Kodi chipolopolo ndi chiyani?

Muli bwanji.

Maola angapo apitawo ndidalemba Shell ya GNOME ndi tsogolo lawo ndipo wowerenga adatchula china chake chomwe ndimawona kuti ndi chofunikira kulingalira, Kodi chipolopolo ndi chiyani?

Chabwino potanthauzira tili: Pogwiritsa ntchito kompyuta, mawuwa chipolopolo Amagwiritsidwa ntchito kutanthauza mapulogalamu omwe amapereka mawonekedwe ogwiritsa ntchito kuti athe kupeza ntchito zadongosolo. Izi zitha kukhala zojambulajambula kapena zomveka bwino, kutengera mtundu wa mawonekedwe omwe amagwiritsa ntchito. Zipolopolo zimapangidwa kuti zithandizire momwe mapulogalamu osiyanasiyana omwe amapezeka pakompyuta amayitanidwira kapena kuchitidwira..

Tiyenera kudziwa kuti pali mitundu iwiri ya Shell ndipo iyi ndi iyi:

Zigawo wamba Como bash, emacs, Windows command command, pakati pa ena.

Zipolopolo zodziwika bwino Como GNome, KDE, XFCE, LXDE, Unity, MacOS Desktop Environment, Windows Desktop, pakati pa ena.

Chifukwa chake titha kunena mwachidule kuti Shell m'mawu ochepa ndi chilengedwe cha desktop (DE) kapena Windows Manager (WM) chomwe timagwiritsa ntchito pa PC yathu, mosasamala kanthu za magawidwe omwe timagwiritsa ntchito kudzera muma GUI (mawonekedwe owonekera) kapena malo ogulitsira pokhudzana ndi kulumikizana komwe tikufuna kuti tizitha kugwiritsa ntchito ntchito ndi mapulogalamu omwe amaperekedwa ndi machitidwe.

Kutanthauzira komweku kumatha kugwiritsidwa ntchito pazida zam'manja monga mafoni ndi mapiritsi, kaya ndi Android, iOS kapena Windows Phone; popeza omalizirayi akugwiritsa ntchito makina omwe ali ndi DE kapena WM.

Chifukwa chake, KDE ndi Chigoba, XFCE ndi Chigoba, LXDE ndi Chigoba, iOS ndi Nkhono, Android ndi Nkhono, Windows Phone ndi Nkhono, osachiritsika ndi chipolopolo (kudzera bash), nanga tinganene chiyani za GNOME 3 ikukhudzana ndi mawonekedwe ake ndi mawonekedwe ake palibenso china. Kuti kusintha kunali kwakukulu: INDE.

KDE ndi / kapena anthu ammudzimo amayesa malo okhala ndi malingaliro "ofanana" (osanena kuti ndi ofanana) monga omwe agwiritsidwa ntchito ndi projekiti ya Gnome lero, popeza potanthauzira KDE amathanso kutchedwa KDE Shell.

Pazonse zomwe zafotokozedwa m'ndime zapitazi, nditha kunena kuti GNOME 3 (Shell) ili ndi tsogolo kaya anthu ena amakonda kapena ena sakonda.

Dziwani: Kutanthauzira kwake ndi mitundu ya zipolopolo zomwe ndidatenga kuchokera ku Wikipedia, ulalo ndi izi.

 


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  1.   Adoniz (@ NinjaUrbano1) anati

    Ngati ndilo tanthauzo la chipolopolo, ndiye kuti zipolopolo zimakhala ndi tsogolo.

    Koma chilengedwe cha desktop cha Gnome (kumvetsetsa GNome-shell) sichikhala nacho pokhapokha chitapangitsa kuti chikhale chosinthika monga ndidanenera kale muzolemba zina.

    😀

    Ndikufuna kunena kuti sindikutsutsana ndi zipolopolozo, koma gnome3 imodzi, yomwe mwa lingaliro langa kapena malinga ndi zosowa zanga sizothandiza.

    😀

  2.   alireza anati

    Chabwino !! Tsopano zikumveka bwino ... Ndinamvetsetsa kuti Maofesi apakompyuta (DE) ndi Window Managers (WM) amalowa mgulu la zipolopolo ...

