[HowTo] Debian Testing + Mate + Mananeo

Mate ke fereko (e nkiloeng) e hlahang khoutung ea mohloli oa gnome 2Phetolelong ea eona ea hajoale liphutheloana tse ngata tse seng li sa sebetse le lilaebrari li nkeloe sebaka ke mahlale a macha a fumanehang ho GLib.

Lisebelisoa tse ngata tsa Gnome li ile tsa reoa Mate, mohlala ke:

  • Lebokose - File manager (ho tloha Nautilus)
  • Pene - Sengoloa sa sengoloa (ho tsoa Gedit)
  • Leihlo la Molekane - Image Viewer (ho tsoa Leihlo la GNOME)
  • Lectern - Document Viewer (ho tloha Evince)
  • Tšehetso e tloaelehileng - Sesebelisoa sa ho hatella (ho tsoa ho File Roller)
  • MATE Terminal - Terminal emulator (ho tloha Gnome Terminal)

U ka fumana leseli le eketsehileng ho:
http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/MATE
http://mate-desktop.org/

Haholo-holo ke khethile tikoloho ena ea li-desktop hobane e ikamahanya hantle, hantle ... che, hantle, ho likhomphutha tse nang le lisebelisoa tse nyane.

Ke e lekile ka li-laptops tse peli tse fapaneng, e 'ngoe ke 32Bit 1G RAM HP Centrino' me e 'ngoe ke 64Bit 2G RAM Asus Atom.

Ea pele ka Teko ea Debian 'me ea bobeli ka mofuta o tsitsitseng,' nete ke hore ba itšoara ka mokhoa o makatsang ebile ba metsi haholo.

Ho qala re jarolla sets'oants'o sa Debian Netinstall ka firmware ea karete ea marang-rang:

32Bits le 64Bits meralo e mengata e fapaneng ka faele e le 'ngoe bakeng sa Debian Stable:
http://ftp.acc.umu.se/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/cd-including-firmware/current/multi-arch/iso-cd/firmware-7.7.0-amd64-i386-netinst.iso

Bakeng sa Teko ea Debian ka mokhoa o ts'oanang empa e arohane, ha ke tsebe hore na hobaneng empa e mphile sekoli mehahong e mengata.

Likotoana:
http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/cd-including-firmware/weekly-builds/i386/iso-cd/firmware-testing-i386-netinst.iso

Likotoana:
http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/cd-including-firmware/weekly-builds/amd64/iso-cd/firmware-testing-amd64-netinst.iso

Ho e kopitsa ho pendrive terminal e bulehileng ea pele:

sudo fdisk -l

E tla hlahisa ntho e kang ena:

Disk / dev / sda: 1500.3 GB, 1500301910016 byte lihlooho tse 255, likarolo tse 63 / pina, li-cylinders tse 182401, likarolo tse 2930277168 ka kakaretso Units = 1 * 512 sectors = 512 byte Boholo ba likarolo (tse utloahalang / tsa 'mele): 512 byte / 4096 byte Boholo ba I / O (bonyane / bo nepahetseng): 4096 byte / 4096 byte Disk identifier: 0x2bd2c32a Sesebelisoa sa Start Start End Id System / dev / sda1 * 2048 83888127 41943040 83 Linux / dev / sda3 83888128 2930276351 1423194112 5 Extended / dev / sda5 167776256 692064255 262144000 83 Linux / dev / sda6 692066304 2917693439 1112813568 83 Linux / dev / sda7 2917695488 2930276351 6290432 82 Linux swap / Solaris Disk / dev / sdh: 2004 MB, 2004877312 64 32 byte lihlooho tse 1912, likarolo tse 3915776 / pina, li-cylinders tsa 1, likarolo tse 512 li likarolo kaofela = 512 * 512 likarolo = 512 byte Boholo ba lekala (bo utloahalang / ba 'mele): 512 byte / 512 byte Boholo ba I / O ( bonyane / optimal): 0 byte / 74 byte Disk identifier: 3401x1b64f Sesebelisoa sa Start Start End Id System / dev / sdh581631 * 290784 83 XNUMX XNUMX Linux

U sheba hantle e le pendrive ea hau, ho nna ke joalo / dev / sdh, e khubelu ke hard drive.

