Momwe mungatulutsire malo mgawo la Boot ku Ubuntu

Ngati mwayesapo kukhazikitsa zosintha zachitetezo cha Linux kernel ndipo mwalandira mwachangu posonyeza kuti mulibe malo okwanira pa disk ndipo zimakupangitsani malingaliro omasula malo mu Boot, m'mizere iyi ndikuwonetsani momwe imatha kupezanso malo mu chikwatu / boot pa Ubuntu ndi magawo omwe amachokera pochotsa maso akale.

pangani-space-boot-on-linux

Nthawi iliyonse pomwe zosintha za kernel zimayikidwa, mitundu yam'mbuyomu imakhalabe pamakina, pokhapokha titazichotsa pamanja. Pambuyo pazosintha zingapo mosalekeza, danga mu chikwatu cha boot likhoza kukhala locheperako ndipo chifukwa cha izi sizotheka kukhazikitsa phukusi latsopano.

Chifukwa chake, choyamba tiyenera kukhala omveka bwino chifukwa chomwe tidasowa malo mu chikwatu cha boot. Ngati tili ndi magawidwe omwe makinawo satha LVM, ndipo tili ndi gawo limodzi, sipadzakhala vuto, koma m'malo mwake ngati tili ndi dongosolo lomwe lakhazikitsidwa ndi chiwembu cha LVM, chikwatu cha / boot chili pagawo lina komanso choperewera ndipo chidzafika pompano pomwe tidzasowa malo m'deralo ndipo tidzayenera kumasula malo kumeneko kuti tipitilize kukhazikitsa zosintha za kernel za chitetezo.

Nthawi zambiri titha kugwiritsa ntchito mwayi wosankha chotsani zomwe zimatilola kuti tipeze ndikuchotsa phukusi lakale lonse ndi / kapena kudalira kwadongosolo. Kungakhale china chonga ichi:

$ sudo apt-getautoremove

Nthawi zambiri, lamuloli nthawi zambiri limathetsa vutoli popanda zovuta zilizonse, koma pochita ndi maso sizophweka, chifukwa sizimazindikira nthawi zonse maphukusi akalewo ndikuwachotsa, ndipo tiyenera kutsatira njira yowongolera.

Tisanachitepo kanthu pavutoli, tiyenera kuzindikira mitundu yonse yakale ya kernel yomwe imasungidwa m'dongosolo lathu pogwiritsa ntchito nambala iyi.

$ sudodpkg -chosankha | chithunzi cha greplinux

Chotsatira ndikuwonetsani chitsanzo cha zotsatira zomwe dongosololi lipereka, zachidziwikire simuyenera kulingalira manambala amitundu, omwe azisintha malinga ndi chidziwitso cha dongosolo lililonse.

linux-chithunzi-3.19.0-33-genericdeinstall

linux-image-3.19.0-37-generic kukhazikitsa

linux-image-3.19.0-39-generic kukhazikitsa

linux-image-3.19.0-41-generic kukhazikitsa

linux-chithunzi-chowonjezera-3.19.0-33-genericdeinstall

linux-image-extra-3.19.0-37-generic kukhazikitsa

linux-image-extra-3.19.0-39-generic kukhazikitsa

linux-image-extra-3.19.0-41-generic kukhazikitsa

Tikakhazikitsa maphukusi okhudzana ndi mitundu yakale, titha kuyamba kuwachotsa pamanja, ngati tanena pamwambapa, ndiwo maphukusi ofanana ndi mtundu 3.19.0-33. Pazifukwa zachitetezo ndikofunikira kuti musiye mitundu iwiri isanachitike kapena kungochotsa yakale kwambiri ndikusunga enawo.

Tsopano, titha kuchita izi kuchokera ku terminal, komanso kuchokera kwa woyang'anira phukusi, monga Synaptic kapena ogwiritsa ntchito Ubuntu Ubuntu Software Center.

Pogwiritsa ntchito terminal

Kuchotsa maso akale kuchokera ku terminal tikutsatira lamulo lotsatira.

$ sudo apt-chotsani -purge linux-image-3.19.0-33-generic linux-image-extra-3.19.0-33-generic

Pambuyo popereka lamuloli, dongosololi liyenera kukhala ndi malo okwanira kukhazikitsa zosintha zokhudzana ndi mtundu watsopanowu. Tikulimbikitsanso kuti tisinthe fayilo ya boot booterGrub kotero kuti izindikire molondola zosintha zomwe timapanga mumitundu ya kernel.

$ sudo update-grub

Komabe, izi zimachitika pokhapokha mutayika mtundu wa kernel, koma mutachotsa mapaketi, sikokwanira kudziwa momwe mungapangire pamanja. Tiyenera kukumbukira kuti ngati tichotsa maphukusi okhudzana ndi mtundu wakale kwambiri ndipo padakali mpata wazatsopano, tikupitiliza kuyambiranso ndikuchotsanso mtundu wina.

