Melite ma bulie MX-Linux 19.0 na DEBIAN 10.2 mgbe ị wụnyechara

Melite ma bulie MX-Linux 19.0 na DEBIAN 10.2 mgbe ị wụnyechara

Melite ma bulie MX-Linux 19.0 na DEBIAN 10.2 mgbe ị wụnyechara

N'ime akwụkwọ a, anyị ga-aga n'ihu ịnye a usoro a na-ahụkarị na melite ma bulie, ma MX Linux Linux 19.0 dị ka DEBIAN 10.2 mgbe ị wụnye, dị ka nke mbụ na-ewuli na nke ikpeazụ.

Iji mee nke a nkuzi anyị ejirila a Faịlụ ISO nke ikpeazu MX-Linux Snapshot, 64-bit, akara ụbọchị Disemba 2019, akpọ MX-19_December_x64.iso, ma onye ọ bụla nwere ike ibudata ihe kachasị ọhụrụ dị na ebe a, na a Faịlụ ISO nke ikpeazu nkwụsi ike nke DEBIAN, 64-bit, maka DVD, nke emere na Nọvemba 2019, akpọ debian-10.2.0-amd64-DVD-1.iso, ma onye ọ bụla nwere ike ibudata ihe kachasị ọhụrụ dị na ebe a.

Melite MX-Linux na DEBIAN: Okwu Mmalite

Nke a ga-abụ nke anyị mbụ post-wụnye nkuzi na DEBIAN 10 - Buster, ebe ọ bụ na ndị ikpeazụ e kere eke dị na mbipute gara aga, DEBIAN 9 - Ngbatị. Ha bụ, ọ bụrụ na ịchọrọ ịjụ ha nke ọma, ihe ndị a:

Melite MX-Linux na DEBIAN: Isiokwu ndị gara aga

Isiokwu ndị gara aga na DEBIAN na MX-Linux

  • Kedu otu esi ebuli sistemụ arụmọrụ GNU / Linux? (Lee ntinye)
  • Etu esi hazie sistemu GNU / Linux? (Lee ntinye)
  • Tụgharịa GNU / Linux gị ka ọ bụrụ Distro kwesịrị ekwesị maka mmepe sọftụwia (Lee ntinye)
  • Tụgharịa GNU / Linux gị ka ọ dị mma Multimedia Distro (Lee ntinye)
  • Tụgharịa GNU / Linux gị ka ọ bụrụ àgwà Distro Gamer (Lee ntinye)
  • Tọghata GNU / Linux gị ka sistemụ arụmọrụ dabara maka Ngwuputa Ngwuputa (Lee ntinye)

Ma ọ bụrụ na, ịchọrọ ịtụle isiokwu ndị gara aga na MX-Linux, ndị na-esonụ dị:

  • MX-Linux 17.1: Distro nke oge a, ọkụ, ike na enyi (Lee ntinye)
  • MX-Linux 19 - Beta 1: Distroku Distro # 1 ka emelitere (Lee ntinye)
  • MX Linux 19: Emeputara ụdị ohuru nke dabeere na DEBIAN 10 (Lee ntinye)

N'ihi isiokwu ndị a, na ndị ọzọ banyere DEBIAN y MX-Linux, ndị na-ekwu banyere Olee otú ha na otu esi etinye ha? Anyị ga-esi ebe a gawa, ozugbo na post-nwụnye usoro, nke ụdị ọhụrụ ndị a dị maka afọ 2020.

Nzọụkwụ na Ntụziaka

Ntinye usoro ntinye na nkwanye iji kwalite, hazie ma bulie DEBIAN 10 na MX-Linux 19

Cheta na omume na nchịkọta akwadoro ebe a ka ị gbaa ma wụnye bụ nke ahụ, "nchịkọta kwadoro", ọ na-adịgidekwa maka nke ọ bụla, imezu ma wụnye ha niile ma ọ bụ ụfọdụ n’ime ha, gịnị kpatara ha dị mkpa ma ọ bụ baa uru, na obere ma ọ bụ ọkara okwu, mara na iji ha, site n'inwe ha ugbua ma ọ bụ wụnye ha.

Ma buru n'uche na omume ndị a na / ma ọ bụ nchịkọta dị nke a nwalere na Distros, ma ghara ịjụ iwepu nchịkọta arụnyere na ndabara na ndị a. Ọzọkwa, ha anaghị eme ka oriri nchekwa ma ọ bụ CPU dịkwuo elu, ebe ọ bụ na ha anaghị ebu usoro ma ọ bụ daemons (ọrụ) na ebe nchekwa site na ndabara. Iji mara tupu ihe ngwugwu ọ bụla ejiri, pịa ebe a.

