Ntlafatsa le ho ntlafatsa MX-Linux 19.0 le DEBIAN 10.2 kamora ho kenya

Ntlafatsa le ho ntlafatsa MX-Linux 19.0 le DEBIAN 10.2 kamora ho kenya

Ntlafatsa le ho ntlafatsa MX-Linux 19.0 le DEBIAN 10.2 kamora ho kenya

Khatisong ena re tla tsoelapele ho fana ka Tsamaiso e tloaelehileng ho ntjhafatsa le optimize, ka bobeli ho MX-Linux 19.0 e le HO TSEBA 10.2 kamora ho kenya, joalo ka ha ea pele e haha ​​holim'a eona.

Ho etsa sena sao tutorial re sebelisitse a Faele ea ISO ea ho qetela Setšoantšo sa MX-Linux, 64-bit, ea December 2019, e bitsoang MX-19-Tshitwe_x64.iso, empa mang kapa mang a ka kopitsa tsa morao-rao tse fumanehang ho mona, le a Faele ea ISO ea ho qetela mofuta o tsitsitseng oa DEBIAN, 64-bit, bakeng sa DVD, ea November 2019, e bitsoang debian-10.2.0-amd64-DVD-1.iso, empa mang kapa mang a ka kopitsa tsa morao-rao tse fumanehang ho mona.

Ho ntlafatsa MX-Linux le DEBIAN: Selelekela

Sena etlaba sa rona thupelo ea pele ea ho kenya kamora ho DEBIAN 10 - Buster, kaha tsa hoqetela tse entsoeng li ne li le ka hara mofuta oa pele, LEQEPHE 9 - Otlolla. Li teng, haeba u ka batla ho li botsa ka mokhoa o hlophisehileng, tse latelang:

Ntlafatsa MX-Linux le DEBIAN: Lingoloa tse fetileng

Lingoloa tse fetileng ho DEBIAN le MX-Linux

  • Mokhoa oa ho ntlafatsa ts'ebetso ea rona ea ts'ebetso ea GNU / Linux? (Bona ho kena)
  • U ka etsa mekhoa ea rona ea ts'ebetso ea GNU / Linux joang? (Bona ho kena)
  • Fetola GNU / Linux ea hau hore e be Distro e loketseng Ntšetso-pele ea Software (Bona ho kena)
  • Fetola GNU / Linux ea hau hore e be Multimedia Distro ea boleng (Bona ho kena)
  • Fetola GNU / Linux ea hau hore e be Distro Gamer ea boleng (Bona ho kena)
  • Fetolela GNU / Linux ea hau hore e be Sistimi e Sebetsang e Loketseng Merafo ea Dijithale (Bona ho kena)

Haeba ho joalo, o batla ho lekola lingoloa tse fetileng ka MX-Linux, tse latelang lia fumaneha:

  • MX-Linux 17.1: Distro ea sejoale-joale, e bobebe, e matla ebile e mosa (Bona ho kena)
  • MX-Linux 19 - Beta 1: Distrowatch Distro # 1 e ntlafalitsoe (Bona ho kena)
  • MX Linux 19: Phetolelo e ncha e thehiloeng ho DEBIAN 10 e lokollotsoe (Bona ho kena)

Ka lebaka la lingoloa tsena, le tse ling ka DIBIAN y MX-Linux, ba buang ka bona ba joang le hore na ba ka li kenya joang? Re tla tloha mona ho ea pele, ka kotloloho ho Mehato ea kamora ho kenya, tsa mefuta ena e mecha e fumanehang ka selemo sa 2020.

