Looj mem, sau ntawv nrog chav kawm (ntu 1)

Cov ntawv sau qauv zoo tshaj plaws, qhov loj tshaj plaws zoo siab rau cov qhov muag ntawm ib tug neeg xav qhov nws sau yuav ib qho ode rau zoo nkauj thiab mus saj zoo. Vim tias "qhov tseem ceeb tsis yog qhov tau hais tab sis yuav hais li cas tau hais" (Cicero) peb txhua tus yuav tsum paub siv LEEJ TWG.


Kuv yuav tsum lees txim ib yam dab tsi: Kuv nyiam kos duab kos duab. Tias yog vim li cas kuv ntxub kom pom (kuv lub qhov muag raug mob) thaum daim ntawv tuaj txog hauv kuv txhais tes qhov twg cov kev cai zoo ntawm cov khoom muaj tseeb thiab lwm yam kev sib raug zoo ntawm cov khoom siv thiab chaw nyob hauv cov ntawv sau yog outraged. Qhov tseeb, Kuv tau tshaj tawm tus yeeb ncuab ntawm qee cov fonts (zoo li "zoo li tsis muaj dab tsi") thiab kuv tsis tshua nyiam WYSIWYG hom lus tsim (xws li MSWord lossis Qhib / LibreOffice Writer).

Hauv qhov no, uas yuav yog thawj zaug tsim los ntawm ntau yam ntxiv, Kuv yuav sim piav qhia rau koj, kuv tus phooj ywg, vim li cas rau kuv kev xav paub.

Yog tias kuv tau hais tias muaj ntau yam, nws yog vim hais tias qhov teeb meem no yog qhov dav heev uas sim los tsim cov quotas los sau lub ntsiab lus nws yuav yog ib qho nyuaj heev (thiab ntawm qhov tod tes, Kuv kuj muaj qhov tsis nyiam qhov zoo nkauj ntawm kev ncua kuv tus kheej ntau tshaj qhov tsim nyog thaum hais lus lossis sau ntawv). Txog tam sim no thawj yam yog los qhia rau koj, Nyob zoo nyeem ntawv, Dab Tsi yog Dab Tsi thiab vim li cas nws tsim nyog siv.

Dab Tsi yog Dab Tsi?

Raws li Wikipedia, "looj yog txheej txheem qauv sau ntawv, tshwj xeeb rau kev tsim cov phau ntawv, ntawv pov thawj scientific thiab cov ntaub ntawv pov thawj uas muaj cov qauv lej."

Dab neeg tau nws tias tus kws tshaj lij npe hu ua Donald Knuth (uas tau muab nws lub neej tshwj xeeb rau cov kev suav daws) tau tawg rau hauv kev npau taws thaum lub tsev tshaj tawm uas nws tau tso nws txoj haujlwm tseem ceeb tshaj plaws "The Art of Programming Computers" (ib phau ntawv dawb ceev rau cov tsim tawm) xa cov qauv luam ntawm nws thawj cov ntim. Donald, uas yog ib tus neeg ua haujlwm zoo tshaj plaws, tsis txaus siab rau kev nthuav qhia ntawm daim ntawv thiab hais tias leej twg hauv nws qhov chaw yuav tau hais "yog tias yog koj xav tau qee yam zoo, koj yuav tsum ua koj tus kheej" (lossis qee yam zoo li ntawd). Nyob rau hauv cov txiaj ntsig, nws coj ib xyoo sabbatical muab yug rau dab tsi hauv kuv lub tswv yim yog qhov kev tsim zoo tshaj plaws ntawm cov software: TeX.

Raws li thawj kauj ruam, lub xyoo nws xub tau siv nyiaj txiag tsis txaus: nws siv yim ntau ntxiv; thiab qhov thib ob, txawm hais tias TeX yog qhov kev xav tsis thoob, tsuas yog nws tus tsim thiab ob peb lub siab npaj nkag siab nws (qhov tseeb, tsuas yog siv qhov tsawg kawg nkaus uas koj yuav tsum paub yuav ua li cas rau program). Nws yog txoj heev. Nws tau nyob ntawd tias lwm qhov tseem ceeb tshaj lij heev tuaj txog, Leslie Lamport, leej twg tsim cov macros rau TeX uas ua rau nws nkag mus tau rau txhua tus. Nuj Nplaib yug.

