Ndị na-ahụ maka Ohere: Ngosipụta eserese eserese maka GNU / Linux

Ndị na-ahụ maka Ohere: Ngosipụta eserese eserese maka GNU / Linux

Ndị na-ahụ maka Ohere: Ngosipụta eserese eserese maka GNU / Linux

Kemgbe mmalite nke GNU / Linux, ojiji na iche-iche nke Eserese eserese eserese (GUI) dị adị na-eto. N'otu oge ahụ, ụfọdụ asọmpi etolitekwala n'etiti ndị ọrụ, ndị ọhụụ na ndị nwere ahụmahụ, maka nke kachasị mma n'etiti ọtụtụ nhọrọ dị ugbu a.

Otú ọ dị, ugbu a nhọrọ dị site na GUI maka GNU / Linux, nke ahụ bụ, na Njikwa Window (Ndị njikwa Windows - WM, na Bekee) kasị ewu ewu ma ọ bụ nke a maara nke ọma, na-abịakarị agwakọta n'ime nke a maara nke ọma na nke zuru oke Gburugburu Ebe Obibi (Ebe Desktọpụ - DE, na Bekee) ebe ọtụtụ ndị ọzọ, dịka ọ dị mma, mana ikekwe amachaghị ma ọ bụ ji ya eme ihe, na-abịakarị n'adabereghị na a Ebe obibi Desktọpụ akọwapụtara.

Window Window: Okwu Mmalite

Ka anyị cheta na, n'etiti a Ebe obibi Desktọpụ na a Njikwa windo enwere otutu ihe doro anya mgbe ana ekwu okwu banyere a GNU / Linux Sistemụ nrụọrụ.

Nke mbu, o kwesiri ka a mata ịdị adị nke X Windo Sistemụ (X Windows, na Bekee), nke A na-ahụta ya dị ka isi nke na-enye ohere ịse ihe eserese na ihuenyo. Dị ka, X Windows na-enye nkwado na-enye ohere ngagharị nke windo ahụ, mkparịta ụka ya na kiiboodu na òké, ma na-adọta windo ndị ahụ. Ihe a niile dị mkpa maka desktọọpụ ọ bụla.

N’iburu nke a n’uche, anyị nwere ike ịmatakwu na ọ bụ a Njikwa windo na a Ebe obibi Desktọpụ.

Njikwa windo

Ọ bụ mpempe ihe mgbagwoju anya nke na-achịkwa ntinye na ọdịdị nke windo. Nke ahụ chọrọ X Windows ịrụ ọrụ ma ọ bụghị site na a Ebe obibi Desktọpụ, nke iwu n'ụkpụrụ. Na dị ka ArchLinux Official Wiki, ke ikpehe ya raara onwe ya nye «Ndị njikwa Windows«, Ndị a na-ekewa n'ime ụdị 3, nke bụ ihe ndị a:

  • Na: Ndị na-egosipụta ọdịdị na arụmọrụ nke Windows na OS X, ya mere, na-ejikwa windo dị ka mpempe akwụkwọ na desktọọpụ, nke enwere ike ịdọrọ otu n'elu nke ọzọ.
  • Ụlọ: Ndị nke ụdị "mosaic" ebe windo anaghị ekpuchi, na ebe a na-enwetakarị ụzọ mkpirisi igodo, na enweghị ntụkwasị obi n'iji òké enweta.
  • Di omimi: Ndị na-enye gị ohere ịmegharị windo nke windo n’etiti mosaics ma ọ bụ sere n’elu.

Desktop gburugburu ebe obibi

Ọ bụ ihe mmewere ma ọ bụ usoro ihe ejikọrọ karịa a Njikwa windo. Ya mere chọrọ ha abụọ X Windows dị ka a Njikwa windo, na-arụ ọrụ. Kedu ihe kpatara ọtụtụ ji etinye nke ha na / ma ọ bụ jiri otu WM ma ọ bụ karịa nwere onwe ha rụọ ọrụ nke ọma.

