Li-Desktops tsa Debian tsa 6 - Khokahano ea Khomphutha bakeng sa li-SME

Kakaretso ea li-series: Li-network tsa likhomphutha tsa li-SME: Selelekela

Ketsahalong ena re fana ka maikutlo e 'ngoe ea litsela tsa ho kena bokahohleng Debian: ho kenya le ho hlophisa Desktop.

E reretsoe ka holim'a tsohle ho E qala o Uli-suarios tse ncha, ba emetseng tlhaloso e qaqileng ea hore na u ka fumana Debian joang ka desktop e boreleli ebile e bobebe, ho tloha ho CD-ROM + ea pele ea ho kenya.

Qetellong ea ho bala sengoloa sena, re tla ba le mohopolo o hlakileng oa ho kenya libaka tse fapaneng tsa Desktop ho Debian joalo ka:

  • KDE
  • GNOME
  • Cinnamon
  • MATE
  • XFCE
  • LXDE

Rea tseba hore re bohareng ba mehla ea "Jessie" ea Debian 8. Leha ho le joalo, ke fana ka maikutlo a hore nakong e fetileng, re phatlalalitse ka Ho tlohaLinuxle kahare batho, letoto la lingoloa tse nehetsoeng komporong eo, leha e ngotsoe mehleng ea Debian 6 "Squeeze" le Wheezy ea pele, e ntse e sebetsa kajeno tseleng ea ho atamela mokhoa oa ho etsa desktop le Debian. Lingoloa tsena e ne e le:

  • Hore sefate ha se re thibele ho bona moru
  • Hore sefate ha se re thibele ho bona moru II
  • Hore sefate ha se re thibele ho bona moru III
  • Ho kenya Debian ka desktop ea Xfce
  • Penya ka Xfce letsohong
  • KDE e potlakileng le e ntle

Lihloohong tsohle tse nehetsoeng ho sehlooho sa Desktop kapa Desktop ka Debian, seo re neng re se batla - mme re ntse re batla - ho hlakisa ke hore, ho tloha ho ho qala ho kenya CD-ROM + libakeng tsa polokelo, ebang ke ea lehae kapa e phatlalalitsoe ho rona Khoebo ea LAN kapa ho Internet, re ka khona fumana tafole empa e bobebe, e setaele haholo, kapa ka bobeli ka nako e le 'ngoe ho latela thuto, tsebo le bokhoni ba rona.

Ha ho hlokahale hore re jarolle li-CD kapa li-DVD tse 'maloa ho ipapisitse le kabo eo ho buuoang ka eona, ho fumana komporo le Debian. Ea pele feela le phihlello ea polokelo ea polokelo.

Re na le maikutlo a hore Debian, Sisteme e Sebetsang ea Bokahohle, ke e 'ngoe ea likabo tse bobebe joalo ka Server - Sebaka sa mosebetsi eo re ka e fumanang bokahohleng Linux.

Libaka tsa Desktop ho Debian

Re boletse ka hare sengoloa se fetileng e latelang:

  • Haeba mohatong oa "Khetho ea mananeo" re tlohela khetho [X] tikoloho ea komporo ea Debian e hlahlojoe, lenaneo le tla kenya GNOME 3.14 kapa tikoloho e hlakileng ea litšoantšo, ho latela libaka tsa polokelo tseo re nang le tsona..

Ka ho khetheha, re bua ka ts'ebetso ea ho kenya ho tloha CD-ROM ea pele ha ho tluoa mohatong oa "Ho khetha mananeo".

Haeba lipehelo tse ling tsa Linux li re fa bonyane DVD e le 'ngoe ho kenya lits'ebetso tsa bona ka tikoloho ea desktop, ke ntho e utloahalang ho nahana hore ho hlongoa ha GNOME 3, ho tsoa ho CD e le' ngoe, HO KE KE ha phethoa, hole le eona..

Ke ka hona re ratang ho etsa kopo e hloekileng ea Debian, ebe o kenya file ea Desk ea khetho ea rona ho tsoa litsing tsa polokelo.

Litlhophiso tse nyane tsa pele le tse tloaelehileng

Ka sepheo se hlakileng sa ho thusa ho latela ts'ebetso e reriloeng, mona re kenyelletsa Litlhophiso tsa Bonyane tsa Pele tse lokelang ho lateloa, PUSELETSOE ho kenya Desktop efe kapa efe ho Debian.

Mekhahlelo ea pele

Lebitso la Lebitso: tsoa
Lebitso la sehlopha: sysadmin
FQDN: sysadmin.fromlinux.fan
Aterese ea IP: 192.168.10.3
SubNet: 192.168.10.0 / 24
Mosebelisi ea tloaelehileng: Buzz
Lebitso la mosebelisi ka botlalo: Debian ea pele ea OS Buzz

Ho tsoa ho khokahano ea seva le joalo ka mosebelisi motso, re phatlalatsa libaka tsa polokelo tse hlokahalang, tseo ho rona e leng tsa lehae:

motso @ sysadmin: ~ # nano /etc/apt/source.list
file ea deb: / tera / repos / jessie / debian / jessie e kenyang letsoho faele e sa lefelloeng ea deb: / tera / repos / jessie / debian-security / jessie / liapdeite main file e sa lefelloeng ea deb: / tera / repos / jessie / debian-multimedia / jessie ka sehloohong e sa lefelloeng

Re ile ra aha bocha polokelo mme ra ntlafatsa sistimi:

motso @ sysadmin: ~ # ntlafatso ea boiphihlelo
motso @ sysadmin: ~ # ntlafatso ea boiphihlelo

Haeba lipakana tse ngata li ntlafalitsoe, haholo-holo khenele kapa khenele, ho kgothaletswa ho qala botjha:

motso @ sysadmin: ~ # qala bocha

Re kenya lisebelisoa tse ling

motso @ sysadmin: ~ # aptitude kenya monoana ssh ccze htop mc deborphan

ea E qala Re tlameha ho tseba seo ba se etsang le litšobotsi tsa mantlha tsa liphutheloana tse kentsoeng:

motso @ sysadmin: ~ # monoana oa motho
motso @ sysadmin: ~ # menoana ea menoana
Login: buzz Name: Debian First OS Buzz Directory: / home / buzz Shell: / bin / bash On since Wed Nov 16 07:08 (EST) on pts / 0 from 192.168.10.1 3 seconds e sa sebetse Ha ho poso. Ha ho Moralo.

motso @ sysadmin: ~ # htop
motso @ sysadmin: ~ # mohatla -f -n 25 / var / log / syslog | ccze
motso @ sysadmin: ~ # mc
motso @ sysadmin: ~ # monna khutsana
motso @ sysadmin: ~ # khutsana

