Debian + KDE: Whakauru me te whakarite

Ka rite ki taku i oati ai, anei nga taahiraa o nga mahi i mahia e au i taku wa i whakauru ai KDE 4.6 i taku e aroha nei Whakamatau Debian. He tino pukumahi ahau i tenei ra, no reira mena kaare he taipitopito rite ki taau e hiahia ana.

I tenei ata i maama taku whakauru (mai i te wahanga) o Debian, kia pai ake ai te tuhi i nga kohinga e hiahia ana ahau ki te whakauru me era atu, no reira mena ka whai koe i tenei tuhinga taahiraa, kaare he take o te raru.

Te whakauru Debian.

Mo te whakaurunga he rereketanga. Ahau te tikanga whakamahi Whakamatau Debian a ko te mea whaitake rawa atu ko tera Kua tangohia e ahau he iso o tenei hononga ana kua oti i a koe te whakauru. Ko te raru no te mea kaore i whakaaetia e taku peenawewe, me whakamahi ahau he iso Debian Squeeze.

Taunakitanga # 1: Ka ngana ki te whakauru me te Debian Testing iso mo nga take e rua:

  1. Ka iti ake nga kohinga hei whakahou.
  2. He iti ake to tuponotanga ki te raru i nga whakawhirinaki o nga mea penei ranei.

Whakauru, me iso de Whakaporo o Wheehe, he rite tonu ki te ahua o taku whakamarama i roto i tenei pdf, engari kaore au e whakauru Te Taiao Matapihi, engari ko nga Nga taputapu punaha paerewa. Mo tenei aratohu ka kii ahau kua oti te whakauru mai i te iso o Testing.

Whakahou

Ka mutu ana ta maatau kaore he waahi whakairoiro, ka uru mai hei pakiaka ka whirihora i nga wharepukapuka:

# nano /etc/apt/sources.list

i roto i nga konae korero ka hoatu e matou:

deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian testing main contrib non-free

me te whakahou:

# aptitude update

Ka mutu, ka whakahouhia e maatau nga kohinga kua oti te whakauru:

# aptitude safe-upgrade

Ka mutu ana tenei mahinga, mena kua pai nga mea katoa, ka tiimata ano e maatau te PC a ka haere tonu taatau ki te whakauru KDE.

Te whakauru i te KDE

I tenei aratohu ka whakauru noa maatau i nga kohinga e tika ana kia penei KDE he tika te whakaatu, ka taea hoki te whakamahi. Ka whakauruhia hoki e maatau etahi kohinga tika kaore i whakauruhia e te taunoa. Ka uru ana tatou hei pakiaka, ka whai waahi maatau ki te whakauru i nga kohinga e whai ake nei:

# aptitude install kde-plasma-desktop kde-l10n-es kde-i18n-es kwalletmanager lightdm

He nui tenei kia mutu ana ka tiimata ano, ka uru ki ta maatau papamahi hou. Mena ka titiro koe ki te mutunga ka taapirihia e au LightDM ka whakamarama ahau he aha. Ka whakauruhia e maatau te putea kde-plasma-papamahi, ka utaina tenei e maatau KDM nei hoki ki ahau he tino taumaha, no reira ka whakakapi ahau i a ia LightDM. Kia hoatu e matou E tomo, ka patai mai te ruānuku ki a maatau ko wai e hiahia ana matou ki te whakamahi, maau e kowhiri te mea e hiahia ana koe.

LightDM ka whakauru ano i nga kohinga mo te kaituku whakairoiro. Mai i taku whakamahi i te intel, ka taapiri noa ahau: xserver-xorg-ataata-intel, penei:

# aptitude install kde-plasma-desktop kde-l10n-es kde-i18n-es kwalletmanager lightdm xserver-xorg-video-intel

He nui tenei, engari ki te hiahia taatau ka taea e taatau te whakauru ka mutu ana, me enei taapiri ranei:

# aptitude install kde-icons-oxygen kde-config-gtk-style kde-style-qtcurve kwalletmanager kde-icons-mono system-config-gtk-kde gtk2-engines-oxygen gtk-qt-engine

He kohinga enei hei whakapai ake i nga tono Gtk e whakamahia ana e maatau me etahi tohu ka taapirihia e maatau. Mena kaore koe e whakamahi i te putea KDE ki te whakahaere i nga kupuhipa, ka taea e koe te tango kuwalletmanager.

Mōkī tāpiri.

