Window Mamaneja: Graphical Mushandisi Nzvimbo dzeGNU / Linux

Window Mamaneja: Graphical Mushandisi Nzvimbo dzeGNU / Linux

Window Mamaneja: Graphical Mushandisi Nzvimbo dzeGNU / Linux

Kubva pakutanga kwa GNU / Linux, kushandiswa uye kusiyana kwe Graphical Mushandisi Nzvimbo (GUI) inowanikwa yave ichikura. Uye panguva imwecheteyo, kumwe kukwikwidzana kwakakurawo pakati pevashandisi, vatsva uye vane ruzivo, pamusoro pazvo chiri chakanakisa pakati pezvakawanda zviripo zvingasarudzwa.

Nekudaro, izvo zviripo sarudzo zviripo zve GUI yeGNU / Linuxndokuti, iyo Mahwindo Mamaneja (Mamaneja eWindows - WM, muChirungu) inonyanya kufarirwa kana kuzivikanwa, kazhinji inouya yakabatanidzwa mukati meyowo inozivikanwa uye yakakwana Nzvimbo dzeDesktop (Nzvimbo dzeDesktop - DE, muchiRungu) nepo mamwe akawanda, zvakangonaka, asi pamwe asinganyanyo kuzivikanwa kana kushandiswa, kazhinji anouya akazvimiririra ne Desktop Nzvimbo chaiyo.

Mahwindo Mahofisi: Nhanganyaya

Ngatirangarirei izvozvo, pakati pe Desktop Nzvimbo uye a Hwindo maneja pane misiyano yakajeka kana uchitaura nezve a GNU / Linux Inoshanda Sisitimu.

Chekutanga pane zvese, zvakakosha kujekesa kuvapo kwe X Hwindo System (X Windows, muchiRungu), izvo Inotaridzwa sehwaro iyo inobvumidza kudhirowa mifananidzo yezvinhu pachiratidziri. Sezvo, X Windows inopa rutsigiro runobvumira kufamba kwemawindo, kusangana nekhibhodi uye mbeva, uye kudhirowa windows. Uye izvi zvese zvinodikanwa kune chero graphic desktop.

Tichifunga izvi, tinogona kunzwisisa zviri nani kuti iri Hwindo maneja uye a Desktop Nzvimbo.

Hwindo maneja

Icho chidimbu chepuzzle chinodzora kuiswa uye kutaridzika kwemahwindo. Uye izvo zvinoda X Windows kushanda asi kwete kubva ku Desktop Nzvimbo, Yechisungo fomu. Uye maererano ArchLinux Yepamutemo Wiki, muchikamu chayo chakatsaurirwa ku «Windows Mamaneja«, Aya akakamurwa kuva matatu marudzi, ayo anotevera:

  • Kuisira: Izvo zvinoteedzera zvinoonekwa uye mashandiro eWindows uye OS X, nekudaro, gadzirisa windows sezvidimbu zvebepa pane desktop, iyo inogona kuiswa imwe pamusoro peimwe.
  • Tiling: Idzo dzerudzi rwe "mosaic" uko mahwindi asingawirirane, uye uko kunowanzo kuve nekushandiswa kwakanyanya kwazvo kwemapfupi ekhibhodi, uye kutsamira kushoma pakushandiswa kwegonzo kunowanikwa.
  • Simba: Izvo izvo zvinokutendera iwe kushandura zvine simba dhizaini yemawindo pakati pemosics kana kuyangarara.

Desktop nharaunda

Icho chinhu kana sisitimu yakanyanya kubatanidzwa kupfuura a Hwindo maneja. Uye saka zvinoda zvese zviri zviviri X Windows kunge a Hwindo maneja, kushanda. Ndokusaka kazhinji vachiwanzo sanganisira yavo uye / kana kushandisa imwe kana akawanda akazvimirira eWM kuti ashande mushe.

