Whakahou me te arotau i te MX-Linux 19.0 me te DEBIAN 10.2 i muri i te whakauru

Whakahou me te arotau i te MX-Linux 19.0 me te DEBIAN 10.2 i muri i te whakauru

Whakahou me te arotau i te MX-Linux 19.0 me te DEBIAN 10.2 i muri i te whakauru

I tenei panui ka tukuna atu e maatau a tikanga noa hoki whakahou me te arotau, e rua ki MX-Linux 19.0 como DEBIANI 10.2 i muri i te whakauru, i te mea e hangaia ana e nga mea o mua.

Ki te mahi i tenei akoranga kua whakamahia e matou a Kōnae ISO Tuhinga o mua MX-Linux Whakaahuatanga, 64-moka, no Tihema 2019, i karangahia MX-19_Tihema_x64.iso, engari ka taea e tetahi te tango i nga waahanga hou mai i Here, me te Kōnae ISO Tuhinga o mua Tuhinga pumau o DEBIAN, 64-moka, mo te DVD, no Noema 2019, i karangahia debian-10.2.0-amd64-DVD-1.iso, engari ka taea e tetahi te tango i nga waahanga hou mai i Here.

Whakahou MX-Linux me DEBIAN: Whakataki

Ma matou tenei akoranga panui-whakauru tuatahi mo DEBIAN 10 - Buster, mai i nga mea whakamutunga i hangaia i runga i te waahanga o mua, DEBIAN 9 - Totoro. Na, mena kei te hiahia koe ki te korero tika ki a raatau, e whai ake nei:

Whakahoutia te MX-Linux me te DEBIAN: Tuhinga o mua

Tuhinga o mua i runga i te DEBIAN me te MX-Linux

Ana mena kei te hiahia koe ki te arotake i nga tuhinga o mua MX-Linux, e whai ake nei e whai ake nei:

Na enei tuhinga, me etahi atu mo DEBIAN y MX-Linux, Ko wai e korero ana Kei te pehea ratou me pehea te whakauru? Ka haere atu maatau i konei tonu, tae atu ki te taahiraa pou-whakauru, o enei waahanga hou e waatea ana mo te tau 2020.

Nga hikoinga me nga taunakitanga

Nga taahiraa i muri i te Whakauru-whakauru me nga taunakitanga hei whakahou, hei whakarite me te whakapai ake i te DEBIAN 10 me te MX-Linux 19

Kia mahara ko nga mahi me nga kohinga e taunakihia ana ki konei kia whakahaere me te whakauru he mea noa iho, "pōkai taunaki", ana ka waiho ma ia tangata, ki te whakahaere me te whakauru katoa, mo etahi ranei, he aha ai e tika ana, e whai hua ana ranei, i te wa poto, i te waa waenga ranei, ki te mohio me te whakamahi, ma te whakahaere kua whakauruhia ranei.

Kia mahara hoki ko enei mahinga me / ranei kohinga i whakamatauhia i mua i nga Distros e rua, a kaore ratou e tono ki te tango i nga putea kua whakauruhia hei taunoa i enei. Ano, kaore e whakapiki i te kai maumahara, i te PTM ranei, mai i te mea kaore i te utaina e raatau nga waahanga daemons ranei (ratonga) hei whakamahara ma te taunoa. Kia mohio ai koe i mua mo te whakamahinga o ia kohinga, paatohia Here.

Whakahou

Anake mo te whakahou i te MX-Linux

A.- Whakahaere MX-Whakahou i te pae tahua mai i te raarangi tiimata ranei

B.- Rere mai i a kāpeka tīmatanga "pakiaka huihuinga", te whakauru i nga kohinga e whai ake nei me nga whakahau e whai ake nei:

apt install mx-clocky mx-findshares mx-switchuser mx-timeset-gui mxt-app

Hei whakahou i te DEBIAN / MX-Linux

Rere mai i a kāpeka tīmatanga "pakiaka huihuinga”(Root @ mycomputer $), te whakauru i nga kohinga e whai ake nei me nga whakahau e whai ake nei:

apt update; apt full-upgrade; apt install -f; dpkg --configure -a; apt-get autoremove; apt --fix-broken install

apt install aptitude apt-xapian-index apt-transport-https; apt update; update-apt-xapian-index

aptitude clean; aptitude autoclean; apt-get autoremove; apt autoremove; apt purge; apt remove

apt install deborphan localepurge prelink

cp /etc/default/prelink /etc/default/prelink.bck-`date +"%d_%b_%y"`

sed -i 's/PRELINKING=unknown/PRELINKING=yes/' /etc/default/prelink

prelink -all

localepurge; update-grub; update-grub2; aptitude clean; aptitude autoclean; apt-get autoremove; apt autoremove; apt purge; apt remove; apt --fix-broken install