Mmelite

Naanị maka mmelite MX-Linux

A.- Na-agba ọsọ MX-Mmelite na nchịkọta menu ma ọ bụ site na mmalite menu

B.- Na-agba ọsọ site na a amalite "mgbọrọgwụ nnọkọ", nwụnye nke nchịkọta ndị a na iwu ndị a:

apt install mx-clocky mx-findshares mx-switchuser mx-timeset-gui mxt-app

Imelite DEBIAN / MX-Linux

Gbaa site na a amalite "mgbọrọgwụ nnọkọ”(Mgbọrọgwụ @ mycomputer $), nwụnye nke nchịkọta ndị a na iwu ndị a:

apt update; apt full-upgrade; apt install -f; dpkg --configure -a; apt-get autoremove; apt --fix-broken install

apt install aptitude apt-xapian-index apt-transport-https; apt update; update-apt-xapian-index

aptitude clean; aptitude autoclean; apt-get autoremove; apt autoremove; apt purge; apt remove

apt install deborphan localepurge prelink

cp /etc/default/prelink /etc/default/prelink.bck-`date +"%d_%b_%y"`

sed -i 's/PRELINKING=unknown/PRELINKING=yes/' /etc/default/prelink

prelink -all

localepurge; update-grub; update-grub2; aptitude clean; aptitude autoclean; apt-get autoremove; apt autoremove; apt purge; apt remove; apt --fix-broken install

Omume omume

1.- Gbanwee onye ọrụ emepụtara ka ọ bụrụ onye ọrụ sudoers sitere na onye ọrụ mgbọrọgwụ

adduser myuser root nano / etc / sudoers myuser ALL = (ALL: ALL) ALL

Cheta na: Tinye akara ikpeazụ n'okpuru akara nke kwuru, sị: root ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL

2.- Melite $ PATH agbanwe na superuser .bashrc faịlụ: Naanị maka DEBIAN 10

Cheta na: Cheta na na mbipute nke "DEBIAN 10" ma ọ bụrụ na ọ maliteghị "mgbọrọgwụ nnọkọ" na iwu «su -» kama «su mgbọrọgwụ» ị ga-mkpa imelite ọdịnaya nke agbanwe "$ PATH" iji gbochie nsogbu igbu iwu, dị ka mgbe ị na-eji iwu ahụ "Dpkg". Ya mere, odi nkpa idozi nsogbu a nwa oge site na itinye ihe "ATzọ" dị mkpa na iwu ahụ «Mbupụ» dị ka ndị a:

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin

Ọ bụrụ n'ịchọrọ, dozie ya kpamkpam, ị ga-etinyerịrị ndị "ATzọ" Achọrọ dị ka ndị a:

1kpụrụ XNUMX: Site na nkuzi nkuzi

echo 'export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin' >> /root/.bashrc

echo 'export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin' >> /home/miusuario/.bashrc

2kpụrụ XNUMX: Site na iwu nano

Gbaa:

nano /root/.bashrc

Ma tinye na njedebe akara ndị a:

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin

Gbaa:

nano /home/usuario/.bashrc

Ma tinye na njedebe akara ndị a:

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin

Ncheta: Ọ bụrụ na ịbanye iwu ahụ "ya -" mgbe niile, ị nwere ike ịhapụ usoro a.

Hazie

Okike nke folda ọdịnaya ma ọ bụ ngwa mba ọzọ na «/ opt /»

mkdir -p / opt / my folder chmod 777 -R / opt / my folder chown myuser. -R / opt / myfolder

Nhazi nke nhọrọ nhazi Panel na ihe ya

N'ihe banyere nkuzi a na-ezo aka, DEBIAN na MX-Linux distros con XFCE Desktọpụ Ebe con Whisker NchNhr, nwere ike ịrụ ọrụ ndị a:

  • Whisker NchNhr: Gbanwee nha, akara ngosi menu, ndepụta nke ngwa ndị ọkacha mmasị, na nhọrọ ndị ọzọ nke taabụ nke "ọdịdị na omume" na-chọrọ na ya Njirimara.
  • Ogwe menu: Tinye na / ma ọ bụ wepu ngwaọrụ dị mkpa ma ọ bụ chọrọ ma gbanwee ọnọdụ ha na ihe onwunwe ha.