Uye zvakare, zvakakosha kuti uzive kuti a Desktop Nzvimbo inowanzo sanganisira seti yezvikumbiro zvakanyatso kubatanidzwa kuitira kuti maapplication ese azivane, senge, chishandiso cherudzi panhare (taskbar) iyo inofambisa mamwe mashandiro sekuisa diki zvinhu (majeti) yekukurumidza kuita kana ruzivo uchifarira kugadzirisa ruzivo rwevashandisi.

Kana zvakadaro, iwe unoda kuziva zvakawanda nezve iyo Nzvimbo dzeDesktop, isu tinokurudzira kuongorora kwedu akatevera apfuura zvinyorwa:

Mamaneja Mahwindo: Zvemukati

Mahwindo ma maneja maringe neDesktop Mamiriro ezvinhu

Nezve kune yakatarwa Desktop Nharaunda

  1. metacity: Kubva kuGNOME
  2. zevezeve: Kubva kuGNOME Shell
  3. KWin: Kubva KDE uye KDE Plasma
  4. XFWM: Kubva kuXFCE
  5. Muffin: Kubva kuCinnamon
  6. Marco: Matte
  7. KwakadzikaWM: Kubva Deepin
  8. Gala: Kubva Pantheon
  9. BudgieWM: Kubva kuBudgie
  10. UKWM: Kubva kuUKUI

Kuzvimiririra kune yakasarudzika Desktop Nharaunda

  1. 2BWM: https://github.com/venam/2bwm
  2. 9WM: https://github.com/9wm/9wm
  3. AEWM: http://freshmeat.sourceforge.net/projects/aewm
  4. Mushure medanho: http://afterstep.org/
  5. Inotyisa WM: https://awesomewm.org/
  6. BerryWM: https://berrywm.org/
  7. bhokisi dema: https://github.com/bbidulock/blackboxwm
  8. BSPWM: https://github.com/baskerville/bspwm
  9. Byobu: https://byobu.org/
  10. compiz: http://www.compiz.org/
  11. CWM: https://github.com/leahneukirchen/cwm
  12. DMS: http://dwm.suckless.org/
  13. Kujekerwa: http://www.enlightenment.org
  14. ZvakaipaWM: https://github.com/nikolas/evilwm
  15. EXWM: https://github.com/ch11ng/exwm
  16. Flux bhokisi: http://www.fluxbox.org
  17. FLWM: http://flwm.sourceforge.net/
  18. VWF: https://www.fvwm.org/
  19. Chiutsi: http://www.escomposlinux.org/jes/
  20. Herbstluftwm: https://herbstluftwm.org/
  21. I3WM: https://i3wm.org/
  22. IceWM: https://ice-wm.org/
  23. Ion: http://freshmeat.sourceforge.net/projects/ion/
  24. JWM: https://joewing.net/projects/jwm/
  25. MatchBox: https://www.yoctoproject.org/software-item/matchbox/
  26. Metisse: http://insitu.lri.fr/metisse/
  27. Musca: https://github.com/enticeing/musca
  28. MWM: https://motif.ics.com/
  29. OpenBox: http://openbox.org/wiki/Main_Page
  30. Pekwm: https://github.com/pekdon/pekwm
  31. PlayWM: https://github.com/wyderkat/playwm
  32. Qtile: http://www.qtile.org/
  33. chepfu: http://www.nongnu.org/ratpoison/
  34. Sawfish: https://sawfish.fandom.com/wiki/Main_Page
  35. Spectrum: https://github.com/conformal/spectrwm
  36. Netsamba: https://github.com/ValveSoftware/SteamOS/wiki/steamcompmgr
  37. StumpWM: https://stumpwm.github.io/
  38. Shuga: https://sugarlabs.org/
  39. SwayWM: https://swaywm.org/
  40. TWM: https://www.x.org/releases/X11R7.6/doc/man/man1/twm.1.xhtml
  41. UltimateWM: http://udeproject.sourceforge.net/
  42. VTWM: http://www.vtwm.org/
  43. wayland: https://wayland.freedesktop.org/
  44. Wingo: https://github.com/BurntSushi/wingo
  45. WM2: http://www.all-day-breakfast.com/wm2/
  46. WMFS: https://github.com/xorg62/wmfs
  47. WMX: http://www.all-day-breakfast.com/wmx/
  48. Window Mugadziri: https://www.windowmaker.org/
  49. WindowLab: https://github.com/nickgravgaard/windowlab
  50. Xmonad: https://xmonad.org/