Cov lus piav qhia: Lub ntsiab lus yooj yim dua li qhov koj xav. Tam sim no, deb ntawm txhua qhov kev ntshai, koj tuaj yeem txuas ntxiv nyeem nrog kev paub tseeb tias yog koj twv, koj tuaj yeem dhau los ua tus siv LaTeX zoo txawm tias koj qhov kev txawj siv computer yog qhov pib.

Vim li cas koj thiaj yuav tsum muab tshuaj rau LaTeX sim?

Zoo, cov txiaj ntsig ntawm looj tau muaj ntau thiab ntau. Qhov tseeb kuv kawm paub tias nrog looj ntsiab tshiab thiab zoo nkauj txaus siab tuaj txog txhua txhua hnub ntawm lawv lub peev xwm. Txawm li cas los xij, txij li kuv xav tias feem ntau cov neeg nyeem kov qhov kev kawm thawj zaug, Kuv yuav sim luv luv thiab yooj yim:

  • Lub loog ntawm cov ntawv sau nrog LaTeX yog heev (mmmuuuyyyy) zoo dua li ib qho uas ua nrog WYSIWYG-hom processor (xws li Writer, Abiword lossis MSWord).
  • Tsis muaj ib qho piav qhia nyuaj dhau los yog ib qho teeb meem rau looj (xws li qauv ua lej, rooj, duab, duab kos, thiab lwm yam).
  • Looj ntsiab kev saib xyuas lub typography thiab hom ntawv ntawm daim ntawv tawm mus rau tus neeg siv tsuas yog txhawj txog cov ntsiab lus. Yog li ntawd! Koj tsuas yog ntaus cov ntawv looj coj los saib xyuas kev nthuav qhia (thiab tus tub ua nws ua tau zoo).
  • Yog tias daim ntawv ntev, looj rau cov qauv ntawm kev teeb tsa thiab teeb tsa nws yooj yim.
  • Looj yog software dawb thiab lub zej zog muab kev koom tes yog loj. Qhov nyiaj ntawm cov ntaub ntawv yog loj heev thiab ib tug neeg yuav ib txwm kam pab. Qhov tseeb kuv twv tau hais tias tsis muaj lwm yam software ua yog ntau ntawv qhia muaj nyob rau hauv Net li nrog looj.
  • Muaj cov pob rau txhua yam !!! (Cov pob khoom yog, yog li yuav hais lus, txuas ntxiv ntawm lub zog ntawm Lij Xaj uas tso cai rau koj ua txhua yam haujlwm ntxiv - peb mam tham txog cov no nyob rau lwm qhov txuas).
  • Nrog LaTeX tsis tsuas yog cov ntawv lossis phau ntawv tuaj yeem tsim ... kuj yog cov tsiaj ntawv, cov ntawv swb, cov ntawv tshaj tawm, cov ntawv xaib, cov nplooj ntawv web, ntawm lwm tus, txhua tus tshaj lij.

Thiab ntau ntau ntxiv zoo uas peb yuav qhia thoob plaws hauv cov tuaj tom qab no.

Kuv yuav tsum xav txog dab tsi ua ntej yuav kawm paub siv LaTeX?

Hauv kuv txoj kev xav txo qis, XEEM tsis muaj kev nqes tes ... tej zaum qee qhov ntawm nws cov yam ntxwv tuaj yeem ua rau qee yam (yam tsawg kawg ntawm siab luv) tso. Kuv rov hais dua: XEEM zoo heev tab sis tej zaum nws yuav zoo rau tus neeg siv tshiab nrhiav kom paub ua ntej txog qee yam uas ua rau nws sib txawv ntawm lwm tus thiab uas tej zaum yuav ua rau muaj kev nyuaj.

Looj looj yog cov lus sau muaj pes tsawg leeg, thiab tsis yog hais ua tus tsim. Qhov no txhais tau hais tias nws yog qhov yuav tsum tau nkag mus rau qee qhov tsis yog cov lus nyuab heev (chaws) nyob rau hauv cov ntaub ntawv kom tau qee cov kev tshwm sim. Ib qho piv txwv yuav yog tias yog lub sijhawm twg koj xav tau los sau nruab nrab ntawm cov ntawv, koj yuav tsum sau qee yam xws li:

pib {chaw} Qhov no yog nruab nrab. kawg {chaw}

Tab sis qhov no yuav tsum tsis yog qhov ua rau muaj kev txhawj xeeb vim nws yooj yim heev rau (ib qho kawg paub tias nws tseem muaj txiaj ntsig tshaj li taw rau cov ntawv sau nrog tus taw qhia thiab tom qab ntawd nrhiav lub pob tsim nyog), thiab vim hais tias LaTeX editors (tom qab peb yuav hais lus ntawm lawv) muab rau peb tag nrho cov lus txib hauv txoj kev ntxhov siab.