Ọzọkwa, ya na ngwa ahụ Isi Nchịkọta (Alacarte) ha nwere ike Kwado gbanyụọ ngwa a na-ahụ anya na nke achọrọ na Malite NchNhr.

Customizing Desktọpụ Ntọala

Na ngalaba (ngwa) akpọ XFCE Desktọpụ enwere ike ịme ma ọ bụ mgbanwe ndị a:

  • N'azụ: Họrọ ndabere ma ọ bụ ọtụtụ ma họrọ ngosi ngosi nke otu ma ọ bụ ihe niile.
  • Menu: Họrọ nhọrọ ndị achọrọ ma ọ bụ ndị dị mkpa sitere na otu: Ntọala desktọọpụ na NchNhr NchNhr.
  • Oyiyi: Họrọ chọrọ ma ọ bụ mkpa nhọrọ site na edemede: Ọdịdị na Ndi an-kpọ akara ngosi.

Mgbanwe GRUB

  • N'ihe banyere MX-Linux Nwere ike gbanwee onyonyo dị n’iru site na ime mgbanwe na GRUB isiokwu "Linen" nke na-abịa na ndabara.
  • N'ihe banyere DEBIAN Nwere ike gbanwee onyonyo dị n’iru site na ime mgbanwe na GRUB isiokwu "Starfield" nke na-abịa na ndabara.

Cheta na: Enwere ike iji aka jiri aka mee mgbanwe a edezi nhazi faịlụ nke GRUB isiokwu eji, mana ọ ka nma itinye ngwa ahụ "GRUB Customizer" ma mee mgbanwe a, ma ritekwa uru nke ịhazi ahịrị nke ntinye idide.

Mgbasa ozi Desktọpụ Conky

En MX-Linux kwuru ngwa arụnyere (Onye njikwa), kama n’ime DEBIAN ọ ga-adị mkpa iji wụnye ya. Ozugbo arụnyere na ahazi, ihe niile ị ga - eme bụ ịhọrọ ma hazie Conky ahụ nke anyị họọrọ.

Ebuli elu

apt install neofetch figlet toilet lolcat

Ebumnuche

Ikwado maka ịhazi nke .bashrc faịlụ mgbọrọgwụ na onye ọrụ.

apt install autoconf automake build-essential dkms fastjar g++ gawk gcc gcc-multilib gettext gettext-base intltool intltool-debian jarwrapper gtk-recordmydesktop linux-headers-$(uname -r) mawk mesa-common-dev minizip nasm perl perl-base perl-modules-5.28 pkg-config python-apt python-glade2 python-gtk2 python-libxml2 subversion wx-common wx3.0-headers x11proto-record-dev zlib1g zlib1g-dev

Ebumnuche

Nye nkwado maka omume dị elu, dịka nchịkọta kernel ma ọ bụ ngwa ndị ọzọ.

apt install libalien-wxwidgets-perl libbz2-dev libc6 libcdio-cdda-dev libcdio-dev libcdio-paranoia-dev libcurl3-gnutls libgcc1 libgl1-mesa-dev libglade2-0 libglade2-dev libglib2.0-0 libglib2.0-bin libglib2.0-data libglib2.0-dev libglibmm-2.4-1v5 libglibmm-2.4-dev libglu1-mesa-dev libgmp3-dev libgtk-3-dev libgtk2.0-0 libgtk2.0-bin libgtk2.0-common libgtk2.0-dev libguichan-sdl-0.8.1-1v5 libjack-jackd2-dev liblocale-gettext-perl libpcre16-3 libmodule-pluggable-perl libpng16-16 libsdl-console-dev libsdl-gfx1.2-dev libsdl-image1.2-dev libsdl-mixer1.2-dev libsdl-net1.2-dev libsdl-ocaml-dev libsdl-pango-dev libsdl-perl libsdl-sge-dev libsdl-sound1.2-dev libsdl-ttf2.0-dev libsdl1.2-dev libsdl2-2.0-0 libsdl2-dev libsdl2-image-dev libsdl2-mixer-dev libsdl2-net-dev libsdl2-ttf-dev libsigc++-2.0-dev libsndfile1-dev libstdc++6 libtool libvorbisenc2 libwx-perl libwxbase3.0-dev libxcb-xtest0 libxcb-xv0 libxml2 libxml2-dev libxml2-utils libxtst-dev libxv-dev libxv1 libxvmc1 libxxf86vm-dev

Ebumnuche

Nye nkwado maka ngwa dị mkpa maka ndị ọrụ toro eto (multimedia, gamers, mmepe, n'etiti ndị ọzọ).

