GIS (Geographic Information System) hauv Linux: muaj cov programmes

lub GIS (Cov Ntaub Ntawv Xov Xwm Hauv Ib Cheeb Tsam, Cov Ntaub Ntawv Xov Xwm Hauv Ib Cheeb Tsam) tso cai ua haujlwm nrog cov ntaub ntawv hais txog thaj chaw, tuav cov txheej txheem vector, raster (bitmap) thiab cov ntaub ntawv los ntawm databases.There muaj ntau cov ntaub ntawv tawm tswv yim rau GIS, qee qhov raster (xws li GeoTIFF, DRG lossis SID) thiab lwm lub vector (xws li ESRI-Shapefile, GML, DXF, MapInfo File lossis TIGER). Yog li kuj muaj ntau cov kev pab rau GIS; cia saib qee qhov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws muaj rau hauv Linux.

Txhawm rau nruab lawv, koj tsuas yog yuav tsum saib lawv nyob rau hauv tus tswj hwm pob ntawm koj distro lossis rub tawm lub chaw tsim hluav taws xob tsim los ntawm cov khoom lag luam lub vev xaib.

gvSIG

gvSIG yog qhov kev tsim software pub dawb rau Cov Xov Xwm Txog Cov Ntaub Ntawv Hauv Cheeb Tsam, uas feem ntau suav nrog gvSIG Desktop thiab gvSIG Mobile ntawv thov. gvSIG Desktop yog thawj daim ntawv thov uas tau tsim tawm hauv qhov haujlwm gvSIG, uas yog vim li cas nws tseem hu ua gvSIG.

gvSIG Desktop yog khoos phis tawm rau kev tswj hwm ntawm cov ntawv xov xwm thaj chaw nrog cartographic precision uas tau faib raws li GNU GPL v2 daim ntawv tso cai. Nws tso cai rau nkag mus rau vector thiab raster cov ntaub ntawv ntxiv rau daim ntawv qhia chaw pabcuam uas ua raws li OGC cov lus qhia tshwj xeeb. Qhov no yog ib qho ntawm cov cwj pwm tseem ceeb ntawm gvSIG piv rau lwm Cov Ntaub Ntawv Xov Xwm Hauv Tebchaws, kev ua haujlwm tseem ceeb ntawm OGC cov kev pabcuam: WMS (Web Map Service), WFS (Web Feature Service), WCS (Web Npog Pab), Catalog Service thiab Kev pabcuam ntawm Gazetteer Cov.

Nws tau tsim nyob rau hauv Java programming cov lus, khiav nrog Microsoft Windows, Linux thiab Mac OS X operating systems, thiab siv GIS cov ntawv lees paub zoo, xws li Geotools lossis Java Topology Suite (JTS). Ib yam li ntawd, gvSIG muaj cov lus sau ua raws Jython thiab ncua ntxiv kuj tuaj yeem raug tsim hauv Java siv cov chav kawm gvSIG.

Ntawm cov qauv duab tshaj plaws, nws muaj, ntawm lwm tus, nkag mus rau vector hom GML, SHP, DXF, DWG, DGN, KML thiab raster duab hom xws li MrSID, GeoTIFF, ENVI lossis ECW.

quantum GIS

Quantum GIS (lossis QGIS) yog qhov chaw qhib cov ntaub ntawv Geographic Information System (GIS) rau GNU / Linux, Unix, Mac OS thiab Microsoft Windows platforms. Nws yog ib qho ntawm OSGeo Foundation thawj yim lub luag haujlwm thiab hauv xyoo 2008 nws tau ua tiav tiav los ntawm theem tsim kom loj hlob. Nws tso cai rau tswj raster thiab vector hom, nrog rau cov ntaub ntawv pov thawj. Qee qhov ntawm cov yam ntxwv yog:

