Cusboonaysii oo habee MX-Linux 19.0 iyo DEBIAN 10.2 kadib rakibida

Cusboonaysii oo habee MX-Linux 19.0 iyo DEBIAN 10.2 kadib rakibida

Cusboonaysii oo habee MX-Linux 19.0 iyo DEBIAN 10.2 kadib rakibida

Daabacaddan waxaan ku sii socon doonnaa inaan ku siinno a habka caadiga ah waayo, cusbooneysii oo habee, labadaba si MX-Linux 19.0 sida DEBIYAAN 10.2 rakibidda ka dib, sida tan hore ay u dhisayso tan dambe.

Si tan loo sameeyo tutorial waxaan isticmaalnay a Faylka ISO ee la soo dhaafay MX-Linux Snapshot, 64-bit, taariikhaysan Diseembar 2019, oo loo yaqaan MX-19_December_x64.iso, laakiin qof kastaa wuxuu kala soo bixi karaa wixii ugu dambeeyay ee laga heli karo Halkan, iyo a Faylka ISO ee la soo dhaafay nooca xasilloon ee DEBIAN, 64-bit, loogu talagalay DVD, taariikhaysan Nofeembar 2019, oo la yiraahdo debian-10.2.0-amd64-DVD-1.iso, laakiin qof kastaa wuxuu kala soo bixi karaa wixii ugu dambeeyay ee laga heli karo Halkan.

Cusboonaysii MX-Linux iyo DEBIAN: Hordhac

Tani annagaa iska leh tababarka ugu horreeya ee rakibida-dejinta ee DEBIAN 10 - Buster, tan iyo kuwii ugu dambeeyay ee la abuuray waxay ku jireen qaabkii hore, DEBIAN 9 - Kala bixin. Iyagu waa, haddii aad rabto inaad kala tashato si habsami leh, kuwa soo socda:

Cusboonaysii MX-Linux iyo DEBIAN: Maqaallo Hore

Maqaallo hore oo ku saabsan DEBIAN iyo MX-Linux

Haddii ay dhacdo, waxaad dooneysaa inaad dib u eegis ku sameyso qodobadii hore MX-Linux, kuwan soo socda ayaa la heli karaa:

  • MX-Linux 17.1: Distoor casri ah, iftiin leh, awood badan oo saaxiibtinimo leh (Eeg gelitaanka)
  • MX-Linux 19 - Beta 1: Kala-bixinta Distro # 1 waa la cusbooneysiiyay (Eeg gelitaanka)
  • MX Linux 19: Nooca cusub ee ku saleysan DEBIAN 10 ayaa la sii daayay (Eeg gelitaanka)

Sababtoo ah qodobbadaas, iyo kuwo kale oo ku saabsan DEBIAN y MX-Linux, yaa ka hadlaya Sidee ayay yihiin iyo sida loo rakibo? talaabooyinka rakibida kadib, noocyadan cusub ee la heli karo sanadka 2020.

Talaabooyinka iyo Talooyinka

Tallaabooyinka rakibaadda-dambeeya iyo talooyinka kor loogu qaadayo, loo habeeyo loona habeeyo DEBIAN 10 iyo MX-Linux 19

Xusuusnow in ficilada iyo baakadaha halkan lagugula taliyay inay socdaan oo rakibtaan ay kaliya tahay, xirmooyinka lagu taliyay" oo waxay u sii jirtaa mid kasta, in la fuliyo oo la rakibo dhammaantood ama qaar ka mid ah, maxay u yihiin lagama maarmaanka ah ama waxtar leh, muddada gaaban ama dhexdhexaadka ah, si loo ogaado loona isticmaalo, adigoo horeyba u orday ama rakibay.

Maskaxda ku hay in ficiladan iyo / ama xirmooyinkaasi ay ahaayeen hore loo tijaabiyey labada Distros, oo ha weydiinin inaad tirtirto xirmooyinka ku rakibay qaab ahaan kuwan. Dheeraad ah, ma kordhiyaan isticmaalka xusuusta ama processor-ka, Maaddaama aysan ku dhejin nidaamyada ama daemons (adeegyo) xusuusta si caadi ah. Si aad horey ugu sii ogaato waxa xirmo kasta loo adeegsado, guji Halkan.