Nga mahi kowhiri

1.- Hurihia te kaiwhakamahi hanga ki te kaiwhakamahi sudoers mai i te kaiwhakamahi pakiaka

adduser myuser root nano / etc / sudoers myuser KATOA = (KATOA: KATOA) KATOA

Tuhipoka: Whakauruhia te raina whakamutunga i raro o te raina e kii ana: root ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL

2.- Whakahoutia te taurangi $ PATH ki te konae .bashrc kiki: Mo DEBIAN 10 anake

Tuhipoka: Kia mahara kei roto i te whakaputanga o "DEBIANI 10" ki te kore e tiimata "pakiaka huihuinga" me te whakahau whakahau «su -» hei utu mo te «su pakiaka» me whakahou e koe nga korero o te taurangi "$ PATH" hei aukati i nga raru o te whakahau whakahau, penei i te whakamahinga o te whakahau "Dpkg". Na reira, me whakatika ake tenei raru ma te taapiri i te "PATH" hiahiatia me te whakahau «Kaweake» e whai ake nei:

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin

Mena e hiahia ana koe ki te whakaoti tuturu, me matua whakauru e koe te "PATH" e whai ake nei:

Aratau 1: Ma te whakahau aoro

echo 'export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin' >> /root/.bashrc

echo 'export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin' >> /home/miusuario/.bashrc

Aratau 2: Ma te whakahau nano

Rere:

nano /root/.bashrc

Ka taapirihia i te mutunga te raina e whai ake nei:

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin

Rere:

nano /home/usuario/.bashrc

Ka taapirihia i te mutunga te raina e whai ake nei:

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin

Whakamaumahara: Mena ka takiuru koe me te whakahau "tana -" Ka taea e koe te peke i tenei tikanga i nga wa katoa.

whakawhaiaro

Te hangahanga o te kōpaki ihirangi ritenga tono ke ranei mai i «/ opt /»

mkdir -p / opt / my folder chmod 777 -R / opt / my folder chown myuser. -R / whakaputa / myfolder

Te Whakarite i nga waahanga whirihora a te Paewhiri me ona waahanga

I nga keehi e pa ana ki tenei akoranga, DEBIAN me nga MX-Linux distros con Nga Taiao Papamahi XFCE con Tahua Whisker, nga mahi e whai ake nei ka taea te mahi:

  • Tahua Whisker: Hurihia te rahinga, tohu tahua, raarangi o nga tono pai, me etahi atu waahanga o nga ripa o "te ahua me te whanonga" e hiahiatia ana i roto i ona taonga.
  • Pae Tahua: Taapirihia me / te tango ranei i nga Widget e tika ana ranei e hiahiatia ana ka huri i o raatau tuunga me o raatau taonga.

Ano hoki, me te taupānga Tahua Matua (Alacarte) ka taea e raatau Whakahohea te mono nga tono e kitea ana e hiahiatia ana i roto i te Tahua Timata.

Te Whakarite i nga Tautuhinga Papamahi

I roto i te waahanga (tono) i karangahia Papamahi XFCE nga mahi e whai ake nei, nga whakarereketanga ranei ka taea:

  • Papamuri: Tohua he papamuri he maha ranei ka kowhiri i te momo whakaaturanga kia rite ki te katoa ranei.
  • Tahua: Tohua nga waahanga e hiahiatia ana, e hiahiatia ana ranei mai i nga waahanga: Tahua Papamahi me te Tahua Rarangi Matapihi.
  • Ata: Tohua nga waahanga e hiahiatia ana, e hiahiatia ana ranei mai i nga waahanga: Te ahua me nga tohu Taunoa.

