OpenTitan, morero oa mohloli o bulehileng oa Google oa ho etsa li-chip tse sireletsehileng

Li-chips tsa Open-Titan

Haufinyane litaba li phatlalalitse hore Google e sebelisane 'moho le likhamphani tse' maloa tsa mahlale ho hlahisa li-chip tsa mohloli tse sireletsehileng le tse bulehileng. Morero oa koporasi e ncha ke ho theha meralo ea chip robust bakeng sa ts'ebeliso litsing tsa data, li-server le lisebelisoa tse kentsoeng libakeng tse mahlonoko.

Morero o bitsoa OpenTitan, morero oa mohloli o bulehileng o raliloeng ho khothaletsa nts'etsopele ea se bitsoang theknoloji ea motso-ea-trust bakeng sa litsi tsa data le lisebelisoa tsa bareki. Khamphani e ikemiselitse ho e sebelisa ho li-smartphone tsa eona tse thehiloeng ho Android, hammoho le lisebelisoa tse fapaneng tsa ts'ireletso ea "hardware".

Google e boletse joalo OpenTitan e tla laoloa ke sechaba sa LowRisc. Balekane ba kenyelletsa ETH Zurich, G + D Mobile Security, Nuvoton Technology, le Western Digital.

Ka nako e ts'oanang Ho boleloa hore ho na le bokhoni ba ho fetolela OpenTitan hoo e batlang e le sesebelisoa kapa software. Ha sistimi e hlalosoa e na le motso oa ts'epo, ho bolela hore ho na le chip kapa module e ikhethang e ikarabellang bakeng sa ho thibela liteko tsa ho utsoa.

Ka mohala o fetilengKa mohlala, Pixel 4 ea Google, microcontroller ea Titan M e bapala karolo eo. Ke processor e nyane e netefatsang botšepehi ba firmware ho mehala ea basebelisi nako le nako ha e li bulela.

Khabareng, litsing tsa data, motso oa ts'epo hangata ke se tsejoang ka hore ke module ea ts'ireletso ea Hardware, sesebelisoa se inehetseng se 'sireletsang' linotlolo tsa ho patela eo ka eona li-server li patang boitsebiso ba lekunutu. Lisebelisoa tsa ts'ireletso ea lisebelisoa tsa thepa li arohane le marang-rang kaofela mme hangata e tla maemong a manganga a hanang.

Ka OpenTitan, Google e ts'epa ho fa indasteri lisebelisoa tse tloaelehileng tsa ho aha theknoloji bakeng sa ho theha lihlahisoa tsa motso tse tšepahalang.

Seqhenqha sa lipatlisiso hajoale e ntse e theha moralo chip e entsoeng ka ho khetheha bakeng sa projeke e sebelisa meralo e tsebahalang ea RISC-V. Ho boetse ho na le likarolo tse ling tse ngata mesebetsing, ho kenyeletsoa firmware, li-processor tse ntlafalitsoeng bakeng sa ho sebetsana le mesebetsi ea li-cryptographic, le jenereithara ea linomoro tse ikhethileng bakeng sa ho theha linotlolo tsa encryption.

«Lisebelisoa tsa mohloli o bulehileng li ka ntlafatsa ts'epo le polokeho ka moralo le ponaletso ea ts'ebetsong »

"Mathata a ka fumanoa kapele mme tlhoko ea ho ts'epa bofofu e fokotsehile." Ba boetse ba re ka bolokolohi ho arolelana mahlale a mantlha ho ka "nolofalletsa le ho matlafatsa boiqapelo ka menehelo ea ho bula moralo oa mehloli." O ngotse Royal Hansen, Ofisiri e kholo ea ts'ireletso ea tlhahisoleseling ea Google le moetapele oa OpenTitan Dominic Rizzo posong ea blog.

Google e sebetsa ka mafolofolo ho hohela tikoloho ea bafani. Khamphani e fetiselitse taolo ea OpenTitan ho LowRisc, e leng lekala la indasteri le ikopantseng le Univesithi ea CambridgEy e hira balekane ba kantle ho ts'ehetsa nts'etsopele.

Hansen le Rizzo ba ngotse seo theknoloji e hlahisoang ka OpenTitan e tla ba

"E na le thuso bakeng sa baetsi ba li-chipmaker ba elang hloko ts'ireletso, bafani ba sethala le mekhatlo ea khoebo e batlang ho ntlafatsa litšebeletso tsa bona."

Theknoloji efe kapa efe eo mekhatlo eo e kenyang letsoho ho OpenTitan e ka ba molemo ho Google. Khamphani e sebelisa metso ea 'mela e tšeptjoang lifonong tsa eona tsa Pixel, matlapa a Pixel Slate, mme haholoholo, litsing tsa eona tsa data ho sireletsa li-server litlhaselong.

Tšepiso ea likhokahano tsa ts'ireletso tse sebetsang hantle le ho feta e kanna ea hohela bahanyetsi ba bang Google ho kenela OpenTitan.

Mohlala, Apple Inc. e na le motsoako oa eona o tšeptjoang o bitsoang T2 o nang le mefuta e meng ea Mac, ha Amazon Web Services Inc. e fana ka mesebetsi ea module ea ts'ireletso ea Hardware ka sethala sa eona sa leru.

Ka lehlakoreng la eona, e nka monyetla ka boemo ba eona ho lisebelisoa tsa data le theknoloji e bulehileng ea mehloli, Western Digital e sebetsa le balekane ba ecosystem ho ntlafatsa moralo oa OpenTitan ho fihlela litlhoko tse fapaneng tsa ts'ireletso tsa linyeoe tsa ts'ebeliso ea data-centric ea mantlha-ho-bohale, ho kenyelletsa lits'ebetso tsa ho ithuta ka mochini, li-smartphones, le lisebelisoa tsa marang-rang tsa Internet (Things) (IoT).

Lintlha tse ling ka eona, ka sehokela sena.


Litaba tsa sengoloa sena li latela melao-motheo ea rona ea melao ea boitšoaro ea bongoli. Ho tlaleha phoso tlanya mona.

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  1. E ikarabella bakeng sa data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Morero oa data: Laola SPAM, tsamaiso ea maikutlo.
  3. Molao: Tumello ea hau
  4. Puisano ea data: Lintlha li ke ke tsa tsebisoa batho ba boraro ntle le ka tlamo ea molao.
  5. Polokelo ea data: Database e hapiloeng ke Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Litokelo: Nako efe kapa efe o ka fokotsa, oa hlaphoheloa mme oa hlakola tlhaiso-leseling ea hau.

  1.   Andrés a re

    E 'ngoe ea lipheo tsa mantlha tsa Google bakeng sa projeke ena ke ho etsa li-chip tse "nameng" tse thibelang phetoho ea software e kentsoeng fonong kapa hore batho ba ka iketsetsa lifeme kapa li-roms tsa bona.
    Li-chip tsa mohloli o bulehileng ke mohopolo o motle o ka thusang sechaba haholo, empa ha re thetsoeng ke senatla le merero ea sona.