Mokhoa oa ho thibela likokoana-hloko Windows e tšoaelitsoeng ke livaerase kapa malware u sebelisa Linux

Ha ke batla tlhaiso-leseling ka taba ena, ke ile ka fumana molaetsa ona o motle o fetoletsoeng ka Sepanishe mme oa phatlalatsoa El Rincón de Tux. Ke kenyelelitse maikutlo a ka le litlhaloso, empa ha e le hantle ke sengoloa se tšoanang. Mona ho hlalositsoe u ka kenya antivirus ea ClamAV joang 'me u e hlahlobe' me u sebelise karolo ea hau ea Windows ka Windows distro. Ke e arolelana le uena hobane ehlile e khothalletsoa ho bala. Ke boetse ke u hopotsa hore F-Secure e fana ka cd-live e etselitsoeng haholo ho tlosa livaerase le malware tse tšoaelitseng karolo ea hau ea Windows.


Ho thibela tšoaetso ea Windows e tšoaelitsoeng ke vaerase kapa malware ho bonolo haholo ka lebaka la ClamAV Antivirus, anti-virus e matla le e tenyetsehang ea mahala bakeng sa Linux le litatso tse ling tsa Unix.

Mehato ke ena ea ho e kenya le ho e sebelisa:

Tlhokomeliso: mehato eohle e boletsoeng ka tlase e tlameha ho etsoa joalo ka motso

1.- kenya ClamAV, ekaba ka YUM kapa APT-GET (ho latela distro eo u e kentseng)

  • sudo apt-get kenya clamav
  • yum kenya clamav

2.- Clamav e se e kentsoe, re ntlafatsa lenane la litlhaloso tsa Virus:

  • bocha

3.- Haeba re se na karohano 'me re sa tsebe ho e fumana, re e batla ka taelo:

  • fdisk -l

E tla bonts'a lenane le ts'oanang le lena moo re tla bona likarolo tsa rona:

Disk / dev / sda: 160.0 GB, 160000000000 li-byte
Lihlooho tsa 255, likarolo / pina e 63, lisilindara tsa 19452
Liyuniti = li-cylinders tsa 16065 * 512 = 8225280 byte
Sekhetho sa Disk: 0 × 41ab2316

Sesebelisoa sa Boot Start End Ids
/ dev / sda1 1 5 40131 ho tloha Dell Utility
/ dev / sda2 * 6 19046 152946832+ 7 HPFS / NTFS
/ dev / sda3 19047 19452 3261195 db CP / M / CTOS /…

4.- Mohlala ona ho bonolo ho bona karolo ea Windows kaha ke karohano NTFS. Pele o ka e sekena ebe o tlosa livaerase / malware tse li hlorisang, o tlameha ho li kenya.

4.1.- Theha sesebelisoa moo o tla beha karolo e arohaneng:

  • mkdir / media / windows

4.2.- Re beha karolo ena (ka mohlala oa rona, / dev / sda2) ka taelo:

  • mount / dev / sda2 / media / windows

5.- Hona joale tsamaisa scan ka tsela e latelang (sena se tla nka nakoana, ho latela bokhoni ba hard drive ea hau le sebaka se phetheselang)

  • mkdir / tmp / virus
  • clamscan -v -r -bell –move / tmp / virus -log /tmp/virus.log / media / windows

Litaelo tsa clamav tse boletsoeng kaholimo ke tsa tse latelang:

  • -v: verbose - Hatisa lintlha tsa scan
  • -r: e ipheta - Lekola lifaele tsohle le lits'oants'o
  • -Bell: tšepe - E etsa lerata ha ho fumanoa vaerase
  • -Tsamaisa: Tsamaisa livaerase ho / tmp / virus / directory.Ho li tlosa ka kotloloho sebelisa parameter –remove = e
  • –Log: Kena lifaele tsohle ho /tmp/virus.log
  • / media / windows: Ena ke sesebelisoa sa ho lekola moo re tla ba le karolo ea rona ea windows
  • Ha e ea kenyelletsoa mohlaleng, empa ho sebelisa -exclude paramethara u ka khetha mefuta e itseng ea lifaele. Mohlala: -exclude = .avi

6.- Qetellong, hlakola bukana moo lifaele tse nang le ts'oaetso li fallisitsoeng. Empa, pele o etsa joalo, ho bohlokoa hore o hlahlobe hore na ke lifaele life tse fumanoeng li na le ts'oaetso:

  • cd / tmp / vaerase
  • ls

Haeba u batla ho li hlakola ...