Cusboonaysiinta

Kaliya si loo cusbooneysiiyo MX-Linux

A.- Orod MX-Cusbooneysiiyaha baarka menu-ka ama liiska bilowga

B.- Ka orod a bilaabaya terminal "fadhiga xididka", Ku rakibidda xirmooyinka soo socda amarka soo socda:

apt install mx-clocky mx-findshares mx-switchuser mx-timeset-gui mxt-app

Si loo cusbooneysiiyo DEBIAN / MX-Linux

Ka orod a bilaabaya terminal "fadhiga xididka”(Root @ mycomputer $), Ku rakibidda xirmooyinka soo socda amarka soo socda:

apt update; apt full-upgrade; apt install -f; dpkg --configure -a; apt-get autoremove; apt --fix-broken install

apt install aptitude apt-xapian-index apt-transport-https; apt update; update-apt-xapian-index

aptitude clean; aptitude autoclean; apt-get autoremove; apt autoremove; apt purge; apt remove

apt install deborphan localepurge prelink

cp /etc/default/prelink /etc/default/prelink.bck-`date +"%d_%b_%y"`

sed -i 's/PRELINKING=unknown/PRELINKING=yes/' /etc/default/prelink

prelink -all

localepurge; update-grub; update-grub2; aptitude clean; aptitude autoclean; apt-get autoremove; apt autoremove; apt purge; apt remove; apt --fix-broken install

Falalka ikhtiyaariga ah

1. - Ka beddel isticmaalaha la abuuray isticmaale sudoers isticmaalaha asalka u ah

adduser myuser root nano / etc / sudoers myuser ALL = (ALL: ALL) DHAMMAAN

Nota: Gali sadarka ugu dambeeya sadarka oranaya: root ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL

2. - Ku cusbooneysii $ PATH doorsoomaha superuser .bashrc feyl: Kaliya loogu talagalay DEBIAN 10

Nota: Xusuusnow in nooca ah "DEBIAN 10" hadaanu bilaaban "fadhiga xididka" iyada oo amarka ah «su -» halkii laga heli lahaa «su root» waxaad u baahan doontaa inaad cusboonaysiiso waxyaabaha isbeddelaya "$ PATH" si looga hortago dhibaatooyinka fulinta amarka, sida marka amarka la isticmaalayo "Dpkg". Sidaa darteed, waxaa lagama maarmaan ah in si ku meel gaar ah loo saxo dhibaatadan iyadoo lagu darayo "WADAADKA" looga baahan yahay amarka «Dhoofinta» sida soo socota:

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin

Haddii aad rabto inaad si joogto ah u xalliso, waa inaad gelisaa "WADAADKA" loo baahan yahay sida soo socota:

Mode 1: Iyada oo amarka echo

echo 'export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin' >> /root/.bashrc

echo 'export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin' >> /home/miusuario/.bashrc

Mode 2: Iyadoo amarka nano

Orod:

nano /root/.bashrc

Ku dar dhamaadka sadarka soo socda:

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin

Orod:

nano /home/usuario/.bashrc

Ku dar dhamaadka sadarka soo socda:

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin

Xusuusin: Haddii aad ku gasho amarka "isaga -" Marwalba waad ka boodi kartaa nidaamkan.

Habayn

Abuuritaanka galka maaddada caadiga ah ama codsiyada shisheeye ee ku jira «/ opt /»

mkdir -p / opt / faylkeyga chmod 777 -R / opt / faylkeyga chous myuser. -R / opt / myfolder

Kala-beddelka xulashooyinka qaabeynta qaabeynta iyo waxyaabaha ka kooban

Xaaladaha uu casharradan tilmaamayo, DEBIAN iyo MX-Linux distros con Deegaanka XFCE Desktop con Liiska Whisker, falalka soo socda ayaa la samayn karaa:

  • Liiska Whisker: Beddel cabbirka, astaanta meenuga, liiska codsiyada aad jeceshahay, iyo xulashooyinka kale ee tabka "muuqaalka iyo dhaqanka" in la doonayo in ay guryaha.
  • Baarka menu: Ku dar iyo / ama ka saar Widget-yada loo baahan yahay ama la doonayo oo beddel booska iyo guryaha.

Sidoo kale, barnaamijka Menu ugu weyn (Alacarte) way awoodaan Daar gab codsiyada muuqda iyo kuwa la doonayo ee ku jira Bilow Liiska.

Habaynta Dejinta Qalabka

Qeybta (arjiga) loo yaqaan Desktop XFCE ficilada ama isbedelada soo socda ayaa la samayn karaa:

  • Gundhig: Xulo asalka ama dhowr oo dooro qaabka bandhigga ee isku mid ama dhammaan.
  • Liiska: Xulo xulashooyinka aad rabto ama lagama maarmaanka u ah qeybaha: Menu-ka Miiska Miiska iyo Liiska Daaqadaha.
  • Astaamaha: Xulo xulashooyinka aad rabto ama lagama maarmaanka u ah qaybaha: Muuqaalka iyo astaamaha Astaamaha.