Whakarite GRUB

  • Tuhinga o mua MX-Linux Ka taea e koe te whakarereke i te ahua papamuri ma te huri i nga Kaupapa GRUB "Rinena" e haere mai ana ma te taunoa.
  • Tuhinga o mua DEBIAN Ka taea e koe te whakarereke i te ahua papamuri ma te huri i nga Kaupapa GRUB "Staratara" e haere mai ana ma te taunoa.

Tuhipoka: Ka taea tenei huringa ma te ringa e whakamahi te whakatika i nga konae whirihoranga Tuhinga o mua Kaupapa GRUB kua whakamahia, engari he pai ake te whakauru i te tono "GRUB Kaihoko" me te whakarereke i tenei, me te whakamahi i nga raina whakauru o te GRUB.

Te Whakaritenga Papamahi Conky

En MX-Linux mea kua whakauruhia te tono (Kaiwhakahaere Conky), engari i roto i DEBIAN he mea tika kia whakauruhia atu. Ka oti te whakauru me te whirihora, me kowhiria me te whakarite i te Conky Tuhinga o mua.

Whakapaa

apt install neofetch figlet toilet lolcat

Whāinga

Whakamaerehia te whakaritenga o te .bashrc konae pakiaka me te kaiwhakamahi.

apt install autoconf automake build-essential dkms fastjar g++ gawk gcc gcc-multilib gettext gettext-base intltool intltool-debian jarwrapper gtk-recordmydesktop linux-headers-$(uname -r) mawk mesa-common-dev minizip nasm perl perl-base perl-modules-5.28 pkg-config python-apt python-glade2 python-gtk2 python-libxml2 subversion wx-common wx3.0-headers x11proto-record-dev zlib1g zlib1g-dev

Whāinga

Whakaratohia he awhina mo nga mahi whakamua, penei i te kohinga kernel me etahi atu tono.

apt install libalien-wxwidgets-perl libbz2-dev libc6 libcdio-cdda-dev libcdio-dev libcdio-paranoia-dev libcurl3-gnutls libgcc1 libgl1-mesa-dev libglade2-0 libglade2-dev libglib2.0-0 libglib2.0-bin libglib2.0-data libglib2.0-dev libglibmm-2.4-1v5 libglibmm-2.4-dev libglu1-mesa-dev libgmp3-dev libgtk-3-dev libgtk2.0-0 libgtk2.0-bin libgtk2.0-common libgtk2.0-dev libguichan-sdl-0.8.1-1v5 libjack-jackd2-dev liblocale-gettext-perl libpcre16-3 libmodule-pluggable-perl libpng16-16 libsdl-console-dev libsdl-gfx1.2-dev libsdl-image1.2-dev libsdl-mixer1.2-dev libsdl-net1.2-dev libsdl-ocaml-dev libsdl-pango-dev libsdl-perl libsdl-sge-dev libsdl-sound1.2-dev libsdl-ttf2.0-dev libsdl1.2-dev libsdl2-2.0-0 libsdl2-dev libsdl2-image-dev libsdl2-mixer-dev libsdl2-net-dev libsdl2-ttf-dev libsigc++-2.0-dev libsndfile1-dev libstdc++6 libtool libvorbisenc2 libwx-perl libwxbase3.0-dev libxcb-xtest0 libxcb-xv0 libxml2 libxml2-dev libxml2-utils libxtst-dev libxv-dev libxv1 libxvmc1 libxxf86vm-dev

Whāinga

Whakaratohia he awhina ki nga waahanga nui mo nga kaiwhakamahi matatau (rongorau, kaitakaro, kaiwhakawhanake, me etahi atu).

apt install arj bzip2 gzip lhasa liblhasa0 lzip lzma p7zip p7zip-full p7zip-rar sharutils rar unace unrar unrar-free tar unzip xz-utils zip

Whāinga

Whakaratohia te tautoko katoa mo te ngoikoretanga / ngohe ngohe i runga i te punaha Whakahaere.

apt install alien curl debian-keyring debian-archive-keyring htop lynx net-tools nmap rpm rpm-i18n screen ssh sudo testdisk w3m w3m-img

Whāinga

Whakauruhia nga mono me nga tono taketake (tino me / te whaihua ranei) tae atu ki te Atanga Terminal (CLI).