Le ho terminal ho tsoa foldareng e le 'ngoe moo file ea ISO e leng teng

$ sudo dd if=firmware-testing-amd64-netinst.iso of=/dev/sdh bs=4M

Tsela e 'ngoe ea ho kopitsa lifaele tsa iso ho USB ke ka thuso ea Unetbootin
http://unetbootin.sourceforge.net/

Haeba unetbootin e sa kopise lifaele tsa firmware ho folda ea firmware ea pendrive, e jarolle ho
sehokela sena le likopi tse sa notlolloang foldareng ea firmware ea usb

Testing
http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/firmware/jessie/current/firmware.tar.gz

E tiile
http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/firmware/wheezy/current/firmware.tar.gz

Ha re qala komporo ka usb, ke khothaletsa hore o kenye Debian ka mofuta oo o o batlang, o o etse ka kotloloho ho modem ka thapo e tloaelehileng ea rj45 network kapa rj45 crossover cable ho khomphutha e 'ngoe e arolelanang marang-rang.

Kamehla e supa khetho ea netweke e kentsoeng ho kenya Debian. (eth0)

Hobane hang ha sistimi e kentsoe, ha o qala bocha ntle le tikoloho e hlakileng, o tla siuoa o se na khokahano, ha ho na lets'oao la ho kenya ts'ebetso ea marang-rang ea wifi (hangata wlan0).

leboea3

Kamora hore ts'ebetso ea Debian e qale, nke ke ka qaqisa haholoanyane ka taba ena hobane ho na le libuka tse ngata, empa ke khothaletsa ba e kenyang ho laptop hore ha ho tluoa likhethong tsa karohano tseo u li khethang «Tataisoa - sebelisa disk kaofela 'me u hlophise LVM e patiloeng»

leboea4

leboea5

Ena ke tsela eo e shebahalang ka eona ho tloha ho kenyeng litšoantšo

Ho na le libuka tse fapaneng tsa ho kenya tseo ke li behileng:
http://unbrutocondebian.blogspot.com.es/2012/09/instala-debian-7-para-torpes.html
https://blog.desdelinux.net/instalacion-de-debian-6-paso-a-paso/
http://usuariodebian.blogspot.com.es/2012/05/instalar-debian-gnulinux-squeeze-60.html

Ho kenya Debian ka likarolo tse patiloeng
http://perezmeyer.blogspot.com.es/2011/01/instalando-debian-squeeze-con.html
http://www.ac.usc.es/docencia/ASR/Tema_2html/node7.html
http://wiki.debianchile.org/InstalarDebianParticionCifrada#Instalar_Debian_con_partici.2BAPM-n_cifrada
http://j2sg.wordpress.com/2013/10/03/servidor-debian-montaje-e-instalacion-con-raid-luks-y-lvm/

Ha u fihla skrineng ea khetho ea basebelisi ba mesebetsi u tlameha ho uncheck "tikoloho ea li-desktop" joalo ka setšoantšong ho kenya Mate hamorao ho console ha re qala bocha.

leboea1

Ho hlakisa ... Libaka tsa polokelo ea libuka li tsoa tlhahlobong ea Debian (jessie), haeba e ne e tsitsitse ka nako e ts'oanang e kaWheezy)

O qetile ho kenya mme o qala komporo bocha:
Re bula faele ea polokelo

# nano /etc/apt/sources.list

Rea eketsa

# Mate
deb http://repo.mate-desktop.org/debian jessie main
deb http://packages.mate-desktop.org/repo/debian jessie main
deb http://mirror1.mate-desktop.org/debian jessie main

Ntlafatsa phomolo ebe u eketsa senotlolo sa molekane oa hau

#apt-get update
#apt-get install mate-archive-keyring
#apt-get update

Haeba u na le bothata ba ho itšetleha, kenya lilaebrari tsena pele

# apt-get install libmatewnck=1.6.0-1 libmatewnck-common=1.6.0-1

Mme o ka kenya liphutheloana tsohle tsa tikoloho ea Mate, seva sa xorg le molaoli oa phihlello oa lits'oants'o tsa ligthdm