Na mgbakwunye, ọ dị mkpa iburu n'obi na a Ebe obibi Desktọpụ n'ozuzu ya gụnyere ngwa nke ngwa ejikọtara ọnụ ka ngwa niile mara ibe ha, dịka, ụdị nke ụdị ogwe (taskbar) nke na-eme ka arụ ọrụ ụfọdụ dị ka itinye obere mmewere (wijetị) maka ime ngwa ngwa ma ọ bụ ozi maka ịkwalite ahụmịhe onye ọrụ.

Ọ bụrụ na ịchọrọ ịmatakwu banyere Gburugburu Ebe Obibi, anyị na-akwado ịgagharị ihe ndenye anyị dị na mbụ:

Nchịkọta Ohere: Ọdịnaya

Ndị nlekọta windo na gburugburu Desktọpụ

Gbasara otu Desktọpụ Environment

  1. Mgbachi: Site na GNOME
  2. ntamu: Site na GNOME Shell
  3. KWIN: Site na KDE na KDE Plasma
  4. XFWM: Site na XFCE
  5. Muffin: Site na Cinnamon
  6. Marco: Matte
  7. Mmmmmmmmmmmm: Site na Deepin
  8. gala: Site na Pantheon
  9. BudgieWM: Site na Budgie
  10. UKWM: Si na UKUI

Nwere onwe ya na gburugburu ebe nrụọrụ Desktọpụ

  1. 2BWM: https://github.com/venam/2bwm
  2. 9WM: https://github.com/9wm/9wm
  3. AEWM: http://freshmeat.sourceforge.net/projects/aewm
  4. Ntughari: http://afterstep.org/
  5. Nnukwu WM: https://awesomewm.org/
  6. BerryWM: https://berrywm.org/
  7. Igbe ojii: https://github.com/bbidulock/blackboxwm
  8. BSPWM: https://github.com/baskerville/bspwm
  9. Uyo: https://byobu.org/
  10. Nchịkọta: http://www.compiz.org/
  11. CWM: https://github.com/leahneukirchen/cwm
  12. DWM: http://dwm.suckless.org/
  13. Ihe omuma: http://www.enlightenment.org
  14. EgwuWM: https://github.com/nikolas/evilwm
  15. EXWM: https://github.com/ch11ng/exwm
  16. Igbe ozi: http://www.fluxbox.org
  17. FLWM: http://flwm.sourceforge.net/
  18. FVWM: https://www.fvwm.org/
  19. Azụ: http://www.escomposlinux.org/jes/
  20. Ozo: https://herbstluftwm.org/
  21. I3WM: https://i3wm.org/
  22. AKWM: https://ice-wm.org/
  23. Ion: http://freshmeat.sourceforge.net/projects/ion/
  24. JWM: https://joewing.net/projects/jwm/
  25. EgwuregwuBoxEbe nrụọrụ weebụ: https://www.yoctoproject.org/software-item/matchbox/
  26. Metissehttp://insitu.lri.fr/metisse/
  27. Musca: https://github.com/enticeing/musca
  28. MWM: https://motif.ics.com/
  29. Igbe mepere emepe: http://openbox.org/wiki/Main_Page
  30. Pekwm: https://github.com/pekdon/pekwm
  31. Egwu https://github.com/wyderkat/playwm
  32. Nkọwa: http://www.qtile.org/
  33. Ahịa: http://www.nongnu.org/ratpoison/
  34. Sawfish: https://sawfish.fandom.com/wiki/Main_Page
  35. Nyocha: https://github.com/conformal/spectrwm
  36. Steamcompmrhttps://github.com/ValveSoftware/SteamOS/wiki/steamcompmgr
  37. MgbapuWeebụsaịtị: https://stumpwm.github.io/
  38. sugar: https://sugarlabs.org/
  39. SwayWM: https://swaywm.org/
  40. TWM: https://www.x.org/releases/X11R7.6/doc/man/man1/twm.1.xhtml
  41. UltimateWM: http://udeproject.sourceforge.net/
  42. VTWMhttp://www.vtwm.org/
  43. Land: https://wayland.freedesktop.org/
  44. Wingo: https://github.com/BurntSushi/wingo
  45. WM2: http://www.all-day-breakfast.com/wm2/
  46. WMFS: https://github.com/xorg62/wmfs
  47. WMX: http://www.all-day-breakfast.com/wmx/
  48. Window Onye kere: https://www.windowmaker.org/
  49. OhereLab: https://github.com/nickgravgaard/windowlab
  50. Xmonad: https://xmonad.org/