apt install alacarte baobab bleachbit brasero brasero-cdrkit camera.app cdrskin cheese chromium chromium-l10n converseen dcraw dvd+rw-tools dvdauthor evince ffmpegthumbnailer file-roller firefox-esr firefox-esr-l10n-es-es fslint gdebi gedit gedit-plugins gimp gimp-gmic gimp-data-extras gimp-gap gimp-gutenprint gimp-plugin-registry gimp-help-es gnome-disk-utility gnome-orca gparted gphoto2 gpicview gufw imagination kodi libdvdread4 libdvdnav4 libmimic0 libxm4 lightdm-gtk-greeter-settings lsb-release lsdvd menu-l10n menulibre mirage onboard pitivi ooo-thumbnailer plymouth plymouth-themes plymouth-x11 rhythmbox rhythmbox-plugins rhythmbox-plugin-cdrecorder software-properties-gtk seahorse simple-scan shotwell software-properties-gtk sound-juicer synaptic thunderbird thunderbird-l10n-es-es totem totem-plugins update-notifier vlc vlc-plugin-notify vokoscreen xarchiver xscreensaver zipper.app

Whāinga

Whakauruhia nga taapiri taapiri me nga tono taketake (tino me / te whaihua ranei) mo te Atanga Whakairoiro (GUI).

apt install game-data-packager games-minesweeper games-tetris games-thumbnails gnome-cards-data gnome-games

Whāinga

Whakauruhia nga waatea me nga whakangahau (nga keemu) kohinga tono (nui me te / whai hua ranei) mo nga kaiwhakamahi noa (mahi a tari)

Resultados

Ki taku ke, whakahaerea tenei tikanga taku MX-Linux Distro 19 ki te whakaputa i taku ISO kawe me te whakauru hou me te whakaritenga tino me te arotautangate mea e karanga ana ahau "Nga merekara", inaianei i roto i to 2.0 putanga. Ka taapirihia e au nga whakakitenga kia kite koe i te mutunga:

MilagrOS 2.0 - Whakaaturanga Whakamutunga 1

MilagrOS 2.0 - Whakaaturanga Whakamutunga 2

MilagrOS 2.0 - Whakaaturanga Whakamutunga 1

I tenei wa, ko tenei waahanga tuatahi o tenei akoranga. I te waahanga tuarua ka korero taatau ko etahi atu paatete (tono) e taunaki ana kia haere tonu te arotau (ki te whakauru atu) ki nga Distros DEBIAN 10 me MX-Linux 19.

Atahanga Whanui mo nga whakatau tuhinga

mutunga

Ko te tumanako ka ea esta "pou whaihua whaihua" e pā ana ki «DEBIAN y MX-Linux», i roto i ona waahanga hou me nga waahanga o te tau 2020, kia tutuki «actualizarlas y optimizarlas», he tino painga me te whaihua, mo te katoa «Comunidad de Software Libre y Código Abierto» me te takoha nui ki te hora haere o te rauropi whakamiharo, nui whakaharahara me te tipu haere o nga tono o a mo «GNU/Linux».

Ana mo etahi atu korero, kaua e whakaroa ki te haere ki tetahi Puna ipurangi como OpenLibra y JedIT ki te panui pukapuka (PDF) mo tenei kaupapa, mo etahi atu ranei nga waahanga matauranga. I tenei wa, mena i pai ki a koe tenei «publicación», kaua e mutu te tohatoha ki etahi atu, i roto i to Paetukutuku pai, nga waahana, roopu, hapori ranei o whatunga hapori, he pai ki te koreutu me te tuwhera hei Mastodon, haumaru ranei, muna hoki penei waea.

Me toro noa ranei ki to maatau whainga kaainga i Mai i Linux uru atu ranei ki te Channel whaimana Waea waea mai i DesdeLinux ki te panui me te pooti mo tenei, mo etahi atu tuhinga pai ranei o «Software Libre», «Código Abierto», «GNU/Linux» me etahi atu kaupapa e pa ana ki «Informática y la Computación»me nga «Actualidad tecnológica».


Ko nga korero o te tuhinga e piri ana ki o maatau kaupapa o matatika whakatika. Ki te ripoata i tetahi paatene paato Here.