# apt-get install mate-core mate-desktop-environment xorg lightdm
# apt-get install mate-desktop-environment-extra

Ho kena ka boiketsetso, hlophisa file

# pluma /etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf

'Me u fetole "# autologin-user =" ka
mosebelisi oa autologin =Mosebelisi oa ka

Rea boloka
Hona joale lisebelisoa tse ling tse hlokahalang ho etsa hore li-setting tsa Wi-Fi li be bonolo le ho kenya mananeo har'a ba bang

# apt-get install network-manager-gnome gdebi xdg-user-dirs synaptic

Ho theha lifoldara tsa basebelisi: (Khoasolla, Litokomane, 'Mino, Litšoantšo, jj.)
xdg-user-dirs-update

Kenya sudo:

# apt-get install sudo

# nano /etc/sudoers

Re eketsa mola o latelang tlasa "motso ALL = (TSOHLE: TSOHLE) TSOHLE"

mi_usuario    ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL

Mme re boloka ka Ctrl + O le Ctrl + X.

Qala tikoloho ea graph ea Mate
qalo

Tlhokomeliso: u se ke ua lebala hore u motso, ho molemo hore joale u koale 'me u qalelle hape ka mosebelisi

Multi-Architecture e tsoang ho Debian 7 Wheezy
Tsamaisong ea AMD64 ntho ea pele ke ho eketsa meralo ea i386:

$ sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386 && apt-get update

ebe u kenya lilaebrari tsa i386:

$ sudo apt-get install ia32-libs

Ho tlosa li-Architecture:

$ sudo dpkg --remove-architecture i386

Kenya li-repos tsa Deb-multimedia ebe u kenya li-codec

Ho tloha seemelong sa marang-rang: ka linotlolo tsa Alt + F2 ebe u thaepa mate-terminal

$ sudo pluma /etc/apt/sources.list


# Deb-multimedia
deb http://www.deb-multimedia.org jessie main non-free

Rea boloka, ebe re nchafatsa liphutheloana ebe re kenya senotlolo sa polokelo ea deb-multimedia

$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install deb-multimedia-keyring
$ sudo apt-get update

- Libolokelo li na le senotlolo sa netefatso. Haeba ha ba etsa ntlafatso ba fumana molaetsa o le mong kapa ho feta oa mofuta ona e le mohlala "NO_PUBKEY D6B6DB186A68F637 "Tharollo e joalo ka motso kapa ka sudo:

$ sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com D6B6DB186A68F637

Ho kenya Codecs le tse ling

$ sudo apt-get install libdvdcss2 faad gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg gstreamer0.10-x gstreamer0.10-fluendo-mp3 gstreamer0.10-plugins-base gstreamer0.10-plugins-good gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly ffmpeg lame twolame vorbis-tools libquicktime2 libfaac0 libmp3lame0 libxine1-all-plugins libxine2-all-plugins-libdvdread4 libdvdnav4 libmad0 libavutil51 sox libxvidcore4 libavcodec53 libavcodec54 libavdevice53 libavdevice54 libstdc++5 build-essential checkinstall make automake cmake autoconf git git-core flashplugin-nonfree x264

Bakeng sa litsamaiso tse 64-bit:

$ sudo apt-get install w64codecs

Bakeng sa litsamaiso tse 32-bit:

$ sudo apt-get install w32codecs

Bakhanni ba mahala:

$ sudo apt-get install firmware-linux-nonfree

OpenJDK, mohloli o bulehileng oa java

$ sudo apt-get install openjdk-7-jre icedtea-7-plugin

Lisebelisoa tsa khatello / khatello ea maikutlo

$ sudo apt-get install rar unrar zip unzip unace bzip2 lzop p7zip-full p7zip-rar

Mehala ea typographic

$ sudo apt-get install fonts-freefont-otf texlive-fonts-extra ttf-mscorefonts-installer