Re hlophisa lifaele tse ling tsa phetolo

motso @ sysadmin: ~ # nano / etc / network / interfaces
# Faele ena e hlalosa marang-rang a marang-rang a fumanehang ho sistimi ea hau ea # le hore na o ka e kenya joang Bakeng sa tlhaiso-leseling e batsi, sheba likarolo (5). mohloli /etc/network/interfaces.d/ * # Sebopeho sa marang-rang sa loopback auto lo iface lo inet loopback # Sebopeho sa mantlha sa marang-rang se lumella-hotplug eth0 iface eth0 inet static address 192.168.10.3 netmask 255.255.255.0 network 192.168.10.0 e phatlalatsoang 192.168.10.255. 192.168.10.1 heke 127.0.0.1 # dns- * likhetho li kengoa tšebetsong ka resolution eaconvconf, haeba e kentsoe dns-nameservers XNUMX dns-search ho tloha linux.fan
# Fela faele / jj / netweke / li-interface

root @ sysadmin: ~ # nano / etc / hosts 127.0.0.1 localhost 192.168.10.3 sysadmin.fromlinux.fan sysadmin
# Melao e latelang ea lakatseha bakeng sa mabotho a nang le bokhoni ba IPv6 :: 1 localhost ip6-localhost ip6-loopback ff02 :: 1 ip6-allnodes ff02 :: 2 ip6-allrouters
# End / joalo-joalo / mabotho a faele

motso @ sysadmin: ~ # nano / etc / hostname
sysadmin

motso @ sysadmin: ~ # nano / etc / mailname
sysadmin.fromlinux.fan

motso @ sysadmin: ~ # nano /etc/resolv.conf
batla ho tsoa linux.fan nameserver 127.0.0.1

motso @ sysadmin: ~ # qala bocha
    
Debian GNU / Linux 8 sysadmin tty1
sysadmin ho kena: motso oa phasewete:
    Qetellong ho kena: Wed ka la 16 07 08:54:2016 192.168.10.1 ho tloha ka 3.16.0 Linux sysadmin 4-64-amd1 # 3.16.7 SMP Debian 11-ckt1-8 + deb2u2015 (07-17-86) x64_XNUMX 
    Mananeo a kenyelelitsoeng le sistimi ea Debian GNU / Linux ke software ea mahala; lipehelo tse nepahetseng tsa kabo bakeng sa lenaneo ka leng li hlalositsoe lifaele ka bonngoe ho / usr / share / doc / * / copyright. Debian GNU / Linux e tla le ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY, ho fihlela moo ho lumelloang ke molao o sebetsang.

motso @sysadmin: ~ # lebitso la lebotho
sysadmin

motso @ sysadmin: ~ # lebitso la moamoheli -fqdn
sysadmin.fromlinux.fan

motso @ sysadmin: ~ # haebaconfig
Khokahano ea khokahano ea eth0: Ethernet HWaddr 70: 54: d2: 19: ad: 65 inet addr: 192.168.10.3 Bcast: 192.168.10.255 Mask: 255.255.255.0 ....

Re hloekisa litšepiso tse sa hlokahaleng le liphutheloana tsa likhutsana - haeba li le teng ka kakaretso

motso @ sysadmin: ~ # aptitude kenya -f
motso @ sysadmin: ~ # aptitude purge ~ c
motso @ sysadmin: ~ # khutsana
motso @ sysadmin: ~ # aptitude e hloekile
motso @ sysadmin: ~ # aptitude autoclean

Boikhethelo: Re fetola MTA «Exim4» bakeng sa «Postfix»

motso @ sysadmin: ~ # aptitude kenya postfix

postfix-phetolo-1

 

postfix-phetolo-2

Re sheba Postfix

(imeile e sirelelitsoeng): ~ # telnet localhost 25
Ho leka :: 1 ... E hokahane le localhost. Sebopeho sa ho baleha ke '^]'. 220 sysadmin.desdelinux.fan ESMTP Postfix (Debian / GNU) ehlo sysadmin.desdelinux.fan 250-sysadmin.desdelinux.fan 250-PIPELINING 250-SIZE 10240000 250-VRFY 250-ETRN 250-STARTTLS 250-ENHANCEDSTATUSESESESESESESESESESESESESESESESHESETESESESESESESESESESESESESESESHETESUTHU tlohela 250 8 Sala hantle
Khokelo e koetsoe ke moamoheli oa kantle ho naha.

Re fa tumello ea tsamaiso ea "buzz" ea mosebelisi

lizard @ gandalf: ~ $ ssh buzz@192.168.10.3
phasewete ea buzz@192.168.10.3: Mananeo a kenyellelitsoeng tsamaisong ea Debian GNU / Linux ke software ea mahala; lipehelo tse nepahetseng tsa kabo bakeng sa lenaneo ka leng li hlalositsoe lifaele ka bonngoe ho / usr / share / doc / * / copyright. Debian GNU / Linux e tla le ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY, ho fihlela moo ho lumelloang ke molao o sebetsang. Kena ka ho qetela: Wed ka la 16 07:49:25:2016 ho tloha ka 192.168.10.1

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ phasewete ea hau: 

motso @ sysadmin: / home / buzz # adduser buzz sudo
Ho eketsa mosebelisi `buzz 'sehlopheng` sudo' ... Ho eketsa buzz ea mosebelisi sehlopheng sa sudo Done.

motso @ sysadmin: / home / buzz # aptitude kenya sudo root @ sysadmin: / home / buzz # visudo
.... # Motso oa tokelo ea mosebelisi motso ALL = (TSOHLE: TSOHLE) TSOHLE buzz ALL = (TSOHLE: TSOHLE) TSOHLE ....

motso @ sysadmin: / home / buzz # tsoa

Re sheba ts'ebetso e nepahetseng ea sudo:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ ls -la / motso /
ls: e sitoa ho bula / root / directory: Ho lumelloa tumello

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ sudo ls -la / motso /
[sudo] password bakeng sa buzz: kakaretso ea 44 drwx ------ 6 motso oa 4096 Nov 16 07:40. drwxr-xr-x 22 motso oa 4096 Nov 12 11: 17 .. drwx ------ 2 motso 4096 Nov 16 09:09 .aptitude -rw ------- 1 motso 2038 Nov 16 08 : 00 .bash_history -rw-r - r-- 1 motso motso 570 Jan 31 2010 .bashrc .....

Bakeng sa likhomphutha tse nang le RAM e ngata (li-gig tse 4 kapa ho feta)

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ sudo nano /etc/sysctl.conf
# Eketsa vm.swappiness = 10 ho isa qetellong

Re kenya liphetoho hanghang:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ sudo sysctl -p
thabo = 10

Re fana ka maikutlo bala ka hloko serapa sa hoqetela sa file /etc/sysctl.conf, e nang le letoto la likhothaletso ho ntlafatsa polokeho ea khokahano ea marang-rang ea setsi sa mosebetsi.

######################################################### # # # Libaka tse ling tsa marang-rang, leha ho le joalo, li hloka hore li-setting tsena tse # li holofetse kahoo li hlahlobe le ho li nolofalletsa ha ho hlokahala. # # Se ke oa amohela phetisetso ea ICMP (thibela litlhaselo tsa MITM) # net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_litsamaiso = = # # net.ipv0.conf.all.accept_redirects = 0 # _or_ # Amohela ICMP e tsamaisa feela bakeng sa menyako e thathamisitsoeng lethathamong la rona la kamehla la # liheke (e nolofalitsoe ke default) # net.ipv4.conf.all.secure_redirects = 1 # # Se ke oa romella li-redirect tsa ICMP (ha re router) # net.ipv4.conf.all.send_redirects = 0 # # Se ke oa amohela lipakete tsa mehloli ea mehloli ea IP (ha re router) # net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_mohloli_route = 0 # net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_mohloli_route = 0 # # Log Martian Packets # net.ipv4.conf.all.log_bahlabani = 1 # 

Ho fihlela joale re na le entse maemo a tlase a pele ho khona ho khetha le ho kenya tikoloho efe kapa efe ea desktop eo Debian ea rona ea khale e re fang eona. 😉

KDE, e potlakile ebile e ntle

Polokelo eo re nang le eona, Debian 8.1, e na le file ea KDE Mofuta oa desktop 4.14.2-5, ho latela mofuta oa lilaebrari tsa ona tsa mantlha. Ho e kenya re matha ho console:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude batla kde-desktop | mosebetsi oa grep
........ p task-kde-desktop - KDE p task-spanish-kde-desktop - KDE desktop ea KDE ........

