Baokameli ba Window: Graphical User Interfaces bakeng sa GNU / Linux

Baokameli ba Window: Graphical User Interfaces bakeng sa GNU / Linux

Baokameli ba Window: Graphical User Interfaces bakeng sa GNU / Linux

Ho tloha qalong ea GNU / Linux, tšebeliso le phapang ea Lits'oants'o tsa Basebelisi ba Graphical (GUI) e fumanehang e ntse e hola. 'Me ka nako e ts'oanang, tlholisano e' ngoe e boetse e holile har'a basebelisi, ba bacha le ba nang le boiphihlelo, mabapi le hore na ke efe e ntle ka ho fetisisa hara likhetho tse ngata tse teng.

Leha ho le joalo, likhetho tsa hajoale li fumaneha ho tloha GUI bakeng sa GNU / Linux, ke hore Baokameli ba Window (Batsamaisi ba Windows - WM, ka Senyesemane) e tsebahala haholo kapa e tsebahala haholo, hangata e kopana ka har'a tse tsebahalang le tse felletseng Libaka tsa Desktop (Libaka tsa Desktop - DE, ka Senyesemane) ha tse ling tse ngata, hantle feela, empa mohlomong li sa tsejoe kapa li sa sebelisoe hangata li tla ka mokhoa o ikemetseng Tikoloho ea Desktop e tobileng.

Baokameli ba Window: Selelekela

Ha re hopoleng hore, lipakeng tsa Tikoloho ea Desktop le a Window Manager ho na le phapang e hlakileng ha ho buuoa ka a Sistimi e sebetsang ea GNU / Linux.

Pele ho tsohle, ho bohlokoa ho totobatsa boteng ba Sistimi ea Window ea X (X Windows, ka Senyesemane), which E nkuoa e le setsi se lumellang ho taka likarolo tsa lits'oants'o skrineng. Joalo, X Windows e fana ka ts'ehetso e lumellang motsamao oa lifensetere, litšebelisano le khiboto le toeba, mme e hule lifensetere. 'Me sena sohle sea hlokahala bakeng sa desktop efe kapa efe e hlakileng.

Re na le sena kelellong, re ka utloisisa hantle hore ke Mookameli oa fensetere le a Tikoloho ea Desktop.

Mookameli oa fensetere

Ke sekhechana sa selotho se laolang ho beoa le ponahalo ea lifensetere. Mme hoo ho hloka X Windows ho sebetsa empa eseng ho tsoa ho Tikoloho ea Desktop, ea foromo e tlamang. Mme ho latela ArchLinux Official Wiki, karolong ea eona e nehetsoeng ho «Batsamaisi ba Windows«, Tsena li arotsoe ka mefuta e meraro, e latelang:

  • Stacking: Tseo li etsisang ponahalo le tšebetso ea Windows le OS X, ka hona, laola lifensetere joalo ka likotoana tsa pampiri ho desktop, tse ka pakiloeng e le ngoe holim'a e 'ngoe.
  • Ho taka: Ba mofuta oa "mosaic" moo lifensetere li sa keneng, le moo hangata ho nang le ts'ebeliso e pharalletseng haholo ea liqhoqhoane tsa keyboard, mme ho sa itšetleha haholo ka ts'ebeliso ea toeba ho fumanoa.
  • Matla: Tse u lumellang hore u fetole moralo oa lifensetere lipakeng tsa litlolo tsa mosaic kapa tse sesa.

Tikoloho ea desktop

Ke elemente kapa sistimi e kopaneng haholo ho feta Window Manager. Mme ka hona e hloka ka bobeli X Windows joalo ka Window Manager, ho sebetsa. Ke ka hona hangata ba kenyelletsang tsa bona le / kapa ho sebelisa e le 'ngoe kapa tse fetang tse ikemetseng tsa WM ho sebetsa hantle.

Ntle le moo, ho bohlokoa ho hlokomela hore a Tikoloho ea Desktop ka kakaretso e kenyelletsa pokello ea likopo tse hokahaneng ka thata hore lits'ebetso tsohle li tsebane joalo ka ts'ebeliso ea mofuta phanele (taskbar) e nolofalletsang ts'ebetso e itseng joalo ka ho beha tse nyane likarolo (li-widgets) bakeng sa ketso e potlakileng kapa tlhaiso-leseling molemong oa ho ntlafatsa boiphihlelo ba mosebelisi.

