I-China iyalela ii-Arhente zikaRhulumente oPhakathi kunye namaShishini kaRhulumente ukuba atshintshele kwi-Linux kunye neePC ezivela kubavelisi baseKhaya

NgokukaBloomberg, I-China ijonge ukuyekisa ukusetyenziswa kweekhompyuter kunye neenkqubo zokusebenza zeenkampani zangaphandle kumaziko karhulumente kunye namashishini karhulumente kwisithuba seminyaka emibini, ephawula enye yeenzame ezindlongo-ndlongo zaseBeijing ukuza kuthi ga ngoku ukuncothula itekhnoloji yangaphandle.

Emva kweveki yeholide kaMeyi, abasebenzi bacelwa ukuba batshintshe iikhompyutha zangaphandle ngeekhompyutha zasekhaya ezisebenzisa isoftware ephuhliswe kweli lizwe, abantu abaqheleneyo nale projekthi bathi.

Kwiinzame zokuxhasa abenzi bePC basekhaya kunye nabaphuhlisi besoftware kunye nokunciphisa ifuthe lezohlwayo ezinokuthi zibekho kurhulumente waseNtshona, urhulumente waseTshayina uphinde waphinda umyalelo wakhe wokutshintsha iiPC ezinegama langaphandle kunye nesoftware esetyenziswa ziiarhente, oorhulumente kunye namashishini. kwiminyaka emibini.

ILenovo yinkampani yaseTshayina eyenza iikhompyuter kunye neeseva zekhompyuter, phakathi kwezinye izinto. Yasekwa ngo-1984 nguLiu Chuanzhi, uphawu lwaziwa kwihlabathi liphela ngo-2005 xa lwafumana icandelo lekhompyuter ye-IBM, yaba ngumenzi wePC ohamba phambili kwihlabathi.

Ngelixa utshintsha iDell ngeWindows yeLenovo eneLinux izandi zilinga kwiinkampani zaseTshayina, kubonakala ngathi ilizwe alikenzi oko ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, kodwa eli nyathelo litsha libonakala linamandla ngakumbi.

Zininzi izizathu kutheni urhulumente waseTshayina efuna ilizwe litshintshele kubuchwephesha basekhaya. Ekuqaleni, ufuna ukugcina imali yaseTshayina eTshayina kwaye ungayiboni isiya kwiinkampani zangaphandle. Okwesibini, emva kokufunda isifundo ekuqhekekeni kukaHuawei, ufuna ukuqiniseka ukuba awuxhomekeke kubuchwephesha obuphuhlisiwe kwaye bakhelwe kwenye indawo. Ngokukodwa, itekhnoloji enokuthi ithintelwe ukuba ingangeniswa eTshayina.

Khumbula ukuba ngenxa yemfazwe yaseRusso-Ukrainian, iinkampani zaseNtshona zazingavunyelwanga ukuba zenze ishishini kunye neRashiya: kulandelwa igagasi lokuphulwa kwezivumelwano kunye neenkampani zaseRashiya. Ngaloo ndlela ukushiya ebunzimeni zonke ezo nkampani zaseRashiya ezibeke ithemba labo kubuchwepheshe baseNtshona okanye iinkampani.

Uninzi lweePC ezithengiswa kwihlabathi liphela zidityaniswe eTshayina, kodwa ziphethe imvelaphi yaseMelika okanye yaseYurophu. Urhulumente waseTshayina kunye neenkampani eziphantsi kukarhulumente zisebenzisa iikhompyuter ezinophawu lweDell kunye neHP ezenziwe eTshayina. Nangona kunjalo, kubonakala ngathi IBeijing ifuna kuphela ukubona iibrendi zalapha ekhaya ezifana ne-Lenovo, i-Inspur, uMseki, i-Tsinghua Tongfang kwiiofisi zamashishini karhulumente kunye nezikarhulumente.