8 korero, waiho maau

Waiho to korero

Ka kore e whakaputaina tō wāhitau īmēra. Kua tohua ngā āpure e hiahiatia ana ki *

*

*

  1. He kawenga mo nga raraunga: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Te kaupapa o te raraunga: Whakahaerehia te SPAM, te whakahaere korero.
  3. Ture: To whakaae
  4. Whakawhitinga korero: Kaore nga korero e tukuna ki nga taha tuatoru engari ma te ture herenga.
  5. Rokiroki raraunga: Paetukutuku e whakahaerehia ana e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Tika: I nga wa katoa ka taea e koe te whakaiti, te whakaora me te muku i o korero.

  1.   Kerehone ka mea

    Ki taku mohio i runga i te wharangi MX whaimana kaore he MX-19_December_x64.iso Ana ka paatohia e koe te hono ka waiho i te tuhinga, he 0 bit ISO kua tangohia.
    E whakapono ana ahau ko tenei tuhinga i mua i te pai o te mahi ka raru te hunga e whai ana i nga tohutohu.
    Ko taku taunakitanga: tango i te ISO mana mai i te papanga MX; ka whakauru ka whirihora kia pai ai ki te katoa.

  2.   Linux Whakauru Whakauru ka mea

    Tena koe, e te whanau Gerson. Ka kape e au i konei nga whakautu i tukuna atu e au ki a koe i runga i te Waea:

    Kua whakatauhia e au te hono pakaru! I te wa e tuhi ana koe i te tuhinga mena he ISO tino pai mo MX-19_December_x64.iso, i taku whakaaturanga atu ki a koe te Whakaahuamata me te ISO kua tangohia, engari ko nga whakaahua katoa mai i te marama o Tihema kua kore noa atu (0) kb.

    I taku tangohanga he tino pai, engari ki taku whakaaro ka tukuna e te tangata he rekoata ki te 0 Kb ka rite katoa ta ratau mahi. Ko taku korero, ko te he ehara i au ake. Na te mea kaore au e whakahaere i nga repos, ka tika taku tango. Ahakoa he aha te MX-Linux whakaata i kowhiria, ko te whakaahua o Tihema kua kore inaianei, engari kei kona nga moni hanga.

    Engari kua oti ke te whakatika e ahau te hono, no reira he mihi ki nga korero whai kiko. Mauruuru mo te korero!

    1.    Kerehone ka mea

      I runga i te whakaaro; Kua taea e koe te whakauru i tetahi pata waipiro mai i te putunga pumau?

      1.    Linux Whakauru Whakauru ka mea

        Tena koe, Gerson! Kao, engari ka mahia e au tetahi tuhinga mo taua kaupapa. Mauruuru mo o korero.

  3.   Osvaldo santos ka mea

    Kia ora, te mea tuatahi, ka nui te mihi ki a koe mo te pou, he pai te awhina ki te tiimata engari ko taku hiahia ki te mohio he aha nga mahi o ia whakahau, etahi e mohio ana ahau engari kaore etahi, kaore ahau i pai, ki taku mohio he pai mo era atu o te iwi kia mohio he aha raatau. Nga mihi nui kia koutou

  4.   HonatanaMG ka mea

    Ka taea ranei e koe te whakauru i te porei Liquorix Kernel Stable ki to iso ki te whakapai ake me te hanga ISO hou? Kare i kitea e ahau te hono tango mo to putanga v2.0 🙁

    1.    Linux Whakauru Whakauru ka mea

      Tena koe JonathanMG! Kaore ano ahau kia tuku i te 2.0, engari i whakamatauria e au te Liquorix Kernel ki runga, a kaore au i kite i nga raru ki runga. Kaore e whakauruhia, engari ka kii atu au ka taea e koe te whakaae me te kore raru.

  5.   HonatanaMG ka mea

    Ok me te take kaore e kitea e au te putanga 2.0 hei tango, hei anahea ka waatea? He tino whaihua kei roto i te punaha ka tukuna koe ki te kowhiri ka whakauru ana koe, he mea tino pai me te putanga pumau ko te mea pumau ranei, ko te tumanako ka whai whakaaro koe ki taku korero na te mea kaore he distro e hoatu ana ki a koe tena whiringa.