apt install arj bzip2 gzip lhasa liblhasa0 lzip lzma p7zip p7zip-full p7zip-rar sharutils rar unace unrar unrar-free tar unzip xz-utils zip

Ebumnuche

Nye nkwado zuru ezu maka mkpakọ / decompression ọrụ na Sistemụ arụmọrụ.

apt install alien curl debian-keyring debian-archive-keyring htop lynx net-tools nmap rpm rpm-i18n screen ssh sudo testdisk w3m w3m-img

Ebumnuche

Wụnye ngwa mgbakwunye na ngwa ndị dị mkpa (dị mkpa na / ma ọ bụ bara uru) ruo na Terminal Interface (CLI).

apt install alacarte baobab bleachbit brasero brasero-cdrkit camera.app cdrskin cheese chromium chromium-l10n converseen dcraw dvd+rw-tools dvdauthor evince ffmpegthumbnailer file-roller firefox-esr firefox-esr-l10n-es-es fslint gdebi gedit gedit-plugins gimp gimp-gmic gimp-data-extras gimp-gap gimp-gutenprint gimp-plugin-registry gimp-help-es gnome-disk-utility gnome-orca gparted gphoto2 gpicview gufw imagination kodi libdvdread4 libdvdnav4 libmimic0 libxm4 lightdm-gtk-greeter-settings lsb-release lsdvd menu-l10n menulibre mirage onboard pitivi ooo-thumbnailer plymouth plymouth-themes plymouth-x11 rhythmbox rhythmbox-plugins rhythmbox-plugin-cdrecorder software-properties-gtk seahorse simple-scan shotwell software-properties-gtk sound-juicer synaptic thunderbird thunderbird-l10n-es-es totem totem-plugins update-notifier vlc vlc-plugin-notify vokoscreen xarchiver xscreensaver zipper.app

Ebumnuche

Wụnye mgbakwunye na ngwa ndị dị mkpa (dị mkpa na / ma ọ bụ bara uru) ruo na nke Graphical Interface (GUI).

apt install game-data-packager games-minesweeper games-tetris games-thumbnails gnome-cards-data gnome-games

Ebumnuche

Wụnye nchịkọta (ihe dị mkpa na / ma ọ bụ bara uru) oge ezumike na egwuregwu (egwuregwu) nchịkọta ngwa maka ndị ọrụ nkịtị (ụlọ ọrụ akpaaka).

Resultados

Na nke m, na-agba ọsọ a na usoro na MX-Linux Distro 19 n'ịwa m ihe eji ebugharị ọhụrụ na nke nwere ike itinye ISO na a oke nhazi na njikarịchaihe m na-akpo "Ọrụ ebube", ugbu a na gị 2.0 mbipute. Machị ihuenyo ka i wee hụ nsonazụ ya:

MilagrOS 2.0 - Ọdịdị Ikpeazụ 1

MilagrOS 2.0 - Ọdịdị Ikpeazụ 2

MilagrOS 2.0 - Ọdịdị Ikpeazụ 1

Ruo ugbu a, akụkụ mbụ nke nkuzi a. Na akụkụ nke abụọ anyị ga-ekwu na nchịkọta ndị ọzọ (ngwa) ka akwadoro ka ị gaa n'ihu na-eme ka (Distric) gbasaa DEBIAN 10 na MX-Linux 19.

Onyonyo zuru ezu maka nkwubi okwu ederede

Mmechi

Anyị na-atụ anya na esta "bara uru obere post" banyere «DEBIAN y MX-Linux», na ụdị ya kachasị ọhụrụ na nke ugbu a maka afọ 2020, iji nweta «actualizarlas y optimizarlas», nwee nnukwu mmasị na ịba uru, maka ihe niile «Comunidad de Software Libre y Código Abierto» na nke onyinye dị ukwuu na mgbasa nke okike, gigantic na eto eto nke ngwa nke na maka «GNU/Linux».

Maka ozi ndị ọzọ, egbula oge ọ bụla ịga leta nke ọ bụla Ọbá akwụkwọ dị n'ịntanetị dị ka OpenLibra y JEDIT ịgụ akwụkwọ (PDFs) n'isiokwu a ma ọ bụ ndị ọzọ ihe omuma. Maka ugbu a, ọ bụrụ na ịchọrọ nke a «publicación», akwụsịna ịkekọrịta ya ya na ndi ozo, n'ime gi Ebe nrụọrụ weebụ kachasị amasị, ọwa, otu, ma ọ bụ obodo nke netwọk mmekọrịta, ọkacha mma n'efu ma mepee Mastodon, ma ọ bụ nchebe na nzuzo dị ka telegram.