Ha re feta, ha re shebeng palo e kholo ea lipuo tseo re ka li sebelisang le KDE. Ho tseba phapang lipakeng tsa lipakana tse peli tse khethiloeng lenaneng le lelelele, re etsa:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude show task-kde-desktop
Sephutheloana: task-kde-desktop Ncha: e Boemo: ha e ea kenya Mofuta: 3.31 + deb8u1 Ntho ea pele: Karolo ea boikhethelo: Moqapi oa mesebetsi: Debian Install System Team Boqapi ba meralo: boholo bohle bo sa hatelloang: 21.5 k Ho latela: tasksel (= 3.31 + deb8u1), desktop-task, kde-standard, kdm E khothaletsa: kdeaccessibility, libqtgui4-perl, libqtcore4-perl, k3b, k3b-i18n, plasma-widget -networkmanagement, kdesudo, libreoffice-kde, apper, gimp, iceweasel, libreoffice, libreoffice-help-en-us, mythes-en-us, hunspell-en-us, hyphen-en-us, system-config-printer Tlhaloso: KDE Sephutheloana sena sa tšebetso se sebelisetsoa ho kenya desktop ea Debian, e nang le tikoloho ea desktop ea KDE, le liphutheloana tse ling tseo basebelisi ba Debian ba lebelletseng hore li tla ba teng ho tsona.

Serapa sa ho qetela sea re bolella, ka phetolelo ea mahala:

  • Sephutheloana sena sa tšebetso se sebelisetsoa ho kenya Debian Desktop, e khetholloang ke tikoloho ea li-desktop tsa GNOME, le liphutheloana tse ling tseo basebelisi ba Debian ba nang le tšepo ea hore ba tla li fumana ho desktop ea bona..
buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude show task-spanish-kde-desktop
Sephutheloana: task-spanish-kde-desktop New: yes Boemo: ha boa kenya Version: 3.31 + deb8u1 Ntho ea pele: Karolo ea boikhethelo: Moqapi oa mesebetsi: Debian Install System Team Mekhoa ea ho haha: boholo bohle bo sa hatelloang: 21.5 k Ho latela: tasksel (= 3.31 + deb8u1) E khothaletsa: kde-l10n-en Tlhaloso: KDE desktop ea KDE Mosebetsi ona o beha desktop ea KDE ka Sepanishe.

Mohala oa ho qetela o bala hoo e ka bang:

  • Mosebetsi ona o fumana KDE Desktop ka Sepanishe.

Ho kenya KDE e Potlakileng le e Ntle, re phethisa:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ sudo aptitude kenya task-kde-desktop mosebetsi-spanish-kde-desktop
[sudo] phasewete bakeng sa buzz: Ho tla kenngoa liphutheloana tse latelang tse Ncha: adwaita-icon-theme {a} akonadi-backend-mysql {a} akonadi-server {a} ........ 0 liphutheloana tse ntlafalitsoeng, tse 1079 tse ncha e kentsoe, 0 ho tlosa le 0 ha e ntlafatsoe. Ke hloka ho jarolla lifaele tsa 782 MB. Kamora ho phutholla, ho tla sebelisoa 2,275 MB. O batla ho tsoela pele? [Y / n /?]

Ho eo re arabang "Y" eo. Ho joalo bokhoni e khutlisa molaetsa o ts'oanang le ona:

TSEBISO: Ho tla kenngoa mefuta e sa ngolisoang ea liphutheloana tse latelang! Lipakete tse sa ngolisoang li ka senya ts'ireletso ea sistimi. O lokela ho tsoelapele ka ho kenya feela haeba o na le bonnete ba se o se batlang ... (Lenane la Liphutheloana) ............... iphapanyetsa tsebiso ee ebe u tsoelapele joalo? Ho tswela pele, kenya "Ee"; ho ntša mpa, kenya "Che"

Re arabela ka ho tlanya "Ee" ntle le tshabo.

Kamora ho phethela tšebetso ea ho kenya liphutheloana tsohle, haeba re batla ho ba le "ponelopele" kapa "ho sheba" ea desktop e ncha, re etsa:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ qalo

Mme re emetse komporo ea KDE hore e laole. Ha re phethela leeto la rona la pele re qala lisebelisoa ka sebopeho sa graphical ka boeona.

KDE kenya sephutheloana ka boiketsetso KDM «KDE Display Manager bakeng sa X11". KDM e tsamaisa letoto lohle la li-server tsa X kapa "Xservers", e matha mochineng oa lehae kapa ho mechini e hole. E lumella basebelisi ba fapaneng ho kena habonolo tikolohong ea Desktop eo ba e ratang, hokela ho seva e hole XDMCP «X Khomphutha ya Taolo ya Taolo ya Taolo«, Kapa tima tsamaiso.

KDM e tšehetsa lihlooho kapa "lihlooho" tsa moetlo 'me e ka bonts'a lenane la basebelisi ka litšoantšo tsa bona. Bakeng sa tlhaiso-leseling e batsi tsamaisa ka khokahano tšoaneleha bontša KDM o monna KDM kamora ho kenya.

KDE e Tletse

Ho fihlela mona re na le setsi standard, ho e letsetsa ka tsela e itseng, ho tloha KDE Desktop. Leha ho le joalo, re khothaletsa barati ba KDE ho etsa lipatlisiso ho ea pele, joalo ka ha ho bonts'itsoe ka tlase:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude show kde-e felletseng
Sephutheloana: e ncha ea kde: e Boemo: ha ea kenyelletsoa Phetolelo: 5:84 Ntho ea bohlokoa pele: Karolo ea boikhethelo: Metapackages Developer: Debian Qt / KDE Maintainers Boqapi ba meralo: boholo bohle bo sa hatelloang: 36.9k Ho latela: kde-plasma-desktop (> = 5:84), kde-plasma-netbook (> = 5:84), kdeadmin (> = 4: 4.11.3), kdeartwork (> = 4: 4.11.3), kdegraphics (> = 4: 4.11.3), kdeedu (> = 4: 4.11.3), kdegames (> = 4: 4.11.3), kdemultimedia (> = 4: 4.11.3 .4), kdenetwork (> = 4.11.3: 4), kdeutils (> = 4.11.3: 4), kdepim (> = 4.11.3: 4), kdeplasma-addons (> = 4.11.3: 5) Khothaletsa : kde-standard (> = 84:4), kdeaccessibility (> = 4.11.3: 4), kdesdk (> = 4.11.3: 4), kdetoys (> = 4.11.3: 4), kdewebdev (> = 4.11.3 : 10) Sisinya: kde-l4n (> = 4.11.3: 1), calligra (> = 2.6.4: 5), xorg Break: kde-minimal (<57:XNUMX) Fana ka: kde-software-compilation Tlhaloso: Pokello ea Software ea KDE e felletseng bakeng sa basebelisi ba ho qetela KDE ke sethala sa desktop sa Free Software se matla, se kopaneng ebile se sebelisoa habonolo. Metapackage ena e kenyelletsa li-module tsohle tsa semmuso tse lokollotsoeng ka KDE Sotware Compilation tse sa ikhethang bakeng sa nts'etsopele le lits'ebetso tse ling tsa KDE tse thusang mosebelisi oa desktop. Sena se kenyelletsa multimedia, marang-rang, lits'oants'o, thuto, lipapali, lisebelisoa tsa tsamaiso ea sistimi, le litšoantšo tse ling le lits'ebeletso. Leqephe le ka sehloohong: http://www.kde.org Brands: karolo :: metapackage, suite :: kde

Haeba u batla ho ba le tikoloho e felletseng ea desktop:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ sudo aptitude kenya kde-e felletseng
[sudo] phasewete bakeng sa buzz: Ho tla kengoa liphutheloana tse latelang tse Ncha: advancecomp {a} akonadiconsole {a} amor {a} analitza-common {a} autopoint {a} ........ 0 liphutheloana tse ntlafalitsoeng, tse ncha tse 333 e kentsoe, 0 ho tlosa le 0 ha e ntlafatsoe. Ke hloka ho jarolla lifaele tse 466 MB. Kamora ho manolla, ho tla sebelisoa 1,238 MB. O batla ho tsoela pele? [Y / n /?]

