Hacking na Pentesting: Mee ka GNU / Linux Distro gị gaa na mpaghara IT a

Hacking na Pentesting: Mee ka GNU / Linux Distro gị gaa na mpaghara IT a

Hacking na Pentesting: Mee ka GNU / Linux Distro gị gaa na mpaghara IT a

Ọ bụ ezie na Hacking bụchaghị na kọmputa ubi, na Entkwụ ma ọ bụrụ na ọ bụ kpam kpam. Ọ Hacking ma obu ibu a hackerKama, ọ bụ okwu zuru oke, nke a na-ejikọkarị ya na ụzọ iche echiche na ụzọ ndụ. Agbanyeghị, na oge nke oge a ebe ihe niile jikọtara ya Ngalaba IT, ọ bụ ihe ezi uche dị na ya iche na a hacker bụ a kọmputa ọkachamara site na okike ma obu site na omumu ihe omumu.

Ebe, okwu a Entkwụ ma obu ibu a Pentister, ma ọ bụrụ na ọ bụ ihe doro anya metụtara Ngalaba IT, nyere ihe omuma, ikike na ojiji dị mkpa nke ngwa kọmputa pụrụ iche na nke dị elu, nke kachasị na isiokwu nke cybersecurity na ozi gbasara amụma.

Hacking na Pentesting: Okwu Mmalite

Tupu anyị agaa n’isiokwu a nke ọma, anyị na-atụ aro ka ị guo akwụkwọ asaa yiri ya na mbụ, 7 tinyere GNU / Linux dị elu na mpaghara IT ndị ọzọ na 3 na isiokwu dị ugbu a, ya bụ, isiokwu ahụ Hacking / ndị ohi, iji zuo ezu na ọgụgụ nke na-esote ma gbochie ya ibu oke.

Akwụkwọ ndị a metụtara GNU / Linux dị elu bụ:

Ihe gbasara ya:
Tụgharịa GNU / Linux gị ka ọ bụrụ Distro kwesịrị ekwesị maka mmepe sọftụwia
Ihe gbasara ya:
Tụgharịa GNU / Linux gị ka ọ dị mma Multimedia Distro
Ihe gbasara ya:
Tụgharịa GNU / Linux gị ka ọ bụrụ àgwà Distro Gamer
Ihe gbasara ya:
Tọghata GNU / Linux gị ka sistemụ arụmọrụ dabara maka Ngwuputa Ngwuputa

Akwụkwọ ndị a metụtara ya Hacking / Hacker akporo bụ:

Ihe gbasara ya:
Bụrụ onye ọkachamara na Hacking na Cybersecurity
Ihe gbasara ya:
Kedu ihe 'hacker' pụtara
Ihe gbasara ya:
Top 11 Hacking na Security Apps maka Linux

Hacking na Pentesting: Ọdịnaya

Hacking na Pentesting: Mmasị IT ubi

Anyị ga-dokwuo anya okwu dị n'okpuru Hacking / Hacker na okwu a Pentesting / Pentester wee gaa n'ihu na aro na aro dị mkpa iji zaa ajụjụ nke: Kedu otu esi emegharị GNU / Linux Distros na mpaghara IT nke Hacking na Pentesting?

Hacking na Hacker

Na-ekwu okwu si na kọmputa echiche, a pụtara na-anakwere na izugbe definition nke Hacking es:

"Nchọgharị na-adịgide adịgide maka ihe ọmụma n'ihe niile metụtara sistemụ kọmputa, usoro nchekwa ha, adịghị ike ha, otu esi eji ohere ndị a na usoro iji chebe onwe ha pụọ ​​n'aka ndị maara etu esi eme ya". Hacking, cracking na nkọwa ndị ọzọ

N'ihi ya, a hacker Ọ bụ onye:

"Ha na-ejikarị iji ICT eme ihe ma na-achịkwa ICTs, iji nweta ohere dị irè ma dị irè na isi mmalite nke ihe ọmụma na usoro njikwa dị (mmekọrịta mmadụ na ibe ya, ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị, akụ na ụba, ọdịbendị na teknụzụ) iji mee mgbanwe ndị dị mkpa maka abamuru nke mmadụ niile". The Hacker Movement: Si ebi ndụ na Free Software

Pentesting na Pentester

Ka ọ dịgodị ya Entkwụ enwere ike ichikota ya dika:

"Ihe ma ọ bụ ọrụ nke ịwakpo sistemụ kọmputa iji chọpụta ọdịda dị ugbu a, adịghị ike na njehie nche ndị ọzọ, iji gbochie mpụta mpụga. Na mgbakwunye, Pentesting bụ ụdị hacking, naanị omume a bụ iwu zuru oke, ebe ọ nwere nkwenye nke ndị nwe akụrụngwa a ga-anwale, na mgbakwunye na ịnwe ebumnuche nke imebi ezigbo mmebi.". Gịnị bụ ịta ahụhụ na otu esi achọpụta ma gbochie mwakpo cyber?

