Debian + KDE: Ho kenya le ho ikhethela

Joalokaha ke ts'episitse, mona ke mohato ka mohato liketso tseo ke li entseng hang ha ke se ke li kentse KDE 4.6 moratuoa oa ka Teko ea Debian. Ke phathahane kajeno, ke kopa u ntšoarele haeba e sa qaqisoa kamoo u ka ratang.

Kajeno hoseng ke kentse hloekileng (ho tloha qalong) ea Debian, Bakeng sa ho ngola hantle liphutheloana tseo ke hlokang ho li kenya joalo-joalo, kahoo haeba u latela sengoloa sena mohato ka mohato, u ke ke ua ba le lebaka la ho ba le mathata.

Ho kenya Debian.

Mabapi le ho kenya, ho na le ponahalo e ikhethang. Ke tloaetse ho sebelisa Teko ea Debian 'me ntho e utloahalang ka ho fetisisa ke hore Ke jarolotse iso ea khokahano ena 'me ka seo u qetile ho kenya. Bothata ke hore kaha bandwidth ea ka ha e e lumelle, ke ile ka tlameha ho sebelisa iso ea Finyella Debian.

Keletso # 1: E leka ho kenya le leihlo la Debian Testing ka mabaka a mabeli:

  1. Ho tla ba le lipakana tse fokolang ho ntlafatsa.
  2. U ba kotsing e nyane ea ho kopana le liphoso tsa tlhekefetso kapa lintho tse joalo.

Ho kenya, ekaba ka iso de Senya o Wheezy, e ts'oana hantle le tsela eo ke e hlalosang ka eona pdf ena, ntle le ha ke kenya Environmental Graphic, empa ke eona feela Lisebelisoa tsa standard system. Bakeng sa tataiso ena ke tla nahana hore ho hlongoa ho entsoe ho tloha ka leihlo la Testing.

Phetoho

Hang ha re qeta ho kenya ntle le tikoloho e hlakileng, re kena e le motso ebe re hlophisa libaka tsa polokelo:

# nano /etc/apt/sources.list

faeleng ea mehloli eo re e behileng:

deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian testing main contrib non-free

le ntjhafatso:

# aptitude update

Ha re qetile, re ntlafatsa liphutheloana tse seng li kentsoe:

# aptitude safe-upgrade

Hang ha ts'ebetso ena e felile, haeba tsohle li tsamaile hantle, re qala sethala sa PC eaba re tsoela pele ho kenya KDE.

Kopo ea KDE

Ka tataiso ena re ntse re kenya liphutheloana tse hlokahalang hore KDE e hlahisoa ka nepo mme o khona ho e sebelisa. Re tla kenya liphutheloana tse hlokahalang tse sa kenyellelitsoeng ka boiketsetso. Hang ha re kena re le motso, re tla ba le tikoloho e sebetsang ka botlalo ka ho kenya liphutheloana tse latelang:

# aptitude install kde-plasma-desktop kde-l10n-es kde-i18n-es kwalletmanager lightdm

Ho lekane hore hang ha e qetile ebe re qala bocha, re ka kenya komporo ea rona e ncha. Haeba u sheba qetellong ke kentse LightDM mme ke hlalosa lebaka. Ha re kenya sephutheloana kde-lero la mali-desktop, sena sea re kenya KDM eo ho 'na e leng boima haholo, kahoo ke e nkela sebaka LightDM. Hang ha re fana kena, wizate e tla re botsa hore na re batla ho sebelisa efe, u khethe eo u e batlang.

LightDM e tla kenya le liphutheloana tsa seva e hlakileng. Kaha ke sebelisa Intel, ke eketsa feela: xserver-xorg-video-intel, ho ba ka tsela ena:

# aptitude install kde-plasma-desktop kde-l10n-es kde-i18n-es kwalletmanager lightdm xserver-xorg-video-intel

Ho lekane, empa haeba re batla re ka kenya hang ha e qetile, kapa hammoho le tsena, liphutheloana tse latelang:

# aptitude install kde-icons-oxygen kde-config-gtk-style kde-style-qtcurve kwalletmanager kde-icons-mono system-config-gtk-kde gtk2-engines-oxygen gtk-qt-engine

Ke liphutheloana tseo re tla ntlafatsa likopo ka tsona Gtk tseo re li sebelisang le litšoantšo tse ling tseo re li kenyang. Haeba u sa sebelise sepache KDE ho tsamaisa li-password, o ka tlosa kwalletmanager.

Liphutheloana tse ling.

