Yuav ua li cas paub yog tias koj lub zog nyuaj yog hais txog rau "tuag" kev txheeb xyuas nws nrog fsck thiab ua thaub qab nrog cov lus txib tar

 

Lub hard drive yog cov khoom siv ntawm peb lub khoos phis tawm thiab uas zoo li txhua yam hauv ntiaj teb no ntawm qee lub sijhawm yuav xaus lawv lub neej muaj txiaj ntsig, yog li qhov tseem ceeb ntawm kev ua ntu zus ua cov ntawv luam theej ntawm peb cov ntaub ntawv thiab txawm ntau dua vim tias peb tsis paub thaum twg nws yuav tshwm sim thiab peb poob cov ntaub ntawv; Nws kuj tsis yooj yim twv seb thaum twg peb lub hard drive yuav poob, tab sis yog tias peb mloog zoo rau qee cov tsos mob peb tuaj yeem coj cov kev ntsuas tsim nyog kom tsis txhob poob cov ntaub ntawv.

tsis pub muaj hard disk chaw seem

Qee cov tsos mob uas kuv tau hais txog yog cov hauv qab no:


Cov suab nrov coj txawv txawv.

Peb cov khoos phis tawj, txawm hais tias lawv nyob ntsiag to npaum li cas los xij, yuav hais nrov nrov rau txhua yam uas tshwm sim sab hauv, tab sis feem ntau lawv tsis muaj suab nrov uas peb paub thiab peb tuaj yeem txheeb xyuas tau tias "dab tsi".

Yog li yog tias peb hnov ​​lub suab nrov uas tsis yog peb tau pib txhawj, vim nws yog qhov ua tau tias qee qhov tsav tawv taub hau heev puas lawm. Lwm txoj kev tuaj yeem yog qhov lub cev muaj zog uas tau tawg rau hauv cov disc tsis ua haujlwm raws li nws yuav tsum tau. Yog li peb yuav tsum ceev faj yog tias cov suab nrov no muaj ntau zaus thiab tshwm sim ntawm kev nrawm, tej zaum peb muaj sijhawm tsawg dua li peb xav.

Kev Tshawb Xyuas Ntawm Cov Ntaub Ntawv.

Ib qho ntawm cov tsos mob tseem ceeb tshaj plaws thiab uas muab peb qhov kev paub meej tias qee yam tsis raug, yog thaum peb muaj teeb meem thaum nws los txog khaws cov ntaub ntawv thiab qhib lawvCov. Nws tseem muaj peev xwm tias cov ntaub ntawv uas peb tau khaws cia hauv cov hnub dhau los peb tsis tuaj yeem pom lawv thiab nws zoo li tias peb tsis tau cawm lawv. Qhov txuas tom ntej peb tuaj yeem pom yog qee zaum ib qho kev zov me nyuam uas tau ua haujlwm dua li cov ua haujlwm ib hmo dhau ib hmo. Qee cov kab mob lossis kab yog tuaj yeem ua rau, tabsis tsis tas li; zoo tshaj plaws ua tus thaub qab ntawm cov ntaub ntawv uas peb xav kom khaws thiab tshuaj xyuas sab nrauv los txiav tawm txhua qhov ua tau.

pc-images-disk-dur

Peb lub koos pis tawj tsis paub txog qhov disk disk.

Qee lub sij hawm peb lub computer nrhiav tsis tau lub disk drive hauv nws, qee zaum lub hauv paus tseem tuaj yeem pom hauv tib lub disk thiab tsis nyob hauv lwm qhov sib txuas, tab sis nws yuav tsis yog tas li, qhov zoo tshaj plaws peb tuaj yeem ua yog nruab lub disk drive rau lwm lub computer thiab yog li txoj cai tawm tias qhov teeb meem puas muaj lossis lwm qhov ntxiv.

Peb lub computer poob qis heev.

Yog tias peb tau pom ntau dua li ib txwm tau ua li cas peb lub computer sib tsoo lossis yog tias nws rov qab los sis yog tias nws kaw thaum peb tab tom ua ib nrab, nws yog qhov qhia tias qee yam tsis raug thiab peb yuav tsum ua qhov haujlwm ua ntej nws lig dhau lawm. Thiab qhov muaj feem ntau ntawm txhua yam uas nkim peb sijhawm, yog qhov ua rau txhua yam nyob hauv peb lub disk tsav.

Cov sijhawm nkag tau qeeb heev.

Lwm qhov qhia tsis tau zoo tias peb lub hard drive poob yog thaum peb sim nkag mus rau peb cov ntawv tshawb thiab lub sijhawm nws nkag mus rau nws tau nyob mus ib txhis lossis thaum peb sim nkag mus rau peb lub thoob khib nyiab thiab nws yuav siv mus ib txhis kom tsis txhob muab nws pov tseg, qhov kev nyab xeeb tshaj plaws yog nyob rau ib lub sijhawm ib lossis ob hlis peb yuav tau hloov peb lub zog tsav. Thiab tsis txhob hnov ​​qab, nws yog qhov zoo tshaj plaws kom ib txwm muaj thaub qab kom tsis txhob muaj kev ua phem ntau ntxiv.

clip_image fsck

Peb tuaj yeem ua lub hard drive xwm txheej kos los ntawm kev siv qhov hais kom ua fsck ua tab sis peb yuav tsum ceev faj txij li rau kev nyab xeeb vim li cas ntawm cov ntaub ntawv uas nyob rau ntawm daim disk, nws tsis pom zoo kom pib fsck ua Ntawm kev sib faib mounted, kev coj ua zoo tshaj plaws ua ntej siv cov lus txib no yog unmount cov muab faib ua ntej yuav khiav nws.

