Sau cov tshuab faib dawb

SysV Init tau hloov los ntawm systemd de facto nyob rau hauv feem ntau tam sim no GNU / Linux faib khoom. Hauv nruab nrab ntawm qhov kev hloov pauv ntawd, lwm yam cuam tshuam tau xaiv rau kev hloov kho xws li Upstart raws tus pib daemon, uas tau tshwm sim hauv Ubuntu, ChromeOS, openSUSE, Debian, Red Hat, Fedora, thiab lwm yam.

Lub systemd tshiab ua ntau dua li qub dua li cov qub systems, ib yam dab tsi uas tsis haum rau Unix lub tswv yim ntawm kev ua cov haujlwm yooj yim. Dhau li ntawd, qhov tseeb tias nws txuag tau cov ntawv sau npe hauv binary tsis tau nyiam los ntawm ntau leej. Txawm li cas los xij, nws yuav tsum tau hais tias nws tau ua qee yam haujlwm tau yooj yim dua thiab nws tseem muaj nws qhov zoo. Txawm li cas los, tseem chim siab ntau rau cov neeg siv leej twg tseem yuav nyiam qhov ...

Rau txhua qhov cov neeg uas xav kom khiav tawm ntawm qhov systemd thiab lo nrog cov classic, koj yuav tsum paub tias muaj ntau yam cuam tshuam uas tseem siv dawb ntawm lwm qhov system. Thiab nws tsis yog Devuan (tus qauv ntawm Debian tsis muaj systemd uas tau nrov heev).

Ntawm no kuv qhia koj qhov kev nthuav daim ntawv teev cov kab ke-pub dawb:

  • Devuan: Nws yog qhov tseeb Debian tsis muaj systemd, mus "ib kauj ruam rov qab" hauv qhov kev txiav txim siab no kom tshem nws cov neeg siv ntawm cov kab ke tshiab no. Qhov tseeb, nws lub npe los ntawm qhov sib txuas ntawm lo lus Debian + VUA (Veteran UNIX Admins).
  • Alpine Linux: yog lwm tus ntawm kev faib khoom faib tsis muaj kab ke uas koj tuaj yeem nrhiav tau. Nws ua raws li musl thiab BusyBox, kom muaj ntau sib zog thiab muaj kev nyab xeeb dua.
  • Artixlinux- Qhov no koom nrog ntau yam uas twb muaj lawm Arch Linux raws li kev faib tawm. Kev faib tawm ncaj ncees kom khiav nrawm thiab tsis muaj kab ke.
  • Void: nws yog ib qho ntawm qhov tsis tshua muaj faib. Nws tsis yog rab rawg ntawm ib qho uas twb muaj lawm, tab sis nws yog tsim los ntawm kos, nrog nws tus kheej cov thawj tswj hwm pob thiab siv SysV init. Nws yog qhov kev xaiv muaj zog, tab sis nws yuav tsis yog qhov zoo tshaj plaws yog tias koj tab tom nrhiav rau ib qho yooj yim dua thiab koj tsis muaj kev paub ntau. Txawm hais tias yog tias koj xav sim qee yam txawv, nws yog qhov kev xaiv zoo.
  • Slackware: ib qho classic rau "qub" Linux cov neeg siv. Ib qho ntawm cov nyiam tshaj plaws thiab cov khoom faib tawm, nrog rau Gentoo thiab Arch. Tab sis zoo li cov no, nws yog super saj zawg zog, muaj zog thiab zoo heev rau cov neeg siv uas tau ua ntau dua. Hauv qhov no nws siv qhov system weird scripting, nws tsis yog SysV init, tab sis nws yog hom BSD zoo li cov uas siv los ntawm qee qhov * BSDs.
  • Gentoo y Funtoo: lwm qhov ntawm qhov cuam tshuam tsom rau cov neeg siv tshaj plaws vim nws qhov kev nyuaj, tab sis sib luag zoo kawg nkaus. Qhov no distro tseem cais nws tus kheej ntawm systemd siv Qhib RC.
  • TXIV TXWV: lwm ntawm kev faib tawm uas tau tshem tawm ntawm systemd, hauv qhov no GNU Daemon Sherped yog siv los ua init system. Nws tsis yog qhov yoojyim siv nyob rau hauv, thiab nws siv kev hloov kho pob khoom tswj kav.
  • antiX Linux: lwm qhov ntawm cov kev faib tawm dawb pub dawb, thiab raws li Debian.
  • CRUX: yog lwm qhov cuam tshuam raws li BSD-style sau ntawv thiab lub teeb heev.
  • PCLinuxOS: Yog tias koj nyiam Mandrake distro ces koj yuav tsum sim ua cov diav rawg no uas tseem tuav cov SysV init.
  • Adélie Linux: qhov dej num ncaj ncees uas lub hom phiaj xav hwm peb lub hauv paus ntsiab lus uas nws tau so: ua POSIX sib txuam, ntau lub tsev kawm kom sib haum, thiab yoog tau.
  • Obarun: lwm qhov ntxiv raws Arch, nrog txhua yam uas cuam tshuam, nrog rau kev ua kom pom tseeb thiab yooj yim. Hauv qhov no, nws siv tau cov kab ke txawv hu ua 6s hloov qhov systemd.
  • KHWV Linux: nws lub npe twb muab ib lub tswv yim ntawm nws yog dab tsi, uas yog, nws ua raws lub hauv paus ntsiab lus hniaCov. Nws yog ib txoj haujlwm ywj pheej, tsim los ntawm qhov chaw, nrog BusyBox thiab nws pib lub cev.
  • LOJ- Nws tsis tuaj yeem suav tias yog ib qho ntawm cov teeb meem cuam tshuam ib qho, tab sis nws yog pub dawb los ntawm systemd. Nws yog raws li Gentoo thiab siv ob txoj hauv kev hloov chaw rau systemd: openRC lossis s6.