N'ihi ya, a Pentister enwere ike ịkọwa ya dị ka onye ahụ:

"Ndị ọrụ ha bụ ịgbaso ọtụtụ usoro ma ọ bụ usoro a kapịrị ọnụ nke na-ekwe nkwa nyocha dị mma ma nwekwa ike ịme ajụjụ niile gbasara ọdịda ma ọ bụ adịghị ike na sistemụ. Ya mere, a na-akpọkarị ya Auditor Cybersecurity". Gịnị bụ Pentesting?

Kedu otu esi emegharị GNU / Linux Distros na mpaghara IT nke Hacking na Pentesting?

GNU / Linux Distros maka Hacking na Pentesting

O doro anya na enwere ọtụtụ ugbu a GNU / Linux Distros akpan raara nye Ngalaba IT na Hacking na Entkwụ, dị ka:

  1. Kali: Dabere na Debian -> https://www.kali.org/
  2. Parrot: Dabere na Debian -> https://www.parrotlinux.org/
  3. Azụ azụ: Dabere na Ubuntu -> https://www.backbox.org/
  4. Caine: Dabere na Ubuntu -> https://www.caine-live.net/
  5. Mmụọ Ọjọọ: Dabere na Debian -> https://www.demonlinux.com/
  6. Bugtraq: Dabere na Ubuntu, Debian na OpenSUSE -> http://www.bugtraq-apps.com/
  7. ArchStrike chọrọ: Dabere na Arch -> https://archstrike.org/
  8. BlackArch: Dabere na Arch -> https://blackarch.org/
  9. Pentoo: Dabere na Gentoo -> https://www.pentoo.ch/
  10. Edolọ nyocha Nche Fedora: Dabere na Fedora -> https://pagure.io/security-lab
  11. WiFisLax: Dabere na Slackware -> https://www.wifislax.com/
  12. DracOS: Dabere na LFS (Linux si ọkọ) -> https://dracos-linux.org/
  13. Urakpụrụ Ule Samurai Web: Dabere na Ubuntu -> https://github.com/SamuraiWTF/samuraiwtf
  14. Netwọk Ngwaọrụ Netwọk: Dabere na Fedora -> https://sourceforge.net/projects/nst/files/
  15. EGO: Dabere na Ubuntu -> http://na.mirror.garr.it/mirrors/deft/
  16. Yabasị Security: Dabere na Ubuntu -> https://securityonion.net/
  17. Santoku: Dabere na LFS dabere na -> https://santoku-linux.com/
  18. Ọrụ ndị ọzọ a gbahapụrụ agbahapụ: SpyRock, Beini, XiaopanOS, Live Hacking, Blackbuntu, STD, NodeZero, Matriux, Ubnhd2, na PHLAK.

Bubata GNU / Linux Distros Repositories maka Hacking na Pentesting

Otú ọ dị, ọtụtụ n'ime anyị na-eji GNU / Linux Distros nne ma obu omenala ozugbo, dika Debian, Ubuntu, Arch, Gentoo ma ọ bụ Fedora, na anyị ga-arụnye Hacking na Pentesting ngwa site n'aka anyi Njikwa ngwugwu gụnye

Ma ebe ọ bụ na ọtụtụ ebe nchekwa ọdịnala anaghị etinye ngwa ọrụ zuru oke ma ọ bụ nke kachasị ọhụrụ na ike, anyị ga-etinye ego na nchekwa nke GNU / Linux Distros Ẹkot pụrụ iche mmemme dabere na anyị, ya bụ, ma ọ bụrụ na anyị na-eji Debian GNU / Linux anyị ga-ebubata ego nke Kali na Parrot, dịka ọmụmaatụ, iji wụnye ha emesia. N'ezie, na-akwanyere nsụgharị ngwugwu nke Debian GNU / Linux ya na ndi nke Distros a hapuru ka ewepu ngharipu ngwugwu ma obu sistemu sistemu dum.

Usoro

Mbubata na Ebe nchekwa Kali na Debian usoro kwesiri ime:

  • Tinye faịlụ faịlụ nke gị ma ọ bụ nke ọhụrụ gị, ebe nchekwa dabara adaba nke Distro kwuru, n'etiti ndị a bụ ndị a:
# deb http://http.kali.org/kali kali-rolling main non-free contrib
# deb http://http.kali.org/kali kali-last-snapshot main non-free contrib
# deb http://http.kali.org/kali kali-experimental main non-free contrib
  • Tinye igodo ndị a rịọrọ site na nkwụnye ego site na iji iwu ndị a:
# sudo gpg --keyserver hkp://keys.gnupg.net --recv-key 7D8D0BF6
# sudo gpg -a --export ED444FF07D8D0BF6 | sudo apt-key add -

Mbubata na Ebe nchekwa parrot na Debian usoro kwesiri ime:

  • Tinye faịlụ faịlụ nke gị ma ọ bụ nke ọhụrụ gị, ebe nchekwa dabara adaba nke Distro kwuru, n'etiti ndị a bụ ndị a:
# deb http://deb.parrotsec.org/parrot rolling main contrib non-free
# deb http://deb.parrotsec.org/parrot stable main contrib non-free
# deb https://deb.parrot.sh/parrot/ rolling main contrib non-free
# deb https://deb.parrot.sh/parrot/ rolling-security main contrib non-free
# deb http://mirrors.mit.edu/parrot/ parrot main contrib non-free # NORTEAMERICA
# deb https://mirror.cedia.org.ec/parrot/ parrot main contrib non-free # SURAMERICA
# deb https://ba.mirror.garr.it/mirrors/parrot/ parrot main contrib non-free # EUROPA
# deb https://mirror.yandex.ru/mirrors/parrot/ parrot main contrib non-free # ASIA
# deb http://mjnlk3fwben7433a.onion/parrot/ parrot main contrib non-free # RED TOR
  • Tinye igodo ndị a rịọrọ site na nkwụnye ego site na iji iwu ndị a:
# sudo gpg --keyserver hkp://keys.gnupg.net --recv-key 6EB1660A
# sudo gpg -a --export B56FFA946EB1660A | sudo apt-key add -

Mgbe nke a gasịrị, anyị ga-etinye ihe anyị mara, ọkacha mmasị na emelitere Hacking na Pentesting ngwa nke ebe nchekwa ndị a, na-elezi anya ka ọ ghara imebi anyị Debian GNU / Linux Sistemụ nrụọrụ. N'ihi na ike nke GNU / Linux Distros nne ma ọ bụ ọdịnala, otu a ga-eme ya na otu ha, dịka ọ dị Arch na-eso esonụ atụ con BlackArch.

Ebe ọ bụ na, ma ọ bụghị, nhọrọ ikpeazụ ga-abụ budata, chikota ma tinye nke ngwá ọrụ ọ bụla Hacking na Pentesting iche na ebe nrụọrụ weebụ ha, nke a na-atụ aro mgbe ụfọdụ. Ma ọ bụrụ na onye ọ bụla enweghị echiche nke ngwá ọrụ Hacking na Pentesting ga-adị mma iji mara ma wụnye ị nwere ike pịa ndị na-esonụ njikọ ka ịmalite. Ọ bụ ezie na e nwekwara ndị dị mfe ekwe omume nke wụnye «Fsociety: Otu ezigbo mkpọ ngwá ọrụ hacking".

Onyonyo zuru ezu maka nkwubi okwu ederede

Mmechi

Anyị na-atụ anya nke a "bara uru obere post" banyere «¿Cómo adaptar nuestras Distros GNU/Linux al ámbito TI del Hacking y el Pentesting?», na-enyocha ụzọ dị iche iche ma ọ bụ ndị ọzọ, dị ka ntinye ngwa ngwa site na ntinye nke onwe ma ọ bụ nke mpụga, ma ọ bụ iji ngwa nwere onwe ya dị, nwere nnukwu mmasị na ịba uru, maka ihe niile «Comunidad de Software Libre y Código Abierto» na nke onyinye dị ukwuu na mgbasa nke obibi dị ebube, gigantic na eto eto nke ngwa nke «GNU/Linux».

Maka ozi ndị ọzọ, egbula oge ọ bụla ịga leta nke ọ bụla Ọbá akwụkwọ dị n'ịntanetị dị ka OpenLibra y JEDIT ịgụ akwụkwọ (PDFs) n'isiokwu a ma ọ bụ ndị ọzọ ihe omuma. Maka ugbu a, ọ bụrụ na ịchọrọ nke a «publicación», akwụsịna ịkekọrịta ya ya na ndi ozo, n'ime gi Ebe nrụọrụ weebụ kachasị amasị, ọwa, otu, ma ọ bụ obodo nke netwọk mmekọrịta, ọkacha mma n'efu ma mepee Mastodon, ma ọ bụ nchebe na nzuzo dị ka telegram.

Ma ọ bụ nanị gaa n'ụlọ obibi anyị na Ndokwa ma ọ bụ sonye na Channel Channel Telegram site na DesdeLinux ịgụ na votu maka nke a ma ọ bụ mbipụta ndị ọzọ na-atọ ụtọ na «Software Libre», «Código Abierto», «GNU/Linux» na isiokwu ndị ọzọ metụtara «Informática y la Computación», na «Actualidad tecnológica».


Ọdịnaya nke isiokwu agbaso ụkpụrụ anyị nke ụkpụrụ nduzi. Kpesa mmejọ pịa ebe a.

Ihe 2 kwuru, hapụ nke gị

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  1.   Adiele21 dijo

    Maka ndị ọrụ Fedora / Centos / RHL, ebe ọ bụ na fedora na-ekwusi ike dị ka ụlọ nyocha Nche, ị nwere ike ibudata ya https://labs.fedoraproject.org/en/security/
    O zughi ezu dika Kali mana o nwere otutu ulo oru.
    ma ọ bụ ọ bụrụ na i jirila Fedora wụnye ya na ọnụ ya na
    tinye sudo dnf tinye "ụlọ nyocha"
    ma ọ bụ site na centos na-ebubata repos.

    1.    Linux Post Wụnye dijo

      Ekele Fedoriano21. Onyinye magburu onwe ya, daalụ maka okwu gị.