Pele o qala hape, ho ka ba molemo ho kenya lipakete tse ling tseo re ka li hlokang, ka mohlala:

Lipapaka tse amanang le Audio / Video
# aptitude install clementine kmplayer vlc (instalado por defecto) gstreamer0.10-esd gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg gstreamer0.10-fluendo-mp3 gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad lame pulseaudio -y

Lipakete tse amanang le ts'ebeliso ea sistimi:
# aptitude install ark rar unrar htop mc wicd wicd-kde dbus gdebi-kde rcconf ksnapshot -y

Likopo tsa NO / KDE tseo ke li sebelisang:
# aptitude install iceweasel icedove libreoffice-writer libreoffice-l10n-es libreoffice-kde libreoffice-impress libreoffice-calc gimp inkscape diffuse -y

Lintho tseo ke li tlosang:
# aptitude purge exim4 exim4-base exim4-config exim4-daemon-light -y

Ehlile o lokela ho eketsa kapa ho tlosa seo o se hlokang 😀

Ho tloaela KDE

Haeba re feta methati e fetileng ntle le mathata, re tla karolong e khahlisang ka ho fetesisa ea ntho ena kaofela: re iketsetse KDE ho re pholosa tse mmalwa Mb ya tshebediso. Pele re tla e etsa ka letsoho (ka ho tšelisa) ho ea hamorao ho likarolo tsa graphical.

Ho tima Akonadi + Nepomuk:

Ha ke na ho fana ka lintlha tse qaqileng mabapi le hore na ke eng Akonadi o Nepomuk, haholo hobane ho na le sengoloa se setle haholo se hlalosang hantle hore na mosebetsi oa e mong le e mong oa bona ke ofe. U ka e bala mona. Ho tima Akonadi ka botlalo, re etsa tse latelang:

$ nano ~/.config/akonadi/akonadiserverrc

Re batla mola o reng:

StartServer=true

'me re e netefalitse:

StartServer=false

Hopola hore likopo tse kang Kmail ba sebelisa Akonadi, kahoo re kanna ra se khone ho li sebelisa. Ho ntsha tshebetsong Nepomuk hlophisa faele:

$ nano ~/.kde/share/config/nepomukserverrc

le hore:

[Basic Settings]
Start Nepomuk=true

[Tšebeletso-nepomukstrigiservice]
autostart = 'nete

Re e tlohela tjena:

[Basic Settings]
Start Nepomuk=false

[Tšebeletso-nepomukstrigiservice]
autostart = bohata

Ka khopolo tsena tsohle li ka etsoa ka Likhetho tsa Tsamaiso, empa ha ho letho, ho potoloha mona ho potlakile 😀

Ho felisa litlamorao.

Re ka boloka lisebelisoa tse ling ka ho felisa litlamorao (liphatlalatso, liphetoho) e kenang KDE ka boiketsetso. Bakeng sa sena re bula file ea Tsamaiso ea Likhetho tsa Sistimi » Ponahalo le boits'oaro ba sebaka sa mosebetsi »Litlamorao tsa Desktop uncheck » Numella litlamorao tsa desktop.

Re ka boela ra tlosa litlamorao tse ling ka ho hlophisa maemo a oksijene. Re phehella sena Alt + F2 mme rea ngola lisebelisoa tsa oksijene. Re lokela ho fumana ntho e kang ena:

Ha re le moo re ka ithabisa ka ho tlosa litlamorao tsa mefuta e fapaneng. Ke mpa feela ke sa ts'oenyehe: Etsa lipapali.

Ho bonts'a lits'ebetso tsa Gtk hantle

Ntho ea pele eo re e etsang ke ho kenya likoloi Gtk hlokahala:

$ sudo aptitude install gtk2-engines-oxygen gtk2-engines-qtcurve

Hamorao re bula sesebelisoa ebe re beha:

$ echo 'include "/usr/share/themes/QtCurve/gtk-2.0/gtkrc"' >> $HOME/.gtkrc-2.0
$ echo 'include "/usr/share/themes/QtCurve/gtk-2.0/gtkrc"' >> $HOME/.gtkrc.mine

Joale re tlameha feela ho khetha file ea Likhetho tsa KDE ho feta bakeng sa likopo Gtk tshebediso QtCurve. Sephetho se ka bonoa ho nna Firefox:

Ho felisa lits'ebetso qalong.

Re bula file ea Tsamaiso ea Likhetho tsa Sistimi »Tsamaiso ea Tsamaiso» Ho qala le ho koala »Motsamaisi oa Ts'ebeletso 'me u tšoaee tseo re sa batleng ho li qala. Mohlala oa eo ke lulang ke e holofatsa: Nepomuk batla li-module.