Pogwiritsa ntchito Ubuntu Software Center

Titha kuchotsanso zosintha zakale kuchokera kwa woyang'anira phukusi, kwa ogwiritsa Ubuntu ndikufotokozera momwe tingachitire pogwiritsa ntchito Ubuntu Software CenterNdiko kugwiritsa ntchito komwe titha kuyang'anira mapulogalamu ndi maphukusi mozungulira mu Ubuntu.

Ngati titha kulowa ku Ubuntu Software Center kuchokera ku Dash, tidzapeza zosankha zingapo pamwambapa, pamenepo tidzapukusa mpaka titapeza mapulogalamu omwe aikidwa.

ubuntu-software-center-yoyikidwa1

Tikakhala kumeneko, tidzapita pansi ndikudina "onetsani (kuchuluka) kwaukadaulo " ndipamene tidzawonetse zomwe zili mu mawonekedwe a phukusi motero zidzakhala zosavuta kuwona kuchuluka kwa phukusi lomwe lidayikidwa m'dongosolo. Ngati mulemba "Linux" mu injini yosakira pamwambapa, iyenera kuwonetsa mndandanda wokhala ndi maphukusi onse omwe amakhala ndi mawuwo ndipo omwe amakhala mapaketi okhudzana ndi kernel.

ubuntu-software-center-show-technical-element

Phukusi lomwe tifunefune ndi mitundu yamitundu linux-image-versionnumber-genericy linux-image-extra-versionnumber-generic. Tikazizindikira molingana ndi nambala yakale kwambiri yamasomphenya, titha kuzichotsa.

ubuntu-software-center-kernel-linux

Zonsezi ndizokhudza kugwiritsa ntchito Ubuntu Software Center kuchotsa mapepala akale a kernel, koma mutha kugwiritsa ntchito woyang'anira phukusi wosankha, ngati mukufuna kugwiritsa ntchito Synaptic kapena Muon, mutha kuyigwiritsanso ntchito pa KDE.


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  1.   Ndirangu_87 (ARG) anati

    Kwambiri, maphunziro abwino kwambiri kwa anthu onga ine omwe sindimakonda Terminal.
    Popeza ndikukufunsani kena kake, ndine wokonzeka kupanga makina kuti akhazikitse Ubuntu 16.04; kotero ndikofunikira kugawa magawo osiyana ku / boot? Ndikunena izi chifukwa chinthu choyamba chomwe adandiuza chinali magawo ofunikira kwambiri a / (mizu) ndi / nyumba, kenako ndidawonjezera chimodzi cha Sinthana ndipo tsopano, ndikupeza kuti imodzi ya / boot idalinso yofunikira, ndikuvomereza kuti ikhale 500- 550 Mb kuti ndi izo zikhala zokwanira
    Moni ndikukuthokozani kale kwambiri

    1.    za willy anati

      Sikoyenera kupanga magawano a boot, koma zimatengera munthu aliyense ...

      zonse

      1.    Ndirangu_87 (ARG) anati

        Chabwino, chabwino, ndikuti ndikufuna kukhala wogwiritsa ntchito Linux ndi zomwe zimandiwuza kuti ndigwiritse bwino ntchito magawidwe anga

  2.   Chaparral anati

    Zambiri zothandiza kuchotsa maso akale ndikupeza malo. Posachedwapa ndakhala ndikugwiritsa ntchito pulogalamu ya Ubuntu Tweak kuyeretsa posungira ndi zinyalala zina zomwe ndapeza ndipo m'mbuyomu ndimagwiritsa ntchito malamulo awa, omwe mpaka lero sindikudziwa ngati angasinthidwe. Mwanjira:
    "Sudo dpkg -l | chithunzi cha grep linux »
    "Sudo apt-chotsani -purge linux-image-xxxxxx-xx-generic"
    Zikomo chifukwa cha zambiri.

  3.   Gregory ros anati

    Nkhani yabwino, sindimadziwa magwiridwe antchito a autoremove, makamaka sindimakonda kugwiritsa ntchito osachiritsika (Ndine waulesi) chifukwa chake ndanyalanyaza zosankha zonsezi. Ponena za Ubunto Software Center sindimagwiritsa ntchito, ndimazolowera Synaptic ndipo ndiyomwe ndimagwiritsa ntchito, chifukwa chake sindimatengedwa.

    1.    Anayankha anati

      inde, palibe vuto, mutha kugwiritsa ntchito woyang'anira phukusi wazomwe mumakonda

  4.   Sebastian anati

    moni ... kwa ine ndikutulutsa pafupifupi 23 mb .. Ndangoyika mtundu wa xubuntu. Zomwe ndidachita ndikudina pomwepo pa chikwatu cha boot, tsegulani malo oyimilira kuchokera pamenepo ndikuyika lamulo -sudo apt-get autoremove- lomwe likuwonetsedwa mu blog iyi ... chabwino .. Ndagawika pa 250mb, ndipo ndikufuna kukopera Zambiri .. popeza imakhala ndi 134mb m'dongosolo .. moni, ndipo ndikhulupilira kuti zambiri zizikutumikirani.