I mua i te tiimata, he pai ki te whakauru i etahi atu putea e hiahiatia ana e tatou, hei tauira:

Pōkai Pāorooro / Ataata
# aptitude install clementine kmplayer vlc (instalado por defecto) gstreamer0.10-esd gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg gstreamer0.10-fluendo-mp3 gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad lame pulseaudio -y

Paetaha e pa ana ki te punaha:
# aptitude install ark rar unrar htop mc wicd wicd-kde dbus gdebi-kde rcconf ksnapshot -y

Nga tono KORE / KDE e whakamahia ana e au:
# aptitude install iceweasel icedove libreoffice-writer libreoffice-l10n-es libreoffice-kde libreoffice-impress libreoffice-calc gimp inkscape diffuse -y

Nga mea ka tangohia e au:
# aptitude purge exim4 exim4-base exim4-config exim4-daemon-light -y

Ko te tikanga me taapiri, kia tangohia ranei e koe taau e hiahia ana

Te Whakarite i te KDE

Mena ka paahihia e tatou nga hikoi o mua kaore he raru, ka tae ki te waahanga tino pai o tenei mea katoa: te whakarite KDE hei whakaora i a maatau Mb Tuhinga o mua. Tuatahi ka mahi maatau (ma te papatohu) kia neke whakamua ki nga ahuatanga whakairoiro.

Whakakorea ana Akonadi + Nepomuk:

Kaore au e korero taipitopito mo te aha Akonadi o Nepomuk, ina koa na te mea he tuhinga pai e whakaatu ana he aha te mahi a tena o raatau. Ka taea e koe te panui i konei. Hei whakakore i a Akonadi, ka mahi maatau:

$ nano ~/.config/akonadi/akonadiserverrc

Ka rapu maatau mo te raina e kii ana:

StartServer=true

a ka whakapumautia e maatau:

StartServer=false

Kia mahara kei te pai nga tono Tukua whakamahi ratou Akonadi, na kaore pea e taea e taatau te whakamahi. Hei whakaweto Nepomuk whakatika i te konae:

$ nano ~/.kde/share/config/nepomukserverrc

me e:

[Basic Settings]
Start Nepomuk=true

[Ratonga-nepomukstrigiservice]
autostart = pono

Ka waiho maatau penei:

[Basic Settings]
Start Nepomuk=false

[Ratonga-nepomukstrigiservice]
autostart = teka

I roto i te ariā ka taea tenei katoa e te Tuhinga o mua Pūnaha, engari kaore, he tere ake i konei

Te whakakore i nga paanga.

Ka taea e taatau te penapena i nga rauemi ma te whakakore i nga paanga (mārama, whakawhitinga) ka uru mai tena KDE na te taunoa. Mo tenei ka whakatuwherahia e maatau te Kaiwhakahaere Manakohanga Pūnaha » Te ahua me te whanonga o te mokowāmahi »Papamahi Pānga ka whakaweto » Whakahohea nga paanga papamahi.

Ka taea hoki e taatau te tango i etahi atu paanga ma te whirihora i nga tautuhinga oxygen. Mo tenei ka pehi matou Alt + F2 a ka tuhituhi atu maatau tautuhinga hāora. Me whiwhi maatau penei:

I reira ka taea e taatau te whakangahau i a tatou ki te tango i nga paanga o nga momo momo. Ko taku tango noa: Whakahohehia nga waituhi.

Te whakaatu tika i nga tono Gtk

Ko te mea tuatahi ka mahia e maatau ko te whakauru i nga miihini Gtk tika:

$ sudo aptitude install gtk2-engines-oxygen gtk2-engines-qtcurve

A muri ake ka whakatuwherahia e maatau he tauranga ka hoatu:

$ echo 'include "/usr/share/themes/QtCurve/gtk-2.0/gtkrc"' >> $HOME/.gtkrc-2.0
$ echo 'include "/usr/share/themes/QtCurve/gtk-2.0/gtkrc"' >> $HOME/.gtkrc.mine

Inaianei me kowhiri tatou i te Kupu Manakohanga atu mo nga tono Gtk whakamahi QtTau. Ko te mutunga ka kitea i roto i ahau Firefox:

Te whakakore i nga mahi i te tiimatanga.

Ka whakatuwherahia e maatau nga Kaiwhakahaere Manakohanga Pūnaha »Whakahaerenga Punaha» Whakaoho me te Whakamate »Kaiwhakahaere Ratonga a ka tangohia e maatau nga tohu kaore e hiahia ki te tiimata. Tauira o tetahi ka monokia e ahau i nga wa katoa: Kōwae rapu Nepomuk.

Te whakakore i te pehu taera.

Ahakoa kaore pea e peera tonu, ko te peke iti o te tohu ka kitea i runga i te pehu ka whakatuwhera ana i tetahi tono ka pau nga rauemi. Hei whakakore ka whakatuwherahia e maatau te Kaiwhakahaere Manakohanga Pūnaha »Nga ahuatanga me nga whanonga noa» Te punaha me nga whakamohiotanga taupānga »Whakarewanga panui a kei hea te korero Pehu kuti hoatu matou: Kaore he pehu kiki.