    Zikomo chifukwa cha kufotokozera

  3.   Jaime anati

    Zabwino

    Kulowa ndi kufotokoza kumawoneka bwino kwa ine. Ndikuganiza kuti ndimadziwa zochuluka kuposa momwe a Shell analili, ngakhale zili zowona kuti zimatsitsimutsa malingaliro ndikuzindikira ndikuiwala kuti ndimayesetsa kupitiliza kukhala chipolopolo (mzere wolozera). Ndiwowonjezera umodzi koma walemba. Ndikuganiza za woyang'anira desktop ngati kuchuluka kwa zida zina za WM + Shell +. Mwinanso ndichachidwi kapena mwangozi kuti ndaphatikizira izi chifukwa ndinali kuganiza za momwe ndingakhalire Arch (kuyika kocheperako), popanda kukhazikitsa Gnome Shell, kukhazikitsa Cinnamon (yomwe ndikumvetsetsa kuti ndi Shell ina). Sindikudziwa ngati ndingathe kuchita izi pogwiritsa ntchito pacman (-oreore kapena zina zotere). Ndipo ndikufuna kukhazikitsa LightDM-Ubuntu m'malo mwa GDM ndipo ngati zingatheke musayike Nautilus kuyesa ina monga Nemo, Pantheon, ndi zina zambiri. Zofanana ndi zomwe Cinnarch amachita koma kuzichita ndekha. Koma ndi ndemanga yosavuta chifukwa ndanena kale kuti ndimangoganiza za OSATI kuyika Gnome Shell posinthana ndi ina ndikukhazikitsa zofunikira.

    Moni ndikuthokoza chifukwa cha nkhaniyi;).

  4.   Windowian anati

    Palibe chifukwa choti mupange matanthauzidwe. "Chipolopolo" chovomerezeka cha KDE SC 4 chimatchedwa Plasma ndipo sichikhudzana kwenikweni ndi GNOME Shell (mwamwayi). "Chipolopolo" cha GNOME 3 chimatchedwa GNOME Shell chifukwa opanga ake amafuna motero. Ndipo kulingalira KDE ngati malo (osati monga anthu ammudzi) atha kuvomerezedwa muzokambirana mwamwayi koma ndikulakwitsa (Wikipedia imatha kunena misa) chifukwa iwo omwe amapanga KDE SC 4 sanavomereze kusinthaku kwanthawi yayitali. Mu GNOME ali ndi mfundo zina, onse ammudzi ndi chilengedwe amatchulidwa chimodzimodzi.

    1.    Adoniz (@ NinjaUrbano1) anati

      Tsopano popeza ndikuganiza za izi ukunena zowona, ndipo sindikuvomerezanso kuti lxde ndi chipolopolo, ndi malo apakompyuta ngati XFCE ndi ena, koma monga ndidanenera, chipolopolo choyipa ndiye nkhwangwa ya enawo palibe madandaulo, omwe angakhale ndi madandaulo a Plasma (Pokhapokha mutayika pamakompyuta ndi ram ya 256).

      Kulimbikitsa ...
      😀

    2.    achira anati

      Zowona. Ndikuganiza kuti pali china chosangalatsa pazomwe mumapereka: KDE (mwamwayi) si Shell, koma Desktop Environment, ndipo Plasma ndiye KDE Shell. Mwina ndalakwitsa, koma malingaliro a Shell ndi DE alibe chochita ndi izi.

      1.    Windowian anati

        Inenso sindimawaona chimodzimodzi. Kwa ine chinthu chimodzi ndi desktop (mawonekedwe owonetsera omwe amatsata fanizo la desktop) ndipo chinthu china ndi chilengedwe cha desktop (pomwe desktop ndi zina zimaphatikizidwamo). Izi zitha kukhala zosokoneza koma zitha kuphatikizidwa ndi zitsanzo. GNOME 3 ndi malo apakompyuta ndipo GNOME Shell, Unity, ndi zina zambiri ndi ma desktops (GUI kapena zigoba).

        1.    achira anati

          Ndendende, Kompyuta ndi pomwe timakhala ndi mapepala, mapanelo, zithunzi za zinyalala ndi zina zotero. Zojambula Pazida zonse ndi zida ndi zinthu zomwe zimagwira ntchito pa Desktop ndi Shell ndizokongoletsa zomwe timayika pa desktop kapena pa desktop yatsopano 😀

          1.    Jose Miguel anati

            Ngati mukutsimikiza kuti ukunena zowona, mwina muyenera kupeza Wiquipedia pazolakwika zake ...
            Bukuli ndi lodalirika koma losalephera ndipo pankhaniyi, zikuwoneka kuti ndi zolakwika, kapena ayi? ...

            Zikomo.