Ho felisa sekhahla sa rekere.

Le ha e kanna ea utloahala e sa tšoane le eona, ho tlola hanyane ha lets'oao le hlahang ho lesupa ha re bula ts'ebeliso ho sebelisa lisebelisoa. Ho e felisa re bula file ea Tsamaiso ea Likhetho tsa Sistimi »Ponahalo e tloaelehileng le boits'oaro» Litsebiso tsa ts'ebeliso le sistimi »tsebiso ea tsebiso hona e reng Kheresara e rekeretsoeng re beha: Ha ho na sesupisi se maphathaphathe.

Tafole ea khale.

Kamehla ke ne ke rata ho ba le tafole ea setso, joalo ka E motona o KDE 3. Bakeng sa sena re ea ho desktop ebe re tobetsa aekhone e karolong e kaholimo ho le letona ebe re khetha Khetho ea pono ea foldara:

Le fensetereng e tsoang re fetola sebopeho ho Pono ea Folder.

RCConf

Re kenya rcconf ho tima joalo ka tloaelo li-daemone tse ling tse qalang ha sistimi e qala. Tabeng ea ka e 'ngoe ea tseo ke li hlakolang ke KDM kaha ke sebelisa LightDM. U tlameha ho ba hlokolosi haholo ka sena, 'me le ka mohla u se ke ua hlakola dbus.

Ho fihlela joale tataiso ena. Ke tšepa hore nka eketsa lintho tse ling ha nako e ntse e tsamaea.


Litaba tsa sengoloa sena li latela melao-motheo ea rona ea melao ea boitšoaro ea bongoli. Ho tlaleha phoso tlanya mona.

Maikutlo a 19, siea ea hau

Siea maikutlo a hau

aterese ya hao ya imeile ke ke ho phatlalatswa. masimo a hlokahala a tšoailoe ka *

*

*

  1. E ikarabella bakeng sa data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Morero oa data: Laola SPAM, tsamaiso ea maikutlo.
  3. Molao: Tumello ea hau
  4. Puisano ea data: Lintlha li ke ke tsa tsebisoa batho ba boraro ntle le ka tlamo ea molao.
  5. Polokelo ea data: Database e hapiloeng ke Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Litokelo: Nako efe kapa efe o ka fokotsa, oa hlaphoheloa mme oa hlakola tlhaiso-leseling ea hau.

  1.   Oscar a re

    Kea leboha elav ka ho boloka lentsoe la hau +1

    1.    elav <° Linux a re

      Ke ts'epa hore e tla u thusa ...

  2.   letsapa a re

    Kea leboha, ke se ke entse tloaelo eo, re tla qala bocha ho bona hore na re hlile re tsamaea ka lebelo, mme ke mananeo afe ao nka a etsang ntle le nako ea pele?

    1.    elav <° Linux a re

      Hantle ho latela hore na o kentse eng. Haeba u mpontša skrini, mohlomong nka u thusa .. 😉

  3.   mothabela a re

    Moo e reng ntho ea akonadi, oe beha morao, ho tima akonadi se fapaneng se tlameha ho ba leshano, joalo ka sena:

    StartServer = bohata

    1.    elav <° Linux a re

      E, ho etsahetse ho nna ha ke ne ke ngola sengoloa, ke leboha haholo 😀

  4.   Oscar a re

    elav Ke nahana ho holofatsa akonadi ke phetoho ea hore na o e beha joang posong.

  5.   Oscar a re

    Ka ho tlosa lingoliloeng, le ho tima Akonadi le Nepomuk, ke fokolitse ts'ebeliso ka 200Mb, ke khotsofetse.

    1.    elav <° Linux a re

      200Mb? 0_o

      Empa u na le RAM e kae? Na u fokolitse ts'ebeliso haholo? Wow .. E kholo 😀

      1.    Oscar a re

        Ke na le 1.5Gb le 1.3Gb e fumanehang ka processor ea mantlha ea AMD64, eo ke nahanang hore, ha ke ntse ke bala webeng, e sebelisa RAM e ngata ho feta i386. Ke rerile ho leka ho fihla 4Gb.

        1.    elav <° Linux a re

          MMM Ho lokile.

      2.    kik1n a re

        Ebile ho joalo.
        Kde ea ka ha e so kene ka lebaka la ts'ebeliso e phahameng ea Ram.
        Kea e rata empa ke Gnome Ja

        1.    Oscar a re

          Le Gnome2 ke lumellana le uena empa ke lekile Fedora 15 le Gnome3 mme e na le ts'ebeliso e phahameng ea RAM e batlang e lekana le KDE, ke ts'epa hore ka nts'etsopele e ntlafatsa ts'ebeliso.