Teepu Tauhira.

He pai tonu ki ahau te noho o te teepu tuku iho, pera i te pōtekiteki o KDE 3. Mo tenei ka haere matou ki te papamahi ka panui i te tohu i te taha matau o runga ka tohu Manakohanga tiro kōpaki:

Ana i te matapihi ka puta mai ka huri taatau Tirohanga Kōpaki.

RCConf

Ka whakauruhia e maatau te rcconf kia kore e taea te whakamahi i etahi wairangi ka tiimata ana ka huaki te punaha. Ki taku kee ko tetahi o nga mea ka mukua e au KDM mai i taku whakamahi LightDM. Me tino tupato koe ki tenei, kaua rawa e whakakore dbus.

Na mo tenei wa ko tenei aratohu. Ko te tumanako ka taea e au te taapiri i etahi atu mea ka haere te wa.


Ko nga korero o te tuhinga e piri ana ki o maatau kaupapa o matatika whakatika. Ki te ripoata i tetahi paatene paato Here.

19 korero, waiho maau

Waiho to korero

Ka kore e whakaputaina tō wāhitau īmēra. Kua tohua ngā āpure e hiahiatia ana ki *

*

*

  1. He kawenga mo nga raraunga: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Te kaupapa o te raraunga: Whakahaerehia te SPAM, te whakahaere korero.
  3. Ture: To whakaae
  4. Whakawhitinga korero: Kaore nga korero e tukuna ki nga taha tuatoru engari ma te ture herenga.
  5. Rokiroki raraunga: Paetukutuku e whakahaerehia ana e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Tika: I nga wa katoa ka taea e koe te whakaiti, te whakaora me te muku i o korero.

  1.   Oscar ka mea

    Mauruuru koe elav mo te pupuri i to kupu +1

    1.    elav <° Linux ka mea

      😀 Ko te tumanako ka tino awhina i a koe ...

  2.   mac_live ka mea

    Mauruuru, kua oti i a au te whakarereke, ka timata ano taatau ki te kite mena he tere ake ta tatou hikoi, a he aha nga papatono ka taea e au kaore i te wa tiimata? Mena kaore au e awangawanga nui ki a koe?

    1.    elav <° Linux ka mea

      Ana kei i tera kua whakauruhia e koe. Mena ka whakaatuhia e koe he Whakaahuamata, akene ka taea e au te awhina i a koe .. 😉

  3.   hypersayan_x ka mea

    Ko te wahi e kii ana te mea akonadi, maana e whakahoki ki muri, ki te whakakore i takuadi me teka te taurangi, penei:

    StartServer = teka

    1.    elav <° Linux ka mea

      Ae, i pa ki ahau i te wa e tuhi ana ahau i te tuhinga, he mihi nui ki a koe 😀

  4.   Oscar ka mea

    elav Whakaaro ahau ki te whakakore i takuadi ko te tua ke o to maka ki roto i te pou.

  5.   Oscar ka mea

    Na te tango i nga taputapu tuhi, me te whakakore i a Akonadi me Nepomuk, i whakaitihia e au te 200Mb, kua ea ahau.

    1.    elav <° Linux ka mea

      200Mb? 0_o

      Engari e hia nga RAM kei a koe? I tino whakaitihia e koe te kohi? Wow .. Pai 😀

      1.    Oscar ka mea

        Kei a au te 1.5Gb me te 1.3Gb e waatea ana me te tukatuka matua rua a AMD64, ki taku whakaaro, i taku panui i runga i te paetukutuku, ka nui ake te RAM i te i386. Kei te whakaaro ahau kia ngana ki te eke ki te 4Gb.

        1.    elav <° Linux ka mea

          MMM OK.

      2.    kik1n ka mea

        Inaa ae.
        Kaore taku kde i uru mai ki ahau na te kaha o te kohi Ram.
        He pai ki ahau engari kei Gnome Ja ahau

        1.    Oscar ka mea

          Ki a Gnome2 kei te whakaae ahau ki a koe engari i whakamatauhia e au te Fedora 15 me te Gnome3 a he nui te kohi RAM e rite ana ki te KDE, Ko te tumanako ma te whakawhanaketanga ka pai ake te kohi.

  6.   Roman77 ka mea

    Tino pai te tuto… .ha, tata te orite ki te whakauru i ahau o Debian… te rereke ko tera i te wa i whakauru ai au me Squeeze a he loooong te mahi 🙂

    1.    elav <° Linux ka mea

      Mauruuru koe Roman77, ka koa matou i pai ki a koe 😀

  7.   Carlos-Xfce ka mea

    Kia ora Elav. Ahakoa kaore ano ahau kia waiho hei kaiwhakamahi KDE, he tino pai ki ahau tenei akoranga. He pai ki ahau te ako. Ka nui te mihi ki a koe me te tumanako ka haere tonu taau tuhinga.

