Nagios Core: Waa maxay Nagios iyo sida loogu rakibo Debian GNU / Linux?

Nagios Core: Waa maxay Nagios iyo sida loogu rakibo Debian GNU / Linux?

Nagios Core: Waa maxay Nagios iyo sida loogu rakibo Debian GNU / Linux?

Dhanka beerta Shabakadaha iyo Servers waxaa jira codsiyo waaweyn oo hufan oo loogu talagalay Maamulayaasha Nidaamka / Maamulaha (SysAdmins). Sidaa darteed, maanta waxaan ka hadli doonnaa wicitaan caan ah Nagios Core.

Nagios Core asal ahaan waa nooca bilaashka ah Nagios. Kaas oo isna asal ahaan caan ah qalabka / adeegyada / barnaamijka kormeerka shabakadda qaab ahaan il furan.

Webmin: maamulka ka socda biraawsarka webka

Webmin: Maamulka ka socda barowsarka webka

Oo mar haddii aan marar dhif ah wax ka qabanno arrimaha la xiriira codsiyada, barnaamijyada iyo nidaamyada laga bilaabo beerta Shabakadaha iyo Servers ama adeegsi gaar ah oo loogu talagalay Maamulayaasha Nidaamka / Maamulaha (SysAdmins), waxaan isla markiiba hoos uga tagi doonaa qaar ka mid ah xiriiriyeyaasha qaar ka mid ah daabacaadyadii hore ee la xiriira goobtan IT:

"Webmin waa aalad qaabeynta nidaamka shabakadda la heli karo ee OpenSolaris, GNU / Linux iyo nidaamyada kale ee Unix. Adiga, waxaad ku habeyn kartaa dhinacyada gudaha ee nidaamyada hawlgalka badan, sida isticmaaleyaasha, qoondada booska, adeegyada, faylasha qaabeynta, xiritaanka kombiyuutarka, iwm, iyo sidoo kale wax ka beddel iyo xakameyn codsiyo badan oo lacag la'aan ah, sida server -ka shabakadda Apache, PHP, MySQL, DNS, Samba, DHCP, iyo kuwo kale." Webmin: Maamulka ka socda barowsarka webka

Maqaalka laxiriira:
Webmin: maamulka ka socda biraawsarka webka

Maqaalka laxiriira:
Webmin: maamulka ka socda biraawsarka webka
Maqaalka laxiriira:
TurnKey Linux: Maktabadda Qalabka Aaladda

Nagios Core: Nooca bilaashka ah ee Nagios

Nagios Core: Nooca bilaashka ah ee Nagios

Waa maxay Nagios Core?

Sida lagu sheegay bogga rasmiga ah ee Nagios, Nagios Core Waxaa lagu tilmaamay sida soo socota:

"Nagios® Core ™ waa shabakad il furan iyo codsi la socodka nidaamka. Waxay la socotaa martigaliyayaasha (kombiyuutarada) iyo adeegyada aad sheegto, iyagoo ku ogeysiinaya markay wax qaldamaan iyo markay hagaagaan. Nagios Core waxaa markii hore loogu talagalay inay ka hoos shaqeyso Linux, in kasta oo ay tahay inay sidoo kale ka hoos shaqeyso inta badan Nidaamyada Howlgalka ee ku saleysan Unix sidoo kale. Sidoo kale, waa nooca bilaashka ah ee aaladdayada hadda la yiraahdo Nagios XI."

Qaababka

Ka mid ah qaababka badan ee Nagios Core 10 -ka soo socda ayaa la sheegi karaa:

  1. Kormeerka adeegyada shabakadda (SMTP, POP3, HTTP, NNTP, PING, iyo kuwo kale.)
  2. La socoshada ilaha martigaliyaasha kala duwan ee la kormeerayo (culeyska processor -ka, isticmaalka disk, iyo kuwo kale.)
  3. Naqshad fudud oo fudud oo u oggolaanaysa dadka isticmaala inay si fudud u horumariyaan jeeggooda adeegga.
  4. Jeegaga isbarbar socda
  5. Awoodda lagu qeexayo kala -sarraynta martigeliyaha shabakadda iyada oo la adeegsanayo martigaliyayaasha "waalidka", oo kuu oggolaanaya inaad ogaato oo aad kala soocdo martigaliyayaasha hoos u dhacaya iyo kuwa aan la gaari karin.
  6. Ogeysiisyada xiriirka marka arrimaha martigeliyaha ama adeegga ay dhacaan oo la xaliyo (iimayl, bog-wade, ama hab lagu qeexay adeegsadaha).
  7. Awoodda lagu qeexayo maareeyayaasha dhacdada si ay u ordaan inta lagu gudajiro martigelinta ama dhacdooyinka adeegga ee xallinta dhibaatooyinka firfircoon.
  8. Si otomaatig ah u wareejinta faylasha log.
  9. Taageerada hirgelinta martigaliyaasha kormeerka xad -dhaafka ah.
  10. Isku -xirka shabakadda ikhtiyaariga ah si aad u aragto xaaladda hadda ee shabakadda, taariikhda ogeysiisyada iyo dhibaatooyinka, faylka diiwaanka, iyo inbadan.