I-SAP yamisa zonke iintengiso eRashiya ekuqaleni kuka-Matshi ngokuhambelana nezohlwayo zamazwe ngamazwe. Inkampani enkulu yesoftware ye-SAP ithe izakumisa zonke iintengiso elizweni. Izohlwayo zezoqoqosho ngokuchasene neRashiya yindlela ebalulekileyo kwiinzame zokubuyisela uxolo. ewe

Eli phulo kulindeleke ukuba lifune ukutshintshwa kweekhompyutha ezizizigidi ezingama-50 ezinophawu lwangaphandle, eziya kuyalelwa ukuba zitshintshwe kufakwe izixhobo ezisuka kubakhiqizi baseTshayina.

Ngokubanzi, iiPC zokuvelisa ezineempawu zaseTshayina aziyongxaki kubavelisi baseTshayina. Owona mceli mngeni mkhulu kunye nesinye sezizathu eziphambili zokuba kutheni i-China isathembele kubuchwepheshe bangaphandle iya kuba kukubuyisela isoftware yaseMelika kunye neYurophu kunye nezinye iindlela zamaTshayina. Kukho inani losasazo lwe-Linux oluphuhliswe e-China, njenge-Red Flag Linux eyilwe yi-Red Flag Software kunye ne-Kylin ephuhliswe yi-National University of Defense Technology, enokuthi ithathe indawo ye-Windows kunye / okanye i-Linux yangaphandle kubasebenzisi abathile.

Kukwakho nezinye iindlela kwiOfisi kaMicrosoft kunye nezinye izinto ezisetyenziswa ngokuqhelekileyo, ezinje ngeAdobe's Photoshop. Nangona iindlela ezizezinye zingakhululekanga ukuzisebenzisa njengezoqobo kunye nesakhono sazo sikholisa ukuba ngaphantsi kweyoqobo, zisenokwenza umsebenzi wenziwe (kodwa hayi kuzo zonke iimeko).

Ingxaki yile zininzi isoftware ephuhliswe kumashumi eminyaka engenazo ezinye iindlela ezibonelela ngezakhono kunye neempawu ezifanayo. Iinkqubo ezisetyenziselwa ukwenza umxholo, uyilo oluncediswa yikhompyuter (CAD), uyilo oluzenzekelayo lombane, ukubonwa kobuchwephesha (i-ProViz), ukuhlelwa kwevidiyo, ukwenziwa kwevidiyo ngasemva, kunye nezinye iinkqubo ezininzi azinakuphinda zithathelwe indawo.

Yiyo loo nto amajelo eendaba neenkampani zokhuseleko ziye zafumana imvume ekhethekileyo yokuthenga izixhobo zangaphandle. Ngeli xesha, urhulumente waseTshayina akafuni nje ukuba abasebenzi bakhe batshintshele kwiinkqubo zaseTshayina, kodwa ukwanyanzelisa ukuba iinkampani eziphantsi kukarhulumente kunye nezixhaswa ngurhulumente ziyeke ukusebenzisa isoftware yaseMelika neYurophu.

Ngokutsho kwedatha yokuqala, Ummiselo awuzukusebenza kumacandelo ekunzima ukuwatshintsha, njengabaqhubekekisi. Ngaphandle kophuhliso lweetshiphusi zaseTshayina, uninzi lwabavelisi baseTshayina bayaqhubeka nokusebenzisa iiprosesa ze-Intel kunye ne-AMD kwiiPC. Kuyacetyiswa ukuba endaweni yesoftware yeMicrosoft kunye nezisombululo ezisekwe kwiLinux eziphuhliswe ngabavelisi baseTshayina.

Ukulandela ulwazi malunga nenyathelo likarhulumente waseTshayina, izabelo zeHP kunye neDell, ezithatha indawo enkulu yentengiso yaseTshayina, zehle malunga ne-2,5%. Ngelixa izabelo zabavelisi baseTshayina njengeLenovo, Inspur, Kingsoft kunye neSoftware eStandard, ngokuchaseneyo, yenyuka kwixabiso.

Umthombo: https://www.bloomberg.com


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