Ntawm qhov tod tes, nyob rau hauv looj nws tuaj yeem hais tau tias koj ua haujlwm ntawm cov qauv (muaj ntau yam thiab zoo heev rau hauv Net). Txawm li cas los xij, tsim qauv tsim los ntawm kos yuav tsum tau muaj kev sib zog (txawm tias thaum kawg txaus siab heev).

Tab sis kuv hais, looj cov ntsiab lus tsis yog qhov nyuaj hauv nws tus kheej, tab sis xav kom tus neeg siv tau txais lwm qhov kev xav, thiab qhov ntawd yog qhov nyuaj ntawm nws, vim tias nws yog qhov tseeb yooj yim thiab qab ntxiag.

Koj yuav tsum tau sim looj? Tag nrho Kuv tsis sau cov ntawv pov thawj scientific

Tau kawg. Cov ntaub ntawv twg zoo dua thaum ntaus rau hauv Cov Qauv LaTeX tsis hais txog lub ntsiab lus. Cov ntawv sau uas LaTeX khav theeb zoo nkauj heev tab sis loj heev (nco ntsoov tias looj yog qhov pib tsim rau kev teeb tsa ntawm kev kawm thiab koj yuav tsis cia siab tias yuav xa cov ntawv ceeb toom hauv, hais, Disney lossis StarWars fonts).

Qhov tseeb kuv tau qhia Txoj Cai rau cov phooj ywg uas nws qhov kev ua yog keeb kwm (xoom qauv) thiab lawv tau zoo siab los ntawm kev nthuav qhia thiab siv nws yam tsis muaj teeb meem. Ntawm qhov tod tes, nws muaj cov pob nyob hauv looj looj tshwj xeeb tsim rau txhua txoj haujlwm. Cia kuv piav qhia: muaj pob khoom rau cov kws sau nkauj kom sau cov qhab nia, kws kho mob kom kos cov teeb meem, cov neeg ua si chess nrog lawv tus lej, thiab lwm yam

Kuv xav tias kuv xav sim nws, kauj ruam tom ntej yog dab tsi?

Zoo heev !!! Tab sis cia tos ib pliag ... hauv kev txhim kho ntxiv tom ntej Kuv yuav qhia ntxiv lwm yam cov ntsiab lus tsim nyog thiab peb yuav tham txog kev teeb tsa (dua kuv qhia ntxiv tias kuv xav tias tus nyeem ntawv hnov ​​txog qhov no zoo kawg nkaus thawj zaug). Lwm zaum peb yuav tham txog dabtsi? Yeej los ntawm qhov no:

  • Xis kev faib tawm
  • Cov kev pab cuam uas tsim nyog (cov neeg kho tseem ceeb)
  • Cov ntaub ntawv LaTeX zoo li cas
  • Cov pob "nto moo"
  • Txog ntawm tus qauv

Kuv yuav tsis siv sij hawm ntau dua nyob zoo nyeem. Mus txog lwm zaus.

Yuav ua li cas? Kuv tau tham txog ntau yam zoo txog kev zoo nkauj ntawm cov ntaub ntawv uas ua nrog LaTeX thiab tsis tau tawm mus kuaj? OK… Nov yog qee qhov txuas rau koj kom saj me ntsis:

Ahhh… luam tawm yog qhov zoo.

Mus rau ntu tom ntej no >>

Ua tsaug rau Carlos Andrés Pérez Montaña rau txoj kev koom tes!
Txaus siab nyob hauv ua tus pab?

Cov ntsiab lus ntawm tsab xov xwm ua raws li peb cov ntsiab cai ntawm kev tswj hwm kev ncaj nceesCov. Tshaj tawm ib qho yuam kev nyem no.

14 lus, tawm koj li

Tso koj saib

Koj email chaw nyob yuav tsis tsum luam tawm.