Onyonyo zuru ezu maka nkwubi okwu ederede

Mmechi

Anyị na-atụ anya nke a "bara uru obere post" banyere «Gestores de Ventanas», dị ugbu a n'ime ma ọ bụ n'èzí a «Entorno de Escritorio», nke ahụ bụ, n'ụzọ dabere ma ọ bụ n'ụzọ onwe nke otu n'ime ndị a, nwere nnukwu mmasị na ịba uru, maka ihe niile «Comunidad de Software Libre y Código Abierto» na nke onyinye dị ukwuu na mgbasa nke obibi dị ebube, gigantic na eto eto nke ngwa nke «GNU/Linux».

Maka ozi ndị ọzọ, egbula oge ọ bụla ịga leta nke ọ bụla Ọbá akwụkwọ dị n'ịntanetị dị ka OpenLibra y JEDIT ịgụ akwụkwọ (PDFs) n'isiokwu a ma ọ bụ ndị ọzọ ihe omuma. Maka ugbu a, ọ bụrụ na ịchọrọ nke a «publicación», akwụsịna ịkekọrịta ya ya na ndi ozo, n'ime gi Ebe nrụọrụ weebụ kachasị amasị, ọwa, otu, ma ọ bụ obodo nke netwọk mmekọrịta, ọkacha mma n'efu ma mepee Mastodon, ma ọ bụ nchebe na nzuzo dị ka telegram.

Ma ọ bụ nanị gaa n'ụlọ obibi anyị na Ndokwa ma ọ bụ sonye na Channel Channel Telegram site na DesdeLinux ịgụ na votu maka nke a ma ọ bụ mbipụta ndị ọzọ na-atọ ụtọ na «Software Libre», «Código Abierto», «GNU/Linux» na isiokwu ndị ọzọ metụtara «Informática y la Computación», na «Actualidad tecnológica».


Ọdịnaya nke isiokwu agbaso ụkpụrụ anyị nke ụkpụrụ nduzi. Kpesa mmejọ pịa ebe a.

Ihe 14 kwuru, hapụ nke gị

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  1.   Juvenal Salinas Maldonado dijo

    Hola
    Ozi na-akpali mmasị. Anụla m banyere ụfọdụ ndị njikwa windo mana ndepụta ị nyere dị ezigbo mma. Daalụ.

    1.    Linux Post Wụnye dijo

      Ekele m, Juvenal. Daalụ maka okwu gị. Obi dị anyị ụtọ na ozi ahụ masịrị gị nakwa na ọ bara uru.

  2.   Jonathan Injinia Sistemụ dijo

    Di ma ọ bụ nwunye bụ ezigbo desktọọpụ, achọpụtara m na ọ dị ịtụnanya maka laptọọpụ ochie m na pc na desktọọpụ m, na laptọọpụ ochie m m jiri ubuntu nkịtị wee rie 6-7% nke nhazi ahụ, ebe ọ nọ na onye ọ bụla na-ata ahụhụ 1-2. % Nhazi ahụ riri obere, na desktọpụ m pc Ubuntu nkịtị riri 2-3% nke nhazi ahụ, ebe na Ubuntu nwunye ya riri 0.5-1% nke processor, na okwu ole na ole Ubuntu na gburugburu ebe obibi riri obere cpu nke ukwuu laptọọpụ ochie m 64 bit 2012 dị ka ryze 8 desktop pc.