Haeba ho joalo, u batla ho tseba haholoanyane ka file ea Libaka tsa Desktop, re khothaletsa ho lekola litlatsetso tse latelang tse fetileng:

Baokameli ba Window: Litaba

Baokameli ba Window khahlanong le Libaka tsa Desktop

Mabapi le Tikoloho e Ikhethileng ea Desktop

  1. Metacity: Ho tsoa ho GNOME
  2. Mutter: Ho tsoa ho Shell ea GNOME
  3. KWin: Ho tloha KDE le KDE Plasma
  4. XFWM: Ho tloha XFCE
  5. Muffin: Ho tloha ka sinamone
  6. Marco: Matte
  7. TebilengWM: Ho tloha Deepin
  8. Gala: Ho tloha Pantheon
  9. BudgieWM: Ho tloha Budgie
  10. UKWM: Ho tsoa UKUI

Ikemetseng ka tikoloho e itseng ea Desktop

  1. 2BWM: https://github.com/venam/2bwm
  2. 9WM: https://github.com/9wm/9wm
  3. AEWM: http://freshmeat.sourceforge.net/projects/aewm
  4. Morao-rao: http://afterstep.org/
  5. WM e makatsang: https://awesomewm.org/
  6. BerryWM: https://berrywm.org/
  7. Lebokose: https://github.com/bbidulock/blackboxwm
  8. BSPWM: https://github.com/baskerville/bspwm
  9. Byobu: https://byobu.org/
  10. Ngola: http://www.compiz.org/
  11. CWM: https://github.com/leahneukirchen/cwm
  12. DWM: http://dwm.suckless.org/
  13. Tsebo: http://www.enlightenment.org
  14. BobeWM: https://github.com/nikolas/evilwm
  15. EXWM: https://github.com/ch11ng/exwm
  16. Lebokose la Flux: http://www.fluxbox.org
  17. FLWM: http://flwm.sourceforge.net/
  18. FVWM: https://www.fvwm.org/
  19. Moholi: http://www.escomposlinux.org/jes/
  20. Herbstluftwm: https://herbstluftwm.org/
  21. I3WM: https://i3wm.org/
  22. IceWM: https://ice-wm.org/
  23. Ion: http://freshmeat.sourceforge.net/projects/ion/
  24. JWM: https://joewing.net/projects/jwm/
  25. MatchBox: https://www.yoctoproject.org/software-item/matchbox/
  26. Metisse: http://insitu.lri.fr/metisse/
  27. Musca: https://github.com/enticeing/musca
  28. MWM: https://motif.ics.com/
  29. OpenBox: http://openbox.org/wiki/Main_Page
  30. Pekwm: https://github.com/pekdon/pekwm
  31. PlayWM: https://github.com/wyderkat/playwm
  32. Qtile: http://www.qtile.org/
  33. Ratpoison: http://www.nongnu.org/ratpoison/
  34. Sawfish: https://sawfish.fandom.com/wiki/Main_Page
  35. Sebono: https://github.com/conformal/spectrwm
  36. Moea: https://github.com/ValveSoftware/SteamOS/wiki/steamcompmgr
  37. StumpWM: https://stumpwm.github.io/
  38. Tsoekere: https://sugarlabs.org/
  39. SwayWM: https://swaywm.org/
  40. TWM: https://www.x.org/releases/X11R7.6/doc/man/man1/twm.1.xhtml
  41. QetellongWM: http://udeproject.sourceforge.net/
  42. VTWM: http://www.vtwm.org/
  43. Wayland: https://wayland.freedesktop.org/
  44. Wingo: https://github.com/BurntSushi/wingo
  45. WM2: http://www.all-day-breakfast.com/wm2/
  46. WMFS: https://github.com/xorg62/wmfs
  47. WMX: http://www.all-day-breakfast.com/wmx/
  48. Window Moetsi: https://www.windowmaker.org/
  49. WindowLab: https://github.com/nickgravgaard/windowlab
  50. Xmonad: https://xmonad.org/