          2.    Windowian anati

            @ José Miguel, Wikipedia imayang'aniridwa ndi anthu ena opanda moyo omwe anthu amawatcha osungira mabuku. Zoseweretsa zawo sizoyenera kuzikhudza (pokhapokha ngati mukufuna kukhala m'modzi wa iwo).

            Wikipedia imadzitsutsa pamasamba ake ambiri. Muyenera kuwona zomwe amalemba za Umodzi m'malumikizidwe awa:
            http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entorno_de_escritorio
            http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unity_(entorno_de_escritorio)

            Mwachiwonekere Umodzi ndi malo apakompyuta omangidwira chilengedwe cha desktop cha GNOME. Ili ngati matrioska.

    3.    alireza anati

      ndichifukwa chake cha "KDE SC"

  5.   Jorge Manjarrez anati

    Chabwino, ndidangolemba izi posonyeza ndemanga yomwe imawoneka yoyenera kwambiri. Aliyense ali wolondola pazonena zawo ndi ndemanga zawo ndipo monga KDE ndi DE ndi Plasma chipolopolo, ndimawona kuti gnome imagwirizanitsa zochitika ziwirizi kukhala 2 chokha. Ngati lingalirolo ndilabwino kapena loipa, sindikudziwa, ngati lili ndi tsogolo, nthawi idzanena.

    Ndikukhulupirira kuti gnome pang'onopang'ono ikupanga mawonekedwe ndi chida "chatsopano" cha DE + ndipo kusintha ndi kusintha kwapangidwa pakukonzanso 6 ndipo kuwunikiranso kwamtsogolo 8 kumaphatikizanso zida zina zomwe zimapatsa mpumulo pang'ono (makamaka ma GUIsers), popeza Pogwiritsa ntchito ma terminal ndikusintha CSS mutha kupeza malo owoneka bwino komanso desiki yantchito yothandiza.

  6.   vuto22 anati

    Ndili ndi funso lokhudza umodzi ndi nkhono 3 yopangidwa mu Qt? Pankhani ya KDE ndikumvetsetsa zomwe Windóusico wanena «Chipolopolo cha KDE SC 4 chimatchedwa Plasma»

  7.   rolo anati

    Chowonadi ndichakuti chipolopolo cha Gnome3 chimakhazikitsidwa ndi JavaScript ndi CSS, ndizomwe zimasiyanitsa GNOME ndi madera ena apakompyuta ndipo ndichifukwa chake tikamanena za chipolopolo cha gnome tikulankhula zazosiyana.

    PS: ndipo gwiritsitsani chipolopolo cham'madzi !!!

  8.   Komanso anati

    [quote = piayet] [quote = piayet] Kodi wina angandiuze kuti pali kusiyana kotani pakati pa Gnome 3 ndi Gnome Shell? [/ quote]
    haha capo, zikomo yankho ...
    http://www.taringa.net/posts/linux/15564089/GNOME-Shell-_tiene-futuro_.html#comid-940021%5B/quote%5D

  9.   chita anati

    Zanga ndi zokhazo zomwe zili ndi windows hehehee xd

  10.   chiworkswatsu anati

    Moni kwa onse

    Ndikufuna wina wondithandizira momwe ndingakhalire mapulogalamu omwe amayenda pansi pa windows ku FEDORA 17

    Ndidayesa kuchokera ku TERMINAL koma imandiuza kuti pali fayilo yoyika yomwe imafunikira mtundu wina.

    Pakadali pano sindikukumbukira koma ndichinthu chonga config ndi mtundu wa 2.8.0.6 ndipo yomwe idayikidwa ndi 2.8.0.8 ndidapita pa intaneti ya fayilo iyi kapena madalaivala ndipo pamenepo zikuwoneka kuti ndizomwe zimandifunsa osachiritsika akandipatsa cholakwika koma mukafuna kuyika imandiuza kuti mtundu wosinthidwa waikidwa.

    Lingaliro lomwe ndili nalo ndikungotsitsa mtundu waposachedwa ndikuyika mtundu wakale. zokhazokha mu linux sindikudziwa kuti lamulo likhala lotani kuti achotse izi.

    Kapenanso ngati pali mapulogalamu ena kupatula vinyo ndi makonda kukhazikitsa. kotero yesani ina mwina kuthamanga ...

    Chinthu china ndikuti ndili ndi mesenjala amene adaikidwa koma omwe adayikidwayo amangolumikiza hotmail messenger. Ndikutanthauza ndi akaunti yanga ya hotmail ndipo yahoo imatumiza cholakwika.