Lisebelisoa tsa Micro le mocheso

$ sudo apt-get install lm-sensors
$ sudo sensors-detect

Haeba u batla tse tsoang ho hard drive

$ sudo apt-get install hddtemp
$ sudo dpkg-reconfigure hddtemp

Tlhahisoleseling ea Sisteme le lisebelisoa

$ sudo apt-get install hardinfo disk-manager gparted bleachbit wine parcellite unetbootin htop xterm mc testdisk foremost cryptkeeper gtkhash fslint keepass2 gnote mat deja-dup samba

Antivirus

$ sudo apt-get install clamav clamtk

Mollo oa mollo

$ sudo apt-get install ufw gufw

Multimedia

$ sudo apt-get install audacious audacious-plugins soundconverter devede audacity vlc clementine gnome-mplayer xfburn acetoneiso isomaster

Ho taka le ho nka lifoto

$ sudo apt-get install gimp-gap gimp-resynthesizer gimp-dcraw gimp-ufraw gimp-texturize gimp-data-extras inkscape pinta

Ho etsa melaetsa le imeile

$ sudo apt-get install pidgin pidgin-encryption icedove icedove-l10n-es-es

Haeba u batla moreki oa imeile ea bobebe ho feta icedove

$ sudo apt-get install sylpheed

Internet

$ sudo apt-get install iceweasel iceweasel-l10n-es-es browser-plugin-vlc uget remmina remmina-plugin-nx qbittorrent

Hape ke tsena:

- Spotify:
Khoasolla liphutheloana tsa boqapi ba hau mme moreki ea mahlale o li kenya ka gdebi
http://repository.spotify.com/pool/non-free/s/spotify/
U hloka laebrari ea libssl0.9.8, e jarolle ho latela meralo.
http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/pool/main/o/openssl/libssl0.9.8_0.9.8o-4squeeze14_amd64.deb
http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/pool/main/o/openssl/libssl0.9.8_0.9.8o-4squeeze14_i386.deb

Haeba nka hloka laeborari ke ea e batla http://www.debian.org/distrib/packages#search_packages

- Skype:
http://www.skype.com/es/download-skype/skype-for-linux/downloading/?type=debian32

- Mohlahlobi oa sehlopha:
http://www.teamviewer.com/es/download/linux.aspx

- Wuala:
https://www.wuala.com/es/download/linux

- Dropbox:
https://www.dropbox.com/install?os=lnx

- Sopcast:
https://sopcast-player.googlecode.com/files/sopcast-player-0.8.5.tar.gz
http://download.easetuner.com/download/sp-auth.tgz
http://www.sopcast.com/download/libstdcpp5.tgz

Ka har'a li-folders moo li leng teng le ho tsoa seemelong u tlose lifaele

$ tar -zxvf sopcast-player-0.8.5.tar.gz
$ tar -zxvf sp-auth.tgz
$ tar -zxvf libstdcpp5.tgz

Kopitsa lilaebrari ho / usr / bin 'me u kenye gettext python-glade2

$ sudo cp ./sp-auth/sp-sc-auth /usr/bin/
$ sudo cp -a ./usr/lib/libstdc++.so.5* /usr/bin/
$ sudo apt-get install gettext python-glade2

Compila e instala desde la carpeta sopcast-player

$ cd sopcast-player/
$ sudo make && sudo make install

- Jdownloader:
Khoasolla file (MULTIOS ZIP)
http://jdownloader.org/download/index

U unzip foldareng ea lapeng, ea ntlafatsoa ha u qala 'me u hokahanya ka kotloloho lenaneng la lebokose la litaelo:
java -jar '/home/username/Jdownloader/JDownloader.jar'

- Wifiguard:
http://www.softperfect.com/products/wifiguard/

Haeba wifi e sa u sebeletse hobane u hloka li-firmwares, hopola hore u na le tsona ho firmare.tar.gz e boletsoeng kaholimo ho bukana.