Txhawm rau kom ua fsck nyob rau hauv lub reboot tom ntej no peb yuav tsum ua qhov hais kom ua shutdown thiab peb ntxiv qhov parameter -f:

kaw -r -F tam sim no

Peb kuj tseem tuaj yeem tsim cov ntaub ntawv txhaus khoom ncaj qha hauv lub hauv paus ntawm lub:

Kov / forcefsck

Thaum lub system rov pib kho lub hard disk yuav raug txheeb xyuas thiab cov ntaub ntawv / forcefsck yuav raug muab tshem tawm.

25014593936_fe73f0b28_b

Yog li yog tias koj xav tau los ua cov thaub qab ntawm koj cov ntaub ntawv, ib txoj hauv kev yooj yim rau nws thiab manually yog siv cov lus txib tar cov ntaub ntawv uas muaj compressed yuav tsim thiab uas yog yooj yim heev rau siv.

Nov yog ib qho syntax uas peb yuav siv cov lus txib ntawm tar:

tar [tsis]

Cov no yog qee qhov kev siv ntau tshaj plaws nrog cov ntawv hais txog tar:

-z: los zaws cov ntaub ntawv siv gzip

-c: los tsim cov ntawv

-v: Verbose hom. (Nws qhia peb qhov kev nce qib thaum cov ntaub ntawv tsim)

-f: Los txiav txim siab lub npe

-p tso cai rau peb los tuav cov ntawv tso cai

-x los extract cov ntaub ntawv

Tam sim no, cia nrog ib qho piv txwv uas siv cov lus txib tar

Yog tias peb xav ceev cov npe hauv nws txoj kev hloov peb yuav siv cov hauv qab no:

tar -zcvf thaub-ev.tar.gz / ev / *  

Siv cov lus txib no ua rau thaub qab ntawm txhua cov ntaub ntawv uas muaj nyob hauv cov ntawv qhia tsev.

Tab sis yog tias peb xav tau dab tsi yog txhawm rau ua tiav thaub qab ntawm lub system, nrog uas peb tuaj yeem khaws cov program, cov ntaub ntawv, kev teeb tsa, thiab lwm yam, kom peb tuaj yeem rov qab tau txhua yam peb muaj ntawm peb lub computer thaum muaj qhov poob tag nrho, peb yuav tsum ua Cov hauv qab no:

tar cvpzf /backup-full.tar.gz –exclude = / proc –exclude = / ploj + pom –exclude = / thaub qab-full.tar.gz –exclude = / mnt –exclude = / sys –exclude = dev / pts /

Qhov "tsis suav" uas nyob sab hauv cov lus txib yog, kom cais cov phau ntawv sau npe uas tsis tseem ceeb thiab qhov system tau nyob nrog cov ntaub ntawv dynamic, uas yuav ua teeb meem thiab tsim teeb meem thaum peb ua tus thaub qab.

linux-disk-partitions

Rov kho cov thaub qab:

Thaum peb tab tom kho qhov thaub qab, peb yuav siv –x qhov hais kom ua

Nrog rau cov lus txib no cov ncauj lus hauv cov ntawv qhia tam sim no tau muab rho tawm, khaws cia cov kev tso cai (-p).

tar -zxvpf /fullbackup.tar.gz

Yog tias peb tsis xav ua qhov kev tso cai tab sis tsuas yog rho tawm cov ncauj lus hauv cov ntawv tam sim no peb yuav siv cov lus txib no.

tar -zxvf thaub-ev.tar.gz

Mus rho tawm cov ntaub ntawv muaj nyob hauv / tsev

tar -zxvf thaub-ev.tar.gz / ev


Cov ntsiab lus ntawm tsab xov xwm ua raws li peb cov ntsiab cai ntawm kev tswj hwm kev ncaj nceesCov. Tshaj tawm ib qho yuam kev nyem no.

3 lus, tawm koj li

Tso koj saib

Koj email chaw nyob yuav tsis tsum luam tawm. Yuav tsum tau teb cov cim nrog *

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  1. Lub luag haujlwm rau cov ntaub ntawv: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Lub hom phiaj ntawm cov ntaub ntawv: Tswj SPAM, kev tswj xyuas tawm tswv yim.
  3. Sau raws cai: Koj kev tso cai
  4. Kev sib txuas lus ntawm cov ntaub ntawv: Cov ntaub ntawv yuav tsis raug xa mus rau lwm tus neeg thib peb tsuas yog los ntawm kev txiav txim siab raug cai.
  5. Cov ntaub ntawv khaws cia: Cov Ntaub Ntawv khaws tseg los ntawm Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Txoj Cai: Txhua lub sijhawm koj tuaj yeem txwv, rov qab thiab tshem tawm koj cov ntaub ntawv.

  1.   Llorenç Garcia: koj puas xav tau ntau tus thwjtim? said

    Kuv pom tias nws txawv nyeem ntawv txog kev kho mob nyuaj tsav uas tsis hais txog NTSE. Peb tuaj yeem pom teeb meem ua ntej lawv cuam tshuam cov filesystem (fsck).

  2.   Oscar said

    Zoo! Puas muaj ib daim ntawv thov uas tso cai rau cov kev tshuaj ntsuam no ntawm ib qho graphical interface?

    Tsaug!

  3.   ua 45 hd said

    Muaj cov hais mav, Kuv xav tias kuv lub disk yuav tuag sai sai, nws hais tias muaj teeb meem nrog kuv lub disk thiab nws hais tias los tsim tus thaub qab lossis hu rau pc assembler