Mehato le Litlhahiso

Mehato le litlhahiso tsa kamora ho kenya le ho ntlafatsa, ho iketsetsa le ho ntlafatsa DEBIAN 10 le MX-Linux 19

Hopola hore liketso le lipakete tse khothalletsoang mona ho tsamaisa le ho kenya ke tsona feela, "liphutheloana kgothaletswa" 'me e sala ho e mong le e mong ho e phethisa le ho e kenya kaofela kapa tse ling tsa tsona, hobaneng li le joalo tse hlokahalang kapa tse nang le thuso, nakong e khuts'oane kapa e mahareng, ho li tseba le ho li sebelisa, ka ho li tsamaisa kapa ho li kenya.

Hopola hore liketso tsena le / kapa liphutheloana li ne li le teng e neng e lekoa pele ho Distros ka bobeli, 'Me u se ke ua kopa ho tlosa liphutheloana tse kentsoeng ka ho sa feleng ho tsena. Ho feta moo, ha li eketse tšebeliso ea memori kapa CPU, hobane ha li laole lits'ebetso kapa daemone (lits'ebeletso) mohopolong ka boiketsetso. Ho tseba esale pele hore na sephutheloana ka seng se sebelisetsoa eng, tlanya mona.

Phetoho

Ke feela bakeng sa ho nchafatsa MX-Linux

A.- Matha Tlhatlhobo ea MX ka har'a bara ea menyu kapa ho tloha lenaneng la ho qala

B. - Matha ho tloha ho terminal e qala "nako ea motso", ho kenya liphutheloana tse latelang ka taelo e latelang:

apt install mx-clocky mx-findshares mx-switchuser mx-timeset-gui mxt-app

Ho nchafatsa DEBIAN / MX-Linux

Baleha ho terminal e qala "nako ea motso”(Motso @ mycomputer $), ho kenya liphutheloana tse latelang ka taelo e latelang:

apt update; apt full-upgrade; apt install -f; dpkg --configure -a; apt-get autoremove; apt --fix-broken install

apt install aptitude apt-xapian-index apt-transport-https; apt update; update-apt-xapian-index

aptitude clean; aptitude autoclean; apt-get autoremove; apt autoremove; apt purge; apt remove

apt install deborphan localepurge prelink

cp /etc/default/prelink /etc/default/prelink.bck-`date +"%d_%b_%y"`

sed -i 's/PRELINKING=unknown/PRELINKING=yes/' /etc/default/prelink

prelink -all

localepurge; update-grub; update-grub2; aptitude clean; aptitude autoclean; apt-get autoremove; apt autoremove; apt purge; apt remove; apt --fix-broken install

Liketso tsa boikhethelo

1.- Fetolela mosebelisi ea bōpiloeng hore e be mosebelisi oa sudoers ho tsoa ho mosebelisi oa motso

adduser myuser motso nano / etc / sudoers myuser ALL = (TSOHLE: TSOHLE) TSOHLE

Tlhokomeliso: Kenya mola oa ho qetela ka tlasa mola o reng: root ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL

2.- Ntlafatsa ntlafatso ea $ PATH ho file ea superuser .bashrc: Ke ea DEBIAN 10 feela

Tlhokomeliso: Hopola hore ka mofuta oa "DEBANE 10" haeba e sa qale "nako ea motso" ka taelo ea taelo «su -» sebakeng sa «su motso» o tla hloka ho ntlafatsa litaba tsa se feto-fetohang "$ PATH" ho thibela mathata a phethahatso ea taelo, joalo ka ha o sebelisa taelo "Dpkg". Ka hona, ho hlokahala hore o lokise bothata bona ka nakoana ka ho eketsa file ea "TSELA" hlokahala ka taelo «Romela kantle ho naha» ka mokoa o latelang:

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin

Haeba o batla ho e rarolla ruri, o tlameha ho kenya file ea "TSELA" hlokahala ka tsela e latelang:

Mokhoa oa 1: Ka taelo ea echo

echo 'export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin' >> /root/.bashrc

echo 'export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin' >> /home/miusuario/.bashrc

Mokhoa oa 2: Ka taelo ea nano

Matha:

nano /root/.bashrc

Mme qetellong eketsa mola o latelang:

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin

Matha:

nano /home/usuario/.bashrc

Mme qetellong eketsa mola o latelang:

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin

Khopotso: Haeba o kena ka taelo "hae -" Kamehla o ka tlola ts'ebetso ena.