Setšoantšo se akaretsang bakeng sa liqeto tsa sengoloa

Qetello

Re tšepa sena "poso e nyane ea bohlokoa" ka «Gestores de Ventanas», e seng e sebelisitsoe kahare kapa kantle ho «Entorno de Escritorio», ke hore, ka tsela e itšetlehileng kapa e ikemetseng ea e 'ngoe ea tsena, e khahla haholo ebile e thusa, bakeng sa eona kaofela «Comunidad de Software Libre y Código Abierto» le tlatsetso e kholo ho haseng ha tikoloho e ntle, e kholo le e ntseng e hola ea lits'ebeliso tsa «GNU/Linux».

Bakeng sa tlhaiso-leseling e batsi, se ke oa lula u tsilatsila ho etela efe kapa efe Laebrari e fumanehang Inthaneteng e le OpenLibra y jedit ho bala libuka (li-PDF) ka taba ena kapa tse ling libaka tsa tsebo. Hona joale, haeba u ratile sena «publicación», u seke oa emisa ho e arolelana le ba bang, ho Liwebosaete tseo u li ratang haholo, liteishene, lihlopha kapa sechaba ea marang-rang, haholo-holo e lokolohile ebile e bulehile joalo ka Mastoni, kapa e sireletsehileng le ea lekunutu joaloka thelekramo.

Kapa etela feela leqephe la rona la lehae ho Ho tlohaLinux kapa ikopanye le Channel ea semmuso Telegraph e tsoa ho DesdeLinux ho bala le ho voutela ena kapa lingoliloeng tse ling tse khahlisang ka «Software Libre», «Código Abierto», «GNU/Linux» le lihlooho tse ling tse amanang le «Informática y la Computación», le «Actualidad tecnológica».


Litaba tsa sengoloa sena li latela melao-motheo ea rona ea melao ea boitšoaro ea bongoli. Ho tlaleha phoso tlanya mona.

Maikutlo a 14, siea ea hau

Siea maikutlo a hau

aterese ya hao ya imeile ke ke ho phatlalatswa. masimo a hlokahala a tšoailoe ka *

*

*

  1. E ikarabella bakeng sa data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Morero oa data: Laola SPAM, tsamaiso ea maikutlo.
  3. Molao: Tumello ea hau
  4. Puisano ea data: Lintlha li ke ke tsa tsebisoa batho ba boraro ntle le ka tlamo ea molao.
  5. Polokelo ea data: Database e hapiloeng ke Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Litokelo: Nako efe kapa efe o ka fokotsa, oa hlaphoheloa mme oa hlakola tlhaiso-leseling ea hau.

  1.   Juvenal Salinas Maldonado a re

    Hola
    Tlhahisoleseling e khahlisang. Ke ne ke utloetse ka batsamaisi ba bang ba lifensetere empa lenane leo u fanang ka lona le khahlisa e le kannete. Kea leboha.

    1.    Lenaneo la Linux Post a re

      Lumeliso, Juvenal. Ke leboha maikutlo a hau. Re thabile hore ebe u ratile tlhaiso-leseling le hore e bile molemo.

  2.   Jonathan System Moenjiniere a re

    molekane ke tikoloho e ntle ea li-desktop, ke fumane ho le monate bakeng sa laptop ea ka ea khale le pc ea komporo ea ka, ho laptop ea ka ea khale ke sebelisitse botho bo tloaelehileng mme e jele 6-7% ea processor, ha e le molekane oa motho e jele 1-2 % Prosesa e jele tlase, khomphuteng ea ka pc Ubuntu e tloaetse ho jeoa ke 2-3% ea processor, ha e le ho molekane oa Ubuntu e sebelisa 0.5-1% ea processor, ka mantsoe a seng makae Ubuntu le molekane oa tikoloho ba jele cpu e tlase haholo ho laptop ea ka ea khale 64 hanyane 2012 joalo ka ryze 8 desktop pc.