Kamora ho qeta ho kenya, re qala komporo hape ebe re sheba likhetho tsohle tseo KDE Desktop e Kholo ena e nang le tsona ... leha e sebelisa lisebelisoa tse ling ha e bapisoa le libaka tse ling tsa desktop, leha ke e sebelisitse hanyane hanyane.

Tlhahiso: U SE KE UA emisa ho buisana le Setsi sa Thuso sa KDE

Ka nako e 'ngoe ke sebelisa mabitso a Senyesemane, hobane a tseba lebitso la mantlha la sephutheloana kapa lenaneo. Ho li fetolela ha ho bonolo ho 'na. kdm kde kde-thusa

GNOME, ea khale

Sebaka sa polokelo seo re nang le sona, Debian 8.1, se na le mofuta oa GNOME Desktop 3.14.1-1, ho latela mofuta oa lilaebrari tsa eona tsa mantlha. Ho e kenya re matha ho console:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude batla gnome-desktop | mosebetsi oa grep
p mosebetsi-gnome-desktop - GNOME ........

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude bonts'a mosebetsi-gnome-desktop
Sephutheloana: task-gnome-desktop New: ee Boemo: ha boa kenya Version: 3.31 + deb8u1 Ntho ea pele: Karolo ea boikhethelo: Moqapi oa mesebetsi: Debian Install System Team Mekhoa ea ho haha: boholo bohle bo sa hatelloang: 21.5 k Ho latela: tasksel (= 3.31 + deb8u1), desktop-task, gnome-core E khothaletsa: gnome, libreoffice-gnome, libreoffice-evolution, gimp, synaptic, iceweasel, libreoffice, libreoffice-help -en-us, mythes-en-us, hunspell-en-us, hyphen-en-us, network-manager-gnome Tlhaloso: GNOME Sephutheloana sena sa mosebetsi se sebelisetsoa ho kenya desktop ea Debian, e nang le tikoloho ea desktop ea GNOME, le lipakete tse ling tseo basebelisi ba Debian ba lebelletseng ho ba le tsona ho desktop.

Serapa sa ho qetela sea re bolella, ka phetolelo ea mahala:

  • Sephutheloana sena sa tšebetso se sebelisetsoa ho kenya Debian Desktop, e khetholloang ke tikoloho ea li-desktop tsa GNOME, le liphutheloana tse ling tseo basebelisi ba Debian ba nang le tšepo ea hore ba tla li fumana ho desktop ea bona..

Kahoo haeba re mamela Debian joalo ka ha re leka ho etsa kamehla, rea matha:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ sudo aptitude kenya task-gnome-desktop
[sudo] phasewete bakeng sa buzz: Ho tla kenngoa liphutheloana tse latelang tse Ncha: tšebeletso ea liakhaonte {a} adwaita-icon-theme {a} aisleriot {a} alacarte {a} ..........
Ho kentsoe liphutheloana tse 0 tse ntlafalitsoeng, ho kentsoe tse ncha tse 1210, tse 0 ho li tlosa ebe tse 0 ha li ntlafatsoe
Ke hloka ho jarolla lifaele tsa 877 MB. Kamora ho manolla 2,689 MB ho tla sebelisoa. O batla ho tsoela pele? [Y / n /?]

Ho eo re arabang "Y" eo. Ho joalo bokhoni e khutlisa molaetsa o ts'oanang le ona:

TSEBISO: Ho tla kenngoa mefuta e sa ngolisoang ea liphutheloana tse latelang! Lipakete tse sa ngolisoang li ka senya ts'ireletso ea sistimi. O lokela ho tsoelapele ka ho kenya feela haeba o na le bonnete ba se o se batlang ... (Lenane la Liphutheloana) ............... iphapanyetsa tsebiso ee ebe u tsoelapele joalo? Ho tswela pele, kenya "Ee"; ho ntša mpa, kenya "Che"

Ehlile re araba "E."

Kamora ho phethela tšebetso ea ho kenya liphutheloana tsohle, haeba re batla ho ba le "ponelopele" kapa "ho sheba" ea desktop e ncha, re etsa:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ qalo

Mme re emetse hore GNOME-Desktop e laoloe. Qetellong ea tlhahlobo ea pele le ka sebopeho sa graphical ka boeona, re qala komporo hape.

GNOME e kenya sephutheloana ka boiketsetso leneng «Mookameli oa Pontšo ea GNOME«. E fana ka "login" "e lekanang le" console "ea"X Windows Sistimi«. Ntle le ho kopa mangolo a netefatso - lebitso la mosebelisi le phasewete - e qala seboka sa litšoantšo. Bakeng sa tlhaiso-leseling e batsi, leka li-console tsa litaelo «aptitude bontša gdm3«, 'Me ka mor'a ho kenngoa «monna gdm3«.

Re hlakisa seo ha re kenya package mosebetsi-gnome-desktop, sephutheloana se kentsoe gnome, mme haeba re phethisa aptitude bontša gnome ka har'a komporo, re tla hlokomela hore ke meta-package e ipapisitseng le kabo e tloaelehileng ea tikoloho ea Desktop ea GNOME, hammoho le pokello e felletseng ea li-plugins le lits'ebetso tse kopantsoeng ho GNOME le Debian, hape e fana ka tikoloho e ntle ka ho fetisisa ho fihlela joale… Tsa morao-rao ka mongolo o tšekaletseng le ka sebete, eseng nna. E bua joalo ka GNOME. 😉

Ka nako e 'ngoe ke sebelisa mabitso a Senyesemane, hobane a tseba lebitso la mantlha la sephutheloana kapa lenaneo. Ho li fetolela ha ho bonolo ho 'na.

leneng

Hlokomela hore gdm3 e khetholla mosebelisi ka mabitso a bona a felletseng.
Kamora ho kenya phasewete le ho tobetsa Enter kapa ho tobetsa pointer ea mouse ho konopo ea "Login", re fihla ho GNOME Desktop.

sebetse3

Ho setse feela ho rona ho etsa desktop ea GNOME ho latela litlhoko le litakatso tsa rona. Thabela le ho ntlafatsa ena e 'ngoe ea Boholo-holo ba Desktop!

Sinamone, sinamone

Polokelo eo re nang le eona, Debian 8.1, e na le file ea Cinnamon mofuta 2.16-5. Ho e kenya re matha ho console:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude batla sinamone-desktop | mosebetsi oa grep
p task-sinamone-desktop - Cinnamon                                 

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude show task-sinamone-desktop
Sephutheloana: task-sinamone-desktop Ncha: e Boemo: ha e ea kenya Mofuta: 3.31 + deb8u1 Ntho ea pele: Karolo ea boikhethelo: Moqapi oa mesebetsi: Debian Install System Team Mekhoa ea ho haha: boholo bohle bo sa hatelloang: 21.5 k Ho latela: tasksel (= 3.31 + deb8u1), desktop-desktop, sinamone-desktop-tikoloho Tlhaloso: Cinnamon Sephutheloana sena sa mosebetsi se sebelisetsoa ho kenya desktop ea Debian, e nang le tikoloho ea desktop ea Cinnamon, le ka liphutheloana tse ling tseo basebelisi ba Debian ba lebelletseng ho ba le tsona ho desktop.