Iketsetse

Pōpo ea foldara ea litaba tse tloaelehileng kapa lits'ebetso tsa kantle ho naha ho «/ opt /»

mkdir -p / opt / foldara ea ka chmod 777 -R / opt / my folda e khethile myuser. -R / opt / myfolder

Ho iketsetsa khetho ea likhetho tsa Panel le likarolo tsa eona

Maemong ao thuto ena e buang ka ona, DEBIAN le MX-Linux distros , con Libaka tsa XFCE Desktop , con Menyu ea litelu, liketso tse latelang li ka etsoa:

  • Menyu ea litelu: Fetola boholo, lets'oao la menyu, lenane la lits'ebetso tse o li ratang, le likhetho tse ling tsa li-tab tsa "ponahalo le boits'oaro" tse lakatsehang ho thepa ea eona.
  • Bar ea Menyu: Kenya le / kapa tlosa li-Widgets tse hlokahalang kapa tse lakatsehang 'me u fetole maemo le thepa ea bona.

Hape, ka app Main Menu (Alacarte) ba ka khona Numella ho tima lits'ebetso tse bonahalang le tse lakatsehang ho Qala Menu.

Iketsetse Litlhophiso tsa Desktop

Karolong (ts'ebeliso) e bitsitsoeng XFCE Desktop ho ka etsoa liketso kapa liphetoho tse latelang:

  • Ka morao: Khetha semelo kapa tse 'maloa ebe u khetha mokhoa oa nehelano o tšoanang kapa oohle.
  • Lenaneo: Khetha likhetho tse lakatsehang kapa tse hlokahalang ho tsoa mekhatlong: Lenaneo la Desktop le Lenane la Mananeo a Window
  • Litšoantšo: Khetha likhetho tse lakatsehang kapa tse hlokahalang ho tsoa mekhahlelong: Litšobotsi le Ponahalo e ikhethileng.

Tloaelo ea GRUB

  • Tabeng ea MX-Linux O ka fetola setšoantšo sa morao ka ho etsa liphetoho ho file ea Sehlooho sa GRUB "Lera" e tlang ka ho sa feleng.
  • Tabeng ea DIBIAN O ka fetola setšoantšo sa morao ka ho etsa liphetoho ho file ea Sehlooho sa GRUB "Starfield" e tlang ka ho sa feleng.

Tlhokomeliso: Phetoho ena e ka etsoa ka letsoho ho sebelisa file ea ho hlophisa lifaele tsa tlhophiso ea Lihlooho tsa GRUB e sebelisitsoe, empa ho molemo ho kenya ts'ebeliso "Moqapi oa GRUB" le ho etsa phetoho ena, hape hape sebelisa monyetla oa ho etsa methati ea litlatsetso tsa GRUB.

Tloaelo ea Conky Desktop

En MX-Linux kopo e se e kentsoe (Motsamaisi oa Conky), empa ka DIBIAN ho tla hlokahala ho e kenya. Hang ha o kentsoe mme o hlophisitsoe, o tlameha feela ho khetha le iketsetse Conky ea khetho ea rona.