  • Txhawb Kev Tshaj Tawm rau PostgreSQL kev nthuav dav, PostGIS.
  • Kev tuav cov ntaub ntawv vector Shapefile, ArcInfo coverages, Mapinfo, GRASS GIS, thiab lwm yam.
  • Kev them nyiaj yug rau ntau hom ntaub ntawv raster (GRASS GIS, GeoTIFF, TIFF, JPG, thiab lwm yam)

Ib qho ntawm nws qhov zoo tshaj plaws yog qhov tseem ceeb ntawm kev siv Quantum GIS ua GUI ntawm SIG GRASS, siv txhua qhov kev tsom xam lub zog ntawm tom kawg hauv cov phooj ywg ua haujlwm zoo. QGIS tau tsim tawm hauv C ++, siv Qt lub tsev qiv ntawv rau nws Cov Ntaub Ntawv Sib Txuas Sib Tham.

SAGA GIS

SAGA (English acronym rau System for Automos Geoscientific Analyzes lossis System rau Automos Geoscientific Analyzes hauv Spanish) yog cov ntaub ntawv ua ke ua ke ntawm cov ntaub ntawv geographic (saib cov Ntaub Ntawv Xov Xwm Nruab Nrab).

Thawj lub hom phiaj ntawm SAGA yog muab lub sijhawm zoo thiab yooj yim rau kev nqis tes ua ntawm geoscientific txoj kev los ntawm nws cov programming interface (API). Qhov thib ob yog ua kom cov hau kev no nkag mus hauv hauv kev yooj yim. Qhov no yog tiav feem ntau los ntawm nws cov graphical user interface (GUI). Ua ke, API THIAB GUI yog qhov tseeb muaj peev xwm ntawm SAGA - txoj kev loj hlob sai thiab loj hlob ntawm cov qauv geoscientific.

GMT

Raws li tau piav qhia hauv lub vev xaib ntawm GMT http://gmt.soest.hawaii.edu/, GMT, uas sawv cev rau Generic Mapping Cov Cuab Yeej, uas yog, Cov Cuab Yeej rau Tsim Cov Phiaj Xwm, yog ib pob dawb ntawm cov khoos phis tawm qhib, tsim ntawm ib ncig 60 cov ntaub ntawv xa tawm 1, rau kev piav qhia ntawm cov ntaub ntawv hauv cheeb tsam thiab, feem ntau, cov ntaub ntawv hauv ob thiab peb qhov ntev, suav nrog algorithms rau kev lim, kev ua haujlwm, cov phiaj xwm phiaj, thiab lwm yam Koj tuaj yeem tsim cov duab kos duab hauv Cov Ntawv Postscript xws li cov duab peb-seem mus rau cov xim peb-seem. GMT tuaj yeem tsim kwv yees li 30 hom ntawm cov chaw hauv cheeb tsam thiab muaj cov ntaub ntawv hauv nws cov ntaub ntawv ntawm ntug dej, ntug dej hiav txwv thiab ciam teb hauv tebchaws.

Peb yuav tsum tau ib leeg xwb lawv. GMT kuj tuaj yeem nyeem ntawv ntug dej hiav txwv, ciam teb, dej ntws thiab pas dej raws li vectors (piv txwv li nkhaus caj dab) thiab yog ncaj qha lossis ncaj qha, los ntawm kev hloov pauv, nrog paub txog thaj chaw.

GMT hauv paus chiv keeb tsis muaj graphical user interface. Yuav tsim cov phiaj xwm, tus neeg txhais lus (kab ntawv hais kom ua) ntawm lub operating system nyob rau hauv uas qhov program siv raug siv yuav tsum siv. Qhov no yog qhov twg cov lus txib nrog lawv cov lus coj tau sib raug zoo yog li nkag mus ua kom muaj duab nyob hauv PostScript, ib daim ntawv nrog qhov ntxiv mus ps. Cov ntaub ntawv Postscript tsim li no tuaj yeem hloov mus rau lwm hom ntawv thiab tom qab ntawd kho nrog kho kom zoo cov duab kho kom zoo nkauj. Cov duab qhia chaw no yuav tsum muaj ntawv tso cai raws li GNU Daim Ntawv Tso Cai Pub Dawb.

