Jabsashada iyo Pentesting: La qabsadaada GNU / Linux Distro berrinkan IT-ga ah

Jabsashada iyo Pentesting: La qabsadaada GNU / Linux Distro berrinkan IT-ga ah

Jabsashada iyo Pentesting: La qabsadaada GNU / Linux Distro berrinkan IT-ga ah

In kasta oo ay tahay Hacking daruuri maahan goob kumbuyuutar, the Bixin hadday gebi ahaanba tahay. Isaga Hacking ama ahaansho HackerTaabadalkeed, waa erey guud, kaas oo inta badan lalaxiriira qaab feker iyo qaab nololeed. In kastoo, xilliyadan casriga ah ee wax walba lala xiriirinayo Domain IT, waa macquul in loo maleeyo in a Hacker waa a khabiirka kombiyuutarka dabeecad ahaan ama daraasad xirfadeed.

Halka, ereyga Bixin ama noqo a tijaabiyaha qalinka, haddii ay tahay wax si cad loola xiriiriyo Domain IT, iyadoo la siinayo aqoonta, domainka iyo adeegsiga daruuriga ah ee barnaamijyada kombiyuutarka ee gaarka ah iyo kuwa horumarsan, oo inta badan ku wajahan mowduuca amniga internetka iyo macluumaadka dambi baarista

Jabsiga iyo Pentening: Hordhac

Kahor intaadan si buuxda u galin maadada, waxaan kugula talineynaa inaad aqriso 7 qoraal oo hore oo laxiriira, 4 oo leh isticmaalka sare ee GNU / Linux meelaha kale ee IT-ga iyo 3 mawduuca hadda jira, taas oo ah, mawduuca Hacking / Hackers, si loo dhammaystiro akhriska ku xiga loogana hortago inuu aad u weynaado.

Daabacadaha soo socda ee la xiriira isticmaalka sare ee GNU / Linux Waxay yihiin:

Maqaalka laxiriira:
GNU / Linux ka noqo Distro ku habboon Horumarinta Barnaamijka
Maqaalka laxiriira:
U beddel GNU / Linux-gaaga tayada Multimedia tayo leh
Maqaalka laxiriira:
U beddel GNU / Linux-gaaga tayada 'Distro Gamer'
Maqaalka laxiriira:
U beddelo GNU / Linux nidaamkaaga hawlgalka ee ku habboon Macdanta Dijital ah

Iyo daabacaadaha soosocda ee laxiriira Xadka Hacking / Hacker Waxay yihiin:

Maqaalka laxiriira:
Noqo khabiir ku takhasusay jabsiga iyo internetka
Maqaalka laxiriira:
Waa maxay 'hacker' runti macnaheedu
Maqaalka laxiriira:
Top 11 Hacking iyo Security Apps ee Linux

Jabsiga iyo Pentening: Mawduuc

Hacking iyo Pentening: Goob xiiso leh oo IT ah

Waxaan cadeyn doonaa ereyga hoose Jabsiga / Jabsiga iyo ereyga Pentening / Pentester si markaa loo hormariyo tilmaamaha iyo talooyinka lagama maarmaanka u ah ka jawaabidda su'aasha ah Sidee loo waafajiyaa GNU / Linux Distros-ka dhinaca IT-da ee loo yaqaan 'Hacking and Pentesting'?

Jabsashada iyo Jabsiga

Isagoo ka hadlaya aragtida kumbuyuutarka, qeexitaan cadaalad ah oo guud Hacking es:

"Raadinta joogtada ah ee aqoonta wax kasta oo la xiriira nidaamyada kombiyuutarka, farsamooyinkooda amni, nuglaantooda, sida looga faa'iideysto u nuglaantaas iyo qaababka looga gaashaanto kuwa garanaya sida loo sameeyo". Jabsiga, dildilaaca iyo qeexitaanada kale

Sidaas awgeed, a Hacker Waa qof:

"Waxay u egtahay in si aan macquul aheyn loo isticmaalo loona xukumo ICT-yada, si loo helo marin hufan oo wax ku ool ah oo laga helo ilaha aqoonta iyo qaababka xakamaynta jirta (bulsho, siyaasadeed, dhaqaale, dhaqan iyo farsamo) si loo sameeyo isbadalada lagama maarmaanka u ah dhammaan dadka.". Dhaqdhaqaaqa Hacker: Hab-nololeedka iyo Software-ka Bilaashka ah

Pentening iyo Pentester

Dhanka kale isagu Bixin waxaa si cad loogu soo koobi karaa:

"Ficilka ama waxqabadka lagu weerarayo nidaamka kombiyuutarka si loo ogaado fashilaada jirta, u nuglaanta iyo qaladaadka kale ee amniga, si looga hortago weerarada dibedda. Intaa waxaa dheer, Pentesting runtii waa nooc ka mid ah jabsiga, kaliya dhaqankani waa mid gebi ahaanba sharci ah, maadaama ay ogolaansho ka haysato milkiilayaasha qalabka in la tijaabiyo, marka lagu daro ujeedo ah inay waxyeelo dhab ah geysato.". Waa maxay penting iyo sida loo ogaado loona hortago weerarada internetka?

Sidaa awgeed, a tijaabiyaha qalinka waxaa lagu qeexi karaa qofkaas:

"Shaqadoodu waa inay raacdo dhowr geeddi-socod ama talaabooyin cayiman oo xaqiijinaya baadhitaan wanaagsan oo markaa awood u leh inay fuliso dhammaan su'aalaha suurtagalka ah ee ku saabsan fashilka ama u nuglaanta nidaamka. Sidaa darteed, waxaa badanaa loogu yeeraa Hantidhawrka Aagagga Amniga". Waa maxay Pentesting?

Sidee loo waafajiyaa GNU / Linux Distros-ka dhinaca IT-da ee loo yaqaan 'Hacking and Pentesting'?

GNU / Linux Distros ee jabsiga iyo daaqa

Xaqiiqdii hadda way badan yihiin GNU / Linux Distros si gaar ah loogu heellan yahay Domain IT del Hacking iyo Bixin, sida:

  1. Kali: Ku saleysan Debian -> https://www.kali.org/
  2. baqbaqaaq: Iyadoo ku saleysan Debian -> https://www.parrotlinux.org/
  3. BackBox: Ku saleysan Ubuntu -> https://www.backbox.org/
  4. Caine: Iyada oo ku saleysan Ubuntu -> https://www.caine-live.net/
  5. jinku: Ku saleysan Debian -> https://www.demonlinux.com/
  6. Bugtraq: Iyada oo ku saleysan Ubuntu, Debian iyo OpenSUSE -> http://www.bugtraq-apps.com/
  7. ArchStrike: Ku saleysan Arch -> https://archstrike.org/
  8. BlackArch: Ku saleysan Arch -> https://blackarch.org/
  9. Pentoo: Ku saleysan Gentoo -> https://www.pentoo.ch/
  10. Shaybaarka Amniga Fedora: Ku saleysan Fedora -> https://pagure.io/security-lab
  11. WiFisLax: Ku saleysan Slackware -> https://www.wifislax.com/
  12. Dracos: Iyada oo ku saleysan iyada oo ku saleysan LFS (Linux ka xoq) -> https://dracos-linux.org/
  13. Qaab-Hawleedka Imtixaanka Samurai: Iyada oo ku saleysan Ubuntu -> https://github.com/SamuraiWTF/samuraiwtf
  14. Qalabka Nabadgelyada Nabadgelyada: Iyadoo ku saleysan Fedora -> https://sourceforge.net/projects/nst/files/
  15. Difaac: Iyada oo ku saleysan Ubuntu -> http://na.mirror.garr.it/mirrors/deft/
  16. Amniga Basasha: Ku saleysan Ubuntu -> https://securityonion.net/
  17. Santoku: Iyada oo ku saleysan LFS oo ku saleysan -> https://santoku-linux.com/
  18. Mashaariicdii kale ee laga tegey: basaasnimo, Beini, XiaopanOS, Hacking Live, Blackbuntu, STD, NodeZero, Matriux, Ubnhd2, iyo PHLAK.