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  1. Lub luag haujlwm rau cov ntaub ntawv: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Lub hom phiaj ntawm cov ntaub ntawv: Tswj SPAM, kev tswj xyuas tawm tswv yim.
  3. Sau raws cai: Koj kev tso cai
  4. Kev sib txuas lus ntawm cov ntaub ntawv: Cov ntaub ntawv yuav tsis raug xa mus rau lwm tus neeg thib peb tsuas yog los ntawm kev txiav txim siab raug cai.
  5. Cov ntaub ntawv khaws cia: Cov Ntaub Ntawv khaws tseg los ntawm Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Txoj Cai: Txhua lub sijhawm koj tuaj yeem txwv, rov qab thiab tshem tawm koj cov ntaub ntawv.

  1.   José Antonio Raws Bent said

    Tau kawg los ntawm cov neeg kho peb tsis yws yws.
    Lyx, Textmaker, LaTexila, Winefish, Kile lossis Gummi yog cov hloov kho uas peb tuaj yeem nrhiav ncaj qha rau hauv lub chaw cia khoom ubno Ubuntu.
    Tab sis kuv tsis paub vim li cas kuv tsis hnov ​​tsw uas yog qhov no yog ib feem, cov kho kom raug 'yog ib feem ntawm cov tshooj no.
    Kuv ua qhov kev xav me me no ua ntej ...
    Ua tsaug thiab zoo tshaj plaws.

  2.   José Antonio Raws Bent said

    Raws li daim ntawv sau tseg, Kuv yuav taw qhia tias cov ntawv sau txog kev tshawb fawb, cov ntawv xov xwm hauv tsev kawm thiab hais txog tag nrho cov haujlwm ntawm qib kev kawm siab, MAND tias lawv cov neeg kho ua haujlwm nqa lawv cov haujlwm hauv TEX ...
    LaTex yog qhov ua kom zoo nrog cov ntawv sau hnyav.

  3.   José Antonio Raws Bent said

    Hauv qee thaj chaw ntawm cov thawj coj hauv tsev kawm ntawv qib siab thiab hauv qee cov ntawv xov xwm hauv kev tshawb fawb, nws yog, tab sis kuv xav tias kuv tau dhau qhov tseeb "OBLIGAN". Kuv xav qhia txog qib uas nws tau siv yog li ntawd tib neeg pom tias yuav tsum muaj qhov tseem ceeb thiab kev tshaj lij ntawm LaTEX ib puag ncig ...
    Kuv kho kuv tus kheej nrog rau "TSWV YIM» ... 😉 ... Kuv yeej tsis xav tias lawv yuam yuav luag txhua tus siv LaTEX nruj ... nws yog qhov tseem ceeb ...
    Ib tug tos txais.

    PS: Ntawm qhov tod tes nws yog qhov txaj muag tias qhov lawv yuam kom siv cov ntawv tshaj tawm cov qauv, thiab tsis txawm hais dua tshiab! … 🙁

  4.   Alex said

    Koj tso kuv tseg zib ntab nyob ntawm kuv daim di ncauj. Ncej zoo, zoo siab nrog.

  5.   Daneel_Olivaw said

    Nthuav. Kuv hnov ​​txog cov roj hmab, tab sis qhov uas kuv nyeem ntawv kuv tsis nkag siab cov roj hmab. Txij li qhov kuv pom, koj yuav tsum rub tawm zoo li 2Gb ntawm cov tsev qiv ntawv thiab yog li ntawd thaum kuv hais tias, "Nws tsis muaj teeb meem."
    Qhov tseeb yog tias cov piv txwv uas kuv pom muaj, tshwj tsis yog rau cov duab nraaj, tsis zoo li ntau: S. Anti-huab cua nruab nrab tom qab muaj ntau tus kiv cua.

    Kuv yuav paub txog lwm txoj kev nkag hauv koob.

  6.   RudaMale said

    Nws yog qhov zoo los nrhiav cov blogs nrog cov ntsiab lus, tos rau lwm tog saib yog tias kuv kawm latex. Txais tos thiab khaws nws cia

  7.   Helena_ryuu said

    hahaha Kuv tua kuv tus kheej txog "disney los yog starwars" Kuv tau pom qee qhov xwm txheej uas zoo ... ib hlis dhau los Kuv xav kawm paub siv LaTeX, Kuv muaj phau ntawv qhia tawm uas muaj thiab kuv pib nrog gummi thiab lyX, uas yog qhov zoo kawm, dab tsi Kuv pom zoo kom txhua tus, dua li cov haujlwm no yooj yim thiab zoo nkauj, nws syntax yog ib hom kev qoj ib ce xD, tab sis koj tau siv rau cov qauv thiab lwm tus.
    tos qhov ntu thib ob pablo! ^^

  8.   portaro said

    Kuv yog ib qho kev tshaj tawm, Kuv nyiam lub qauv cv3, koj tuaj yeem qhia kuv qhov twg .tex style / qauv ntawm qhov cv3 yog, Kuv xav cim ib qho rau kuv tab sis nws yuav tsum nrog tus qauv vim kuv tsis paub txog Latex.