NYOM

GRASS (Lus Askiv cov ntawv sau rau Geographic Resources Analysis Support System) yog GIS (Geographic Information System) software raws li GPL (software pub dawb) daim ntawv tso cai. Nws tuaj yeem txhawb nqa cov ntaub ntawv raster thiab vector thiab muaj cov khoom siv ua duab digital.

Hauv nws cov pib, xyoo 1982, software tau tsim los ntawm Tsoomfwv Meskas Tshawb Fawb Kev Tshawb Fawb Kev Tshawb Fawb Lub Kuaj Xyuas Cov Hluav Taws Xob Cov Hluav Taws Xob (Tebchaws USA-CERL) los ua cov cuab yeej saib xyuas thiab kev tswj hwm ib puag ncig ntawm thaj chaw hauv qab tswj hwm ntawm Lub Tsev Haujlwm Saib Xyuas Kev Tiv Thaiv tsis pom ib qho GIS ntawm kev ua lag luam uas ua tau raws li cov kev xav tau no. Hauv xyoo 1991 tau tsim tawm rau pej xeem los ntawm Is Taws Nem. Nws qhov koob meej nce hauv cov tsev kawm, tuam txhab thiab tsoomfwv cov chaw haujlwm. Xyoo 1997, thaum USA-CERL GRASS tshaj tawm tias nws yuav tsum tsis txhawb nqa txoj haujlwm, Baylor University tau kav nws txoj kev txhim kho. Txog hnub no, nws txoj kev lees txais hauv lub ntiaj teb kev kawm nce ntxiv. Lub Kaum Hlis 26, 1999 nrog version 5.0 qhov program code tso tawm raws li GNU GPL daim ntawv tso cai. GRASS yog ib ntawm yim lub phiaj xwm ntawm OSGeo Foundation. Xyoo 2008 nws tau kawm tiav los ntawm kev txooj theem.

Ntawm Linux, cov graphical interface rau GRASS yog Quantum GIS, tseem hu ua QGIS.

gpx2 wb

Hloov pauv los ntawm GPX hom (siv hauv GPS) rau hom ESRI-Shapefile (siv hauv GIS).

Cov Tsev qiv Ntawv Geospatial

Xav paub ntxiv txog GIS ntawm: OSGeoCov. Koj kuj yuav nyiam OpenStreetMap.

Cov ntsiab lus ntawm tsab xov xwm ua raws li peb cov ntsiab cai ntawm kev tswj hwm kev ncaj nceesCov. Tshaj tawm ib qho yuam kev nyem no.

9 lus, tawm koj li

Tso koj saib

Koj email chaw nyob yuav tsis tsum luam tawm. Yuav tsum tau teb cov cim nrog *

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  1. Lub luag haujlwm rau cov ntaub ntawv: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Lub hom phiaj ntawm cov ntaub ntawv: Tswj SPAM, kev tswj xyuas tawm tswv yim.
  3. Sau raws cai: Koj kev tso cai
  4. Kev sib txuas lus ntawm cov ntaub ntawv: Cov ntaub ntawv yuav tsis raug xa mus rau lwm tus neeg thib peb tsuas yog los ntawm kev txiav txim siab raug cai.
  5. Cov ntaub ntawv khaws cia: Cov Ntaub Ntawv khaws tseg los ntawm Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Txoj Cai: Txhua lub sijhawm koj tuaj yeem txwv, rov qab thiab tshem tawm koj cov ntaub ntawv.