Serapa sa ho qetela sea re bolella, ka phetolelo ea mahala:

  • Sephutheloana sena sa tšebetso se sebelisetsoa ho kenya Debian Desktop, e khetholloang ke tikoloho ea desktop ea Cinnamon, le liphutheloana tse ling tseo basebelisi ba Debian ba nang le tšepo ea hore ba tla ba le tsona ho desktop ea bona..

Ho e kenya, re phethisa:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ sudo aptitude kenya task-sinamone-desktop
[sudo] password bakeng sa buzz: Ho tla kenngoa liphutheloana tse latelang tse Ncha: tšebeletso ea liakhaonte {a} adwaita-icon-theme {a} aisleriot {a} alsa-base {a} ..........
Ho na le liphutheloana tse ntlafalitsoeng tse 0, tse 1137 tse ncha tse kentsoeng, 0 ho li tlosa le 0 ha li ntlafatsoe. Ke hloka ho jarolla lifaele tsa 701 MB. Kamora ho manolla, ho tla sebelisoa 2,328 MB. O batla ho tsoela pele? [Y / n /?]

Ho eo re arabang "Y" eo. Ho joalo bokhoni e khutlisa molaetsa o ts'oanang le ona:

TSEBISO: Ho tla kenngoa mefuta e sa ngolisoang ea liphutheloana tse latelang! Lipakete tse sa ngolisoang li ka senya ts'ireletso ea sistimi. O lokela ho tsoelapele ka ho kenya feela haeba o na le bonnete ba se o se batlang ... (Lenane la Liphutheloana) ............... iphapanyetsa tsebiso ee ebe u tsoelapele joalo? Ho tswela pele, kenya "Ee"; ho ntša mpa, kenya "Che"

Re araba "E", ha ho sa le joalo.

Kamora ho phethela tšebetso ea ho kenya liphutheloana tsohle, haeba re batla ho ba le "ponelopele" kapa "ho sheba" ea desktop e ncha, re etsa:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ qalo

Mme re emetse Cinnamon Desktop. Ha re qeta tlhahlobo ea pele le ka sebopeho sa graphical ka boeona, re qala komporo hape.

Cinnamon kenya sephutheloana ka boiketsetso khaled  «Simple Display Manager» ntshetswa pele ke sehlopha sa «Bahlokomeli ba Debian Xfce". khaled e fana ka X11 Screen Manager, eo likarolo tsa eona tsa mantlha e leng:

  • E-ba le codebase e bobebe
  • E latela litekanyetso tsa PAM, ConsoleKit, jj.
  • E na le segokanyimmediamentsi sa sebolokigolo se hlalositsoeng hantle lipakeng tsa seva sa Xserver-Xorg le sebopeho sa mosebelisi.
  • E ka hlophisoa ka botlalo ka Themes kapa "Themes".

Bakeng sa tlhaiso-leseling e batsi re matha ka har'a komporo aptitude bontša khanya o monna lightdm kamora ho kenya.

khaled

Cinnamon hloka ts'ebetso ea eona e nepahetseng, Ho Potlakisa Video. Haeba re e sebelisa ka mochini o ts'oanang, ho moamoheli kapa «Moamoheli» ka karete ea video e sa tšehetseng matsapa a li-Hardware, joalo ka boemo ba rona ka ho khetheha, ha re kena tikolohong ea desktop ka bo eona, re ka fumana tse latelang molaetsa:

sinamone

Re tobetsa ho eona 'me e tla nyamela. Eena Menyu ea Classic Cinnamon, re tla e bontšoa ka bokhabane bohle ba eona:

menu ea sinamone

Re ithutile eng ho fihlela joale?

Ha se taba ea hore rea ipotsa, re ithutile eng ho fihlela joale? Ho tsoa ts'ebetsong e boneng kaholimo bakeng sa li-desktop tse tharo tse sebelisitsoeng haholo. Maemong ohle, ha re matha aptitude show task- -khomphutha, Debian e re khutlisa ka bokhoni, molaetsa o latelang oa ho qetela:

  • Sephutheloana sena sa mosebetsi se sebelisetsoa ho kenya desktop ea Debian, e nang le file ea kde, gnome, kapa sinamone> tikoloho ea desktop, le liphutheloana tse ling tseo basebelisi ba Debian ba lebelletseng ho ba le tsona ho desktop.

Molaetsa o fetileng o re ruta ho hongata. Ntho ea pele eo re ka e fang mohopolo ho latela kelello - ke nahana hore tse sa tloaelehang ho batho - ke hore Debian eu lumella ho kenya le ho hlophisa tikoloho ea desktop kapa "Tikoloho ea Desktop" eo u e ratang..

Temana ea hoqetela e tšoanang eo re e fumanang ha re phetha:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude bonts'a mosebetsi-molekane-desktop
ó
buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude bonts'a mosebetsi-xfce-desktop
ó
buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude bonts'a mosebetsi-lxde-desktop

MATE, botala

Hajoale, ke tafole eo re e ratang bakeng sa Sysadmin Workstation, bakeng sa mosebetsi oa hau oa letsatsi le letsatsi le laboratori ea hau lapeng. Re e khethile ka lebaka la boikhethelo bo phahameng ba tlhophiso, bobebe, le memori e batlang e le tlase le ts'ebeliso ea processor. Ha e hloke ho potlakisa li-hardware, kapa ts'ebetso e phahameng ho tsoa khomphuteng.

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude bonts'a mosebetsi-molekane-desktop
Sephutheloana: task-mate-desktop New: ee Boemo: ha boa kenya Mofuta: 3.31 + deb8u1 Ntho ea pele: Karolo ea boikhethelo: mesebetsi Moqapi: Sehlopha sa Tsamaiso sa Debian Boqapi ba meralo: boholo bohle bo sa hatelloang: 21.5 k Ho latela: tasksel (= 3.31 + deb8u1), desktop-task, mate-desktop-tikoloho, lightdm E khothaletsa: gimp, synaptic, iceweasel, libreoffice, libreoffice-help-en-us, mythes -en-us, hunspell-en-us, hyphen-en-us, network-manager-gnome, gnome-orca, libreoffice-gtk Tlhaloso: MATE Sephutheloana sena sa mosebetsi se sebelisetsoa ho kenya desktop ea Debian, e nang le tikoloho ea desktop ea MATE, le liphutheloana tse ling tseo basebelisi ba Debian ba lebelletseng ho ba le tsona ho desktop.

Ha re etseng hloko hore moqapi oa liphutheloana tsa "task- ..." ke file ea Sehlopha sa Tsamaiso sa Debian, mme HA SE moqapi oa sephutheloana kapa sehlopha sa liphutheloana tseo u li kenyang. Qetellong re bala serapa se tšoanang seo re buileng ka sona pejana ka "desktop ea Debian".

Ka mantsoe a mang, "Debian Install System Team" e tsotella seo feela U etsa "Debian desktop" ea hau, 'me u be ka tsela e molemohali ea ho qala ho e sebelisa. Hamorao, o tlameha ho e fetola ho latela litlhoko le litakatso tsa hau.

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ sudo aptitude kenya mosebetsi-molekane-desktop
[sudo] phasewete bakeng sa buzz: Ho tla kengoa liphutheloana tse latelang tse Ncha: adwaita-icon-theme {a} alsa-base {a} alsa-utils {a} anacron {a} aspell {a} ........
Ho kentsoe liphutheloana tse 0 tse ntlafalitsoeng, ho kentsoe tse ncha tse 731, tse 0 ho li tlosa ebe tse 0 ha li ntlafatsoe
Ke hloka ho jarolla lifaele tsa 537 MB. Kamora ho manolla, ho tla sebelisoa 1,698 MB.
O batla ho tsoela pele? [Y / n /?]

