Sidee loo rakibaa darawalada Nvidia gaarka loo leeyahay ee Debian 9 Stretch?

nvidia-darawal-debian-kala bixin

Casharkaan waxaan ku tusi doonaa sida loo rakibo darawalada sawirada Nvidia ee Debian 9 Stretch. Asal ahaan, Debian waxay isticmaashaa darawalka isha furan ee nouveau, oo lagu daro kernel-ka Linux, kaararka Nvidia.

Si kastaba ha noqotee, darawalkan ayaa ka maqan taageerada 3D ee dardargelinta, markaa haddii aad rabto inaad inta ugu badan ka hesho kaarkaaga sawirada ee nidaamkaaga, waa inaad ku rakibtaa darawallada gaarka loo leeyahay.

Ka hor intaadan rakibin wadaha lahaanshaha, Waxaan kugula talin lahaa inaad naafada ka dhigto Bogga Sugan haddii aad isticmaaleyso qalabka 'UEFI firmware'.

Tani waa sababta oo ah moduleka Nvidia ayaa lagu dari doonaa kernel, markaa kernel cusub ma dhaafi doono xaqiijinta saxiixa. Haddii Kabaha loo yaqaan 'Secure Boot' la kiciyo, nidaamkaaga ayaa laga yaabaa inuusan awoodin inuu kabo.

Ku rakibida darawalka Nvidia Debian 9 Stretch

Si aan u bilawno rakibida darawalada Nvidia ee nidaamkeena, waa inaan furnaa terminal iyo dhexdiisa aan sii wadno si aan u xaqiijino darawalka loo isticmaalayo kaarka Nvidia:

sudo apt install lshw
sudo lshw -c display

Meesha ay ku xaqiijin karaan inay isticmaalayaan nuureau koontaroolaha furan:

lacagta badan

Maaddaama xirmada Nvidia ee Debian ay tahay mid lahaansho, Waa inaan awood u siino tabarrucaadka iyo keydinta bilaashka ah ee /etc/apt/sources.list oo leh amarrada soo socda.

sudo apt install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository contrib
sudo add-apt-repository non-free
sudo apt update

Hadda waxaa la joogaa waqtigii liiska madow lagu dari lahaa darawalka nouveau, si looga fogaado isku dhacyada suurtagalka ah:

sudo nano /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist-nouveau.conf

Faylka gudihiisa waxaan ku dhejinay waxyaabaha soo socda:

blacklist nouveau
blacklist lbm-nouveau
options nouveau modeset=0
alias nouveau off
alias lbm-nouveau off

Waxaan ku xirnaa oo ku keydinaa Ctrl + O iyo Ctrl + X.

Hadda Ku rakib xirmada nvidia-dareewalka adoo adeegsanaya amarka soo socda:

sudo apt install nvidia-driver

Inta lagu guda jiro rakibidda waxaad arki doontaa farriinta soo socota, kaliya ku dhufo Enter si aad u sii wado.

xserver-xorg-config-nvidia

Haddii ay dhacdo qalad kasta oo dhaca inta lagu jiro rakibidda xirmada nidaamka, waxaad u baahan doontaa inaad ku rakibto darawalka meesha bakhaarka lagu dhejiyo ee loo yaqaan 'back-backports'.

Si tan loo sameeyo, terminaalka waa inaad ku qortaa amarka soo socda:

sudo add-apt-repository 'deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian stretch-backports main contrib non-free'
sudo apt update

Hadda Si loo rakibo nvidia-darawalka bakhaarka loo yaqaan 'back-backports' ee horay loogu daray nidaamka, waa inaan qornaa amarka soo socda:

sudo apt install -t stretch-backports nvidia-driver

Mar haddii rakibidda la dhammeeyo, dib u bilaw kumbuyuutarkaaga adoo kaashanaya amarka soo socda:

sudo shutdown -r now

Hubinta rakibida

Ka dib markii nidaamka reboot, Waxaan u soconaa inaan bilowno fadhiga isticmaalaheena, waxaan fureynaa terminal waxaana ku dhex qori doonnaa amarka soo socda:

sudo lshw -c display

Xaaladdan oo kale waa inay mar horeba arkaan inay isticmaalayaan wadayaasha Nvidia. Waxaad ka dhex raadin kartaa liiska dalabkaaga barnaamijka Nvidia X Server.

Iyada oo nooca darawalka, qeexitaanka kaararka sawirada, heerkulka kaarka, iwm.

Haddii aadan heli karin barnaamijkan, waad ku rakibi kartaa:

sudo apt install nvidia-xconfig

Oo la orod:

sudo nvidia-xconfig

U kala beddel kaararka Intel iyo Nvidia ee kaararka casriga ah ee kombiyuutarada Nividia Optimus ah

Kuwa adeegsada laptop-ka leh Nividia Optimus, Waa macquul inay la kulmaan qalad markay furayaan barnaamijka Nvidia X Server, maadaama markay furayaan ay arki doonaan fariin sida:

"Waxay umuuqataa inaadan isticmaaleyn darawalka nvidia x debian"

Arrintan awgeed waxay isticmaali karaan Bumblebee iyo Primus si ay ugu socodsiiyaan codsiyada shaqsiyeed kaarka Nvidia. Si aad ugu rakibto Bumblebee iyo Primus nidaamkaaga, waa inaad furtaa terminal oo aad maamushaa amarrada soo socda:

sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386
sudo apt install
sudo apt install bumblebee bumblebee-nvidia primus primus-libs: i386 libgl1-nvidia-glx: i386

Si aad barnaamij ugu socodsiiso kaarka Nividia, kaliya u isticmaal amarka sidii horgale ahaan primusrun

Xaaladdan waxaad ku xaqiijin kartaa tan amarka soo socda:

primusrun glxinfo | grep OpenGL

Si aad u furto barnaamijka dejinta serverka Nvidia X, orod:

optirun nvidia-settings -c :8

Sidee looga tirtiraa darawallada Nvidia ee gaarka ah Debian 9 Stretch?

Haddii sababo jira awgood aadan mar dambe u rabin xakamaynta lahaanshaha ama ay u keenayso isku dhac nidaamkaaga, waad ka saari kartaa nidaamkaaga adoo kaashanaya amarrada soo socda:

sudo apt purge nvidia- *
sudo apt autoremove


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  1.   Linuxero ilaa 1998 dijo

    DEBIAN wiki wuxuu had iyo jeer sharaxay talaabo talaabo, sida loo rakibo darawalada NVIDIA.
    Ka fudud halkaan lagu sharaxay.
    Thanks.