    Ndipo potsiriza, ndingapeze kuti wosewera yemwe ali ndi phokoso ngati windows media player 11 ndi mtundu 12.

    zomwe fedora 17 ilibe mawu abwino. ndikumveka kwa sorrund

    zonse

    1.    rolo anati

      mfcollf77 bwanji simufunsa funso pamsonkhano womwe suli wa izi?

  11.   YAFU anati

    Moni.
    Sindikudzudzula zatsopano, ndakhala ndikugwiritsa ntchito GNU / Linux kwazaka zambiri ndipo zinthu izi zimandisowetsabe ine 🙂
    Koma zikadakhala zabwino ngati wolemba nkhaniyo atafufuza pang'ono ndikukonza zolakwikazo. Mwina lingaliro lenileni loti mawonekedwe azithunzi ali mu kompyuta atha kukhala olondola, koma osagwiritsa ntchito mawu oti Shell mu GNU / Linux.
    @elav wakhala akuchita bwino pamalingaliro ake. Momwemonso, mu Wikipedia (onse m'Chisipanishi ndi Chingerezi) pali zambiri zabwino kwambiri.
    Malo Opanga Ma Kompyuta: KDE, GNOME, Xfce, LXDE, ndi zina
    * Woyang'anira Zenera: KWin, Metacity, Mutter, Enlightenment, Xfwm, etc.
    * Graphical user interface (User Iinterface): Mu KDE amawatcha Malo Ogwirira Ntchito ndipo pali atatu: Plasma Desktop (Desktops), Plasma Netbook ndi Plasma Active (mafoni). Omalizawa sakhala malo ogwirira ntchito koma mawonekedwe owonetsera.
    Ku GENOME tili ndi GNOME Shell yomwe ndi woyang'anira ntchitoyi ndi Unity for Ubuntu.
    Zikomo.

    1.    YAFU anati

      Kuchokera pama ndemanga omwe ndawerenga pamwambapa, akuwoneka kuti akunena zoona. Wikipedia mu Spanish imawoneka ngati yosadalirika poyerekeza ndi ya Chingerezi.

      1.    Windowian anati

        Chodalirika ndikufufuza masamba ovomerezeka a polojekiti iliyonse. Mwanjira imeneyi mumapewa cocaca zamaganizidwe.

        1.    YAFU anati

          Kuti tikhale achilungamo, aliyense wa ife atha kusintha ndikusintha zolemba za Wikipedia. Koma inenso ndili ndi lingaliro loti kuchita izi ndibwino kuti ndikhale woyenera kwambiri pamutu wokhala wotsimikiza kwambiri pazomwe zalembedwa. Ndipo ndikuganiza kuti ndizomwe zimachitika ndi Wikipedia m'Chisipanishi, ndi cholinga chothandizirana ndi aliyense amene angawonjezere zolemba ngakhale atakhala kuti sanafufuze mokwanira pamutuwu.
          Ndikufunsanso wolemba blog kuti afotokozere bwino malingalirowo, chifukwa kungoganiza kuti kuchokera polowera chonchi atha kunena kuti KDE ndi Chigoba chokha, zimandipatsa zopumira 🙂

  12.   Zimbalangondo anati

    Tanthauzo labwino, zikomo.

  13.   Manuel Trujillo anati

    Mwina ndalakwitsa, koma ndikuganiza kuti zomwe mukunenazi sizolondola kwenikweni, chifukwa ngati tingagwiritse ntchito tanthauzo lanu, Gnome-Shell * ngati * ndi chipolopolo, ngati KWin, koma Gnome ndi / kapena KDE sizingachitike (Sindinena kanthu za ma desktops ena chifukwa sindikuwadziwa komanso awiriwa).
    Kumbali ina, zitha kusintha kusintha tanthauzo lanu kuposa Window-Manager iliyonse (AfterStep, Enlightenment, FluxBox, WindowMaker, Fvwm, ndi zina). Koma ngakhale izi sizingakhale choncho, popeza kuyanjana ndi dongosololi dongosolo la X likukhudzidwa, ndipo Window Manager ingangokhala chipolopolo choti mulumikizane ndi mawonekedwe a X (china chomwe, mwanjira inayake, chingakhale Kugwiritsa ntchito ma desktops ena).
    Koma monga ndidanenera, mwina ndine wolakwitsa ...

  14.   briseida iras lopez jimenez anati

    Sindikonda chipolopolo 😛