Kamora ho araba ka tieo lipotso tseo u re botsang tsona bokhoni, re leka ho bona komporo e kentsoeng ka mahlo a kelello ebe re qala komporo bocha joaloka maemong a fetileng.

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ qalo

Re qala hape ho tsoa tikolohong e le 'ngoe e hlakileng ka ho li-menu tse holimo Sesebelisoa -> Koala… -> Qala hape.

Joalokaha re tla bona kamora ho qala bocha, MATE e kenya sephutheloana ka boiketsetso khaled  Mookameli oa Pontšo e Bonolo.

Liphutheloana tse ling tsa MATE Desktop

Re fana ka maikutlo liphutheloana tse latelang li kentsoe:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ sudo aptitude kenya mate-desktop-tikoloho-tlatsetso
Ho tla kenngoa liphutheloana tse latelang tse Ncha: apache2-bin {a} apache2.2-bin box-extensions-e tloaelehileng {a} box-gksu {a} box-image-converter {a} box-open-terminal {a} box- sendto {a} share-box {a} dconf-editor {a} gksu {a} gnome-user-guide {a} hddtemp {a} imagemagick {a} imagemagick-6.q16 {a} imagemagick-e tloaelehileng {a} libapache2-mod-dnssd {a} libapr1 {a} libaprutil1 {a} libaprutil1-dbd-sqlite3 {a} libaprutil1-ldap {a} libfftw3-double3 {a} libgssdp-1.0-3 {a} libgupnp-1.0-4 { a} libiw30 {a} liblqr-1-0 {a} liblua5.1-0 {a} libmagickcore-6.q16-2 {a} libmagickcore-6.q16-2-e eketsehileng {a} libmagickwand-6.q16- 2 {a} libmate-sensors-applet-plugin0 {a} libnetpbm10 {a} libopenobex1 {a} libsensors4 {a} libyelp0 {a} mate-desktop-environment-extras mate-gnome-main-menu-applet {a} molekane -netspeed {a} mate-sensors-applet {a} mate-user-share {a} mozo {a} netpbm {a} obex-data-server {a} python-crypto {a} python-ldb {a} python menu -mate-menu {a} python-ntdb {a} python-samba {a} python-tdb {a} samba e tloaelehileng {a} samba-common-bin {a} yelp {a} yelp-xsl {a} 0 liphutheloana tse ntlafalitsoeng os, 52 e kentsoe bocha, 0 ho tlosa le 0 ha e ntlafatsoe. Ke hloka ho jarolla lifaele tsa 23.5 MB. Kamora ho manolla, ho tla sebelisoa 87.9 MB. O batla ho tsoela pele? [Y / n /?]

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ sudo aptitude kenya libreoffice-l10n-en libreoffice-help-en buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ sudo aptitude kenya icedove icedove-l10n-en-en icedove-l10n-en-ar
buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ sudo aptitude kenya gparted vlc

Ho ikhethela, ho ntlafatsa le ho natefeloa ke MATE Desktop! molekane1 molekane2

XFCE, mouse e potlakileng le e bobebe

Debian e tlisa mofuta ona 4.10.1 Lak XFCE4, E tsebahala ka ho ba tikoloho e bobebe ea komporo, e nang le ponahalo e ntle, hape e potlakile haholo bakeng sa lits'ebetso tsa litloholo tsa UNIX®. E hahiloe hore e be le tlhahiso, e jara le ho tsamaisa lits'ebetso kapele ha e ntse e boloka lisebelisoa tsa sistimi. XFCE e lokiseha haholo, 'me e na le mookameli oa fensetere e tšehetsang ponaletso le litlamorao tse ling.

Ba etsang qeto ka XFCE4 ba tla e fumana e le monate haholo. Ke habohlokoa. Ho ka fumanoa litholoana tse ntle haholo!

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude bonts'a mosebetsi-xfce-desktop
Sephutheloana: task-xfce-desktop New: ee Boemo: ha boa kenya Version: 3.31 + deb8u1 Ntho ea pele: Karolo ea boikhethelo: Mesebetsi Moqapi: Debian Install System Team Boqapi ba meralo: boholo bohle bo sa hatelloang: 21.5 k Ho ipapisitse le: tasksel (= 3.31 + deb8u1), desktop-task, xfce4, lightdm E khothaletsa: xfce4-goodies, xfce4-power-manager, xfce4-mixer, xfce4-terminal, mousepad, orage , libreoffice-gtk, dbus-x11, xsane, vlc, quodlibet, evince-gtk | evince, tango-icon-theme, network-manager-gnome, synaptic, iceweasel, libreoffice, libreoffice-help-en-us, mythes-en-us, hunspell-en-us, hyphen-en-us, system-config- printa, gnome-orca Tlhaloso: Xfce Sephutheloana sena sa tšebetso se sebelisetsoa ho kenya desktop ea Debian, e nang le tikoloho ea desktop ea Xfce, le liphutheloana tse ling tseo basebelisi ba Debian ba lebelletseng hore li tla ba teng ho tsona.

Re kenya boholo ba tse hlokahalang:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ sudo aptitude kenya task-xfce-desktop \
e lokolla-l10n-en e lokolla-thuso-en iceweasel-l10n-en-en \
leqhoa-l10n-es-mx leqhoa-l10n-es-ar icedove icedove-l10n-es-ar \
icedove-l10n-en-es e qalile

Re bona ka mahlo a kelello:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ qalo

Ebe joale re qala ka sebopeho sa graphical ka boeona. Thabela le ho ntlafatsa desktop ea XFCE! xfce

LXDE, e bobebe ka ho fetesisa

Haeba XFCE e bobebe ebile e potlakile, LXDE ho se hokae. LXDE e emetse Tikoloho ea Desktop e bobebe ea X11. E khothalletsoa haholo bakeng sa li-server tse hlokang sebopeho sa graphical, kapa tseo re hlokang feela ho li fa Desktop.

Lipapaka li "ipuella", 'me li betere ho feta sengoloa sefe kapa sefe sa rona:

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude search lxde
p thuto-desktop-lxde - Likopo tsa desktop tsa Debian Edu LXDE p phela setšoantšo-lxde-desktop - Lisebelisoa tsa Live System (LXDE desktop p lxde - Metapackage bakeng sa LXDE p lxde-e tloaelehileng - LXDE data data p lxde-core - Metapackage bakeng sa LXDE core p lxde-icon-theme - LXDE standard icon theme v lxde-setup-daemon - p task-lxde-desktop - LXDE

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude bonts'a lxde
Sephutheloana: lxde Ncha: e Boemo: ha ea kenyelletsoa Phetolelo: 6 Ntho ea pele: Karolo ea boikhethelo: metapackages Motlatsi Boqapi ba meralo: boholo bohle bo sa hatelloang: 27.6k Ho latela: galculator, gpicview, leafpad, lxappearance, lxappearance-obconf, lxde-core, lxde-icon-theme, lxinput, lxrandr, lxsession-edit, lxterminal, xarchiver Khothaletsa: alsamixer , moroallo | phetiso-gtk, evince-gtk | pdf-sebali, gnome-disk-utility, gnome-mplayer, gnome-system-lisebelisoa, gucharmap, iceweasel | www-sebatli, lightdm | x-bonts'a-motsamaisi, lxmusic | e sebete, lxpolkit, menu-xdg, usermode, wicd | network-manager-gnome, xserver-xorg E fana ka maikutlo: gimp, libreoffice, lxlauncher, lxtask, pidgin, update-notifier, xfce4-power-manager Tlhaloso: Metapackage bakeng sa LXDE Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment (LXDE) ke morero o reretsoeng ho fana ka tikoloho ea desktop e bobebe ebile e potlakile. Sephutheloana sena ke metapackage e ipapisitse le likarolo tsa mantlha le likarolo tse khothalelitsoeng tsa LXDE. E kenyelletsa lxde-core, lxappearance, lxinput, lxsession-edit, gpicview, lxterminal, lxrandr, galculator, leafpad le xarchiver. Haeba u batla feela ho khetha likarolo tsa mantlha u ikutloe u lokolohile ho tlosa sephutheloana sena. Leqephe le ka sehloohong: http://www.lxde.org/ Brands: interface :: x11, role :: metapackage, scope :: suite, suite :: TODO, uitoolkit :: gtk