Ma ọ bụ nanị gaa n'ụlọ obibi anyị na Ndokwa ma ọ bụ sonye na Channel Channel Telegram site na DesdeLinux ịgụ na votu maka nke a ma ọ bụ mbipụta ndị ọzọ na-atọ ụtọ na «Software Libre», «Código Abierto», «GNU/Linux» na isiokwu ndị ọzọ metụtara «Informática y la Computación», na «Actualidad tecnológica».


Ọdịnaya nke isiokwu agbaso ụkpụrụ anyị nke ụkpụrụ nduzi. Kpesa mmejọ pịa ebe a.

Ihe 8 kwuru, hapụ nke gị

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  1.   Gerson dijo

    Dị ka m maara na ibe MX gọọmentị enweghị MX-19_December_x64.iso Ma mgbe ịpịrị njikọ njikọ ahụ ha hapụrụ n'isiokwu ahụ, ebudatara 0 bit ISO.
    Ekwenyere m na isiokwu a tupu ịme nke ọma ga-emepụta nsogbu maka ndị na-agbaso ntuziaka ndị ahụ.
    Nkwado m: budata ISO site na saịtị MX; wee wụnye ma hazie iji kwado mmadụ niile.

  2.   Linux Post Wụnye dijo

    Daalụ, ezigbo Gerson. Aga m copyomie ebe azịza m nyere gị na Telegram:

    M edozila njikọ mebiri emebi! N'oge a na-ede edemede ahụ ma ọ bụrụ na enwere ISO zuru oke nke MX-19_December_x64.iso, dịka m gosiri gị nseta ihuenyo na ISO ebudatara, mana ọnyà niile sitere na Disemba dị ugbu a na efu (0) kb.

    Mgbe m ibudatara ya ọ zuru oke, mana echere m na mmadụ tinyere repo na 0 Kb ma ha niile mekọrịtara dị ka nke a. Ihe m na-ekwu bụ na ọ bụghị m kpatara ya. Ebe ọ bụ na anaghị m ejigide ya, ebudatara m ya zuru oke. Na agbanyeghị nke ahọrọ MX-Linux enyo, eserese Disemba bụzi efu, mana nchikota ego dị.

    Ma emezila m njikọ ahụ, ya mere, ekele maka okwu a bara uru. Daalụ maka ikwu!

    1.    Gerson dijo

      Na nzube; You nweela ike ịwụnye kernel liquorix site na ebe nchekwa anụ ahụ?

      1.    Linux Post Wụnye dijo

        Daalụ, Gerson! Mba, mana m ga-eme edemede banyere ya na isi okwu. Daalụ maka okwu gị.

  3.   Osvaldo santos dijo

    Ndewo, nke mbụ, ana m ekele gị nke ukwuu maka ọkwa ahụ, ọ bụ nnukwu enyemaka iji bido mana m ga-achọ ịma ihe iwu ọ bụla na-eme, ụfọdụ m maara ma ndị ọzọ amaghị, echere m na ndị ọzọ ga-eme nke ọma ịmata ihe ha bụ. Ana m ekele gị ọzọ

  4.   Nnamdi Nwachukwu dijo

    Ọ ga - ekwe omume ka ị gbakwunye kernel Liquorix kernel na iso gị iji bulie ma mepụta ISO ọhụrụ? Apụghị m ịhụ njikọ download gị v2.0 mbipute 🙁

    1.    Linux Post Wụnye dijo

      Daalụ JonathanMG! M bulitebeghị 2.0 ahụ, mana m nwalere Liquorix Kernel na ya ahụbeghị m nsogbu na ya. Ọ gaghị abịa agakọ, ma m ga-ekwu na i nwere ike ịnabata ya na-enweghị nsogbu.

  5.   Nnamdi Nwachukwu dijo

    Ọ dị mma na enweghị m ike ịchọta nsụgharị 2.0 iji budata, olee mgbe ọ ga-adị? Ọ ga-abụ nnọọ ihe bara uru na n'ime usoro ọ ga-ahapụ gị ka ị họrọ mgbe ị ga-etinye ya, ọ ga-abụ ihe na-atọ ụtọ tinyere nke kwụsiri ike ma ọ bụ nke na-adịghị agbanwe agbanwe, enwere m olileanya na ị ga-atụle okwu m ebe ọ bụ na enweghị distro na-enye gị nhọrọ ahụ