Hlaolela

apt install neofetch figlet toilet lolcat

Sepheo

Thusa ho hlophisoa ha Lifaele tsa .bashrc motso le mosebelisi.

apt install autoconf automake build-essential dkms fastjar g++ gawk gcc gcc-multilib gettext gettext-base intltool intltool-debian jarwrapper gtk-recordmydesktop linux-headers-$(uname -r) mawk mesa-common-dev minizip nasm perl perl-base perl-modules-5.28 pkg-config python-apt python-glade2 python-gtk2 python-libxml2 subversion wx-common wx3.0-headers x11proto-record-dev zlib1g zlib1g-dev

Sepheo

Fana ka ts'ehetso bakeng sa liketso tse tsoetseng pele, joalo ka pokello ea kernel kapa lits'ebetso tse ling.

apt install libalien-wxwidgets-perl libbz2-dev libc6 libcdio-cdda-dev libcdio-dev libcdio-paranoia-dev libcurl3-gnutls libgcc1 libgl1-mesa-dev libglade2-0 libglade2-dev libglib2.0-0 libglib2.0-bin libglib2.0-data libglib2.0-dev libglibmm-2.4-1v5 libglibmm-2.4-dev libglu1-mesa-dev libgmp3-dev libgtk-3-dev libgtk2.0-0 libgtk2.0-bin libgtk2.0-common libgtk2.0-dev libguichan-sdl-0.8.1-1v5 libjack-jackd2-dev liblocale-gettext-perl libpcre16-3 libmodule-pluggable-perl libpng16-16 libsdl-console-dev libsdl-gfx1.2-dev libsdl-image1.2-dev libsdl-mixer1.2-dev libsdl-net1.2-dev libsdl-ocaml-dev libsdl-pango-dev libsdl-perl libsdl-sge-dev libsdl-sound1.2-dev libsdl-ttf2.0-dev libsdl1.2-dev libsdl2-2.0-0 libsdl2-dev libsdl2-image-dev libsdl2-mixer-dev libsdl2-net-dev libsdl2-ttf-dev libsigc++-2.0-dev libsndfile1-dev libstdc++6 libtool libvorbisenc2 libwx-perl libwxbase3.0-dev libxcb-xtest0 libxcb-xv0 libxml2 libxml2-dev libxml2-utils libxtst-dev libxv-dev libxv1 libxvmc1 libxxf86vm-dev

Sepheo

Fana ka ts'ehetso lits'ebetsong tsa bohlokoa bakeng sa basebelisi ba tsoetseng pele (multimedia, libapali, bahlahisi, hara ba bang).

apt install arj bzip2 gzip lhasa liblhasa0 lzip lzma p7zip p7zip-full p7zip-rar sharutils rar unace unrar unrar-free tar unzip xz-utils zip

Sepheo

Fana ka ts'ehetso e felletseng ea mesebetsi ea khatello / khatello ea maikutlo ho Ts'ebetso ea Ts'ebetso.

apt install alien curl debian-keyring debian-archive-keyring htop lynx net-tools nmap rpm rpm-i18n screen ssh sudo testdisk w3m w3m-img

Sepheo

Kenya li-plugins le lits'ebetso tsa mantlha (tsa bohlokoa le / kapa tse sebetsang) ho fihla Terminal Interface (CLI).

apt install alacarte baobab bleachbit brasero brasero-cdrkit camera.app cdrskin cheese chromium chromium-l10n converseen dcraw dvd+rw-tools dvdauthor evince ffmpegthumbnailer file-roller firefox-esr firefox-esr-l10n-es-es fslint gdebi gedit gedit-plugins gimp gimp-gmic gimp-data-extras gimp-gap gimp-gutenprint gimp-plugin-registry gimp-help-es gnome-disk-utility gnome-orca gparted gphoto2 gpicview gufw imagination kodi libdvdread4 libdvdnav4 libmimic0 libxm4 lightdm-gtk-greeter-settings lsb-release lsdvd menu-l10n menulibre mirage onboard pitivi ooo-thumbnailer plymouth plymouth-themes plymouth-x11 rhythmbox rhythmbox-plugins rhythmbox-plugin-cdrecorder software-properties-gtk seahorse simple-scan shotwell software-properties-gtk sound-juicer synaptic thunderbird thunderbird-l10n-es-es totem totem-plugins update-notifier vlc vlc-plugin-notify vokoscreen xarchiver xscreensaver zipper.app

Sepheo

Kenya li-add-on le lits'ebetso tsa mantlha (tsa bohlokoa le / kapa tse sebetsang) ho ea fihla Graphical Interface (GUI).

apt install game-data-packager games-minesweeper games-tetris games-thumbnails gnome-cards-data gnome-games

Sepheo

Kenya lipakete tsa kopo ea boikhathollo le boithabiso (lipapali) (tsa bohlokoa le / kapa tse molemo) bakeng sa basebelisi ba tloaelehileng (ofisi ea boiketsetso).

