsum sawv ruaj khov thiab tsis txhob yuav cov cuab yeej uas tsis muaj qhov kev xaiv los ua kom lub uefi kev ruaj ntseg khau raj.

        PS: Koj puas tau pom qhov teeb meem grub-efi ????

        regards

  4.   Roob 87 said

    Kuv ua tsaug rau Vajtswv Kuv tsis muaj ntau yam teeb meem thaum txhim kho linux ntawm kuv lub tshuab nrog lub khau raj dual ... nws yuav yog tias kuv tsis muaj qhov uefi 0.0

  5.   Yoyo Fernandez said

    Nws hais tias Shit !!! : LOSSIS

    1.    helena_yuu said

      LOL

    2.    nano said

      Kuv ib txwm hais quav dev, lossis yuav luag txhua zaus, hauv kuv cov lus xD

  6.   xov hexborg said

    Tau zoo ua hauj lawm xwb. UEFI ib txwm muab teeb meem thaum txhim kho linux, Kuv vam tias yuav hloov sai sai thaum lawv tso tawm lub npe nrov.

  7.   ib leej twg said

    Muaj ntau yam uas nyiaj thiab lwm yam cuam tshuam tsis tuaj yeem yuav, rau txhua tsav txhua yam muaj ubuntu thiab kho khau raj

  8.   ICEman said

    Dab tsi yuav yog cov txheej txheem yooj yim tshaj plaws nyob rau hauv rooj plaub uas koj xav rho tawm Windows thiab txhua qhov kev faib ua uas nws coj, thiab ua ib qho kev faib me me ext4 rau / khau raj thiab muab faib loj (kom siv LVM piv txwv)? Ua li ntawd nws yuav yooj yim siv GPT vim tias tsuas muaj 2 ntu kev faib tawm thawj zaug xwb? (ib txwm tham txog kho vajtse EFI)
    Tsaug

    1.    diazpan said

      1) Kuv ib txwm xav tias nws yuav tsis yog qhov teeb meem los siv efi nrog mbr, yog li kuv tsis paub

      2) Kev faib tawm yuav siv ext2 vim tias koj tsis tas yuav sau ntawv

    2.    Hugo said

      Kuv feem ntau siv hnub dd kom huv txog 100MB txij thaum pib disk (qhov twg lub rooj faib txheej), thiab tom qab ntawd tsim kuv lub tswvyim sib faib.

      Los ntawm txoj kev, Kuv tus kheej tau muaj kev paub tias thaum kuv tau sim muab tag nrho cov partitions rau hauv LVM nws ua haujlwm tab sis qee qhov yuam kev tshwm sim yog li kuv thaum kawg nyam nrog cov tswvyim no:

      thawj (khau raj, 100M, ext3)
      thawj (sib puav, 2G)
      thawj (hauv paus, 8G, ext3)
      thawj (lvm, tas ntawm disk)

      Sab hauv LVM Kuv tsim ntim rau cov partitions:
      / usr (12GB, ext4)
      / tmp (ext4, 10GB (qee zaum thaum hlawv ob txheej DVD rau cov kab no siv los tsim cov duab))
      / tsev (ext4, qhov tsim nyog me me rau cov naj npawb ntawm cov neeg siv tau)
      / var (ext4, tas qhov chaw seem dawb)

      Tom qab siv cov tswvyim no Kuv tsis muaj xov xwm yuam kev. Qhov tseeb qhov kev faib tawm rau / khau raj tsis yog qhov tseem ceeb, tab sis kuv nyiam kom muaj nws ywj pheej ntawm lub hauv paus.

      Kuj, txhawm rau ua kom zoo me ntsis Kuv feem ntau ua kom zoo dua lub sijhawm no lossis cov kev xaiv sib cuam tshuam, kom ntseeg tau tias tsis muaj noexec thiab nosuid, thiab lwm yam.

  9.   Oscar said

    Kuv txoj kev tu siab tshaj plaws.
    Koj tsis tsim nyog yuav LENOVO. Lawv qhov kev txhawb nqa kev ntaus kis las yog qhov phem tshaj = ((tsawg kawg nyob hauv Mexico) Kuv tau yuav nws nrawm thiab kuv siv ob lub hlis yam tsis muaj vim tias nyeem DVD DVD ua tsis tiav thiab lawv siv sijhawm ntev los xa nws T_T
    Zoo qhov no tsis yog lub ntsiab lus xD

  10.   Hugo said

    Piv txwv, nws zoo li rau kuv tias yog tias tom qab txhim kho GRUB koj tau ua tiav qhov hloov tshiab-grub cov lus txib, koj yuav tau cawm koj tus kheej tsim kev nkag los ntawm txhais tes.