  6.   Moroma77 a re

    Tuto e ntle haholo… .ha, e batla e ts'oana le ts'ebetsong eo ke nang le eona ea Debian… phapang ke hore ka nako eo ke e kentseng ka Squeeze mme ts'ebetso e ne e le loooong 🙂

    Lumeliso

    1.    elav <° Linux a re

      Kea leboha Roman77, re thabile hore ebe u e ratile

  7.   Carlos-Xfce a re

    Lumela Elav. Le ha ke so ka ke ba mosebelisi oa KDE, ke fumana thuto ena e le monate haholo. Ke rata ho ithuta. Ke leboha haholo mme ke ts'epa hore le tla tsoelapele ho phatlalatsa tse ling hape.

    1.    elav <° Linux a re

      Kea leboha Carlos-Xfce, hape ke ts'epa ho tsoelapele ho phatlalatsa tse ling, ke bolela hore, haeba Gnome e sa mpitse ke se ke ntse ke bona hore liphutheloana tse ling tsa Gnome3 li kena Testing 😀

  8.   arturo molina a re

    Ke ile ka e fumana e khahlisa. Ha re boneng hore na mafelo-beke kea khothaletsa ho e kenya. Litumeliso.

  9.   Rojas a re

    Poso e ntle, hona joale ke qala ho e latela ... Ke kopa hape ho hlophisa kernel bakeng sa pc ea ka empa ha ke tsebe hore na ke li-module life tseo nka li kenyang, ke na le Toshiba e sebelisang AMD Thurion Dual core le 4 GB ea RAM 'me sena ke tlhahiso ea lspci:
    00: 00.0 Borokho ba baeti: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] RS880 Host Bridge
    00: 01.0 Borokho ba PCI: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] RS780 / RS880 PCI ho PCI Bridge (int gfx)
    00: 04.0 Bridge ea PCI: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] RS780 PCI ho PCI Bridge (PCIE port 0)
    00: 05.0 Bridge ea PCI: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] RS780 PCI ho PCI Bridge (PCIE port 1)
    00: 06.0 Bridge ea PCI: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] RS780 PCI ho PCI Bridge (PCIE port 2)
    Molaoli oa SATA oa 00: ATI Technologies Inc SB11.0x7 / SB0x8 / SB0x9 SATA Controller [AHCI mode]
    Mookameli oa USB oa 00: ATI Technologies Inc SB12.0x7 / SB0x8 / SB0x9 USB OHCI0 Controller
    00: 12.1 Molaoli oa USB: ATI Technologies Inc SB7x0 USB OHCI1 Controller
    00: 12.2 Molaoli oa USB: ATI Technologies Inc SB7x0 / SB8x0 / SB9x0 USB EHCI Controller
    Mookameli oa USB oa 00: ATI Technologies Inc SB13.0x7 / SB0x8 / SB0x9 USB OHCI0 Controller
    00: 13.1 Molaoli oa USB: ATI Technologies Inc SB7x0 USB OHCI1 Controller
    00: 13.2 Molaoli oa USB: ATI Technologies Inc SB7x0 / SB8x0 / SB9x0 USB EHCI Controller
    SMBus: ATI Technologies Inc SBx00 Sesebelisoa sa SMBus (rev 14.0c)
    Sesebelisoa sa audio: ATI Technologies Inc SBx00 Azalia (Intel HDA)
    Borokho ba ISA ba 00: 14.3: ATI Technologies Inc SB7x0 / SB8x0 / SB9x0 LPC host controller
    00: 14.4 Borokho ba PCI: ATI Technologies Inc SBx00 PCI ho PCI Bridge
    00: 18.0 Borokho ba baeti: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] Lelapa la 10h Processor HyperTransport Configuration
    00: 18.1 Borokho ba baeti: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] Lelapa la 10h Processor Map
    00: 18.2 Borokho ba moamoheli: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] Lelapa 10h Processor DRAM Controller
    00: 18.3 Borokho ba baeti: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] Lelapa la 10h Processor Taolo e fapaneng
    00: 18.4 Borokho ba baeti: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] Family 10h Processor Link Control
    01: 05.0 VGA molaoli ea lumellanang: ATI Technologies Inc M880G [Mobility Radeon HD 4200]
    Molaoli oa marang-rang: Realtek Semiconductor Co, Ltd. RTL02SEvB Wireless LAN Controller (rev 00.0)
    03: 00.0 Ethernet molaoli: Realtek Semiconductor Co, Ltd. RTL8101E / RTL8102E PCI Express Fast Ethernet molaoli (rev 02)