Hona joale Linux e se e le li-supercomputer tse 500 tse holimo

Top 500

Haufinyane khatiso ea bo-53 ea tlhophiso ea likhomphutha tse 500 e ile ea hlahisoa (TOP500) e nang le ts'ebetso e phahameng ka ho fetisisa lefatšeng. Makasineng ena e sa tsoa phatlalatsoa, ​​baetapele ba leshome le metso e 'meli ha baa fetoha, ntle le ho phahamisetsoa boemong ba bohlano boemong ba sehlopha se secha sa Frontera se hlahisitsoeng ke Dell bakeng sa Setsi sa Khomphutha sa Texas.

Sehlopha se sebetsa tsamaisong ea ts'ebetso ea CentOS 7 mme se kenyelletsa li-cores tse fetang 448 tse ipapisitseng le Xeon Platinum 8280 28C 2.7GHz. Boholo ba RAM ke 1.5 PB mme ts'ebetso e fihla ho li-petaflops tse 23, e leng makhetlo a 6 ka tlase ho moetapele oa top ena.

Sehlopha sa Baetapele ba IBM Deploys Summit ho Laboraro la Naha la Oak Ridge (USA). Lesihla e tsamaisa Red Hat Enterprise Linux, e kenyelletsa li-cores tse limilione tse 2.4 processor (e sebelisang li-CPU tsa 9-core IBM Power22 3.07C 22GHz le li-accelerator tsa NVIDIA Tesla V100), e fanang ka ts'ebetso ea li-petaflops tse 148.

Sebaka sa bobeli se hapiloe ke sehlopha sa Amerika sa Sierra, E kentsoe Laboratori ea Naha ea Livermore ke IBM e ipapisitse le sethala se ts'oanang le Seboka le de bonts'a ts'ebetso ho li-petaflops tse 94 (li-cores tse ka bang limilione tse 1,5).

Ea boraro ke sehlopha sa China sa Sunway TaihuLight, e sebetsang setsing sa naha sa likhomphutha tsa China, se kenyelletsang li-cores tse fetang limilione tse 10 le e bonts'a ts'ebetso ea li-petaflops tse 93.

Leha e na le lits'oants'o tse ts'oanang tsa ts'ebetso, sehlopha sa Sierra se sebelisa matla a tlase habeli ho feta Sunway TaihuLight.

Sebakeng sa bone ho ne ho na le sehlopha sa China sa Tianhe-2A, se kenyelletsang li-cores tse ka bang limilione tse 5 mme e bonts'a chai ea 61 ea petaflops.

Bakeng sa Top100, monyako oa ho kena o eketsehile ho tloha ho 1703 ho isa 2395 teraflops, palo e felletseng ea lits'ebetso tsohle selemong sa selemo e eketsehile ho tloha ho 1.22 ho isa ho 1.559 exaflops (lilemong tse 'ne tse fetileng ho ne ho na le li-petaflops tse 361).

Li-CPU tsa Intel li etella pele: 95.6% (95% selemong se fetileng), e lateloa ke IBM Power ka 2.6% (hola 3%), SPARC64 - 0.8% (1.2%) sebakeng sa bone, 0.4% ho AMD 4th. (0.4%).

Mekhoa

Lomonosov 2, bakeng sa selemo, e ile ea tloha sebakeng sa 72 ho isa ho sa bo 93 boemong. Sehlopha sa Roshydromet se oetse ho tloha ka 172 ho isa ho 365.

Lihlopha tsa Lomonosov le Tornado, tse maemong a 227 le 458 selemong se fetileng, li ile tsa tlosoa lenaneng.