Liphetho

Molemong oa ka, tsamaisa ts'ebetso ena ho Distro MX-Linux 19 ea ka ho hlahisa my ISO e ncha e nkehang le e khonehang ka tloaelo e fetelletseng le ntlafatsoseo ke tloaetseng ho se bitsa "Mehlolo", joale ho 2.0 version. Ke hokela li-skrini hore o tle o bone sephetho:

MilagrOS 2.0 - Ponahalo ea hoqetela 1

MilagrOS 2.0 - Ponahalo ea hoqetela 2

MilagrOS 2.0 - Ponahalo ea hoqetela 1

Ho fihlela joale, karolo ena ea pele ea thupelo ena. Karolong ea bobeli re tla fana ka maikutlo a hore liphutheloana tse ling (likopo) li khothalletsoa ho tsoela pele ho ntlafatsa (ho tlatselletsa) Distros DEBIAN 10 le MX-Linux 19.

Setšoantšo se akaretsang bakeng sa liqeto tsa sengoloa

Qetello

Re tšepa hore ke "poso e nyane ea bohlokoa" hoo e ka bang «DEBIAN y MX-Linux», ho mefuta ea eona ea morao-rao le ea hajoale ea selemo sa 2020, ho fihlela «actualizarlas y optimizarlas», thahasella haholo 'me u sebelise, bakeng sa eona kaofela «Comunidad de Software Libre y Código Abierto» le tlatsetso e kholo ho haseng ha tikoloho e ntle, e kholo le e holang ea ts'ebeliso ea lits'ebetso le bakeng sa «GNU/Linux».

Bakeng sa tlhaiso-leseling e batsi, se ke oa lula u tsilatsila ho etela efe kapa efe Laebrari e fumanehang Inthaneteng e le OpenLibra y JedIT ho bala libuka (li-PDF) ka taba ena kapa tse ling libaka tsa tsebo. Hona joale, haeba u ratile sena «publicación», u seke oa emisa ho e arolelana le ba bang, ho Liwebosaete tseo u li ratang haholo, liteishene, lihlopha kapa sechaba ea marang-rang, haholo-holo e lokolohile ebile e bulehile joalo ka Mastoni, kapa e sireletsehileng le ea lekunutu joaloka thelekramo.

Kapa etela feela leqephe la rona la lehae ho Ho tlohaLinux kapa ikopanye le Channel ea semmuso Telegraph e tsoa ho DesdeLinux ho bala le ho voutela ena kapa lingoliloeng tse ling tse khahlisang ka «Software Libre», «Código Abierto», «GNU/Linux» le lihlooho tse ling tse amanang le «Informática y la Computación», le «Actualidad tecnológica».


Litaba tsa sengoloa sena li latela melao-motheo ea rona ea melao ea boitšoaro ea bongoli. Ho tlaleha phoso tlanya mona.

Maikutlo a 8, siea ea hau

Siea maikutlo a hau

aterese ya hao ya imeile ke ke ho phatlalatswa. masimo a hlokahala a tšoailoe ka *

*

*

  1. E ikarabella bakeng sa data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Morero oa data: Laola SPAM, tsamaiso ea maikutlo.
  3. Molao: Tumello ea hau
  4. Puisano ea data: Lintlha li ke ke tsa tsebisoa batho ba boraro ntle le ka tlamo ea molao.
  5. Polokelo ea data: Database e hapiloeng ke Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Litokelo: Nako efe kapa efe o ka fokotsa, oa hlaphoheloa mme oa hlakola tlhaiso-leseling ea hau.