  9.   Hector Zelaya: koj puas xav tau ntau tus thwjtim? said

    peb tos ntsoov rau ntu thib ob 😀

  10.   Siab tawv said

    Ntawm kuv qhov tseeb yog Comic Sans cov ntawv sau lossis cov tsiaj ntawv uas xav tias yuav zoo nkauj sai sai, Kuv tsis nyiam lawv. Kuv nyiam cov uas yooj yim zoo dua.

    Cia pom tias kuv lub khoos phis tawm tuaj yeem tsim kho thiab kuv tshawb xyuas nws me ntsis

  11.   Luis Antonio Sanchez said

    Nws suab tau cog lus heev, qhov tseeb yog tias yog lub hom phiaj ntawm tsab xov xwm yog kom xav paub xav paub, koj tau tseeg ua tiav nws

  12.   Adrian Perales said

    Kuv tau siv LaTeX ib ntus thiab qhov tseeb yog tias nws muaj ntau yam. Txawm li cas los xij, Kuv khaws kuv Qhib / LibreOffice ib si. Tus kheej, Kuv tsis ua cov ntaub ntawv ntev dhau (ntau tshaj ib nplooj ntawv thauj khoom nrog ntawv) thiab nrog cov qauv ntawm nplooj ntawv, kab lus, cim, thiab lwm yam. Nws tau txaus rau kuv thiab kuv muaj ntau txaus los ua daim ntawv rau kuv kom zoo saib raws li Qiv Nqis.

    Ntxiv rau qhov no muaj qhov teeb meem ntawm qhov yuav tsum tau txhim kho ntau dua 1GB los txhawm rau sau cov ntaub ntawv thiab lub sijhawm uas xav tau hauv cov ntawv ntawm cov ntawv (txawm hais tias nrog LibreOffice nws yuav tsum siv sijhawm ntau lossis tsawg dua los kho cov qauv rau saj). Nws tsis zoo li qhov ua tau zoo raws li qhov pom ntawm tus pom, txawm tias nws ua tsis tiav.

    Xijpeem Kuv yuav ua tib zoo mloog rau cov lus qhia ntawm cov lus nkag no, kom pom tias koj qhia qee yam uas txhawb kuv kom nws muab qhov tseeb rau nws ib zaug ntxiv 🙂

  13.   Juan Jose Alca Machaca said

    Kuv tu siab hais tias qhov no tsis yog, qhov tsawg kawg ntawm thaj chaw biotechnology, cov txheej txheem engineering thiab lwm tus, tshaj tawm cov ntawv tshaj tawm (qhov siab tshaj qhov cuam tshuam) tsis nug txog latex, lawv tseem nug tias cov ntawv sau tau nthuav tawm hauv MS Office hom ntawv, uas yog, DOC (tsis yog DOCX, tsis yog ODF, ntau dua li latex).
    Ib qho tuaj yeem pom zoo lossis tsis lees (Kuv tsis pom zoo nrog qhov kev thov rau kev siv tus tsim ntawv cov lus tshaj tawm) tab sis qhov ntawd yog qhov tseeb, ntawm qhov tod tes tsis yog siv tau zoo heev rau kev xa cov ntawv sau.
    Ib qho ntxiv, ntawm chav kawm, yog tias kev tshawb fawb keeb kwm, hauv lawv qhov kev sau ntawv, siv Latex, raws li lawv ua hauv lawv cov ntawv sau kawg, Springer, piv txwv.
    Kuv hais qhov no los ntawm kev paub dhau los, txij li kuv tau luam tawm qee cov ntawv, thiab nws yog li, yog tias tsis yog, tshawb xyuas cov lus qhia rau cov sau. Kuv tsis paub cov ntawv tshaj tawm ntawm kev siv physics lossis lej, qhov twg nws yuav zoo li koj piav, tab sis koj tsis tuaj yeem hais tias koj yog FORCED siv Latex, vim tias NWS TSIS TAU.

  14.   Ryu said

    Tab sis puas yog Latex ua raws li APA tus qauv?