  • rm -rf / tmp / virus
Tlhokomeliso: o ka kenya clamtk, sebopeho se hlakileng sa clamav, empa ha e u lumelle ho sebelisa tse ling tsa likarolo tse hlalositsoeng sengolong sena. Ka lebaka leo, ho bohlokoa hore u sebelise clamav ka kotloloho ho tsoa setsing.

Haeba u se na Linux distro e kentsoeng 'me u batla ho bolaea Win ea hau ka ho latela How-To ena e nyane, jarolla LiveCD' me u phethe mehato e boletsoeng kaholimo; le uena u ka e etsa u sebelisa Live USB. Ka sebele, ntho e ntle ka ho fetisisa e ka ba ho tlosa Windows hantle 'me qetellong u amohele filosofi ea Linux. Lebala ka livaerase 'me u fumane hore na hobaneng Linux e sireletsehile ho feta Windows.

TLHOKOMELISO: Sengoloa sena se nkuoe sa fetoleloa ho tsoa puong ea Senyesemane ho tsoa ho
Blog ea Phrank ea Ubuntu

Ke leboha Edgar ka ho fana ka maikutlo a sehlooho sena!

Ka tsela | Sekhutlo sa Tux


Litaba tsa sengoloa sena li latela melao-motheo ea rona ea melao ea boitšoaro ea bongoli. Ho tlaleha phoso tlanya mona.

Maikutlo a 26, siea ea hau

Siea maikutlo a hau

aterese ya hao ya imeile ke ke ho phatlalatswa. masimo a hlokahala a tšoailoe ka *

*

*

  1. E ikarabella bakeng sa data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Morero oa data: Laola SPAM, tsamaiso ea maikutlo.
  3. Molao: Tumello ea hau
  4. Puisano ea data: Lintlha li ke ke tsa tsebisoa batho ba boraro ntle le ka tlamo ea molao.
  5. Polokelo ea data: Database e hapiloeng ke Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Litokelo: Nako efe kapa efe o ka fokotsa, oa hlaphoheloa mme oa hlakola tlhaiso-leseling ea hau.

  1.   Adonize a re

    Na ha ho bonolo ho e etsa ka mokhoa o hlakileng? ka distro efe kapa efe eo u ka e khonang

  2.   Tello Bautista a re

    Mona ke seo ke se ts'episitseng E-ba hlokolosi, karolo e lokelang ho hlahlojoa e tlameha ho theoloa, kaha ha re ntse re etsa joalo chelete e nang le tumello ea ho ngola e khona ho etsa "ho sisinyeha" ke etsa sena bakeng sa bao distro ea bona e sa iketsetseng likarolo tsa ntfs ka tsela ena. U ka e fetola ka mokhoa oo u o ratang - ona ke mongolo o felletseng, e fe litumello tsa ho etsa: "chmod + x name_of_script"

    mola oa thaba o tsamaea hammoho, empa mona ke o arotse ka mela e mengata ka sebaka, empa e tsamaea hammoho ho tloha thabeng ho ea utf ~ 8. Joale, sengoloa:

    #! / bin / bash

    # Script ho thibela lisebelisoa ho sebelisa ClamAV
    # @Tello Bautista
    # tellobautista.blogspot.com
    CPARTICION = »/ tmp / karohano»
    CVIRUS = »/ tmp / vaerase»
    LOGVIRUS = »/ tmp / virus / virus.log»

    ts'ebetso ea kopo_data {
    Sesebelisoa se lokelang ho hloahloa se fetisitsoe
    entsoe ka "
    entsoe ka "
    bala -p "Tsela ea ho arola: (/ dev / sdXy)" sesebelisoa
    }

    sebetsa bopa_folders
    {
    # foldara ea pele ke moo karohano e tla phahamisoa, ea bobeli ho romella livaerase tse fumanoeng ho eona
    mkdir / tmp / partition
    mkdir / tmp / virus
    }

    hlakisa
    senoelo sa tput 1 18; pheta -n "~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~"
    senoelo sa tput 2 18; echo -n »Ho thibela likokoana-hloko khomphuteng ea hau ka ClamAV;)»
    senoelo sa tput 3 18; pheta -n "~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~"