Customization GRUB

  • Marka laga hadlayo MX-Linux Waxaad wax ka beddeli kartaa sawirka asalka adiga oo isbeddel ku sameeya kan Mawduuca GRUB Linen" kaas oo ku yimaada asal ahaan.
  • Marka laga hadlayo DEBIAN Waxaad wax ka beddeli kartaa sawirka asalka adiga oo isbeddel ku sameeya kan Mawduuca GRUB "Sdaamurka" kaas oo ku yimaada asal ahaan.

Nota: Isbeddelkan waxaa lagu samayn karaa gacanta iyadoo la isticmaalayo tafatirka faylasha qaabeynta of the Mawduucyada GRUB la isticmaalay, laakiin waa la doorbidaa in lagu rakibo arjiga "Macaamiisha GRUB" iyo in la sameeyo isbadalkan, sidoo kalena laga faa'iideysto la habeynta khadadka waxyaabaha laga soo galo GRUB.

Qalabaynta Desktop-ka Conky

En MX-Linux ayaa yiri arjiga horay ayaa loo rakibay (Maamulaha Conky), laakiin gudaha DEBIAN waxay noqon laheyd lagama maarmaan in la rakibo. Marka la rakibo oo la qaabeeyo, waa inaad doorataa oo astaysto Conky ah dookheenna ah.

Kor u qaad

apt install neofetch figlet toilet lolcat

Ujeeddo

Fududeeyaa qaabeynta .bashrc faylasha xididka iyo isticmaalaha.

apt install autoconf automake build-essential dkms fastjar g++ gawk gcc gcc-multilib gettext gettext-base intltool intltool-debian jarwrapper gtk-recordmydesktop linux-headers-$(uname -r) mawk mesa-common-dev minizip nasm perl perl-base perl-modules-5.28 pkg-config python-apt python-glade2 python-gtk2 python-libxml2 subversion wx-common wx3.0-headers x11proto-record-dev zlib1g zlib1g-dev

Ujeeddo

Sii taageero ficillada horumarsan, sida isu soo ururinta kernel ama codsiyada kale.

apt install libalien-wxwidgets-perl libbz2-dev libc6 libcdio-cdda-dev libcdio-dev libcdio-paranoia-dev libcurl3-gnutls libgcc1 libgl1-mesa-dev libglade2-0 libglade2-dev libglib2.0-0 libglib2.0-bin libglib2.0-data libglib2.0-dev libglibmm-2.4-1v5 libglibmm-2.4-dev libglu1-mesa-dev libgmp3-dev libgtk-3-dev libgtk2.0-0 libgtk2.0-bin libgtk2.0-common libgtk2.0-dev libguichan-sdl-0.8.1-1v5 libjack-jackd2-dev liblocale-gettext-perl libpcre16-3 libmodule-pluggable-perl libpng16-16 libsdl-console-dev libsdl-gfx1.2-dev libsdl-image1.2-dev libsdl-mixer1.2-dev libsdl-net1.2-dev libsdl-ocaml-dev libsdl-pango-dev libsdl-perl libsdl-sge-dev libsdl-sound1.2-dev libsdl-ttf2.0-dev libsdl1.2-dev libsdl2-2.0-0 libsdl2-dev libsdl2-image-dev libsdl2-mixer-dev libsdl2-net-dev libsdl2-ttf-dev libsigc++-2.0-dev libsndfile1-dev libstdc++6 libtool libvorbisenc2 libwx-perl libwxbase3.0-dev libxcb-xtest0 libxcb-xv0 libxml2 libxml2-dev libxml2-utils libxtst-dev libxv-dev libxv1 libxvmc1 libxxf86vm-dev

Ujeeddo

Sii taageero codsiyada muhiimka ah ee adeegsadayaasha horumarsan (multimedia, gamers, Developers, kuwo kale).

apt install arj bzip2 gzip lhasa liblhasa0 lzip lzma p7zip p7zip-full p7zip-rar sharutils rar unace unrar unrar-free tar unzip xz-utils zip

Ujeeddo

Sii taageero buuxda hawlaha wax-soo-saarka / kala-soocidda ee Nidaamka Howlgalka.

apt install alien curl debian-keyring debian-archive-keyring htop lynx net-tools nmap rpm rpm-i18n screen ssh sudo testdisk w3m w3m-img