Mufananidzo wakajairika wemhedziso yechinyorwa

Mhedziso

Tinovimba izvi "inobatsira shoma posvo" nezve «Gestores de Ventanas», zviripo zvinoshandiswa mukati kana kunze a «Entorno de Escritorio», ndiko kuti, nenzira inoenderana kana yakazvimirira yeimwe yeiyi, inofadza uye inobatsira, kune iyo yese «Comunidad de Software Libre y Código Abierto» uye yemupiro mukuru mukupararira kweinoshamisa, hombe uye kukura ecosystem yezvishandiso zve «GNU/Linux».

Uye kuti uwane rumwe ruzivo, usazeze nguva dzose kushanyira chero Raibhurari yepaindaneti Chemhondoro OpenLibra y jedit kuverenga mabhuku (maPDF) pamusoro penyaya iyi kana zvimwe nzvimbo dzekuziva. Parizvino, kana iwe waifarira izvi «publicación», usarega kuigovana nevamwe, mune yako Anofarira mawebhusaiti, chiteshi, mapoka, kana nharaunda yemasocial network, zviri nyore yemahara uye yakavhurika se Mastodon, kana kuchengetedzeka uye zvakavanzika senge teregiramu.

Kana kungo shanyira peji redu repamba pa KubvaLinux kana kujoina iyo yepamutemo Chiteshi Teregiramu kubva kuDesdeLinux kuverenga uye kuvhotera izvi kana zvimwe zvinonakidza zvinyorwa pa «Software Libre», «Código Abierto», «GNU/Linux» uye mimwe misoro ine chekuita ne «Informática y la Computación», and the «Actualidad tecnológica».


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

Makomendi gumi, siya zvako

Siya yako yekutaura

Your kero e havazobvumirwi ichibudiswa.

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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako

  1.   Juvenal Salinas Maldonado akadaro

    Hola
    Ruzivo runonakidza. Ini ndanga ndanzwa nezvevamwe mamaneja emawindo asi iyo rondedzero yaunopa inonakidza zvechokwadi. Ndatenda.

    1.    Linux Tumira Kuisa akadaro

      Kwaziso, Juvenal. Ndatenda nekutaura kwako. Isu tinofara kuti iwe wakafarira ruzivo uye kuti rwakabatsira.

  2.   Jonathan System Injiniya akadaro

    mate inzvimbo yakanaka yedesktop, zvave zvinoshamisa kune yangu yekare laptop pamwe neyangu desktop pc, mune yangu yekare laptop ndaishandisa zvakajairika ubuntu uye yaidya 6-7% ye processor, nepo iri ubuntu mate yaidya 1-2 % Iyo processor yakadya zvishoma, mu desktop yangu pc Ubuntu yakajairwa yakadya 2-3% ye processor, nepo muUbuntu mate yaidya 0.5-1% ye processor, mune mashoma mazwi Ubuntu neyemamiriro emurume vakadya zvishoma cpu zvakanyanya mu yangu yekare laptop 64 bit 2012 senge yangu ryze 8 desktop pc.