  1.   gerson a re

    Ho ea kamoo ke tsebang leqepheng la semmuso la MX ha ho na MX-19_December_x64.iso Mme ha o tobetsa sehokela seo ba se sieang sengolong, ho jarollwa ISO e nyane ea 0.
    Ke lumela hore sengoloa sena pele se sebetsa hantle se tla baka mathata ho ba latelang litaelo.
    Khothaletso ea ka: jarolla ISO ea semmuso sebakeng sa MX; ebe o kenya le ho hlophisa hore o lumellane le motho e mong le e mong.

  2.   Lenaneo la Linux Post a re

    Lumeliso, Gerson ea ratehang. Ke tla kopitsa mona karabo eo ke u fileng eona ho Telegraph:

    Ke se ke lokisitse sehokelo se senyehileng! Ka nako ea ho ngola sengoloa haeba ho ne ho na le ISO e phethahetseng ea MX-19_December_x64.iso, joalo ka ha ke u bontšitse skrini ka ISO e jarollotsoeng, empa linepe tsohle ho tloha ka Tshitwe joale li se li le zero (0) kb.

    Ha ke e jarolla e ne e nepahetse, empa ke nahana hore motho e mong o kentse repo ho 0 Kb 'me kaofela li hokahane joalo. Ke bolela hore phoso e ne e se ea ka. Kaha ha ke sebetsane le phomolo, ke e jarollotse hantle. Mme ho sa tsotelehe ho khethoa seipone sa MX-Linux, setšoantšo sa December joale ha se zero, empa lipalo tsa kaho li teng.

    Empa ke se ke lokisitse sehokela, ka hona ke leboha maikutlo a bohlokoa joalo. Ke leboha maikutlo!

    1.    gerson a re

      Ka morero; Na u khonne ho kenya liquorix kernel sebakeng sa polokelo se tsitsitseng?

      1.    Lenaneo la Linux Post a re

        Lumela, Gerson! Che, empa ke tla etsa sengoloa ka eona ka taba ena. Ke leboha maikutlo a hau.

  3.   Osvaldo santos a re

    Kea leboha, pele ho tsohle, ke leboha haholo bakeng sa poso, ke thuso e ntle ho qala empa nka rata ho tseba hore na e 'ngoe le e' ngoe ea litaelo e etsa eng, e meng kea e tseba empa e meng ha e tsebe, ke nahana hore ho ka ba molemo ho sechaba kaofela ho tseba hore na se etselitsoe eng. Ke leboha haholo hape

  4.   Jonathan MG a re

    Na ho ka etsahala hore u kenye kernel e tsitsitseng ea Liquorix Kernel ho leihlo la hau ho ntlafatsa le ho theha ISO e ncha? Ha ke fumane sehokelo sa download bakeng sa mofuta oa hau oa v2.0 🙁

    1.    Lenaneo la Linux Post a re

      Lumelisang JonathanMG! Ha ke so behe 2.0 hona joale, empa ke lekile Liquorix Kernel ho eona mme ha ke so bone mathata ho eona. E ke ke ea tla e kopantsoe, empa ke tla hlahisa ntlha ea hore u ka e amohela ntle le bothata.

  5.   Jonathan MG a re

    Ho lokile ka lebaka ha ke sa fumane mofuta oa 2.0 oo nka o jarollang, o tla fumaneha neng? Ho ka ba molemo haholo hore ka har'a sistimi e tla u tlohella u khethe ha u tla e kenya, e ka ba e khahlisang haholo hammoho le mofuta o tsitsitseng kapa o sa tsitsang, ke ts'epa hore o tla ela hloko maikutlo a ka kaha ha ho na distro eu fang khetho eo