Soo Dejiso Goobaha GNU / Linux Distros ee Burburka iyo Bini'aadanimada

Si kastaba ha noqotee, inbadan oo naga mid ah ayaa adeegsata GNU / Linux Distros hooyooyin ama dhaqan toos ah, sida Debian, Ubuntu, Arch, Gentoo ama Fedora, waana inaan kaliya rakibnaa Codsiyada jabsiga iyo Pentesting iyada oo loo marayo Maamulaha xirmada waxaa ka mid ahaa

Iyo sababta oo ah in badan oo ka mid ah bakhaarrada dhaqameed kuma jiraan kuwa dhammaystiran ama kuwa ugu casriyeysan ee wax ku ool ah, weli waxay noo tahay inaan ku darno GNU / Linux Distros barnaamijyo khaas ah oo u dhigma oo ku saleysan kaayaga, taasi waa, haddii aan isticmaalno Debian GNU / Linux waa inaan soo dhoofsanaa meelaha lagu keydiyo ee Kali iyo Baqbaqa, tusaale ahaan, si aad hadhow u rakibto. Dabcan, ixtiraamka noocyada xirmada ee Debian GNU / Linux kuwa leh takhasusyadan gaarka ah ee 'Distros' si looga fogaado dillaaca xirmooyinka xirmooyinka ama dhammaan Nidaamka Howlgalka.

Nidaamka

Si aad u soo dhoofiso ka Keydinta Kali on Debian nidaamka soo socda waa in lagu sameeyaa:

  • Ku dar faylkaaga gaarka ah ama kan cusub .list, meel lagu kaydiyo oo la yiraahdo 'Distro', oo ay ka mid yihiin kuwa soo socda:
# deb http://http.kali.org/kali kali-rolling main non-free contrib
# deb http://http.kali.org/kali kali-last-snapshot main non-free contrib
# deb http://http.kali.org/kali kali-experimental main non-free contrib
  • Kudar furayaasha laga codsaday keydadka adoo adeegsanaya amarradan soo socda:
# sudo gpg --keyserver hkp://keys.gnupg.net --recv-key 7D8D0BF6
# sudo gpg -a --export ED444FF07D8D0BF6 | sudo apt-key add -

Si aad u soo dhoofiso ka Meelaha baqbaqaaq on Debian nidaamka soo socda waa in lagu sameeyaa:

  • Ku dar faylkaaga gaarka ah ama kan cusub .list, meel lagu kaydiyo oo la yiraahdo 'Distro', oo ay ka mid yihiin kuwa soo socda:
# deb http://deb.parrotsec.org/parrot rolling main contrib non-free
# deb http://deb.parrotsec.org/parrot stable main contrib non-free
# deb https://deb.parrot.sh/parrot/ rolling main contrib non-free
# deb https://deb.parrot.sh/parrot/ rolling-security main contrib non-free
# deb http://mirrors.mit.edu/parrot/ parrot main contrib non-free # NORTEAMERICA
# deb https://mirror.cedia.org.ec/parrot/ parrot main contrib non-free # SURAMERICA
# deb https://ba.mirror.garr.it/mirrors/parrot/ parrot main contrib non-free # EUROPA
# deb https://mirror.yandex.ru/mirrors/parrot/ parrot main contrib non-free # ASIA
# deb http://mjnlk3fwben7433a.onion/parrot/ parrot main contrib non-free # RED TOR
  • Kudar furayaasha laga codsaday keydadka adoo adeegsanaya amarradan soo socda:
# sudo gpg --keyserver hkp://keys.gnupg.net --recv-key 6EB1660A
# sudo gpg -a --export B56FFA946EB1660A | sudo apt-key add -