    Pele o etsa eng kapa eng o tlameha ho netefatsa hore script e ea sebetsa
    #as super user mme e etsoa ka id ea motso e leng 0
    # haeba ho se joalo, tsoa lenaneong
    haeba ["` id -u` "! = 0]; joale
    entsoe ka "
    echo -e «Ke superuser feela ea ka sebelisang mongolo ona ... Bye>. <"
    tsoa 1
    fi

    #Ke letsetsa mosebetsi kopo_data
    kopo_data
    Ke theha li-folders
    bopa_folders
    #mounting karohano ka tumello ea ho ngola. BOHLOKOA ho tseba ho tsamaisa lifaele
    mount -t ntfs $ device $ CPARTITION -O basebelisi, gid = basebelisi, fmask = 133, dmask = 022, umask = 0, locale = es_ES.UTF-8
    # joale e, ho thibela likokoana-hloko 😉
    seta -o leetsi
    clamscan -v -r -bell – tsamaisa $ CVIRUS –log $ LOGVIRUS $ CPARTICION
    setha + kapa leetsi

    1.    PEDRO FIGUEROA a re

      Lumela Tello Bautista. Le ha ke bona maikutlo a hau lilemo tse 3 hamorao hehe - Kea leboha ka kenyelletso!

  3.   Miguel Yesio a re

    Ka sengoloa se ts'oanang le mathata ohle ao Linux e nang le ona, na u eletsa ho tlohela Windows ??? Ba tlameha ho ba monate !!! Haha !! Linux ke ho hana nako eohle, mananeo ao ba nang le ona a fokola haholo, ho fumana mokhanni ke mosebetsi! Ke sebelisitse Ubuntu ho tloha Ubunto 8 ho ea 12 mme ke khetha Windows 95 ho feta mess eo! Letsatsing leo ba otlang lirethe tsa Windows 7 ba qala ho bua empa ba sa le hole le ho e fihlela. Se ke oa nyenyefatsa tseo u ke keng ua li bapisa, khutsa u hane OS ea morao, e thata, ho thata ho e hlophisa le ka lits'ebetso tse mpe, ha re ntse re natefeloa ke BOKAMOSO.
    (Kea tseba hore ba bangata ba nang le matsoho lipelong le ka khutso, ba tla re: «guacho ena e nepahetse !!»)
    Miguel Yesio - Mosebedisi oa mehleng oa Linux o khathetse ke ho ts'oara hape le ho ba mokokotlong oa mahlale.

    1.    jose a re

      Ha re re feela tlhapi e shoa ka molomo, ke lekoala le leng hape.

    2.    Juan a re

      Ho bonolo haholo ho feta ho etsa sebopeho, hape ho na le sebopeho

  4.   Edgar a re

    Lumela motsoalle, ha re sebeliseng linux, ke 'nete le ho' na, linux e betere, empa ho na le lintho, lisebelisoa tsa elektroniki tsa tlhaho bakeng sa lifensetere, ka mohlala sw ea elektroniki e sa ts'oaneng le e etselitsoeng win, ebe boot e habeli ea hlokahala ka likhomphutha, hopola hore windows e ka har'a 90% ea likhomphutha lefatšeng, ka hona re tla lula re sebetsana le livaerase ..., empa ke tsela e fe e betere ea ho sebelisa linux distro ea rona ho hlakola livaerase

  5.   Pablo Fernando Sanchez a re

    Ha a botsoa ka taba ena, motsoalle e mong o ne a re tsela e molemohali ea ho felisa vaerase ke ho e nkela Linux.

    1.    Alberto a re

      + 1.

  6.   Saito Mordraw a re

    Joalo ka mehla ho kenella hantle haholo.

    Ke na le usb e phelang e nang le Ubuntu ho hlatsoa li-PC tsa metsoalle le ba lelapa, ho tloha joale ho ea pele ke tla kopanya likeletso tsa hau le tsela ea ka ea ts'oaetso.

    Kea leboha.