Yog tias koj tsis txawj ua lub ntiaj teb Linux lossis tsis xav tau cov teeb meem, kuv tus kheej pom zoo tias koj xum nyob nrog Devuan… Yog tias koj yog tus siv tau zoo lossis xav sim lwm txoj kev xaiv, koj muaj kev ywj siab xaiv xaiv yam ntawm lwm tus.


Cov ntsiab lus ntawm tsab xov xwm ua raws li peb cov ntsiab cai ntawm kev tswj hwm kev ncaj nceesCov. Tshaj tawm ib qho yuam kev nyem no.

7 lus, tawm koj li

Tso koj saib

Koj email chaw nyob yuav tsis tsum luam tawm. Yuav tsum tau teb cov cim nrog *

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  1. Lub luag haujlwm rau cov ntaub ntawv: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Lub hom phiaj ntawm cov ntaub ntawv: Tswj SPAM, kev tswj xyuas tawm tswv yim.
  3. Sau raws cai: Koj kev tso cai
  4. Kev sib txuas lus ntawm cov ntaub ntawv: Cov ntaub ntawv yuav tsis raug xa mus rau lwm tus neeg thib peb tsuas yog los ntawm kev txiav txim siab raug cai.
  5. Cov ntaub ntawv khaws cia: Cov Ntaub Ntawv khaws tseg los ntawm Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Txoj Cai: Txhua lub sijhawm koj tuaj yeem txwv, rov qab thiab tshem tawm koj cov ntaub ntawv.

  1.   Senpai said

    Nyob zoo;
    Kuv xav tias nws yuav tsum tau ntxiv rau MXLinux vim tias los ntawm lub neej ntawd nws tsis ua haujlwm nrog systemd, txawm hais tias nws los nruab rau hauv rooj plaub thaum ib tug neeg xav tau pib nrog nws, tab sis nws yuav tsum tau ua los ntawm cov kev xaiv qib siab ntawm Grub thiab hloov nws tus kheej los ntawm tus neeg siv Cov.
    txais tos

  2.   ib qho ntawm qee qhov said

    Tus kheej kuv siv Artix nrog OpenRC, Kuv muaj triple khau raj nrog Arch (Kuv tsis tau tshem nws tsis tau thiab nws pab kuv piv) thiab Windows 10 rau kev ua si.