    1.    MONGOLI OA TSOANG: Bryan Vicente Urquiza a re

      U nepile, ts'ebeliso e tlase ebile e bula lits'ebetso kapele, ke li sebelisa beke kaofela 'me ke ts'epa hore e tsoelapele joalo

  3.   Elisabeth montana a re

    Ke thabetse molekane oa ka, leha e se na boikhethelo bo bongata joaloka libaka tse ling, e mpha seo ke se hlokang, mokhoa o bonolo oa ho iketsetsa, empa molemong oa lebelo le letle ha o bula likopo, ntle le ho ts'ebeliso e tlase ea processor le mohopolo oa pheleu, leha mohopolong oa pheleu ha ke tšoenyehe haholo ka ho ba le 8gb ea pheleu, empa ts'ebeliso ea eona e tlase ea processor e ntlohetse leratong, 0.5% khafetsa ke phomotse, ke lekile libaka tse ling mme li fihla ho 3-4% joalo ka khetla ea gnome le plasma ea kde e fihlile ho 2-3% ha molekane a le tlase ho 0.5% WOWOWOWOWOWOW, mme esale ke e leka ka likhoeli tse fetang 8 ho pc ea ka e kholo ea desktop mme ha e so ka e mpha mathata a phollatsi, ke shebella livideo ho youtube 'me ke ntho e tsotehang ha ke tsebe Ke mokelikeli o mong le o mong kamoo o lokelang ho ba ka teng, e leng ntho e ileng ea khomarela gnome ebile e tšoana le plasma ea kde.

  4.   Mario trivia a re

    Molekane o potlakile Ha ho mohla nkileng ka nahana hore e ka fetola tikoloho ea ka ka ponahalo ea mantlha, mme ke e entse ka lebaka la ho potlaka ha eona, ke bula google chrome mme e bula ka motsotsoana o le mong ka lebelo le leholo, e ts'oanang le mananeong a manyane a Ke e sebelisa bakeng sa kholo ea ka.

  5.   Jean Carlos Granda a re

    TIKOLOHO EA MATE DESKTOP ea hlolla, ntho e ngoe le e ngoe e tsitsitse mme ha ke na mathata, hape ke ho penya kapele mme ts'ebeliso ea hau e se e butsoe, bakeng sa ba e so e leke, e etse, e tla ba ea bohlokoa.

  6.   Jean Carlos Granda a re

    TIKOLOHO EA MATE DESKTOP ea hlolla, ntho e ngoe le e ngoe e tsitsitse mme ha ke na mathata, hape ke ho penya kapele mme ts'ebeliso ea hau e se e butsoe, bakeng sa ba e so e leke, e etse, e tla ba ea bohlokoa.

  7.   Francisco Diaz a re

    Ke rata 'mala o motala oo tikoloho e nang le ona bakeng sa ho susumetsoa ke setlama, ke rata tikoloho ena eo ke nang le eona ho tsoa komporong ea ka ea li-desktop tsa ryzen 7 ka lilemo tse 3 mme o lumela hore e potlakile haholo, e boloka ts'ebeliso e tlase ea cpu ea eona, Ke bile le mathata ka libaka tse ling, empa ke thabile hore ebe ke bile le eona ea mantlha, ka tsela eo ke sebelisitseng botho ho tloha ka 2013 mme ke sebelisa ubuntu mate ho tloha ka 2018 e le eona e ka sehloohong.

  8.   Steven Carrion a re

    Ke ntse ke sebelisa fedora le SPING DE MATE, mme leha qalong ke ne ke na le mathata, e ile ea rarolloa mme hajoale ke ntse ke sebetsa hantle haholo, tikoloho ena e potlakile haholo.

  9.   abraham vizcarra a re

    Ke lula ke e sebelisa likhoeli tsa 7 mme ho fihlela joale e mpha litholoana tse ntle bakeng sa seo ke se hlokang.

  10.   Alejandro Rodriguez a re

    siea kde plasma bakeng sa tikoloho ena, ke e sebelisa ho debian ea ka 'me ha ke kope tse ling hape.

  11.   leonardo garcia a re

    Ke tlo kenya ubuntu mate ho bona hore na ho lokile.

  12.   Edward Medina a re

    Ho ntjhafatsa sistimi haeba o na le molekane oa motho, e ea batla "Software update" moo haeba o fumana lintlafatso e fe kenya 'me ha o qetile o tlameha ho qala sisteme hape, ho kenya liphetoho.