    1.    elav <° Linux ka mea

      Mauruuru Carlos-Xfce, Kei te tumanako ahau ki te whakaputa tonu i etahi atu, Ko te korero ahau, ki te kore a Gnome e karanga mai ki ahau, kua kite ahau kua maha atu nga kohinga Gnome3 e uru ana ki te Whakamatau 😀

  8.   Arturo molina ka mea

    He mea pai ki ahau. Tirohia mena o te wiki ka akiaki ahau i a au ki te whakauru. Nga Manaakitanga.

  9.   Rojas ka mea

    He pou pai, i tenei wa ka tiimata taku whai ... Kei te hiahia ahau ki te whakahiato pata mo taku pc engari kaore au e mohio he aha nga waahanga hei whakauru, he Toshiba ahau kei te whakamahi i te kaupapa AMD Thurion Tuarua me te 4 GB RAM. a koinei te putanga o te lspci:
    00: 00.0 Piriti Kaipupuri: Pūrere Miihini Arā Atu Anō [AMD] RS880 Manaakitanga Piriti
    00: 01.0 piriti PCI: Pūrere Miihini Arā [AMD] RS780 / RS880 PCI ki te piriti PCI (int gfx)
    00: 04.0 piriti PCI: Pūrere Miihini Arā Atu Anō [AMD] RS780 PCI ki te piriti PCI (tauranga PCIE 0)
    00: 05.0 piriti PCI: Pūrere Miihini Arā Atu Anō [AMD] RS780 PCI ki te piriti PCI (tauranga PCIE 1)
    00: 06.0 piriti PCI: Pūrere Miihini Arā Atu Anō [AMD] RS780 PCI ki te piriti PCI (tauranga PCIE 2)
    00: 11.0 Kaiwhakahaere SATA: ATI Technologies Inc SB7x0 / SB8x0 / SB9x0 SATA Controller [aratau AHCI]
    00: 12.0 Kaiwhakahaere USB: ATI Technologies Inc SB7x0 / SB8x0 / SB9x0 USB OHCI0 Kaiwhakahaere
    00: 12.1 Kaiwhakahaere USB: ATI Technologies Inc SB7x0 USB OHCI1 Kaiwhakahaere
    00: 12.2 Kaiwhakahaere USB: ATI Technologies Inc SB7x0 / SB8x0 / SB9x0 USB EHCI Kaiwhakahaere
    00: 13.0 Kaiwhakahaere USB: ATI Technologies Inc SB7x0 / SB8x0 / SB9x0 USB OHCI0 Kaiwhakahaere
    00: 13.1 Kaiwhakahaere USB: ATI Technologies Inc SB7x0 USB OHCI1 Kaiwhakahaere
    00: 13.2 Kaiwhakahaere USB: ATI Technologies Inc SB7x0 / SB8x0 / SB9x0 USB EHCI Kaiwhakahaere
    00: 14.0 SMBus: ATI Technologies Inc SBx00 SMBus Controller (rev 3c)
    00: 14.2 Pūrere oro: ATI Technologies Inc SBx00 Azalia (Intel HDA)
    00: 14.3 piriti ISA: ATI Technologies Inc SB7x0 / SB8x0 / SB9x0 LPC kaiwhakahaere kaiwhakahaere
    00: 14.4 piriti PCI: ATI Technologies Inc SBx00 PCI ki te Piriti PCI
    00: 18.0 Piriti Kaipupuri: Pūrere Miihini Tuatahi [AMD] Whanau 10h Tukatuka Tukatuka HyperTransport Whirihoranga
    00: 18.1 Piriti Kaipupuri: Pūrere Miihini Arā Atu Anō [AMD] Wharepukapuka Whakawhiti Wāhitau Kaiwhakamahi 10h
    00: 18.2 Piriti Kaipupuri: Pūrere Miihini Arā Atu Anō [AMD] Whanau 10h Kaituku Whakahaa DRAM
    00: 18.3 Piriti manuhiri: Pūrere Miihini Arā Atu Anō [AMD] Whanau 10h Kaituku Mana Whakahaerehia
    00: 18.4 Piriti manuhiri: Pūrere Miihini Arā Atu Anō [AMD] Whanau 10h Whakahaa Hono Tukatuka
    01: 05.0 VGA kaiwhakahaere hototahi: ATI Technologies Inc M880G [Mobility Radeon HD 4200]
    02: 00.0 Kaiwhakahaere Whatunga: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL8191SEvB Wireless LAN Controller (rev 10)
    03: 00.0 Itarangi kaiwhakahaere: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL8101E / RTL8102E PCI Express Ethernet Ethernet tere (rev 02)