Sida loogu rakibo Debian GNU / Linux 10?

Kahor intaanan bilaabin qaybtan, waxaa xusid mudan sida caadiga ah in kiiskan wax ku oolka ah aan u adeegsan doonno kan caadiga ah Dib u soo celi Linux loo yaqaan Mucjisooyinka GNU / Linux, taas oo ku saleysan MX Linux 19 (Debian 10). Kaas oo la dhisay ka dib «Hagaha Snapshot MX Linux».

Si kastaba ha ahaatee, wax kasta GNU / Linux Distro maxaa taageero ah Systemd. Sidaa darteed, waxaan u adeegsan doonnaa tan MX Linux respin laga bilaabo Nidaamka kabaha GRUB ikhtiyaarkaaga leh "Ka bilow Systemd". Halkii ikhtiyaarkeedii caadiga ahaa, oo aan lahayn Systemd ama halkii leh Nidaamka-shim. Sidoo kale, waxaan fulin doonnaa dhammaan amarrada amarka ee ka yimid Isticmaalaha Sysadmin, halkii Isticmaalka xididka, ka yimid Respin Linux.

Oo hadda adiga soo dejiso, rakibid iyo isticmaal, waxaan isticmaali doonaa «Tusaha Rakibaadda Bilowga Degdegga ah ee Debian« oo kuwani waxay noqon doonaan amar amar si aad ugu fuliso terminal (console) ee Operating System -kaaga:

1.- Tallaabooyinka lagu diyaarinayo Operating System-ka

Cusboonaysii Goobaha kaydinta oo rakib baakadaha daruuriga ah ee daruuriga ah si aad ula shaqayso Nagios Core.

sudo apt update
sudo apt install autoconf gcc libc6 make wget unzip apache2 apache2-utils php libgd-dev

2.- Soo dejiso software-ka hadda jira

cd /tmp
wget -O nagioscore.tar.gz https://github.com/NagiosEnterprises/nagioscore/archive/nagios-4.4.6.tar.gz
tar xzf nagioscore.tar.gz

3.- Aruuri softiweerka hadda jira

cd /tmp/nagioscore-nagios-4.4.6/
sudo ./configure --with-httpd-conf=/etc/apache2/sites-enabled
sudo make all

4.- Abuur Isticmaalayaal iyo Kooxo

sudo make install-groups-users
sudo usermod -a -G nagios www-data

5.- Ku rakib xirmooyin kala duwan oo muhiim ah

sudo make install
sudo make install-daemoninit
sudo make install-commandmode
sudo make install-config

6.- Ku rakib faylasha qaabeynta Apache

sudo make install-webconf
sudo a2enmod rewrite
sudo a2enmod cgi

7.- Ku rakib oo ku hagaaji Firewall-ka IPTables-ka

sudo apt install iptables
sudo iptables -I INPUT -p tcp --destination-port 80 -j ACCEPT
sudo apt install -y iptables-persistent

8.- Abuur koonto isticmaale Apache si aad uga bilowdo Nagios Core

sudo htpasswd -c /usr/local/nagios/etc/htpasswd.users nagiosadmin

9.- Dib-u-bilow / Bilow Adeegyada daruuriga ah

systemctl restart apache2.service
systemctl start nagios.service

Nota: Dib u bilow nidaamka hawlgalka haddii ay dhibaato ka timaaddo amarradan amarka ah.