Taas ka dib, waa inaanu rakibnaa oo kaliya waxyaabaha la yaqaan, kuwa ugu caansan uguna casriyeysan Codsiyada jabsiga iyo Pentesting bakhaarradan, annaga oo taxaddar weyn ka lehna in aanu annaga jabinin Nidaamka Howlgalka Debian GNU / Linux. Inta hartay GNU / Linux Distros hooyooyin ama dhaqameed, waa in si isku mid ah loogu sameeyaa kuwa u dhigma, sida ku jirta halka soo socda tusaale soo socda con BlackArch.

Tan iyo, haddii kale, ikhtiyaarka ugu dambeeya wuxuu noqon lahaa soo dejiso, soo uruuri oo rakib qalab kasta Jabsiga iyo Pentening si ka gooni ah websaydhada rasmiga ah, taas oo mararka qaarkood lagu taliyo. Oo hadday cidina fikrad ka haysan qalabkan Jabsiga iyo Pentening noqon lahaa fiican in la ogaado iyo rakibidda waxaad riixi kartaa waxyaabaha soo socda isku xirka in la bilaabo. In kasta oo ay sidoo kale jirto suurtagalnimada fudud ee rakibidda «Fsociety: xirmo aad u fiican oo ah qalab jabsiga«.

Muuqaalka guud ee gabagabada maqaalka

Gabagabo

Waxaan rajeyneynaa tan "waxtar yar post" ku saabsan «¿Cómo adaptar nuestras Distros GNU/Linux al ámbito TI del Hacking y el Pentesting?», sahaminta habab kala duwan ama waxyaabo kale, sida rakibidda tooska ah ee codsiyada ka yimid keyd ama keyd dibadeed, ama adeegsiga codsiyada madaxbannaan ee la heli karo, waa dan iyo faa iido weyn, «Comunidad de Software Libre y Código Abierto» iyo wax ku biirinta baahinta ee nidaamka deegaanka ee cajiibka ah, weyn iyo sii kordhaya ee «GNU/Linux».

Iyo wixii macluumaad dheeri ah, ha ka waaban inaad booqato midkoodna Maktabadda internetka sida OpenLibra y JEDIT in la akhriyo buugaag (PDF) mowduucan ama kuwo kale meelaha aqoonta. Hada, hadaad jeceshahay tan «publicación», ha joojin inaad la wadaagto kuwa kale, adiga Websaydhada aad jeceshahay, kanaallada, kooxaha, ama bulshooyinka ee shabakadaha bulshada, doorbidayaa bilaash oo u furan sida Mastodon, ama amaan ah oo gaar loo leeyahay telegraam.

Ama si fudud u soo booqo boggayaga hoyga at Laga soo bilaabo Linux ama ku biir Channel-ka rasmiga ah Telegram ka FromLinux in loo akhriyo loona codeeyo tan ama daabacado kale oo xiiso leh «Software Libre», «Código Abierto», «GNU/Linux» iyo mowduucyo kale oo la xiriira «Informática y la Computación», iyo «Actualidad tecnológica».


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  1. Masuul ka ah xogta: Miguel Ángel Gatón
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  1.   ku darsaday 21 dijo

    Loogu talagalay dadka isticmaala Fedora / Centos / RHL, maadaama ay fedora ilaaliso wareejin la yiraahdo Security Lab, waad ka soo dejisan kartaa https://labs.fedoraproject.org/en/security/
    Uma dhammaystirna sida Kali laakiin waxay leedahay xoogaa yar oo koronto.
    ama haddii aad horey u isticmaashay Fedora ku rakib ka terminal leh
    sudo dnf groupin "Security Lab"
    ama laga soo qaado centos soo dejisa kaydka

    1.    Linux Post Ku Rakib dijo

      Salaan Fedoriano21. Wax ku biirinta wanaagsan, waad ku mahadsan tahay faalladaada.

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