    1.    Hugo said

      Thov txim, kom piav tau zoo dua:
      - Ua ntej ua chroot / mnt
      - Thaum cov chroot tiav lawm, khiav hloov tshiab-grub
      (tsis tag rau ib kab)

      1.    diazpan said

        nyob rau hauv qhov ntawd, koj yuav tsum tau ntxiv qhov kev tawm (tawm ntawm chroot)

        1.    Hugo said

          Muaj tseeb tiag.

          Dab tsi ua rau kuv txaus siab yog tias koj yuav tsum tsim kom muaj cov lus tawm los ntawm txhais tes, thaum hloov tshiab-grub tau xav tias yuav tsum tau ua txoj haujlwm rau koj.

          Nws puas yog tias pob khoom os-prober tsis tau txhim kho kom raug?
          Nws yuav nthuav tawm nws kom pom tias qhov no yog qhov xwm txheej, thiab tseem ua ntej tawm ntawm chroot lossis kev coj ua hloov tshiab-grub, txheeb xyuas tias hauv / etc / default / grub muaj cov kab:

          GRUB_DISABLE_OS_PROBER = cuav

          Txawm li cas los xij, tej zaum nws yog qhov peculiarity ntawm GPT partitions, Kuv yuav tsum lees tias kom deb li deb kuv tsuas tau ua haujlwm nrog MBR partitions.

          Tseem tsab xov xwm zoo.

  11.   Blaire pascal said

    Koj tsis tuaj yeem ua kab kos ntxiv: "Yuav ua li cas rau nruab Linux rau ntawm lub tshuab nrog crap EFI" hahaha. Qhov tseeb, rau G +, Kuv tau hais kuv txoj kev daws teeb meem, nruab BIOS, hloov mus rau GPT, tab sis kuv ua siab ncaj tsis xav tias nws yuav ua tiav. Zoo heev cov ncej.

  12.   msx said

    "GPT tau tsim los txhim kho cov kev txwv ntawm MBR" Kuv txhais tau tias, GPT ua dab tsi yog ua rau cov kev txwv ntawm MBR muaj zog dua ...

    lossis theej tias GPT sim ua kom kov yeej cov kev txwv ntawm MBR?

    1.    diazpan said

      tseeb

  13.   Oscar said

    Nws yeej yog qhov zoo, tab sis nws mob siab tias Fedora 18 nyob cd tsis pib nrog UEFI, koj yuav tsum ua kom nws tsis txhob siv nws thiab siv cov Caj Cuam thiab nws muaj qhov zoo li ntawd thiab tsis siv UEFI ntxiv, txawm hais tias qhov tseeb yog tias kuv xav siv nws , rau whim, yog hais tias Ubuntu 13.04 tuaj yeem, Vim li cas ho tsis Fedora?

    1.    diazpan said

      Kev them nyiaj yug rau UEFI yog raws li ntawm fedora 19

      1.    Oscar said

        Fedora 18 tseem yuav tsum muaj kev txhawb nqa…. Zoo, tos ob peb lub hlis rau fedora 19, yog li thaum lub sijhawm Kuv yuav tau siv cov qhov rai dua, vim tias Ubuntu muab ntau yam teeb meem rau kuv.

        1.    diazpan said

          Yog lawm. Kuv yuam kev lawm. Kev txhawb nqa yog los ntawm 18.

        2.    peb 92 said

          sabayon muaj UEFI / EFI kev txhawb nqa

  14.   lub sijhawm 3000 said

    Tos, vim li cas koj tsis siv hom cawm? Nws ua haujlwm rau kuv thaum kuv thawj zaug nruab Debian thiab tom qab ntawd Windows ntawm lwm tus ib nrab ntawm kuv lub IDE hard drive [OH WAIT!].

    Txawm li cas los xij, Kuv vam tias Debian Wheezy tuaj yeem kho qhov teeb meem no UEFI nrog SecureBoot ua haujlwm nyob rau hauv cov hloov tshiab tom ntej.