10.- Gal Nagios Core

Ku socodsii Browser -ka Mashiinka maxalliga ah haddii aad leedahay Deegaanka Isticmaalaha Garaafka (GUI) ama kombiyuutar kale oo Shabakadda ku yaal.

http://127.0.0.1/nagios
http://localhost/nagios
http://nombreservidor.dominio/nagios

Nota. "Document root" del Server Apache gudaha faylka qaabeynta soo socda: /etc/apache2/apache2.conf. Beddel waddada /var/www by soo socda: /var/www/html. Ka dib dib u bilow Adeegga Apache ama Kombiyuutarka, oo isku day mar kale kombiyuutarka.

Ku rakibidda Nagios Plugins Core

Cusboonaysii Goobaha kaydinta oo rakib baakadaha daruuriga ah ee daruuriga ah si aad ula shaqayso Plugins -ka Nagios.

sudo apt update
sudo apt install autoconf gcc libc6 libmcrypt-dev make libssl-dev wget bc gawk dc build-essential snmp libnet-snmp-perl gettext

Soo deji oo ku fur furka xirmada hadda jirta “Nagios Plugins”

cd /tmp
wget --no-check-certificate -O nagios-plugins.tar.gz https://github.com/nagios-plugins/nagios-plugins/archive/release-2.2.1.tar.gz
tar zxf nagios-plugins.tar.gz

Isku -dubarid oo rakib “Nagios Plugins”

cd /tmp/nagios-plugins-release-2.2.1/
./tools/setup
sudo ./configure
sudo make
sudo make install

Sawirada shaashada

Nagios Core: Screenshot 1

Nagios Core: Screenshot 2

Nagios Core: Screenshot 3

Nagios Core: Screenshot 4

Nagios Core: Screenshot 5

Nagios Core: Screenshot 6

Nagios Core: Screenshot 7

Nagios Core: Screenshot 8

Nagios Core: Screenshot 9

Nagios Core: Screenshot 10

Nagios Core: Screenshot 11

Nagios Core: Screenshot 12

Nagios Core: Screenshot 13

Nagios Core: Screenshot 14

Nagios Core: Screenshot 15

Nagios Core: Screenshot 16

Nagios Core: Screenshot 17

Nagios Core: Screenshot 1

Nagios Core: Screenshot 19

Nagios Core: Screenshot 20

Nagios Core: Screenshot 21

Nagios Core: Screenshot 22

Nagios Core: Screenshot 23

Nagios Core: Screenshot 24

Nagios Core: Screenshot 25

Wixii macluumaad dheeraad ah ee ku saabsan Nagios Core waxaad sahamin kartaa xiriiriyeyaasha soo socda:

10 kale oo lacag la'aan ah oo furan

  1. Cacti
  2. Cabot
  3. Mashruuca Cockpit
  4. Icinga
  5. LibreMNS
  6. Muniin
  7. netdata
  8. Pandora FMS
  9. Kormeeraha Server -ka PHP
  10. Zabbix

Si aad wax badan uga ogaato kuwan beddelaad iyo in ka badan, guji xiriirinta soo socota: Qalabka iyo Software -ka Korjoogteynta Shabakada oo ku hoos jira Isha Furan.

Soo Koobid: Qoraallo kala duwan

Resumen

Soo koobid, sida la arkay Nagios Core waa qalab software kaamil ah berrinkii Shabakado / Adeeg iyo Maamulayaasha Nidaamka / Maamulaha (SysAdmins). Mana aha oo kaliya mid awood leh laakiin waa mid dabacsan oo la qabsi leh, iyada oo ay ugu wacan tahay adeegsiga tirooyinkeeda plugins. Iyo kuwa laga yaabo inaysan isticmaalin, had iyo jeer waxaa jira beddelaadyo waaweyn sida Zabbix, Icinga iyo Project Cockpit, iyo kuwo kale oo badan.

Waxaan rajeyneynaa in daabicadani ay faa iido weyn u yeelan doonto dhamaanteed «Comunidad de Software Libre y Código Abierto» iyo gacan weyn ka geysatey hagaajinta, koritaanka iyo baahinta nidaamka deegaanka ee codsiyada la heli karo «GNU/Linux». Ha joojin inaad dadka kale la wadaagto, websaydhka aad jeceshahay, kanaalka, kooxaha ama bulshooyinka shabakadaha bulshada ama nidaamyada farriimaha. Ugu dambeyntiina, booqo boggayaga bogga at «Laga soo bilaabo Linux» si aad u sahamiso warar dheeraad ah, uguna biirto kanaalkayaga rasmiga ah ee Telegram ka FromLinux.


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  1. Masuul ka ah xogta: Miguel Ángel Gatón
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