U e fetisetsa foldareng, u e notlolle ebe u kenya sephutheloana seo u se hlokang ka gdebi ka mokhoa o hlakileng kapa ho tsoa ho console.
Ho bona hore na u na le karete efe e se nang mohala khomphuteng ea hau ho tloha setsing sa thepa:

$ lspci | grep -w Wireless
ó
$ lsusb | grep -w Wireless

U e kenya ka taelo

$ sudo dpkg -i xxx-paquete-xxx.deb

Bakhanni ba Ati le nvidia (hobaneng u ka e pheta, u ka e bala mona)
http://usuariodebian.blogspot.com.es/2007/06/instalar-driver-libre-ati-aceleracin-3d.html
http://usuariodebian.blogspot.com.es/2012/07/ati-radeon-hd-3200-series.html
http://usuariodebian.blogspot.com.es/2012/08/nouveau-con-aceleracion-3d.html
http://usuariodebian.blogspot.com.es/2007/06/instalar-driver-de-nvidia-aceleracin-3d.html
http://usuariodebian.blogspot.com.es/2011/01/nvidia-driver-privado-oficial.html
http://usuariodebian.blogspot.com.es/2012/07/debian-squeeze-instalar-driver-nvidia.html

'Nete ke hore tikoloho ena e nang le moeli oa Debian e ea phethehong.

Ka 'nete ke siile ho hong morao, joalo ka ha ke hopola ke tla ho eketsa.

http://foro.desdelinux.net/viewtopic.php?id=3001


Litaba tsa sengoloa sena li latela melao-motheo ea rona ea melao ea boitšoaro ea bongoli. Ho tlaleha phoso tlanya mona.

Maikutlo a 7, siea ea hau

Siea maikutlo a hau

aterese ya hao ya imeile ke ke ho phatlalatswa.

*

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  1. E ikarabella bakeng sa data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Morero oa data: Laola SPAM, tsamaiso ea maikutlo.
  3. Molao: Tumello ea hau
  4. Puisano ea data: Lintlha li ke ke tsa tsebisoa batho ba boraro ntle le ka tlamo ea molao.
  5. Polokelo ea data: Database e hapiloeng ke Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Litokelo: Nako efe kapa efe o ka fokotsa, oa hlaphoheloa mme oa hlakola tlhaiso-leseling ea hau.

  1.   ela a re

    Re kopa tšoarelo ho mongoli oa poso le ho basebelisi bohle. Re ne re sa hlokomele hore litlhaloso li holofalitsoe.

  2.   auroszx a re

    Teko ea Debian + MATE = seo batho ba Kanaima Linux ba ka beng ba ile ba se etsa haeba ba batla ho ba morao-rao ... Ke leboha HowTo, ke tla e tlohela e le thatohatsi 🙂

  3.   xphnx a re

    Motsoako o motle haholo, o futsitseng desktop ho tsoa ho Gnome 2 le Teko ea Debian. Tataiso e khothalelitsoeng haholo ea ho ba le sistimi nakoana. Ha ke fetohela ho KDE, ke ne ke haelloa ke lipakete tse ntlafalitsoeng, empa ho seng joalo e batla e phethahetse.

  4.   sebapadi a re

    Puo e ntle e ananeloa. bakeng sa li-newbies tse batlang Debian ka matte ke khothaletsa Point Linux. Kea le leboha ka maqephe ana a matle haholo. Lumelang

    1.    kholofelo7 a re

      Ha se ho kopitsoa ha mehloli eo u buang ka eona Nebukadnezare morena oa Babilona, ​​ke kakaretso e le khopotso ea mekhoa e fapaneng ea ho kenya debian le ho kenya mananeo a ka bang molemo, mehloli e libukeng le lithutong tse fapaneng tseo ke li balileng ka lilemo mme o fumanoe Oracle = >> https://www.google.es/
      Mona u ka fumana libuka tse ngata tseo esale ke li bokella. (Ka tsela eo, libekeng tse tlang ke tla ntlafatsa hore ke e lahlile)
      https://www.dropbox.com/sh/rmkkip7t4baob8p/vSlapwfcb-

  5.   bokang a re

    thuto e ntle haholo, ke batla thupelo e kang ena. Ke kentse lmde empa ke batla ho kenya liteko tsa debian ka kotloloho

bool('nete)