    1.    Bryan Vicente Urquiza dijo

      Ikwuru, oriri ahụ dị ntakịrị ma ọ mepee ngwa ngwa, ana m eji ya otu izu ma enwere m olileanya na ọ ga-aga n'ihu

  3.   Elizabeth onyekachukwu dijo

    Obi dị m ụtọ maka onye òtù ọlụlụ, agbanyeghị na enweghị mgbatị dị ka gburugburu ebe ndị ọzọ, ọ na-enye m ihe m chọrọ, ụfọdụ nhazi mmezi dị mfe, mana n'ọnọdụ ezigbo ọsọ mgbe m mepee ngwa, na mgbakwunye inwe obere nhazi ihe oriri na ebule ebule, obu ezie na na ncheta ebule echegbughi m onwe m banyere inwe 8gb nke ebule, mana obere ihe oriri ya hapuru m ihunanya, 0.5% na-ezu ike mgbe obula, anwaala m gburugburu ndi ozo ma ha ruru 3-4% dị ka gnome shei na kde plasma ruru 2-3% ebe di na nwunye dị ala karịa 0.5% WOWOWOWOWOW, na m na-anwale ya maka ihe karịrị ọnwa 8 na desktọọpụ desktọọpụ m ma ọ nwetụbeghị m nsogbu nsogbu, ana m ele vidiyo na youtube na ọ dị egwu amaghị m Ọ bụ mmiri niile dị ka ọ kwesịrị ịdị, ihe nke rapaara na gnome na otu maka kde plasma.

  4.   Mario na-enweghị isi dijo

    Nwunye bụ ngwa ngwa echeghị m na ọ ga-agbanwe gburugburu ebe m nwere ọdịdị dị mma, emekwara m ya n'ihi etu o si dị ngwa, m meghere google chrome ma meghee na 1 nke abụọ ọsọ ọsọ, otu maka ọtụtụ obere mmemme M na-eji maka mmepe m.

  5.   Ọnye na -bụ Jean Carlos Granda? dijo

    MATE DESKTOP ENVIRONMENT dị oke mma, ihe niile kwụsiri ike na enweghị m nsogbu ọ bụla, ọ dịkwa ịpị ọsọ ọsọ ma ngwa gị emegheela, maka ndị na-anwaghị ya, mee ya, ọ ga-aba uru.

  6.   Ọnye na -bụ Jean Carlos Granda? dijo

    MATE DESKTOP ENVIRONMENT dị oke mma, ihe niile kwụsiri ike na enweghị m nsogbu ọ bụla, ọ dịkwa ịpị ọsọ ọsọ ma ngwa gị emegheela, maka ndị na-anwaghị ya, mee ya, ọ ga-aba uru.

  7.   Francisco Diaz dijo

    Enwere m mmasị na agba akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ na gburugburu ebe obibi nwere hehe maka mkpali nke sitere na ahịhịa, enwere m mmasị na gburugburu ebe a enwere m ya site na ryzen 7 desktop pc maka afọ 3 ma kwenye m na ọ dị oke ọsọ, na-ejigide obere oriri ya, Enwere m nsogbu na gburugburu ebe ndị ọzọ, mana enwere m obi ụtọ na m nwere nke a dị ka isi, n'ụzọ m si jiri ubuntu kemgbe 2013 na m na-eji ubuntu mate kemgbe 2018 dị ka isi.

  8.   Steven Carrion dijo

    M na-eji fedora na SPING DE MATE, ọ bụ ezie na na mbụ m nwere nsogbu, mgbe ahụ, edozi ya ma ruo ugbu a, m na-eme nke ọma, gburugburu ebe a dị oke ọsọ.

  9.   Abraham Vizcarra dijo

    Anọgidere m na-eji ya maka ọnwa 7 ma ruo ugbu a ọ na-enye m ezigbo nsonaazụ maka ihe m chọrọ.

  10.   Alejandro Rodriguez dijo

    hapu kde plasma maka gburugburu ebe a, a na m eji ya na debian m anaghi aju maka ozo.

  11.   Leonard garcia dijo

    Aga m etinye nwuntu ubuntu ka m mara ma odi mma.

  12.   Eduardo Medina dijo

    Imelite sistemụ ma ọ bụrụ na ị nwere onye ọlụlụ ubuntu, gaa chọọ "Mmelite ngwanrọ" ebe ahụ ma ọ bụrụ na ị nweta mmelite nye ya wụnye ma mgbe ịmechara ị ga-agbanye usoro ahụ, itinye mgbanwe ndị ahụ.