    Kuv siv OpenRC vim tias nws zoo li paub tab, siv tau yooj yim thiab nws zoo li kuv muaj kev yav tom ntej ntau dua vim nws qhia tias qee qhov BSD tseem yuav siv nws.

    Qhov zoo tshaj plaws txog kev muaj Artix thiab Arch hauv tib lub laptop yog tias koj tuaj yeem piv qhov kev ua tau zoo, khau raj sijhawm, thiab lwm yam. Qhov kuv tuaj yeem hais tau yog tias Artix muab Arch rau kev ncaws pob loj hauv txhua yam tsuas yog kaw lub koos pij tawj kom nrawm dua hauv Arch. Feem ntau txhua yam ua haujlwm zoo dua, txawm tias Plasma pib sai dua ntawm daim ID nkag mus txog rau thaum qhov tshwm sim ntawm lub rooj. Kuv muaj tib yam nyob rau hauv ob qho tib si tab sis yog tias kuv pom tias nrog txhua qhov hloov tshiab ntawm systemd Arch nws mob hnyav dua, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog cov caij ntim uas tau tua ntawm ib xyoos rau ntu no. Nws yog qhov tseeb tias Intel thaj ua rau thaj (Meltdown, Spectre, thiab lwm yam) cuam tshuam tab sis lawv tseem yuav cuam tshuam Artix thiab qhov sib txawv ntawm ib qho thiab ib qho yog loj heev.

    1.    g3o4 ua said

      Zoo heev tshuaj xyuas thiab ua tsaug rau qhov kev sib piv.
      … Dhau li, ntxiv rau "Knoppix" rau cov npe ntawm kev faib tawm yam tsis muaj Systemd. Ua tiav heev distro yog tias muaj ib qho.

    2.    g3o4 ua said

      @ unodetantos ua tsaug ...

  3.   nco 1000 said

    qhov sib txawv ntawm ib qho thiab qhov twg thiab qhov twg yog qhov zoo tshaj plaws thiab qhov twg zoo dua?

    1.    ib qho ntawm qee qhov said

      Lawv yog qhov zoo ib yam hauv txhua yam tsuas yog init. Lawv muaj tib lub pob, qhov tseeb Arch's repos (tshwj tsis yog tub ntxhais) yog hauv Artix tab sis hauv kuv lub tswv yim lawv yog cov thaub qab rau lawv cov repos. Kuv nkag siab tias lawv npaj nyob rau hauv nruab nrab lub sij hawm (yog tias lub sijhawm thiab peev txheej tso cai rau nws) kom muaj kev tswj hwm ntawm cov repos thiab yog li tsis muaj cov Arch nyob rau hauv kev teeb tsa. Kuv xav txog tej yam hais tias qhov no yog qhov xwm txheej lawv poob qhov kev tso siab rau qhov systemd (qhov no yog qhov kev xav ntawm tus kheej) vim tias lawv tau tshem tawm txhua qhov systemd, koj yuav tsis pom shim lossis libsystemd-dummy lossis txhua yam zoo sib xws.

      Raws li kev ruaj ntseg, vim hais tias tib yam li Arch, nyob ntawm seb koj ruaj ntseg nws, koj yuav muaj nws, txawm hais tias los ntawm tsis muaj systemd, nws paub tseeb tias cov neeg saib xyuas ntawm cov inits sib txawv coj qhov teeb meem kev ruaj ntseg ntau dua li cov neeg ntawm systemd thiab yog li ntawd kuv thiaj li zaum ib leeg vim qhov no muaj kev nyab xeeb dua.

      Los ntawm txoj kev, koj kuj tuaj yeem nruab AUR pob khoom tsis muaj teeb meem, Kuv tau teeb tsa ob peb thiab xoom teeb meem.

  4.   Bruno said

    Nws tsim nyog teev tias qhov pib txheej txheem yog S6, tsis yog 6S. Kev tsim tawm ntawm Artix, nws muaj 3 version nrog cov sib txawv sib txawv: openrc, S6 thiab runit.