Devuan 4.0 "Chimaera" sau faʻavae i luga o Debian 11, Linux 5.10 ma sili atu

O le faalauiloaina o le fou fou o Devuan 4.0 "Chimaera", o le tui o Debian GNU / Linux e le sau ma systemd. O le lala fou faʻalauiloa se suiga i le autu o le Debian 11 "Bullseye" afifi. E download mai luga ola ma faʻapipiʻi mafai iso ata mo AMD64, i386, armel, armhf, arm64, ma ppc64el tusiata fale.

O le poloketi ua forked latalata 400 Debian afifi na toe teuteuina e aveʻese systemd sootaga, toe suia pe fetuʻunaʻi i Devuan atinaʻe tetele.

Lua afifi (devuan-baseconf, jenkins-debian-kelu-buildenv-devuan) o loʻo iai i latou i Devuan ma e fesoʻotaʻi ma le faʻatulagaina o fale teu ma faʻatautaia ai le faiga ole fale. A leai, Devuan e atoatoa fetaui ma Debian ma mafai ona faʻaaogaina o le faʻavae mo tu masani Debian fausiaina e aunoa ma systemd. E mafai ona download mai i lalo paketi a Devuan mai le packages.devuan.org fale teuoloa.

O le le mautonu desktop e faʻavae i luga o Xfce ma le Slim faʻaaliga pule. KDE, MATE, Cinnamon, LXQt ma LXDE e avanoa avanoa mo le faʻapipiʻiina. Nai lo systemd, o le masani SysVinit amataga amataga sapalaiina faʻapea foi ma le filifiliga filifiliga openrc ma runit faiga.

D-Bus-leai gafatia agavaʻa ua saunia, faʻatagaina oe e faia minimalist desktop faʻatulagaina faʻavae i luga o blackbox, fluxbox, fvwm, fvwm-tioata, ma openbox faamalama pule.

Ina ia configure le fesootaiga, o le NetworkManager configurator filifiliga ua saunia, lea e le o nonoa i systemd. Nai lo systemd-udev, faaaoga le eudev, o se tui o udev mai le poloketi a Gentoo. Consolekit e faʻaaoga e faʻatonutonu ai sauniga a tagata i Xfce ma MATE aʻo le isi vaega o le komipiuta faʻaaoga le elogind, o se ituaiga o faʻailo e le o fesoʻotaʻi i le systemd.

Manatu fou o Devuan 4.0 «Chimaera»

I lenei fou lomiga o le polokalama malaga mai i Debian 11 afifi nofoaga ua maeʻa faia, lea e faʻatasia ai afifi ma Debian 11.1 ma sili atu i mea uma o le tino e agaʻi i le Linux kernel 5.10, i se faʻaopopoga, o lenei ua faʻatagaina le tagata e filifili e faʻaaoga le sysvinit, runit ma OpenRC boot system.

I leisi itu, o se paʻu fou na faʻaopoopoina uma mo le laupepa faʻapipiʻi, le login manager ma le desktop, i le faʻaopopoina i le faʻaopopoina o le lagolago mo gdm3 ma sddm screen pule, faʻaopoopo i le Slim.

O loʻo maitauina foʻi o le agavaʻa e faʻaaoga e aunoa ma le systemd uma o siosiomaga o tagata faʻaaoga o loʻo avanoa i Debian na maua.

Ma mo le le atoatoa o le vaʻai, o se leo-taialaina faʻapipiʻiina gaioiga na saunia ma lagolago mo faʻaaliga faʻaali ua faʻaopopo.

Ma le isi, lagolago mo le LXDE desktop siosiomaga na faʻaopopoina i lenei fou lomiga o le tufatufaina.

Mulimuli pe a fai e te fia iloa atili e uiga i ai, oe mafai ona siakiina auiliiliga I le fesoʻotaʻiga lenei.

Sii mai le Devuan 4.0 «Chimaera»

Afai e te manaʻo e download lenei tufatufaga Linux oe tatau ona e alu i lana 'upega tafaʻilagi aloaia ma i lona download vaega oe mafai ona maua le faʻatusa foliga mai se tasi o ona faʻata avanoa. E sili ona lelei le faʻaoga le tasi latalata ia te oe, le sootaga o lenei.

Faʻafefea ona faʻaleleia i le Devuan 4.0 "Chimaera" mai le Devuan 3.x?

Si Afai e iai sau Devuan version 3.x faʻapipiʻiina, e mafai ona e toe faʻafouina le fou fou e aunoa ma le toe faʻatuina o le system.

Mo lenei mea oe tatau ona tatalaina se faʻamutaina ma faʻatino tulafono nei. Muamua o le a matou faʻaopopoina le Devuan 3.0 faleoloa i a matou faʻavae.list, o loʻo i le ala: /etc/apt/source.list

Matou te faʻasaʻosaʻoina ma le matou faatonu e fiafia iai ma faʻaopopo nei fale teu oloa (e taua le fai atu o seisi lava fale teu oloa i le # i le amataga pe aveʻese mai le aloese mai faʻafitauli i le faʻafouga):

deb http://deb.devuan.org/merged chimaera main
deb http://deb.devuan.org/merged chimaera-updates main
deb http://deb.devuan.org/merged chimaera-security main
#deb http://deb.devuan.org/merged chimaera-backports main

Matou te sefeina suiga ma fasioti le xscreensaver gaioiga ina ia mafai ai ona faʻafou saʻo:

killall xscreensaver

I luga o le nofoaga faʻasolitulafono tatou faʻatinoina se faʻafouga:

apt-get update

apt-get dist-upgrade

Lenei e tatau ona tatou faʻatali talu ai o le a amata ona download uma afifi ma configurations talafeagai mo le faʻafouga. O lenei gaioiga e umi se taimi, o lea e mafai ai ona faʻaaogaina le gaioiga e faʻatino ai nisi galuega e toe faʻafou ai le faiga o lau komepiuta.

Ile iʻuga e tatau ona e toe amataina lau komepiuta mo suiga uma ina ia aoga ma a o oe toe amataina, oe tatau ona vaʻaia ua uma ona e maua le fou fou o Devuan faʻapipiʻiina.

I le tulaga o afifi le aoga, o le le manuia afifi tatau ona faʻasaʻo ona amata lea o le toe faʻafouga.

apt-get -f install
apt-get dist-upgrade


O mataupu o le tusitusiga e tausisi ia tatou mataupu silisili o amio lelei faʻatonu. E lipotia se mea sese kiliki iinei.

Ia avea muamua ma faamatalaga

Tuʻu lau faamatalaga

o le a le lomia lou tuatusi imeli. O nofoaga e manaʻomia e makaina *

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  1. E tali atu mo faʻamatalaga: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Faamoemoega o faʻamatalaga: Pulea le SPAM, faʻamatalaga pulega.
  3. Tulaga faʻatulafonoina: Lau maliega
  4. Fesoʻotaʻiga o faʻamatalaga: O faʻamatalaga o le a le fesoʻotaʻi atu i isi vaega vagana i tulafono faʻatulafonoina.
  5. Teuina o faʻamatalaga: Faʻamaumauga tuʻufaʻatasia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Aia Tatau: I soo se taimi e mafai ai ona e faʻatapulaʻaina, toe maua ma aveʻese au faʻamatalaga.