Ujeeddo

Ku rakib fiilooyin iyo codsiyo aasaasi ah (muhiim ah iyo / ama faa'iido leh) illaa iyo inta laga hadlayo Terminal Interface (CLI).

apt install alacarte baobab bleachbit brasero brasero-cdrkit camera.app cdrskin cheese chromium chromium-l10n converseen dcraw dvd+rw-tools dvdauthor evince ffmpegthumbnailer file-roller firefox-esr firefox-esr-l10n-es-es fslint gdebi gedit gedit-plugins gimp gimp-gmic gimp-data-extras gimp-gap gimp-gutenprint gimp-plugin-registry gimp-help-es gnome-disk-utility gnome-orca gparted gphoto2 gpicview gufw imagination kodi libdvdread4 libdvdnav4 libmimic0 libxm4 lightdm-gtk-greeter-settings lsb-release lsdvd menu-l10n menulibre mirage onboard pitivi ooo-thumbnailer plymouth plymouth-themes plymouth-x11 rhythmbox rhythmbox-plugins rhythmbox-plugin-cdrecorder software-properties-gtk seahorse simple-scan shotwell software-properties-gtk sound-juicer synaptic thunderbird thunderbird-l10n-es-es totem totem-plugins update-notifier vlc vlc-plugin-notify vokoscreen xarchiver xscreensaver zipper.app

Ujeeddo

Ku rakib fiilooyin iyo codsiyo aasaasi ah (muhiim ah iyo / ama faa'iido leh) marka la eego Qaabka Sawirka Garaafka (GUI).

apt install game-data-packager games-minesweeper games-tetris games-thumbnails gnome-cards-data gnome-games

Ujeeddo

Ku rakib baakadaha dalabyada aasaasiga ah (aasaasiga ah iyo / ama faa'iidada leh) ee loogu talagalay dadka isticmaala guud (otomatiga xafiiska).

Resultados

Xaaladdayda, ku socodso nidaamkan my Distro MX-Linux 19 si aan u dhaliyo cusub oo la qaadi karo oo la rakibi karo oo leh a habeyn xad dhaaf ah iyo iswaafajinwaxaan badanaa wacaa "Mucjisooyinka", hadda adiga 2.0 version. Ku lifaaqan shaashadaha shaashadda si aad u aragto natiijada:

MilagrOS 2.0 - Muuqaalka Ugu Dambeeya 1

MilagrOS 2.0 - Muuqaalka Ugu Dambeeya 2

MilagrOS 2.0 - Muuqaalka Ugu Dambeeya 1

Ilaa hadda, qaybtan koowaad ee casharradan. Qaybta labaad waxaan ka faalloon doonnaa in xirmooyinka kale (codsiyada) lagu talinayo inay sii wadaan wax ka qabashada (dhammaystirka) Distros-ka DEBIAN 10 iyo MX-Linux 19.

Muuqaalka guud ee gabagabada maqaalka

Gabagabo

Waxaan rajeyneynaa taas waa "waxtar yar post" ku saabsan «DEBIAN y MX-Linux», noocyadiisii ​​ugu dambeeyay iyo kuwa hadda socda ee sanadka 2020, si loo gaaro «actualizarlas y optimizarlas», noqo mid dan weyn iyo dan u leh, dhammaan «Comunidad de Software Libre y Código Abierto» iyo wax ku biirinta weyn ee baahinta nidaamka deegaanka ee cajiibka ah, weyn iyo koraya ee codsiyada iyo wixii loogu talagalay «GNU/Linux».

Iyo wixii macluumaad dheeri ah, ha ka waaban inaad booqato midkoodna Maktabadda internetka sida OpenLibra y JEDIT in la akhriyo buugaag (PDF) mowduucan ama kuwo kale meelaha aqoonta. Hada, hadaad jeceshahay tan «publicación», ha joojin inaad la wadaagto kuwa kale, adiga Websaydhada aad jeceshahay, kanaallada, kooxaha, ama bulshooyinka ee shabakadaha bulshada, doorbidayaa bilaash oo u furan sida Mastodon, ama amaan ah oo gaar loo leeyahay telegraam.

Ama si fudud u soo booqo boggayaga hoyga at Laga soo bilaabo Linux ama ku biir Channel-ka rasmiga ah Telegram ka FromLinux in loo akhriyo loona codeeyo tan ama daabacado kale oo xiiso leh «Software Libre», «Código Abierto», «GNU/Linux» iyo mowduucyo kale oo la xiriira «Informática y la Computación», iyo «Actualidad tecnológica».