  15.   Xyoo 1994 said

    Thov txim, kuv muaj lus nug. Kuv tau nruab Ubuntu 13.04 ntawm lub laptop uas muaj Windows 8 (rau qhov uas kuv yuav tsum nkag mus rau Qhov Kev Pib Tshaj Tawm / Pib ntawm Usb, Kuv tsis muaj teeb meem). Txawm li cas los xij, kuv xav tau nruab Sabayon tam sim no, tab sis txij li kuv tsis muaj kev nkag tau cov kev xaiv tam sim no nyob rau hauv Windows, Kuv tsis paub yuav ua li cas rau boot Live Usb. Kuv yuav ua li cas? Tsaug ua ntej.

    1.    diazpan said

      siv ib qho program zoo li unetbootin uas tuav ib iso thiab muab tso rau ntawm usb

      1.    Xyoo 1994 said

        Yog lawm, Kuv siv Unetbootin los tsim Sabayon tus nyob Usb. Qhov teeb meem yog tias nws tsis paub thaum nws pib lub laptop. Xws li lub Windows, Kuv tuaj yeem khiav Usb ntawm Advanced Start tab sis nrog Ubuntu Kuv tsis paub yuav ua li cas.

  16.   Dab noj hnub said

    Dual khau raj tsis ua haujlwm rau kuv, Kuv ntxub EFI

  17.   ich said

    HAIS TSEEM CEEB HEEV, LOS KUJ TAU KOJ TSIS TAU UA LI KOJ HAIS UA LICAS RAU BURG + FEDORA 19 + W8 ???

    KUV SAIB TAB SIS LIS YEEJ TSIS MUAJ NTAU YAM NTAUB NTAWV, KUV TUAJ YEEM KOJ YUAV TAU PAB KUV

  18.   tus menyuam said
  19.   chowitox said

    cov kauj ruam yeej yog lawm tab sis lawv tsis yog pov thawj pov thawj (zoo li txhua yam hauv linux: D)
    koj muaj qee cov ntsiab lus, piv txwv li, thawj zaug koj tau tawm ntawm lub tawb thiab tom qab ntawd koj unmount dev prox thiab sys.

    Tab sis nws yog qhov pab tau zoo heev

  20.   David said

    Muaj yog tias lawv pab kuv lossis qhia kuv rau lwm qhov kev tshaj tawm.

    MBR thiab GPT txhua yam zoo, kuv lub tshuab tuaj nrog dual, Kuv txhais tau tias kuv muaj grub (qhov rais 8 thiab Debian).

    Ob peb hnub dhau los Kuv tau txais qhov "grub cawm" kev ua yuam kev 🙁

    Sim ua SuperGrubDisk2 tshaj plaws (thiab nws tsuas yog nrhiav partitions thiab tsis khau raj txhawb UEFI (GPT) hom khau raj).

    Kuv yuav kho nws li cas? (Kuv tab tom xav nrog LinuxLive thiab kho qhov yuam kev ncaj qha hauv grub.cfg - vam tias koj tuaj yeem)

  21.   Francisco said

    Kuv muaj lus nug, Kuv sim rau nruab Debian 7.7 ntawm sab nraud ssd disk, kuv lub computer yog lub HP Pavillion laptop, AMD A8 processor nrog Windows 8.1, Kuv tswj kom ua tiav feem ntau ntawm Debian installation tshwj tsis yog kev nthuav dav me me; tsis tuaj yeem thauj grub hauv cov ntawv sau npe tseem ceeb, Kuv tau sim thauj khoom grub hauv sdc5, uas yog tib txoj kev xaiv qhov chaw nruab txheej txheej txheem yuav ua tiav, tab sis thaum lub kaw lus pib nws tsis muaj kuv txoj kev xaiv kom boot Debian siv Windows, nrog rau txheej txheem uas koj qhia hauv kab lus no, nws puas muaj peev xwm daws tau? Thov, kuv tab tom nrhiav kev pab hauv qhov no! Ua tsaug ua ntej

  22.   Demian Koj said

    Ntev ntev dhau los ntawm tsab xov xwm, tab sis qhov tseeb yog qhov koj xav ua kom koj lub neej tsis yooj yim los ntawm kev coj txoj hauv kev nyuaj tshaj plaws.
    Thiab qhov tsis zoo: cov neeg siv uas txhais tau tias GPT partitions yog qhov zoo tshaj plaws rau lawv 500 gig hard drives hahahaha ...

  23.   Bill said

    Idolooooooooo ……… ..
    koj cov lus qhia MBR thiab GPT. Kuv xav tias lawv daws kuv qhov teeb meem.
    Kuv yuav tsum reboot thiab txheeb xyuas nws… .. tab sis qhov yuam kev tsis tshwm sim ntxiv lawm …….

    THANKS heev!