    1.    Bryan Vicente Urquiza akadaro

      Wataura chokwadi, iko kudyiwa kwakadzikira uye kunovhura mashandiro nekukurumidza, ndiri kuishandisa kwevhiki uye ndinovimba inoenderera seizvi

  3.   elizabeth montana akadaro

    Ndiri kunakidzwa newawakaroorana naye, kunyangwe isina hunyanzvi hwekuita seimwe nharaunda, inondipa izvo zvandinoda, mamwe maitiro akareruka, asi mukutsinhana nekukurumidza kumhanya kana uchivhura mafomu, pamusoro pekuve ne yakaderera processor yekushandisa uye yegondohwe ndangariro, kunyangwe mugondohwe ndangariro handinetseke zvakanyanya nezvekuve ne8gb yegondohwe, asi yayo yakaderera processor yekushandisa yakandisiya murudo, 0.5% inogara ichizorora, ndakaedza dzimwe nharaunda uye vanosvika 3-4% kunge gnome shell uye kde plasma yakasvika 2-3% nepo mumwe ari pasi pe0.5% WOWOWOWOWOWOW, uye ndanga ndichiyedza kweinopfuura mwedzi misere pane yangu huru desktop pc uye haina kumbondipa matambudziko ekutsetsenura, ndinoona mavhidhiyo paYouTube uye zvinonakidza handizive Izvo zvese zvine hunyoro sezvazvinofanira kuve, chimwe chinhu chakanamatira mune gnome uye zvakafanana kune kde plasma.

  4.   Mario trivia akadaro

    Mate inomhanya handina kumbobvira ndafunga kuti ingachinja nharaunda yangu nechitarisiko chekutanga, uye ndakazviita nekuda kwekumhanya kwazvinoita, ndinovhura google chrome uye inovhura mu1 sekondi nekukurumidza, zvakafanana kune akati wandei madiki zvirongwa Ini ndinoshandisa pakukura kwangu.

  5.   Jean Carlos Grande akadaro

    MATE DESKTOP ENVIRONMENT inonakidza, zvese zvakatsiga uye ini handina matambudziko, ikowo kubaya nekukurumidza uye kunyorera kwako kwatovhurwa, kune avo vasina kuzviedza, zviite, zvichave zvakakodzera.

  6.   Jean Carlos Grande akadaro

    MATE DESKTOP ENVIRONMENT inonakidza, zvese zvakatsiga uye ini handina matambudziko, ikowo kubaya nekukurumidza uye kunyorera kwako kwatovhurwa, kune avo vasina kuzviedza, zviite, zvichave zvakakodzera.

  7.   Francis Diaz akadaro

    Ini ndinoda iro girini girini iyo nharaunda ine hehe yekufemerwa nemiriwo, ini ndinoda ino nharaunda ini ndinayo kubva kune yangu ryzen 7 desktop pc kwemakore matatu uye tenda kwandiri kuti inokurumidza kwazvo, kuchengetedza yakaderera kudyiwa kwayo cpu, Ini ndaive nematambudziko nedzimwe nharaunda, asi ndinofara kuti ndaive neiyi seyakanyanya, nenzira yandaishandisa ubuntu kubvira 3 uye ndashandisa ubuntu mate kubva muna 2013 seyakanyanya.

  8.   Steven Carrion akadaro

    Ndanga ndichishandisa fedora ine SPING DE MATE, uye kunyangwe pakutanga ndaive nematambudziko, zvino yakagadziriswa uye parizvino ndiri kuita zvakanaka, nharaunda iyi inokurumidza.

  9.   Abraham Vizcarra akadaro

    Ini ndinoramba ndichiishandisa kwemwedzi minomwe uye kusvika parizvino zvinondipa mhedzisiro yakanaka kune izvo zvandinoda.

  10.   Alejandro Rodriguez akadaro

    siya kde plasma yenharaunda ino, ini ndinoshandisa mune yangu dhiri uye ini handibvunze zvimwe

  11.   leonardo garcia akadaro

    Ndiri kuisa ubuntu mate kuti ndione kana zvakanaka.

  12.   Edward Medina akadaro

    Kugadziridza sisitimu kana iwe uine murume ubuntu, enda unotsvaga "Software inogadziridza" ipapo kana iwe ukawana zvigadziriso zvipe iyo yekumisikidza uye kana iwe wapedza iwe unofanirwa kutangazve iyo system, kushandisa shanduko.

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