  7.   sootho a re

    Ho rarahane haholo, ho ka ba molemo ho sebelisa lelinyane la ntja le kentsoeng antiviru le ho e hlahloba kapa ho sebelisa CD e phelang. Lelinyane la ka la linux le sebetsa hantle 'me le iphehela ka li-disk. Ke e sebelisa ho boloka litokiso tsa PC. Leqepheng la ka ho na le sengoloa sa mokhoa oa ho sebelisa lelinyane la ntja ho boloka lifaele tsa windows.

    1.    Pabloha a re

      Ke 'nete haholo. Puppy Linux e mosa haholo empa poso ha e mpe ho hang.

  8.   jarpo a re

    Tello Bautista o sotha ARTISTAAA Hangata sekhechana sa sengoloa. LITEBOHO

  9.   Tello Bautista a re

    hantle haholo, ke nahana hore ke tla etsa sengoloa ho tsamaisa mosebetsi, hang ha ke o arolelana le uena leha o ne o ke ke oa ba thata ho hang. Ha e le hore na ho nka nako e kae ke nahana hore ho tloaelehile, ho nka hore na antiviru efe kapa efe e ntle e ka nka eng ho etsa patlo e ntle ea vaerase. Ke sebelisa openSUSE hona joale empa ho monate ha ba ntlisetsa mechini e tšoaelitsoeng ka lifensetere kapa li-drive tsa pene (=

  10.   Ha re sebeliseng Linux a re

    E ntle haholo! Ke leboha haholo Tello!
    Re emetse sengoloa sa hau.
    Ho haka! Pauluse.

  11.   Ha re sebeliseng Linux a re

    Cosmic keg .. bohlale!
    Pauluse.

  12.   Cid a re

    Monnamoholo waka, ke lekile! E khabane, leha ho nkile lihora tse 12 ho sekaseka 2 gb… e ntse e fumana faele e le 1 e tšoaelitsoeng ho C: Ntho e qabolang ke hore ha ke bula foldara ea tmp / virus, ke ile ka etsa ls mme ho ne ho se na letho kahare. Eaba o tlosa folda… e ne e le eona. Ke ntse ke khutsitse, hobane likhoeling tse 3 tse fetileng ke ile ka fallisetsa ntho e ngoe le e ngoe ho lucid ea ka ea botho, hehehe ... leha ke ntse ke tsoela pele ka xp ka boot bo habeli ka corel le phshp 🙁

  13.   Ha re sebeliseng Linux a re

    Ke a o babatsa monnamoholo! Ho haka! Pauluse.

  14.   tlholo a re

    ka botebo, vaerase eo ke eng?

    Na ho na le motho ea ka ntlhalosetsang?

    heh joke, ha ke kholoe windows e ntse e sebelisoa le ubuntu e teng, ka tsela
    Ke sebelisa sabayon.

    Lumeliso.

  15.   Bolotsana a re

    Monna-moholo ea khabane ……

    Monehelo o motle haholo ho lefats'e la tuxero.

  16.   Jose Manuel Rojas placeholder setšoantšo a re

    Tataiso ena e ntle haholo, kea leboha.

  17.   Ha re sebeliseng Linux a re

    Haha ho joalo. Eo e ka ba tharollo e molemohali. 🙂

  18.   CaguamitoSix a re

    Thuto e ntle haholo.

    Haeba e ne e le Khopotso ea USB (Fat32), liphetoho li ka etsa eng?

    Mohlala:
    / dev / sda2 * 6 19046 152946832+ 7 HPFS / Fat

    Ke ncha ho Linux mme ke leka hanyane ka hanyane ho utloisisa litaelo jj.

    mabapi le sengoloa na u ka e sebelisa ho sekaseka USB, u ka e matha kapa ua e boloka joang?.

    Kea leboha haholo.

    Kea leboha.

  19.   Francisco Coronel a re

    Na hoa hlokahala ho theola karohano hamorao? joale karolo ea ka ea windows e bonahala e tletse

  20.   Wacho a re

    Ebile, mathata ana ke phoso ea Windows eseng Linux.

  21.   Federico Perez a re

    Ho na le basomi ba Linux, hantle kea e amohela, empa li-server TSOHLE li sebelisa Linux, na e tla ba tse seng bohlale?, [{(Jaa-jaa-jaa)}]