Intel tab tom sim sawv thiab hauv nws txoj kev qhia nws npaj siab yuav tsim 7, 4 thiab 3 nm chips kom caum cuag nws cov neeg sib tw xyoo 2025

Intel nthuav tawm Ob peb hnub dhau los koj daim ntawv qhia kev rau plaub xyoos tom ntej, uas nws hais txog qhov ntawd tsim cov chips raws li 7nm, 4nm thiab 3nm txheej txheem txheej txheemIb qho ntxiv, xyoo 2024 nws yuav nthuav qhia nws cov txheej txheem thev naus laus zis tshiab "I0ntel 20A" (20 Angstroms), uas yuav tsum tso cai rau nws mus caum thiab rov ua thawj coj.

Nrog nws Intel tau mus rau qhov kev ua phem los ntawm kev nce qib nws cov kev ua kom caum cuag cov neeg sib tw rau plaub xyoos tom ntej, qhov no tom qab tshaj tawm lub caij ntuj sov dhau los tias nws yuav tsis ua nws tus kheej 7nm chips vim kev ua haujlwm nyuaj, tab sis qhov hloov pauv, raws li Intel thaum kawg tau tuav lub rooj zaum dua thiab txhawj xeeb lub hlis (thaum kawg ntawm xyoo thawj daim ntawv yuav tsum pib xa hauv thawj peb lub hlis xyoo 2022).

Qhov tseeb, Intel thawj zaug tshaj tawm tias nws yuav hloov nws lub npe kev ua haujlwm rau kev tsim cov tshuab thev naus laus zis. Tam sim no nws yuav siv lub npe luv los ua ke nrog txoj hauv kev TSMC thiab Samsung kev lag luam lawv cov thev naus laus zis thev naus laus zis, qhov twg me dua yog qhov zoo dua.

Raws li ib feem ntawm nws nkag mus rau hauv kev lag luam tsim khoom, Intel tau tso cov npe zoo li "Intel 10nm Enhanced Super Fine" thiab tam sim no nws tau hais tias nws hu nws cov txheej txheem xws li "Intel 7".

Cov txheej txheem Intel tsim tshiab tau cia siab tias yuav muaj qhov ntom ntom piv rau TSMC thiab Samsung's 7nm nodes thiab yuav npaj rau kev tsim khoom hauv Q2022 5. Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb kom nco ntsoov tias Taiwanese OEMs TSMC thiab South Kauslim Samsung tau xa XNUMXnm cov khoom lag luam kos duab.

Intel txoj kev piav qhia ntau yam ntxiv tom qab nanometric era hu ua "Angström" eraRaws li Intel txoj hauv kev, nws yuav pib tsim "Intel 20A" (20 Angstroms) txheej txheem ntawm xyoo 2024 thiab, thaum ntxov 2025, nws yuav ua haujlwm ntawm nws qhov ua tiav, uas yog, "Intel 18A" node.

Lub npe hloov mus rau "Intel 20A" hloov ntawm "2nm" zoo li yuav tsum yog ib feem rau qhov tseeb tias cov lej suav no yuav suav nrog kev hloov pauv loj hauv vaj tsev rau Intel chips. Qhov tseeb, tau ntau xyoo lub tuam txhab tau siv FinFET transistors, tab sis rau Intel 20A, nws yuav hloov mus rau GAA (rooj vag-thoob-ib puag ncig) tsim uas nws hu ua "RibbonFET."

GAA cov qauv tsim tso cai rau cov neeg tsim khoom los teeb tsa ntau txoj hauv kev rau ib leeg, ua rau lub peev xwm tam sim no muaj teeb meem ntsug thiab nce ntom nti. Intel 20A tseem yuav ua raws "PowerVias," txheej txheem txheej txheem tsim tshiab uas yuav tso lub hwj chim tso rau tom qab ntawm lub nti.

Thaum kawg, ntawm cov txheej txheem nws tsim hais txog cov hauv qab no:

  • Intel 7: Cov muab qhov nce ntawm kwv yees li 10-15% hauv kev ua haujlwm ib watt piv rau "Intel 10nm SuperFin", ua tsaug rau kev ua kom zoo ntawm FinFET transistors. "Intel 7" yuav muaj nyob hauv cov khoom lag luam xws li Alder Lake rau cov neeg siv khoom hauv xyoo 2021 thiab Sapphire Rapids rau cov chaw khaws ntaub ntawv, uas cia siab tias yuav tsim khoom hauv thawj peb lub hlis xyoo 2022.
  • Intel 4: Cov siv EUV lithography los luam cov yam ntxwv me me nrog lub teeb nthwv dej luv luv. Nrog kwv yees li 20% nce hauv kev ua haujlwm ib watt, nrog rau kev txhim kho rau thaj chaw, Intel 4 yuav npaj mus rau kev tsim khoom hauv ib nrab ntawm 2022 rau cov khoom xa hauv xyoo 2023, suav nrog Meteor Lake rau cov neeg siv khoom thiab Granite Rapids rau chaw chaw.
  • Intel 3: Cov Nws siv qhov txiaj ntsig ntawm FinFET kev txhim kho tshiab thiab nce hauv EUV kom xa kwv yees li 18% nce hauv kev ua haujlwm ib watt dhau Intel 4, nrog rau kev txhim kho ntxiv rau saum npoo. Intel 3 yuav muaj nyob rau ntawm lub tuam txhab cov khoom lag luam hauv ib nrab ntawm 2023.
  • Intel 18A: Tshaj li Intel 20A, Intel 18A twb tau txhim kho rau thaum ntxov 2025, nrog kev txhim kho ua rau RibbonFET. Intel tseem tab tom ua haujlwm los tsim kom muaj cov lej loj (siab NA) EUV system. Lub tuam txhab thov kom tuaj yeem tau txais kev lag luam thawj tus lej siab aperture EUV cov cuab yeej tsim khoom.

Intel xav tias yuav tsim cov chips rau Qualcomm, Amazon, thiab lwm yam yav tom ntej.

Source: https://www.intel.com

 


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