Nuxurka maqaalka wuxuu u hogaansamayaa mabaadi'deena anshaxa tifaftirka. Si aad u soo sheegto khalad guji Halkan.

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  5. Kaydinta xogta: Macluumaadka ay martigelisay Shabakadaha Occentus (EU)
  6. Xuquuqda: Waqti kasta oo aad xadidi karto, soo ceshan karto oo tirtiri karto macluumaadkaaga.

  1.   Gerson dijo

    Ilaa intaan ka ogahay bogga rasmiga ah ee MX ma jiro MX-19_December_x64.iso Markaad gujiso xiriirka waxay ka tagayaan maqaalka, 0 bit ISO ayaa la soo dejinayaa.
    Waxaan aaminsanahay in qodobkaan intaan sifiican loo sameyn uu u abuuri doono dhibaatooyin kuwa raaca tilmaamaha.
    Taladayda: ka soo dejiso ISO rasmiga ah goobta MX; ka dib rakib oo isku xir si aad ugu habboonaato qof walba.

  2.   Linux Post Ku Rakib dijo

    Salaan, gacaliye Gerson. Waxaan halkaan ku guurin doonaa jawaabta aan kaa siiyay Telegram:

    Horaan u hagaajiyay xiriiriyaha dhaawacmay! Waqtiga aan qorayo maqaalka haddii uu jiray ISO dhammaystiran oo ah MX-19_December_x64.iso, sidaan ku tusay shaashadda oo lagala soo baxay ISO-ga la soo dejiyey, laakiin dhammaan sawirrada laga soo qaaday bishii Diseembar hadda waa eber (0) kb.

    Markii aan soo dejiyey waxay ahayd mid hagaagsan, laakiin waxaan u maleynayaa in qof uu repo ku shubay 0 Kb oo dhammaantood way iswaafajiyeen sidan. Waxaan ula jeedaa, khaladku ma ahan kii aan lahaa. Maaddaama aanan xamili karin, waxaan u soo dejiyey si qumman. Iyadoo aan loo eegin muraayadda MX-Linux ee la xushay, sawirka Disembar hadda waa eber, laakiin wadarta dhismaha ayaa halkaas ku jirta.

    Laakiin mar hore ayaan saxay iskuxirka, marka waad ku mahadsan tahay faallo sidan u qiimo badan. Waad ku mahadsantahay faallooyinkaaga!

    1.    Gerson dijo

      Ujeedo; Miyaad awood u leedahay inaad ka rakibto kernel liquorix kaydinta xasilloon?

      1.    Linux Post Ku Rakib dijo

        Salaan, Gerson! Maya, laakiin waxaan ka sameyn doonaa maqaal ku saabsan mowduuca. Waad ku mahadsantahay faalladaada.

  3.   Osvaldo Santos dijo

    Waad salaaman tahay, marka hore aad baad ugu mahadsan tahay qoraalka, waa caawimaad weyn in la bilaabo laakiin waxaan jeclaan lahaa inaan ogaado waxa amarradu mid walba sameeyo, qaar waan ogahay laakiin kuwa kale ma sameeyaan, waxaan u maleynayaa inay u fiicnaan laheyd bulshada inteeda kale inay ogaadaan waxa loogu talagalay. Aad baad u mahadsantahay markale

  4.   jonathanmg dijo

    Suurtagal ma tahay inaad ku darto kernel Liquorix Kernel Xasilloonidaada iso si aad u sii wanaajiso oo aad u abuurto ISO cusub? Waan u heli kari waayey xiriirinta soo dejinta noocaaga v2.0 🙁

    1.    Linux Post Ku Rakib dijo

      Salaan JonathanMG! 2.0 wali kumuu soo rarin, laakiin waxaan isku dayay Liquorix Kernel dushiisa mana aanan arkin wax dhibaato ah. Iskuma dhex iman doonto laakiin, waxaan ka dhigi doonaa u kuurgalka inaad aqbali karto dhibaato la'aan.

  5.   jonathanmg dijo

    Haa sabab darteed ma heli karo nooca 2.0 si aan u soo dejiyo, goorma ayaa la heli doonaa? Waxay noqon laheyd mid wax ku ool ah in nidaamka uu kuu ogolaanayo inaad doorato markaad rakibineyso, waxay noqon laheyd mid aad u xiiso badan oo lagu daray nooca xasilloonida ama midka aan xasillooneyn, waxaan rajeynayaa inaad tixgelintayda tixgeliso maaddaama aysan jirin wax disto ah taasi waxay ku siinaysaa ikhtiyaarkaas