Kabo ea palo ea li-supercomputer linaheng tse fapaneng, papiso ea hona joale khahlanong le selemo se fetileng:

  • China: 219 (206 - selemong se fetileng)
  • United States: 116 (124)
  • Japane: 29 (36)
  • Fora: 19 (18)
  • UK: 18 (22)
  • Jeremane: 14 (21)
  • Ireland: 13 (7)
  • Netherlands: 13 (9)
  • Canada 8 (6)
  • Korea Boroa: 5 (7)
  • Italy: 5 (5)
  • Australia: 5 (5)
  • Singapore 5
  • Switzerland 4
  • Saudi Arabia, Brazil, India, Afrika Boroa: 3
  • Russia, Finland, Sweden, Spain, Taiwan: 2

Kabo e akaretsang ea palo ea li-supercomputer likarolong tse fapaneng tsa lefats'e e ka tsela e latelang: Basebelisi ba li-supercomputer ba 267 ba Asia (261 selemong se fetileng), ba 127 Amerika (131) le 98 Europe (101), 5 Oceania le ba 3 Afrika. .

Litsamaiso tse sebelisitsoeng

Boemong ba lits'ebetso tse sebelisoangs ho li-supercomputer, lilemo tse peli feela ho setse Linux.

Tsamaiso ea kabo ea Linux (ha joale e bapisoa le selemo se fetileng)

  • 48.8% (50.8%) ha e qaqise kabo
  • 27.8% (23.2%) sebelisa CentOS,
  • 7.6% (9.8%) - Cray Linux
  • 3% (3.6%) - SUSE,
  • 4,8% (5%) - RHEL
  • 1.6% (1.4%) - Botho
  • 0.4% (0.4%) - Linux ea Saense

Baetsi ba Cluster

  1. Lenovo e behiloe maemong a pele: 34.6% (23.4% selemong se fetileng)
  2. Inspur e nkile sebaka sa bobeli: 14.2% (13.6%)
  3. Sugon 12.6% (11%) e maemong a boraro,
  4. Hewlett-Packard - 8% (15.8%) e tlohile sebakeng sa bobeli ho ea ho sa bone
  5. Cray e maemong a bohlano ka 7.8% (10.6%)
  6. Lipoho 4.2% (4.2%)
  7. Dell EMC 3% (2.6%)
  8. Fujitsu 2.6% (2.6%)
  9. IBM 2.4% (3.6%)
  10. Khomphutha ea Penguin - 1.8%
  11. Huawei 1.4% (2.8%).

Karolo e tlase ea ts'ebetso ea ho kenya Top500 e eketsehile ho pholletsa le selemo ho tloha ho 715.6 ho isa ho 1022 teraflops, ke hore, ha ho na lihlopha tse nang le ts'ebetso e tlase ho feta li-petaflops (selemong se fetileng, ke lihlopha tse 272 feela tse bonts'itseng ts'ebetso e fetang ea li-petaflops, lilemong tse peli tse fetileng, 138, lilemo tse tharo tse fetileng, 94).

Ka nako e ts'oanang ho na le mofuta o mocha oa mefuta e meng ea sehlopha sa Graph 500, e shebaneng le ho lekola ts'ebetso ea li-platform tsa li-supercomputer tse amanang le ketsiso ea lits'ebetso tsa 'mele le mesebetsi ea ts'ebetso ea lisebelisoa tse kholo tsa data tse tloaelehileng tsa litsamaiso tse joalo.

Boemo ba Green500 ha bo sa lokolloa ka thoko ebile ha bo kopantsoe le Top500, kaha matla a matla a matla a matla a matla a matla a matla a matla a matla a matla a matla a motlakase a matla a matla a matla a matla a matla a matla a motlakase a matla a matla a matla a matla a matla a tikoloho a bonahala hona joale tekanyetsong e ka sehloohong ea Top500 (karo-karolelano ea LINPACK FLOPS le tšebeliso ea motlakase ho li-watts ea tsotelloa)


Litaba tsa sengoloa sena li latela melao-motheo ea rona ea melao ea boitšoaro ea bongoli. Ho tlaleha phoso tlanya mona.

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  1. E ikarabella bakeng sa data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Morero oa data: Laola SPAM, tsamaiso ea maikutlo.
  3. Molao: Tumello ea hau
  4. Puisano ea data: Lintlha li ke ke tsa tsebisoa batho ba boraro ntle le ka tlamo ea molao.
  5. Polokelo ea data: Database e hapiloeng ke Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Litokelo: Nako efe kapa efe o ka fokotsa, oa hlaphoheloa mme oa hlakola tlhaiso-leseling ea hau.