  1.   Moscosov said

    Tab sis cov xov xwm zoo tshaj plaws uas kuv tus muam thiab tus kwv tij yog thaj chaw thiab txhua zaus kuv coj lawv Lo Lus thiab Qhov Tseeb ntawm Linux lawv tau los nrog GIS nto moo thiab tias tsis muaj kev sib raug zoo hauv Linux, thiab tias qhov no thiab ntawd, uas yog tsis yog qhov zoo los sis qhov phem yog tias tsis yog qhov fab ntxeev, txawm li cas los xij tam sim no kuv muaj kev sib cav thiab kev sim kom tau lawv tawm ntawm txoj kev ntawm txoj kev nplij siab lub qhov rais ...

    Kuv tau saib qee qhov kev ua yeeb yaj kiab yav tsaus ntuj thiab kuv cov lus tseem ceeb.

    Txwv tsis pub cov ntawv xov xwm zoo, ntau thiab ntau txoj kev daws teeb meem tau raug tsim los rau ntau yam lag luam tsim khoom.

  2.   krafty said

    Puas yog ib yam zoo li Google Earth ??

  3.   Henrykotynksi said

    Nyob zoo. Kuv tau siv ob qho Gvsig thiab Quantum. qhov tseeb yog qhov lawv nyiam siv thiab ua cov cuab yeej muaj zog heev. =)
    Tsawg tsawg los khib rau tus kheej ...

  4.   Cia siv Linux said

    Tsis heev. Cov no yog cov cuab yeej muaj zog ntau dua rau kev sim cov cadastres, thaj chaw thiab hydrographic cov kev tshawb fawb, thiab lwm yam.

    Lub Yim Hli 9, 2011 13:10 PM, Disqus
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  5.   Henrykotynksi said

    raws li cov neeg ntawm nplooj ntawv hais, lawv yog cov cuab yeej siv rau kev tswj hwm thiab kho cov duab qhia chaw, koj tuaj yeem tsim txoj hauv kev, cov ntsiab lus thiab txawm tias yog cov duab 3d yog tias koj muaj qhov zoo tagnrho qhuas, koj tuaj yeem xa thiab rub daim duab qhia, kab, ntsiab lus thiab lwm tus los ntawm qee cov servers.
    Koj tuaj yeem txuas nws rau Postrgres thiab muaj cov ntaub ntawv hloov kho online .. =)

    Nco ntsoov tias lub ntiaj teb zoo li qub thiab cov tswv tsim hauv qee qhov xwm txheej koj yuav tsum muaj ntawv tso cai siv nws, tab sis yog tias koj xav tau muaj ib txoj haujlwm hu ua OpenStreetMap (www.openstreetmap.org) uas ua haujlwm nrog lub wiki philosophy.

    Kuv tuaj yeem hais tias nws zoo ib yam li lub ntiaj teb hauv qhov kev nkag siab tias nws muaj cov haujlwm zoo sib xws (cim cov ntsiab lus, duab, txheej, thiab lwm yam) tab sis qhov txawv loj yog koj tuaj yeem tsim koj lub server nrog koj daim ntawv qhia, yoog nws rau koj cov kev xav tau lossis rau tuam txhab ntawd.

  6.   Teeb nquam nkoj said

    Tus phooj ywg nkag zoo!

  7.   Cia siv Linux said

    Raws nraim. Tus lwm txoj kev xaiv pub dawb rau Google Maps yog OpenStreetMap. Qhov zoo tshaj plaws pub dawb rau Google Earth yog Marble (txawm hais tias nws yog lub xyoo nyob deb ntawm nws txoj kev sib tw).
    Txaus siab! Paul.

    Lub Yim Hli 9, 2011 13:59 PM, Disqus
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  8.   Cia siv Linux said

    Nov yog Moscov! Luckily, muaj ntau ntau thiab ntau txoj kev xaiv pub dawb.
    Kuv xa koj ib cov loj puag! Paul.

    Lub Yim Hli 10, 2011 05:59 PM, Disqus
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  9.   MLTON said

    IB YAM KEV UA PHEM