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ aptitude bonts'a mosebetsi-lxde-desktop
Sephutheloana: task-lxde-desktop New: ee Boemo: ha boa kenya Mofuta: 3.31 + deb8u1 Ntho ea pele: Karolo ea boikhethelo: Moqapi oa mesebetsi: Debian Install System Team Mekhoa ea ho haha: boholo bohle bo sa hatelloang: 21.5k Ho latela: tasksel (= 3.31 + deb8u1), desktop-task, lightdm, lxde E khothaletsa: lxtask, lxlauncher, xsane, libreoffice-gtk, synaptic, iceweasel, libreoffice, libreoffice-help-en -us, mythes-en-us, hunspell-en-us, hyphen-en-us, system-config-printer, gnome-orca Tlhaloso: LXDE Sephutheloana sena sa tšebetso se sebelisetsoa ho kenya desktop ea Debian, e nang le tikoloho ea desktop ea LXDE, le liphutheloana tse ling tseo basebelisi ba Debian ba lebelletseng ho ba le tsona ho desktop.

buzz @ sysadmin: ~ $ sudo aptitude kenya task-lxde-desktop
[sudo] phasewete bakeng sa buzz: Ho tla kengoa liphutheloana tse latelang tse Ncha: adwaita-icon-theme {a} alsa-base {a} alsa-utils {a} alsamixergui {a} ........
Ho kentsoe liphutheloana tse 0 tse ntlafalitsoeng, ho kentsoe tse ncha tse 774, tse 0 ho li tlosa ebe tse 0 ha li ntlafatsoe
Ke hloka ho jarolla lifaele tsa 499 MB. Kamora ho manolla, ho tla sebelisoa 1,568 MB.
O batla ho tsoela pele? [Y / n /?]

Mme re ntse re tsoela pele ka ts'ebetso e ts'oanang le ea li-desk tse fetileng. Se ke oa ba lihlong. Iketsetse sebaka sena sa desktop se bobebe haholo ebe o re joetsa hore na se tsamaile joang. lxde

Kakaretso

Joalokaha re bone, ho aha komporo ea Debian ho monate. Bonyane ke bakeng sa rona. E hlalositsoe Tsamaiso le 6 -six- ba bona. Maemong ohle, ho entsoe mochini o hloekileng o hloekileng 'me tikoloho ea Desktop e kentsoe kamora moo.

Boiketlo ba «latelang - latelang«,«Ts'ireletso bakeng sa Lefifi«,«Bakhanni bohle ba sebetsa hantle«, Le lintlha tse ling«e ntle»Tseo ba bang ba tloaetseng ho li sebelisa le lits'ebetso tse ling tsa ts'ebetso, ke likarolo tse ka fetohang boomerang kapa« boomerang », tse sokelang ts'ireletso ea Sebaka sa rona sa Ts'ebetso, haholo haeba re hokahane ka kotloloho le Motse oa WWW kapa Marang-rang.

Ke nahana hore re tlameha ho tseba ho khetha mekhoa ea rona e meng. Eba beng ba liqeto tsa rona. Ho na le ho khetha. Eka e mong le e mong a ka Thaba Haholo ka Khetho ea Hae ka Sebele.

Karolo e latelang?

Qemu-KVM

Hopola hore lena e tla ba letoto la lingoloa ka Likhomphutha tsa likhomphutha bakeng sa li-SME. Re tla be re u emetse!


Litaba tsa sengoloa sena li latela melao-motheo ea rona ea melao ea boitšoaro ea bongoli. Ho tlaleha phoso tlanya mona.

Maikutlo a 20, siea ea hau

Siea maikutlo a hau

aterese ya hao ya imeile ke ke ho phatlalatswa. masimo a hlokahala a tšoailoe ka *

*

*

  1. E ikarabella bakeng sa data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Morero oa data: Laola SPAM, tsamaiso ea maikutlo.
  3. Molao: Tumello ea hau
  4. Puisano ea data: Lintlha li ke ke tsa tsebisoa batho ba boraro ntle le ka tlamo ea molao.
  5. Polokelo ea data: Database e hapiloeng ke Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Litokelo: Nako efe kapa efe o ka fokotsa, oa hlaphoheloa mme oa hlakola tlhaiso-leseling ea hau.

  1.   Mokhatlo oa Luis A. a re

    Debian ke eona e ntle ka ho fetisisa!

  2.   Juan a re

    Menehelo e metle e ntse e etsoa! kea leboha

  3.   Luigys toro a re

    Ke monehelo o motle hakaakang, ke ntse ke sebelisa sinamone morao tjena, empa ka kakaretso, esale ke kenya KDE bakeng sa basebelisi

  4.   Denis a re

    Lumela Federico, poso e ntle haholo, tsoelapele joalo ka lebaka la hau ke fihlelletse lintho tse ngata.

  5.   federico a re

    Kea le leboha bohle ka ho fana ka maikutlo le ho rorisa sengoloa sena, seo ke ts'epang hore se tla thusa ba bangata, kaha se akaretsoe ho sengoliloeng se le seng, menyetla e 6 ea ho fihlela Desktop e ntle ho Debian 8 "Jessie". Ka lehlakoreng le leng, ke nahana hore e hlakisa haholo, ho fetoha ha maemo hoo tlhaho ena e nang le eona har'a lits'ebetso tsa lefats'e la GNU / Linux. Re tla tsoelapele ho phatlalatsa bakeng sa babali bohle ba etelang FromLinux

  6.   sethoto a re

    Li-desktop tsa Debian li shebahala hantle haholo ntle le litloaelo tse ngata empa botsitso boo e fanang ka bona ke ba bohlokoa haholo. Tataiso e ntle haholo ea desktop ea Fico. Lumelang!

  7.   Rodrigo a re

    Pele ho tsohle, re leboha milione ka tlatsetso e kholo! ea bobeli ke kopa tlhahiso. Ke batla ho kenya Virtualbox ho "Jessie" empa ke rata ho laola mechini e ntlafalitsoeng ka komporo. U buella efe ho tsona? ke hore, ke efe e lumellanang hantle le VirtualBox? (Haholo-holo re nahana ka litlhaloso tse mabapi le Sinamone? Ke leboha haholo esale pele

  8.   Ismael Alvarez Wong a re

    Sengoloa se ntle haholo ho tloha ha ntho e tloaelehileng ke ho kenya Desktop ho tloha ho .ISO. Ho bohlokoa haholo ho tseba HowTo ea se etsahalang ka morao ha Desktop e kentsoe ka tsela ea setso.
    Keletso e ntle ea hore LXDE ea ultralight e khothaletsoa bakeng sa li-server tse ka hlokang sebopeho sa graphical; Ho fihlela joale ke ne ke lumela hore e na le thuso feela bakeng sa lisebelisoa tsa mosebelisi tse nang le ts'ebetso e tlase haholo.
    Ke lumellana le Federico 100% hore ho kenya bukana ea Desktop ho bonts'a ho fetoha habonolo ha Linux OS.

    1.    federico a re

      Ke leboha haholo ka ho fana ka maikutlo, motsoalle Wong!.

  9.   federico a re

    Kea leboha motsoalle Dhunter ka maikutlo a hau a amoheloang hantle kamehla.

    Rodrigo: ue kentse Chaena, joalo ka ha re re mona. Sephutheloana se fanang ka sebopeho sa lits'oants'o sa VirtualBox ke "virtualbox-qt". Qt ke Framewrok bakeng sa nts'etsopele ea kopo ea C ++. Ke multiplatform. KDE Desktop e hlahisoa ka Qt. Hape sheba hore na Synaptic e reng ka sephutheloana sa "kdevelop". Haeba e le feela sebopeho se hlakileng, Ke nahana, ke nahana, hore VirtualBox e sebelisana hantle le KDE. Ke sebelisitse VirtualBox hanyane mme ke tla ngola ka Qemu-KVM e le phatlalatso qetellong ea sengoloa sena haufinyane.

    Ke sebelisitse VirtualBOX ho GNOME le MATE, empa hanyane. Ke nahana hore o lokela ho nahana haholo ka lisebelisoa tsa hardware tseo u nang le tsona ho fapana le ho tsamaellana ha sephutheloana sa bonono le desktop. Qetellong, o tlameha ho arabela potso ea hau ka boeena ho latela liphetho tseo u li fumanang ts'ebetsong ea letsatsi le letsatsi. Tekanyetso e ntlehali ea 'nete ke tloaelo.

  10.   elcarter a re

    ho joang, ke hloka thuso ke mocha ho etsa li-debian mme ke batla ho fetola mokhoa oa bareng ha ke tsebe ho o bolella haeba ke sehlooho kapa ntho e joalo.
    Ona ke mokhoa oo ke batlang ho o beha ho debian ea ka
    http://muyseguridad.net/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/GNOME-Classic-en-Tails-2.0.png
    Ke tla leboha haholo ha o ka nthusa ho beha mmala oo bareng

  11.   elcarter a re

    Kea tseba, ke kentse debian GNOME empa ke batla ho beha 'mala o mosoeu mekoallo' me ke ne ke batla ho tseba hore na o ka nthusa hore na nka e etsa joang ho e beha tjena:

    http://muyseguridad.net/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/GNOME-Classic-en-Tails-2.0.png

  12.   federico a re

    Lumela Elcarter: Nako eo ke sebelitseng le GNOME3 ho Wheezy. Ke ile ka tloaela ho e etsa ka mokhoa o ikhethileng ke sebelisa GNOME-Control-Center le sesebelisoa sa GNOME-Tweak. Haeba ke ne ke batla ho etsa liphetoho kantle ho seo ba mphileng sona, ke ne ke tla se lebala ebe ke amohela seo ba mphileng sona. KDE ke morena oa tloaelo.

  13.   doc a re

    Kea opa liatla molemong oa botsebi ba pontšo ena empa… na ke balile hantle hore sena ke sengoloa sa 'newbies'…? hobane mohopolo oa ka oa pele ke hore haeba sena se baloa ke newbie ... ba tla lahleheloa ke takatso ea ho kena lefats'eng la Debian. Mme o ntshwarele botshepehi ba ka, ehlile.

    1.    federico a re

      Newbies ho lefats'e la Debian. Babali ba seng ba ntse ba bokelletse tafole ea bona habonolo ka sebopeho se seng. Ka holim'a tsohle, leka ho utloisisa hore ho hlokahala ho bala, ho ithuta le ho ikoetlisa hanyane, haeba o hlile o batla ho kena bokahohleng ba Debian. Kea tseba hore ho na le lipehelo, ho kenyeletsoa le Debian ka boeona, hore ka DVD u fumana Desktop e hlomphehang, 'me ka linako tse ling e feta e hlomphehang. Le Debian u fumana ts'ireletso, botsitso, lebelo, ts'ebeliso e tlase ea lisebelisoa tseo u ka li abelang lits'ebetso eseng ts'ebetsong ea ts'ebetso joalo, le lintlha tse ling tse ntle. Haeba kaholimo ho tse kaholimo, e ntumella ho khetha habonolo le ho kenya Desktop eo ke e ratang ... E mong le e mong a iketsetse liqeto.

      Ho Ma-Initiates kapa Newbies, bonyane o tlameha ho bolela ho feta se phatlalalitsoeng posong ena, hore ba tsebe.

  14.   crespo88 a re

    Lumelang basebetsi-'moho, lumelang bohle.
    Ha re botse re pheta-pheta. Ke mang ea fanang ka tsebo e qaqileng hakaale lefatšeng lee le ntseng le tsoela pele ho hlōlisana?
    Ha re bue ka botlalo, ha re re ke ba fokolang mme har'a bona ke Fico, re leboha mosebetsi-'moho. Kamora ho bala sengoloa sena sa MAGNIFICENT ke khotsofetse haholo.
    Ke tlameha ho theha laboratori mme nka ba ka khetha ka repo e le 'ngoe, ntle le ho nyatsa Ubuntu; Ha ke hloke, Xubuntu, kapa Kubuntu, kapa… Ubuntu, Debian e ntse e khethehile.

    1.    federico a re

      Kea leboha @ crepo88 bakeng sa maikutlo a hau a utloahalang. Ke leka ho etsa hore lingoloa tsa ka e be tse ithutoang kamoo ho ka khonehang, kamehla ke fana ka maikutlo a hore 'mali o cheke ho teba mme a ithute. Ke leka ho fetisa mokhoa oa ho ithuta. Ke leboha hape 'me u se ke oa emisa ho latela DesdeLinux.

      1.    crespo88 a re

        U ka emisa ho latela linux Fico, litlhahiso tsa hau li ntle, tsoelapele joalo leha lefats'e la linux le lokolohile ebile le ngotsoe hantle, ho lula ho na le lintho tse sa hlakang ho rona ba tsamaisang le basebelisi ba ho qetela.
        Morero oa hau ha o ntse o phethahatsoa nako le nako ka mehato e tiileng. Kea leboha.

  15.   Ismael Alvarez Wong a re

    Mantsoe a ka a feta sengoloeng sena ka mefuta e fapaneng ea li-desktop le tse peli tse fetileng ho "Ts'ebetso ea Sebaka sa Ts'ebetso"; ntho e 'ngoe le e' ngoe e ntle, e phehile khang ka phapang lipakeng tsa tsona kaofela (ke ne ke sa tsebe hore Cinnamon e hloka Hardware Video Acceleration).
    Ka bonna, ka lebaka la boemo ba ka ba sysadmin, ke lula ke kenya li-server ntle le tikoloho e hlakileng ho tsoa ho mofuta oa CD oa ISO le ha ke kenya setsi sa ka sa mosebetsi le / kapa pc ea ka ea lapeng ke tlameha ho ipolaea ke batla hore na ke mang ea nang le mofuta oa DVD (eo ka tsela eo e leng li-DVD tse tharo leha e le hore ka 'nete le DVD1 e lekane) ea ISO;
    KE ILE KA ITHUTA HORE KE KA LOKISETSA Sebaka sa ka sa mosebetsi kantle le tikoloho ea litšoantšo 'me ka mor'a moo "E DUMP" LE LEKHOTLA LA KA LE KHOPOTSOANG LXDE kapa MATE.
    Ke tla tsoelapele letotong lena kaha ke khahloa haholo ke bonono ba KVM.

  16.   FEIE a re

    Ke hlompha Wong, bakeng sa maikutlo a hau, a tseba haholoanyane hore e tsoa ho Mosebetsimmoho le li-server tse ngata tlasa tsamaiso ea hae. Ke leboha ho fana ka maikutlo, motsoalle.